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Jenny Randles - The Unexplained - Great Mysteries of the 20th Century
 

Jenny Randles - The Unexplained - Great Mysteries of the 20th Century

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    Jenny Randles - The Unexplained - Great Mysteries of the 20th Century Jenny Randles - The Unexplained - Great Mysteries of the 20th Century Document Transcript

    • Great Mysteries of the 20th Century
    • the •UnexGreat Mysteries of the 20th Century JENNY R A ND L E S INDEX
    • First published in Great Britain in 1994 byAnaya Publishers Limited 3rd Floor, Strode House44-50 Osnaburgh Street London NWI 3NDText copyright© 1994 Jenny RandlesAll rights reserved. No part of this publication may bereproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted ,in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical,photocopying, recording or otherwise, without theprior written permission of the copyright owner.British Library Cataloguing in Publication DataRandles, JennyThe Unexplained: Great Mysteries of the 20th Century I. Title 001.9ISBN 1-85470-178-9 (hardback only)ISBN 1-85470-086-3 (paperback only)Designed by Glynn PickerillDesign Production by The R & B PartnershipEdited by John GilbertPrinted and bound in PortugalCover photographs by Fortean Picture LibraryFrontispiece, of a medium producing ectoplasm in a1920 experiment, by Fortean Picture Library
    • CONTENTSINTRODUCTION 619��]9�9 rrhe New Centurv I 8191�[1919 Portents of Var 20ln�J19l9 rrhe Roaring rlventies 3619J�]9J9 A Shrinking rVorlcl 44194�JI949 Disaster and Recovery 52191�]1919 Alien Encounters 66196�]969 The Space Race 86197� ]979 Challenge of the Paranonnal I02198�]989 Society and the U ncxplained II4T�e 199�� �rhe Future Beckons I26an� onwar�... I3 8 Further Reading 139 Index I42 Acknowledgen1ents 144
    • INTRODUCTION D u ri ng the twe ntieth ce n t ury the s t ra n gest t hings have h appened bot h in the worl d s of scien ce and of parascience. So-called normal science has witnessed a revo lution so i m me n se as to equal or even surpass those pion eered by N e w to n a n d Galileo. vVe h ave reached upward and outward int o space ,DrJWII1g or the p robed the in terior of t h e a tom,Jersey Dev1l.Phrlacielphi<J f venrng discove red h idden rad iation s ,Bu/letrn. jdnudry 1909 revealed a ghost u niverse fil led wit h time-travel ling phantoms and created techn olog ical miracles u nforeseen even by the writers of science fictio n. The si n i s ter side to th ese achieve m e n ts is the un leash i n g of natu ral catastrophes and the forgi n g of weapons capable of ending life on Eart h . No sin gle ce n tury i n history can m atch this record of i nven t iven ess, with its unl i m ited poten tial for crea tion a n d destru ction. In t he wake of t h is o- � a l l o iJin � char<re u � by t he forces of ration alism has come a deluge of p a ran ormal p h e n o me n a I h a t seem s t o herald a ret u r n t o t h e distant age of s uperstition. Ve have been asked to believe in f�tiries and spacemen , we have sought f(Jr meaning ITJ
    • i n past lives a n d we have u sed com p u t ers to probet h e futu re . Our ocea n s h ave teetued with m o n sters,o u r fields h a ve been speckled wit h m y s te riouscirc les a n d our sk ies h ave been overflown bydazz l i n g fleets of U FOs. It seems ap propriate, as the cen tury draws to aclose, to review the logbook of the last h u ndred years,examining some of t hese remarkable even ts anddevelopments to see how t h i n gs may inter-relate. To t h i s end I h ave d evised a c h ro nol ogy of t e nm os t e x t raord i nary decades , descr ib i n g m a n y oft h e broa d trends a n d i n dividual mvsteries that Ih ave paralleled, a n d often o u t stripped , t h e realitiesof I�Kt a n d t h e l�mtasies of fiction . They h a vewoven t hei r way, l ike an i n visible threa d , through Sw John Hunt leading the Everest exped1tion of 1951 Thet h e a n n als of t h is lascinating H1malayas have been the scene of several alleged sight1ngs of theperiod to cre;:tle a tapestry of Abom1nable Snowman.awesome bea u t y o u ts h i n i n g ,a n yt h i n g i n t h e pages of t heAmbim1 Nights. So c l i m b aboard ou r m agiccarpet for a ride t h rough thet we n tieth century. V h oknows w h a t wonders w es h a l l confi·on t? ITJ
    • THE NEW CENTURY ; s t h e twe n t ie t h centu ry dawn ed , t h a n ks tofi_ Da rwi n s t h eo rv of evolu t ion, t he b i rt h ofpsych oanalysis as pion eered by S i gm u n d Freud a nd t h e e x pe r i m e n tal research of Anton Pavlov,science seemed dose t o creat i n g an ordered,predictable world peopled by aut o m ata: a godlessU n i verse w i t h n o s p i r i t, no soul and no aherlile . More encou rag i n g were the first l�1lteri n g steps �ravitv-free enviro n m e n t as sc i e n t is t s a n di n to a uaviators converted age-old dreams i nto real i t y. Yet, as t rad it io n al rel igion declined , t h e hu m a nspi rit rebel led. creat i n g n e w modes of e x p ressionf(:>r its i n ner worl d , as if to prove to sci ence t h a t allwas n ot qui t e as s i m ple as i t seemed. [JJ
    • 19�� Boxi n g Day. the t lu-ee m e n left i n charge had vanished. :o weapons had been 14 FEBRUARY touched a n d there was no trace of a distur­ bance. The last log entry by the men. dated T H E VAN I S H I NG AT H A N G I N G ROCK 15 December, referred to t he calmness of O n e oft he most astonishing disappearances t he sea after the ending of a s t ra n ge storm on record t ook place at Ha nging Rock, not renlrded twen t�· miles away, a n d men­ ncar : lclbournc, inoria, :ustralia. T h i s t io n ed t hat they were afraid, praying and w a s recorded i n 1 he book Pirnic at 1/anging allirmi n g that God is oYer all. Roth by Joan Lindsay (1967), a n d was also 19�1 t h e subject of a n cthcrcal and eerie 197 5 film of the same title by Peter eir. The book, although labelled a novel, is by impli­ JUNE cation based on Ctrt. It tells of a school AN EARLY CLOSE E N C O U N T E R party on a day outin g at the isolated beauty spot, a n d hm,· four teenage girls and a The first rcconlcd dose encounter of the female teacher vanished after setti n g off, i n third kind (or alien contact) occurred at sight o f m a n y colleagues. t o explore a rock Bournbrook, est ilidlands, England, when lace in the bush. One girl retur n e d in a an objefl like a hut was seen in a garden by slate of deep shock. Another, in an equallr a youth. It contained two slllall men. under 4 cat atonic rondit ion, was found a week lat er. feet tall, wearing khaki suits and helmets, one :either could explain what had occurred. of whom approached the wimess bd(lre The three missin g members of the part} rctuming i nside. The o�jefl ncated an clcr­ were llC cr found. A strange pink cloud trical glow around its base and took oil sky­ seen hm·ering near br reinforced the ward wit h a whooshing noise. supernatural ,·iew that ther had slipped 19�11 into anothct· d imen s ion or time. The eve n t strtL(·k a cl10rd deep in t h e psyche because of i t s diren rhallcnge to s(·icnti(i(· omn ipo­ 0 AUGUST tence. On the other hand, whereas manr of T I M E S L I P AT V E RSAILLES the people a n d plares did historically exist, the Joan Lin dsay noel rontains serious Two English srhoolteachcrs, A n n e :tuber­ errors of f;lct and no contemporary media ley a n d Eleanor Jourdain, were on holiday accounts refer to the vanishings. hen in France. Visitin g the grou n ds of the asked in 1977 if she had i nvented it all, the Palace of Versailles 011 a hot sun ny day, author replied, e nigmatically, that this was they claimed to have been projected more impossible to answe r because fact a n d fic­ than a century back in time. They came tion are so dosclv i n t ert wi ned. I across the Petit Trianon, the small chateau giYcn by Louis X1 to llarie-,ntoniette, as19�� it had been on 10 August 1792, the h is t oric day when the French royal family was MID-DECEMBER forced lo flee. The 1 wo women wa ndered pat hwaS that no longet· existed, saw THE L I G H T H O U S E D I SAPP EARAN C E people in old-fashioned clothi n g and even On G Dc(·ember, .Joseph :loore Jell for witnessed a woman busy pai nting who three weeks lcae from t he desolate Eilean stared them ti.t ll in t he face and bm·e t h e :lor ligh t house on the Flaunan I sles, west resemblance o f :laric-Antoinetle herself. of Lewis, Scotland. hen he returned o n Only f(lllowin g later isits to the scene. T H E N E W C ENT U R Y
    • Above: the Pet1t T nanon, Versailles. Below: Eleanor ]ourda1n and Anne MoberleyT H E N E W CE NTU R Y
    • when they noted that pathways they had momentum and remained constant trodden in 190 I had since anished, and throughout the rest of the century. The when subsequently researching the history slaughter or world wars and countless of the grounds, did they come to under­ bloody local conflicts brought many stand many of these eents. bereaved rush i ng to Spiritual ist churches The women stood by their story until for comfort. their deaths, despite sceptical claims that The real reason for this sun:ess was that, they had stumbled across a costume party while conventional religions called for Ctith (the existence of which was ne,·ei- verified). as a path toward solace, they had no way of They described a llat feel to the imagery combating the adance of science. Indeed, and other strange sensations typical of some sects hn.>ke away and attempted to more recent sl i ps through time: and some bring hack a p u ritanical way of life and to modern researchers think this is indeed restore literal belief in the truth of the Old what happened. Somehow they slid Testamelll stories that had by now been through the years or tuned into a memory severely eroded by rationalism. On the left by the Queen in the grounds of the other hand, Spiritual i s m olfen�d hard evi­ chateau. dence, albeit in the guise or m ediu m s pass­ ing on often ,·ague tittle-tattle about deadI�Ol relatives and friends. But for many that was sufficiently persuasie. The only answer science had was to cry cheat and, often without any proof of this T R I U M P H OF T H E S P I R I T assumption, to argue that people were As the century began, mysterious eents deluding themselves. Thm, at one and the such as these confirmed the iew of many same time, Spiritualism established a har­ ordinary people that science was mistaken rier that science, with all its might, could to presume that all things could be barely dent: and it offered hope to a world resoled. The scient ilic desire to proe the fast being stripped to its spiritual bones. soul redundant was matched by the increas­ Inevitably, as a consequence of this and ing belief in Spiritualism. the maxim that one could fool some people This mm·ement had begun in the eastern most or the time, charlatans cashed in. United States after simple messages, Phoney mediums sprang up all over the believed to come from beyond the grave, place. The new gadgetry of science, from were received by the controersial Fox sis­ photography to X-ray tubes, was hi-jacked ters in llydesille, 1:ew York. The belief for experiments in which dubious spirit that the dead were in another dimension images, floating clouds or ectoplasm (the and that contact with them was possible transient matter of the spirit world) and spawned both religious institutions and the other such doubtful practices became rif(·. Society f(>r Psychical Research. The latter, It was some time before Spiritualism was based in London, aimed to persuade scien­ able to set its own house in order and as a tists to study such reports, and like its reli­ consequence a growing rili developed gious counterpart, it was soon to spread between the popular hclie,·ers and the sci­ around the world. entific sceptics, who accused these gullible The religion of spirit messages, with folk of believing only because they wanted preachers known as mediums, proliferated to and not because the evidence dictated it. in the 1890s and was legally constituted This rift widened as the century progressed. into the Spiritualists National Union in :owadays, Spiritualism has waned 1902. The appeal of the mm·ement gained slightly, but it has also become big business. T H E N E W C E N T U RY
    • thanks to the install! celebri ty status belief tha t Spiri t u a lis m p rov id es f(u· soalllmtcd by TV. Doris Stokes, Doris Collins, many.St e phen OBrien and many others hm·e As to whether it is tru th or delusion, likebrought their min istrations to the world, all spiritual m atte r s t hroughout history,packi ng Tnnes such as the Sydn ey Opera that q uestion remains a maller or faith.llouse, theatres in London s est End, 19�4etc., and dra wing in enormous ratings forthe media. In response , scientific vigilantegroups such as CSICOP (Commillee for the SEPTEMBERScientific lm·es t igat i on or Claims of the THE LEA P I N G M ON ST E RParanormal) have launched themselves asguardia u s of rationalism, sniping away on Spri ng - he el ed Jack was a bizarre neatur ethe fringes of the s u pema t u ral. b r i ngi ng often re po rted i n Viet orian Lon d on d uringdown the occasio nal victim, hut largely fail­ the n i n eteenth cen t u ry. He h ad grown toing to penetrate the armour of hope and legendary status. With his grotesque f<Ke, ancl clad in a black cape, he would appa r­ en t ly leap out of nowhere ami allack people in the streets, often lea v i n g them wounded though not dead. His name derived ti·om h i s repu t ed abil i t y to jump huge distan ce s i n one bou nd . Although 1 here were isol ated sight ings in London even after World War Two, t he l a st pro m ine nt o n e was in Liver­ pool in I !JO-t when the fig u re was said to have jumped over a b u ildi n g in William I lenry St reet. llowever, research by scep ti c Paul lkgg revealed this as an e x agg eration of a true story of a religiou s zealot who claimed the devil was chasing hi m a n d who leapt d angerousl y from rooftop to rooftop to escape the att ent ions of the police and lire services. Legend has assoc i a t ed this spur io u sl�· with a mani fe st at ion of the archetypal Victorian monster. 19�� JANUARY I T H E B I N BROOK POLT E R G E I S T On e of 1 he most frighteni n g polt ergeist out­ breaks struck Binbrook Fa rm, in Lin­ colushire, England. Ohjects 1110ed around the room on t h e i r own, hundreds of chick­ ens were found ski n n ed and slaug h teredAbove and opposite: two 1mag1nat1ve popular rendenngs, from1877 and 1904, of Sp1ing-heeled Jack. noiselessly even after a guard had been I 111ou n ted, and m yst erious fires spra n g u p from nowhere. In o n e case a teenage se r -THE NEW CENTURY []]
    • On the tomb.stonc, "ith upraised arms and rnge In Cery feature,towered the terrific form of 5pring-11ecled Jnck. FrleZtr and Unk.4.stood transfixed; their glwstly h<1rdcn slippld slowly to the gross, but they remained gnpin;:-, tcr:l6r-struck. cn;:cance hud fallen I T H E N E W CEN T U R Y
    • ,·;utl ca u gh t ablate as she wa s sweeping the o f fire sell down t wo feelers toward the f l oor and was hospitalitcd with serious groun d at Ynysybwl. inju ries. The ii J( ide nts lasted t w o months I t was argued that some of the lights and then ceased as ra pidly as they began. were probabl y mispercep tions of the planet The case became a pro totype f()r future enus, t hen bright in the night sky, or allacks of this nat u re the world Oer. Opin­ meteor a c t ivit y , which was liule understood ion at llrst was that cil spirits were to at the time. In any c ve lll, the myst erio us blame, but this altered later to the para­ li ghts helped l ary Jones to circulate her scientific theory that some unknown b u t religio us message, and when t he y finally latent energy within a traumat ized vinim d i s a ppeared, her influ ence declined. leaked out and was somehow t ranslated Kevin lcCiure conducted detailed i nto de stmn i v e phys ical force. Science research into the maler and regards the m ai ntai n s that such cases arc mere como­ phenomenon as an i mportalll phase in the dence or f:thrication. de velo p meut of religious v isions- strong in Cat holic communities of I rcland, France Sp ain ,19�� and but rare outside. :lodern researchers, however, think that these lights JANUARY may be produced by t he ground itsciL Rocks arc kuown to generate electrical sig­ L I G HTS O F I N S P I RAT I O N nals wheu p u t under strain, e.g. during E gryn i s a small village north of Barmouth earthquakes. Short -liwl glowing plasmas on the mid-Wales coast. In l!JO:> it became seem to be created in the atmosphere as a the cent re of a trad itional lethodist reli­ result of this l;mh line act ivity. In the years g i ou s revival that was dramatically st imu­ prior to the Welsh revial, they wac termed lated by a fanners wile named 1lary Jones . spooklights. Tod ay . of cou rse, the same The p rincipal reason f(>J· her astonishing lights wo u ld be seen as UFOs. achievements was the matute•· in which Researcher Paul Devereux has coined the strange light phenomena allached them­ term ea rthlight to define these glows and selws 10 her per son. llundrcds of people has f(mnd a bull line running right past saw them and her r;une soon sprea d. The the Egryn chu rch. t i ny chapel became a !(Jcal point fo1· pil grims. 19�� The lights were first wit ness ed by a train dri,·er at lensam in early January a t a time when Irs Jones was pre ac hing in the town. 30 JUNE lie said t h ey resembled glowing balls of fire T H E TU NGU SKA S KY C RASH that streaked away in many direrlions, then conver ged with a t remendous explosion An eart hlight t o end all carthlights was seen li ke thunder. Another person described a hy remote villagers in the Siberian taiga bright blue bar that straddled a pi t ch - dark forest near the Stony Tunguska River. Its country road. And many witnesses claimed origin remains the su �j erl of intense con­ to han: seen the l ight s hoering d i rectly trm·eJ·sy but its impact is beyond dis p u te. Oer lary Jones and inside chu rches where Shortly alicr 7 a . m . that morning, a white she preached. mass, brighter than the sun, appeared in the There followed six months of dazzling sky above northern Eu rope, creating ground li gh t shows in the skies that brought jour­ shadows. Within seconds it swept across the nalists s cu rry ing fi·om as (;u- a field as desolate land scape miles high in the aunos­ Lo ndon and lanchester. These were d ra­ phcre and t urned into a column climbing matically concluded on 2:� July w hen a bal l ertically upward and visible for hundreds T H E N E W C EN T U R Y
    • of miles arou n d . There fi1llowed a series of conltts tail . If a piece ol romet h a d h it thehuge explosions which were hc<Jrd sixty Eart h , it wou ld ha e largely aporized a n dm iles from th e impact point. spr i n kled l i n e dust 0T r t h e grou nd. Locals �linutes <Jfter the eent. a shock wa e i ndeed referred to a black rain t hat accom­spread outward. It uprooted trees and panied the Tunguska i m pact. Particles ofsmashed rooftops more t h a n se enty miles d us t tlll-0nl into t he a t m osphe re cou ld alsofro m t h e centre of destruct ion. If was felt as ha·e p ro d u ced t h e lum inous clouds.an earth trem or in (;ermany and recorded :cvertheless. <Jfter n uclear weapons wereeen in Britai n . :lc<Jsured on widely d is­ lirst detonated in 19·1:-l and t h eir t c lfec spersed seismogr<� p h s, the wae <IS power­ wc..-e seen to be remarkably similar to t h oseful enough to circle t he Earth-twice� in Siberia. a pop u la r parascience t heory Fm· seH·ral subse q uen t nights �t range eme t·ged. as the Tung u s ka explosion t h eluminous douds lit t h e skies <Jhoe Europe result o f a nuclear-powered spacecrali t h atand Ahica. They glowed pink and yellow exploded on its way i n to the atmosphere?and were bright e nough fiJr people to read Sup porters poin ted out t hat lora! rein­newspapers outdoors in t h e absence of any deer d ev e loped scabs on t heir bodies and<Jrti liri<Jl lighti n g. there was some limited evidence li>r exces ­ Because of the remoteness of the im p<�ct sive radiation i n the area (although meas­zone and the i n tenention of the Russi <J n ured only fol lowing man-made nuclearreYolution it w<Js al most twenty years belilre detouations by t he USSR, which compro­a scien t ific expedi tion reached Tunguska. m ised t h e findings). K u l i k had l(mnd n oAstrono mer Leonard Kulik e x pe cted to find local people who s u lkred radiation sicknesse·idence of <1 meteor t hat h<Jd exploded on on his is it in I !l28; a n d by I 940. when heimpact. l c;n·in g a h uge crater and fragment s wen t again, direll eyewit nesses to t h e e e ntbehind . In fact, he fou nd neither crater nor were still f(nmd alive and well -i m probableft ·agments. Trees at t he exact centre or t he had they been ·ery c lose obse rvers to ae x plosion , a l t hough st r i pped of h<�rk, were n u clear impart.still stand ing; t hose in <1 SIIITounding area Several more recent exped it ions haYemany miles across were llallened . fou nd eYidence consistent w i t h t h e comet The meteorite theory was all but t h eory, i nclud in g cle ments and c h e m i calsdestmyed by t his eidence , which dearly on the g ro un d . r precise mappin g of theshowed t h at the object had exploded high impa ct damage also fits the idea. I loweve1·,in mid-air. so t hat t h e area immediately ot her Russian scientists who h ave isitedbelow was to some extent shielded . Th ere the area t hin k t h a t somet hing u nexplainedwere also repons by local tlnesters that t h e was to blame. Theories as diYerse as a l u m pglowing mass h a d seemed to cl t an ge d i rec­ o f an ti-maller explod i n g o n con tact wit ht ion in m i d-flight - a bet partially Yind i ­ t h e atmosp here, a n d e ve n a n u clear- pow­rated, d espite much argt1ment, b y a e ro­ ered space rocket fro m t he fu t u re whichdynamic reconstruc t ion. acciden tally crossed a t i m e barrier and t he n Scientists now 1�10111 1 he view that t he detonated, haw been proposed , bu t ,,·ith­object was a small comet. To create an out murh linmdati on.i m pact of <1 I :! -megatonne nuclear bomb. as Yet if the Tunguska explosion wasthis obj ect had done, it wou ld need to he raused by an impact from a piece of debrisseYcral h un d red feet in diameter, br bigger from outer space, one th ing is certain. Surht han a meteol. a happen ing is not all t hat rare and may he Comets are composed or a solid cru mbly expected by chance every few h und redcot·e ami ice th<Jt vapo ri tes in a shell on the years. Smaller ones wil l occu r seTJal t imeso u tside. Th is p roduces t h e characteristic a century. It would hae been pure l urk []] THE NEW CENTURY
    • gTH�ARCH I that the I !10� object exploded tiveh· unillltabited area. Tlte next one could just as easily do so oYer London. Tokyo mer a rela­ or MUSEUM I the heart of :lanhauan, with all too ohYious ronseq11ences. l"ft" T t·. IIIIJ"J(I :"� . . . . CAUGHT!!! A�L��:� ; !! JlJJ 17 JANUARY I !,��,��-�:kE�,��:�� tommooitie of �ew • • • Je rsey. LS:, were plagued with sigluings of a giatll hat-like cr e al l t r e with a face t h a t was likened variously 10 a mule, a dog or a kan­ garoo. It was said to he terrorizing local brms, la ndin g. lcaYing strange marks and then leaping into the sky. The prints were in the f(mn of a single hoof and seemed 10 pass straight OYer obst ar le s such as fe nces. They were also [(>Und on heaches in deep snow. In matn· ways the tracks resembled those left in the still mvsterious incident in Febru­ ary Hl:i?i when residents of illages over a large area of South Devon awoke onl morning to find a line of single hoofjnints etched into a snowd rift. It spread f(H· many LEEDS DEVIL miles over the landscape a n d eYe n crossed Captured friday After a rooftops as if unimpeded! In 1909 reports began on li January Terrific Struggle. when policeman shot at the thing as it a EXKTJUl""Y.l> r.:.:n.t-�1 t:l." llF.RI!: Al 11noo no A "t:l-:1(. flew ner the Delaware RiYer in Penns1a­ The r-rlnl. JrlchliJI, }"<!roduu• :llon.el<r f""hl<h nia. Sounds like a sh r iek ing whistle were ltn�t lJN"G l"C"rrurlrla• J,..o �l:>tf•. heard. On 21 Jan uary firemen at est Swims l Flys! Gallops. Collingswood. :ew Jersey. were rep111edly allacked b the :�- foot monster with glowing .Ex.WbUed �al"l.1 lh11lar<t ey es. It then perched on a roof and they lu ,. ll:o••�" !lt .... t CJI�te. A UVING DRAGON turned their hoses on to it, to its apparent disgust! In lew Jersey. the sightings of the •- F_,_,me Than t.l.oe I"IJIN !llnn•t.•ro creature in conjunction with the finding of ot �Tth<>lftJr7. no�·y !tl�!il Tilt-: the hooljnints soon ga,·e rise to hyster ia. 81loiiT Ill A I.III:."U.IR. and the name Jersey Devil was coined, uro s·rru.so nt> �1-.:iATlO:-.· ... I� from a local legend IT"lUO nU.T. The wae ended with reports from �lorris­ THi.::ATRE ,·ilk, lennsyh·ania. that the creature had GA.,:Vrt (0:�n "lOl"J Y A tT>F.l""TJJ.l!l A poster tn the Phrlaceiphra Pubf:c Leager of a to the 1 Oc ADMITS TO ALL precu"5or jcr;ey Devil, th1s one exhtbited 1n captiVItyT H E N E W C ENTURY
    • flown into a barn and become trapped. The The first flight by a Zeppelin; LZ-1, over Lake Constance.doors were sealed and rein forceme nts Genmany. 2 July 1900.rapidly sent for. U n fortunately, when thebarn doors were opened, and despite there In fact, the first sighting occurred in thebeing no other obvious exit route, the autumn of 1896, in Sacramento and laterJ ersey Devil had van ished into the hinter­ San Francisco, California, when a cigar­world from which it had arrived and was shaped object with bright lights wasnever heard li·om again. reported floating in the aiL According to At least, not until 1 966, when Ohio had a research by Jerome Clark, frontier humourterrifying spate of visions of a creature pos­ had a field day. As the sightings continuedsessing a n u mber of similar features that almost nightly, many tall tales were spunbecame k nown as mothman. simply to outdo rival provincial papers. Eccentric inven tors came forward to claim, through agents, t hat they had b uilt the devices, then vanished without ever making public their secret. A further outbreak was reported across aP H ANTO M SCARE S H I P S wider area of the western and mid-westernAs the first primitive aircraft were flying on states in April and May 1 897. The firstdangerous short hops around the world, flights by genuine airships - which began inthe inexplicable appearance of a wave of Europe - were still some mon ths away. But,strange airships soon developed into a mys­ like the previous wave, the 1897 airships oftery of epic proportions. the western USA swiftly disappeared. T H E N E W C ENT U R Y
    • In Elml. howner, the problem suddculybectnw g-lohal, as scallcrcd reports came inh·mn :lr Zealand, ,ustr;tlia and especiallyti·otn Britain. On :!:� :larch, a policeman on patrol inletcrhorough, north-east of Cambridge.heard a buzzing engine aiHI looked up tosec a single floodlight auached to a darkcigar-shape silhoueued against the sky.Local police suggested it was an illuminatedkite. but as more reports J(,llowcd, rumonrspre;td that the Cermans were llying Zep­pelins on spy missions. There was real ten­sion between the two imperial nations in thenm-up to World ar One; but althoug-hthe activities of airship b u il der Count Fenli­nand von Zeppelin were well allested, it iscertain that no such spy missions were Cerlaun<·hed ag-ainst Britain in this way. nor didthe Germans hae the capability to do so. On 14 :lay. the captain and new of theSt Ofaj: steaming in the :orth Sea on· Blyth.:lort h u mherlaud, saw an object apparentlymaterialize out of thin air above. It wasagain described as a cigar with lights. An een more remarkable incident tookplace on Il-l :lay which has all the hall­marks of a UFO landing. If it werereported today. fe,,· details would need tobe a<ljttsted for it to be i u terpret cd as analien contact, rather than - as it was at thetime- a precursor to a Cerman im·asion. German army! The terrain was also Punch and Judy s h owman. l1 r C. Leth­ crushed llat.bridge, was walking home late at night m·er There were other reports of airship pilotsCa e rphilly :fountain in Smtth Wales when standing bes ide their craft, in one rasehe saw a cigar-like object 011 the grou n d . requesting water. But alter a few days theTwo men wearing strange fur coats were sightings tailed otT, lcaing the usual spent­talking- in an unknown language and reacted lation about mistaken identity and massinstinctiely when they saw the intruder, hysteria.picking up something from the ground and The sightings began again, howeer, injumping into their craft. which soared sky­ late Ell:!. One incident. above Sheerness,ward over some telegraph wires. As it rose. Kent, on 14 OctohlT, was then taken sot wo powerful searchlight beams were seriously that questions were asked in theswitched on. one at each end of the <Tall. Honse of Commons- possibly the first ever The witness returned to the site with p u b lic debate on UFOs. Lord of the Admi­li·iends to find objects on the grass. includ­ ralty and future prime minister, Winstoning a piece of blue paper with unknown Churchill, had the dubious priilege ofTiting and printed m atter abo u t the being the fi1·st goemment ollicial underT HE NEW C E N T U R Y [[]
    • pressure to come up wi th an answer and Tnal flrght of the Zeppelrn LZ -� over· Lake Constance, 1908warned of the need not to underestimatethe Cerman forces. A law was passed that ing light-in-the-sky pheno m e na not viewedprohibited airship flights without prior as airships. One. on 30 Ik cember 19i7,authority and allowed the police or army to inn>h·ed a golden egg sha pe seen ,-isingshoot one down if it failed to respond to from power lines, pu n ching a hole in thewarning si�nals. :o such inridcnt, fortu­ cloud cover which then gradually tilled innately, occur r e d . until no longer visible. The final fling of these airship waves :lodern researchers suspect that there ishel(>re war erupted came on the night of 2 I some sort of natural phenomenon of aFeb nt ary 1913 when reports lloodcd in glowing, electrical nature, possib ly akin 10li·mn scwral pans of Britain. :lost interest­ De·ereuxs earthlights. hen seen in 1977,ing was one from the small village of Exhall th e ionization caused the douds to disperse.in Warwickshire. It was just a typical Today we understandably view these thingsdescription of a lighted object, but was to as alien cran, hut in 1909 and 191 :�. Iacquire more relevance because the same immer sed in pre-war hysteria , were theylocation has since generated several bscinat- seen as scareships? [[] THE NEW CENTURY
    • P O R TE N T S O F W A RT his traumatic decade, punctured by rebellion and reYolution, culminated in thetitanic and bloody clash or Vorld Var One, thewar to end all wars. Meanwhile the scientific reYolution gatheredrelatiYity turned our notion or the U niYerse on itsmomentum. Albert Einsteins general theory orhead. The f(wm taken by basic conceptions such asspeed, size, shape and time was rdatiYe to whereyou were and what you were doing. Atoms werecomposed of energy fields in constant Hux withinlargely empty space, beyond the grasp of ournormal senses. New Yistas opened up, ready f(wexploration. The UniYerse had suddenly become avastly more complicated place.
    • 1911 SEPTEM BER M I RAC LE B L E E D I N G This was one of 1he first well-attested hands bled at rhe c entre poin t . lo ng report s of miracle bl eed i n gs. , pi ct u re of hel ie,·ed to he where nails were placed Christ in the French ,·illage dlllrch at llire­ d u ri n g cruc ifix ion ami familiar from many hea u -e n - Poitou began to ooze blood from religious port raits . We now know Ji·01n h is ­ the hands and the forehead. While scientists torical evidence, howeer, that crucifixion argued thar ir was ju st pi gment ation from victims had n ails hammcred t h rough rhe rhe pa in t seepi n g out. the deo ut llocked ro bones ar rhe wr is t as 1 he fleshy palm was too t he s ite, convinced t ha t t he local priest was soh t o support rhe hanging weight of a body. somehow responsible. The location of t he The b leed i ng intensified l(>r six months ami bleedi ngs was e xact ly t hat of the rep u t ed at t he same t i me a nearby stat ue of t he wounds of Ch r ist when crucified, i.e. on the Virgin wept rears. Afier the priests death in hands and crown. Yet, interestingly, rhe I �115 all these eiTerts ceased. 15 Septembre 1911 Decembre 191l P O RTE N T S OF W A R
    • 1911 1 4 APRILlfR E M O N I T I O N O F D I SAST E R The Tita uir, lll l i l t in t h e norl heru En g l is h port or L i e rp ool and stea m i n g li·om So u th;am p t o n t o New Yor k, is p robably t h e most i n b mous n a m e i n marine h istory. Seeral days i 11 1 o her m aiden voyage, t he so-ca l led u nsin kable l i ner s t ru c k a n u nseen iceberg. was holed deep a n d c a n ied 1 :>00 passengers a n d crew to t he bot t om of t h e At lan t ic Ocean . ;lore p eop le wou ld hae been saved fro m her hu ge cont i nge n t had n o t t h e owners. u l l edy nm vi n ced o f h e1· s ec u ri t y n egl ect e d t o pro v i d e e n o u g h . lilt.·boats. A side efkct of t he shocki n g disaster was t o set in mot ion one or the m ost po w erlia l psych ic experiences e·er recorded. For t h e fi rst t i m e t hen: was open t a l k o f precogni­ t ion - the abil i t y to s e e t h i n gs before t h e y h app e n . No fewer t h a n twenty cases arc k n ow n o f p eo ple who had p re m on i t io n s of disa st er bcli:>re t h e ship sailed. Some rdiased t o board ; ot hers had relat ives amon14 t h e pas­ s enge rs and sen se d u a ge d y . Famed n ews · ­ paper writer William Stead, who had h i mself wrillen in a n art icle t hat such a t ragedy could happe n , was warned expl ic­ i t l y in writin14 by a psychic t hat he was i n great d a n ge r during April I D I 2 a nd should avoid water and t ravel at t hat t i me. H e ignored t he w a rn i n g and paid w i t h h i s l i fe. Even more incredible was t h e case of ret i red seam a n 1organ Robertson who was stru gg l i n g to se ll his short stories. I n I H!IH, experiencing write1·s block in his New York aparl m e n t , h e suddenly had a v isi o n in1 w l a ich he saw a h u ge l i n e r sutler a catast ro­ phe w i t h an iceberg. I n h is t ra nce. he heard dearly t h e word s April and u nsi n kable. I n spi red by t hi s episode, he wrote his story The reck o l the Titan, i n w hich his ncar-ident ical su pe1·s h i p , t h e SS T itan. s i n ks on her m a i den voyage ali e r s t r i k i n g a n ------------- PORTENTS OF WAR
    • C R ETAC E O U S PA R K S i r ;rt h u r Conan D ovics I inion o r S U r1­u n seen iceberg, w i t h l w n dreds peri s h i n g i n g d i nosaurs had rea l - I i i (· i n s p irat ion li·mnneedlessly beca use o l i n adequate l i iCboat lege n d s and s t o ries fi1·st hmught hac k byCO"lL eigh t een t h -cen t u ry m issionaries li·01n the Scept ics argued t h a t t h i s was m e re coi n c i ­ Ali·ica n Con go. Th e n , in lat e El l :� . thed e n ce . Fo nne1· s e a m c 1 1 1 1 1ay u n d ers t a n d ­ Gerl l l an gon• n u n c n t sen t out t h e l i rst sci­ably have h a d q u a l m s about t h e s a f e t y or e n t ilic exped i t ion to ascer t a i n the l i kelysuch a big l i n e r. �lm·em·tT, Tita n or Tita 11ic t n l l h beh i n d t h ese t a les.was au ohious choice or n a m e l i ll · a h u ge Captain Frei h ei T von Stein set out on as h i p . Yet Rober t s o n kit s u re he h a d an lon g and t reacherous walk t h rough t heu n seen presence gu i d i n g his hand. Or j u n gl e swam ps of the Likou l a regw n ,cou l d it ge n u i n e l y h ave been precogn i t ion � encou nteri n g Tnomous s n akes, deadly i nsects all(l h ea d h u n t i n g p yg l l l ies as he ven­ t t u-ed into u ncharted t erritory sit u a t ed h u n­ or m i les fi-om any towns or c i t ies.Left survrvor> packrng the Trtanrc lrfcboats.Below: the last moments of the "unsrnkable liner. dreds ,her q u es t i o n i n g n a t ives a n d w h i t e h u n t ers who had explored the region , h e repea ted l y h eard lege n d s a b o u t a large beas t , sol l l e :.!0- :Hl li long. wh ich i n h abited a local l a k e . The creat u r e , n a med /1/Vkt•lt lllhe111be, was said to han a lon g n e c k and brow n body · all(l t o be bigger t h an a h i p popot a m u s . I t l i ved i n t h e l a ke caves a n d sur[Kcd periodi­ cally t o eat leaves fro m a f lower i n g I i a n a plant cal led uwlo111ho, stretch i n g its n eck u p wa rd rat h e1· like a giraHi.· . : a t i n:s who had ap proac hed the a n i m a l i n can oes h a d been a t t acked and d rowned when t h eir boats san k , but t h ere were no clai m s t h a t t h e 1 1 1 o n s t c r a t e i t s prev. V o n Stein never saw the o-ea t u re but was s hown a t rack by n a t ives w h o swm-e t h a t a s peci m en had recen t l y en tered t h e river s y s t e m at t ha t poi n t . l i e cou l d a d d l i t t l e except t h at t h e an i m a l wh ich left t h e m arks was abo u t t h e s i ze t h a t h ad been dcso-ibed and u n fiu n i liar t o h i m . T h e �cncral view o r zoologi s t s was t ha t t h e lege n d s m i g h t h a l h ad a bct u a l basi s , part i cu l a r l y because t h e creat w·e w a s n o t dep i ct ed as a tcrril)·i n g or carn ivorous beast (as is normal with such stories) but described as a p lacid p l a n t eater. I I erbivo­ rous d i n osau rs such as U ro nto.lt/ 1/ nt. llo u r­ ished in t h e Cret aceous era a n d it was j u s t conceivable t ha t a tc"· s p eci m e n s s t i l l sm·- P O R T EN T S O F W A R
    • · . ;· . :.·: ·.. ·.Skeletdl model of o,p/odocus, the Cretaceous d1nosaur govern m e n t put d i llicult ies in the wa y. These trips estab lished m u ch u sefu l data,vived locally. B u t in the absence of proof, asse m b l i n g match i n g acco u n ts a n d reportsnobody seemed inclined to be too exci ted of how in 1 9[ 9 > a gro u p of pygmies ca p­by a collection of stories. t u red a n d ate o n e of t h e creatures. But t h e Subsequ e n t attempts to m o u n t d i nosaur scientists only had tantalizi n g near m isses,h u nts fa iled because of hostile n atives. I n as when one huge l u mbering beastthe 1 940s, however, a new field of research sp lashed i n to the water j u st o u t or sigh t .was lau nched by a group of pro fessionals American explorer Herman Regusterswho called t h e m selves uyptozoologists. visited in the 1 980s and his party claimed t oThey collected data and tried to create s e e t h e crea t u re several t i m e s a n d h e a r itspublic i n terest by searc h i n g for h i dden t h roaty roar. They took some d i m , d i s t a n tcreatu res such as moliflf mbnnbf. I n 1 958, pictu res t h ro u gh t h e d e n se t r e e cover.one o f their n u mber, Ber nard H e u ve l m a n s , Local sci en tist D r .Iarce l l i n Agnaga, fi·ompublished the first detailed accou n ts i n O n the zoological ga rde n s in B razzavil l e , alsot h e Track of U n k n ow n An i m a l s . made several visits a n d i n :l ay 1 9H3 came D u r i n g t h e 1 970s an American s pecialist closest yet to captu r i n g proof when h e wan­in reptiles visited the area several times and dered o u t i n to t h e sha llows to come withinsh owed i l l u strations of d i n osa u rs t o a rece n t a few h u n d red feet of a bas k i n g moklleeyewitness of t h e crea ture, who picked o u t m/Jembe. For half an hour the a n i mala DijJ/odoms as the most s i m ilar o n e . browsed on Iiana leaves before sinking The first serious expeditions specifically b e n e a t h the water. S a d l y , t h ro u gh a combi­desi gned t o fi n d the animal were orga n ized nation of h u m a n error, m isfort u n e a n d theby Professor Roy lt ackal , a biologist a t the extreme climate, none of h is p h otographsU n i versi t y of Chicago, with the re ptile spe­ s u rvived the t re k home.cialist, J a mes Powe l l . llackal moun ted sev­ The .J apanese have since tried twice, anderal more Yisits before the n ew Congolese a you n g B ritish ex-army man, B i l l Gibbons,P O R T E N T S OF W A R
    • D•nosaur and human t•-acks 1n D•nosaur Valley State Park. dinosaurs did lin� i n t hese swamps d u ringGlen Rose. Texas. (See also page 39.) the late Cretaceous geological period some sixty-fi·e m illion years ago and the area hashas been there t wo more t i mes (most remained almost una ltered.,·ecently in 1992) in what has been dubbed It i s perhaps feasible t hat a few such crea­Operation Congo. This was s u pported by t u res may ha·e su n·ied in t h is remotea paranormal magazine which sold region. But as estern society intrudesdinosaur T-shirts to raise funds! eer furt her into Africa, they are hou nd to lt uch anecdotal eidence has been gat h­ come under t h reat . I t may be a race againstered and latest t h in king is t hat the creature extinction to come up with hard eidenceis an eOIed ersion of Allantosaurus. Such abou t t he worlds last su rviing d inosa u rs. PORTENTS Of WAR
    • t h e non·ls in volved ext raord inary dept h of191J 13 MAY research k nowledge about distant ami fu t u re t i mes - fi-mn the B iblical era to Vic­ T H E T E S TA M E N T O F torian London . PATI E N C E WORTH Prior to her etHoun tcr wit h Pat ience, M rs Currans wri t i n gs had exh ibited no h i n t of On 1 his dale Iearl Curran and a fi·iend, sophist ication or skill; and a fter she died, using a ouija board i n t h e C u rran home at Pat ience ldl sile n t , Jea,·ing behind the m ys­ St Lou is, M issouri . first saw the name Pa t tery of her highly pra ised literary genius. C speh out by t he moving glass. Pea rls So was t h is a real con t act fi·om a departed h usband. deten n i n ed !0 prove the i ncom ­ spirit or did Pearl Curran tap some hidden ing message a t ri<·k or t h e m imi, p retended creat ive source from wh ich gn·at writers he had once known an I rish man named have long derived inspi rat ion? Pa t . For a t ime t hat fict it ious individual sent Automatic writers today continue the messages ,·ia t he hoard , bill soon a n ew and t rend. Rosemary B rown, a London house­ more powerful voice took con t rol. On 8 wife, writes m usic t h at she says is dictated by J u ly. t he cryptic words that llowed out dead composers such as Beet hm·cu aud whentcr Pearl Cu rran used the device Liszt . Healer :latthcw :Ian n in g has created were explicitly signed Pat ienn· ort h ·. f:.thulous pai n t i n gs in 1 he style of a rt ists stKh Patience, belying her name, soon out grew as Diirer ami Picasso. A woman in t h e USA the slow ouija hoa rd , graduat ing first to au!O­ has in f(>J·mcd me t hat she is cu rreutly seek­ matic Ti l i ng; pen in hand, she would t ake ing an agent to market t h e autobiogra phy of over �Irs Curran and write lengt h y scripts, Billy the Kid, determined to correct t h e and finally took to sending words straight f;1Jse imagr of h is outlaw days fl·om beyond into the consciousness of her medium. t h e grave. I have also received tapes fi·om a It req uired some cHi>rl to ext ra<t i n for­ :ew York med i u m , Bill Ten uto, containing mation abou t hersel f fiOm Pat ietl<T. She verbal messa14es abou t t he real purpose of was reponedly a Quakn girl who emi­ his m u nl c1· spoken by li:mner Beat ie, John grat ed fi·01n Dorset to t he U SA in the seven ­ Le n n o11 . : lr Ten uto also reports that teen t h cen t m-y a n d died you ng d u ring a n Len non is d ictating new music to some I ndian attack. S h e spoke in a rchaic lan­ world renowned song writers. gu age. complete with spelling and usages t hat l i n guistic sc holars veri fied as bei ng t otally correct . Lat er. lwH·er, she began to u t ilize a more modern idiom. Pa t ience ort h seems to have expressed 1914 E hersel f fi·eely in literary limu. Across twent y-five years she came up wit h mill ions of words, including widely an·Jaimed I :- ���-J:�j<� �>;:l� ��t�e:.:.�,,��:ught 0 -- - e-� st at :I ons i n Fland e1·s in August 1 9 1 4 . novels, plays and poems, some of w h ic h Legend has i t that spect ral interven tion were published without rcferetHe to t h eir may have saved t he day fiJ1· the Allies. bi tarre <Tca t ion. Pat ience dirtated t hem B 1·it ish t mops made a D u n k i rk-style with­ with aston ishing rap id ity. Once, when d rawal against a l l t h e odd s and a vastly asked h>r a mol l o of about I � 0 characters to su perior Cerman army. Although t h ere put on t h e wall of t h e :l isso u ri state c1pital, were sound reasons as to w h y t h is was pos- she <h·afted a literary ode of exact ly the sible ( t h e British had bet ter wt·apons and requi red lengt h . in t h e brief time i t t oo k fi>r highly d iscipli ned sold iers). the victory !carl C u rran to write dow n t h e words. An d II fro m the jaws of defeat was h ailed as a m i r- PORTENTS OF WAR [[]
    • acl e by pol i t icians keen to rally t h e t roops A corner o f the ANZAC pos1t1on at Gdllipol1. scene o f the ill­and the nation after what had almost been fated Allied landing of Apnl 19 1 5 .a cat astro p h e . A fe w w e e k s lat er (in late September) t h e h ad done anyth i n g- oth e•· t h a n i n v e n t a tal c .Lon d o n EPtniug Nt·w� t:arried a s h ort piece I ndeed . when asked to q u o t e h i s sources,of fict ion by Art h ur M achen called Th e h e e x p l a i n e d that t h ere were n o n e as it wasBowmen in w h ich a sol dier at Mons u n t r u e . B u t by then so m e pe o p l e were soi n vo k es t he s p i ri t of St Ge01·g-e, bel i eve d t o t a ken i n b y t h e accou n t , t he y refused toride t o t h e rescue of E n gla nd whenever she beli eve 1lachen s denials!is i n p eril . The s a i n t a n d a ho s t or a n g-e l ic In Ul l 5 t h e s t o ry was p roc u red by allbowmen reinforce t h e d es pn a t e Allies a n d manner o r bod ies, rel i giou s a n d m i l itaryt he Germans are heavily felled b y magical a l i ke . i t n esses, u s u a l ly secon d - h an d , camean-ows t h a t leave no m a rks. forward w i t h tales t h ey had h eard fro m The talc h a d a g•·eat dlect on B r i t is h m e n at t h e fro n t and en· u t u a l l y act ua l eye­morale. It was re pri n t e d , o f i e n by c h u 1-ch wit ness acco u n t s s u rfacld fro m so ld i ersj ou rn als, as proof of d i v i n e support of t h e clai m i n g to h a ve seen the p han tomwar, a n d soon became t a ken for fact . Even­ bow m e n .t u all y a special bookl e t was p rod uced t o sat ­ In july I 9 I 5 l ach e n fu elled t h e l i re b yisfy d e m a n d . prod uci n g a book . The Bowllllll !111(/ Othn Appare n t l y i l achen n e·e•· p ret e n d e d h e Lt•gnul. of the Wa r. H e d escribed how h is PORTENTS OF WAR
    • fict io n had become acce p t e d as fact a n d group {the First - F i ft h ) was. This was not areallirmed that i t was no m o r e tha n a st ory. regim ent b u t a battalion , a m u ch s m a l l e rYet it did not p re,·e n t the book beco m i n g a body of m e n .ru naway best-seller in many co u ntries . l l istorical records , indeed, note t hat ondo ubt less with m a n y readers believi n g the 1 2 August (not 21 August as repo rted) fi ct io n . ,au thors disavowal t o be t he rea l m a n y of these m e n v a n ished . though not B y t he e n d o f the war the legend had i n to a my s t e r ious clo u d. : l oreover, evenbeco me so entwined that so m e psychic their puzzling loss is part ially explained.a u t hori t i e s even alleged that : I achen had ar records show that the group um t i n ued t u n ed i n to real w i t nesses to t h e ,·ision a t to fight , and t h a t a ft e r hostilities ended, thet he Fron t, usi n g t elepathy directly from the bodies of some 1 22 of t he 266 m iss i n g m e ntroops a t :lons. H e o n l y thought t h at he were f u n d . Presumably o t hers were killed ohad i n v e n t e d t h e st ory. It was rea l l y tru e ! i n the light i n g but thei1· bodies had not Lat e r in t he war, a nother s t r a n ge eve n t bee n t raced three years lat er.occUlTed which, l i k e the bow m e n a t :lons, Frederic k Reichardts son con linned i nsti l l holds sway today. This did, a t least, 1 9� 2 . afte1· h i s fathers death, t hat h e hadhave som e f act ual basis i n war records. been told the story of the vanish i n g regi­ It s u rfaced in 1 965 when an old soldie1· a t me n t d m i n g the G a l l i poli ca m paign soona li h ieth reu n io n o f t h e :- e w Zealand a n d a fier his birt h i n 1 93 2 . T h u s it had not sud­Australian t roops i n voh·ed i n the Gallipoli denly been i m·ented at the fi ftieth reu n ioncampaign came forward. Sapper Frederick in J 9(i5 , as m a n y sceptics had p r e,·iouslyReichardt and two others told o n afTida,·it argued . Clearl y it was based on some sort ofhow on :.? l Au gust l �� 1 5 an entire regi m ent act ual episode.(the First - Fourth :orfolks) was seen to As for the s tra n ge cloud, lkgg d iscove re dm arch towards I I ill (j() above the hot that a very u m t s u a l m i st a n d clo u d f() n n a­deserted Sula Bay area of the Dardanel les tion was re liably see n to have covered thei n Turke y . Directly above t h e m ho"Cred a area on :.? I A u g u s t a n d that this was notedvery s t ra n ge cloud. below which another in the record books on the oppos i t e page tocolum ned cloud perched upon the hill t h e reference to t he d i sappeara nce of theslope. Despite the wind. this cloud never Firs t - F i fth soldiers n i ne days preYiously.moved . The seyeral hu ndred soldiers Bcgg co ncluded that the two u nrelatedmarched o n a clange m u s ofTens i,·e i n to the e·euts were con fused in the m i n ds ofmists but ne,·er e m erge d fro m the br side. Reicha r dt and his colleagues clown theAn hour later the cloud l i fted and the men years. part icularly given t h e scars o f warhad disappe are d with it. In late 1 9 1 8 , after they had endured after 1 9 1 5 . A cmiousthe war. the Turks denied that they had ever misty cloud was i n deed see n . A few hun­ca p t u red or en gaged these m issi n g troops. I t dred men did vanish, hut not i n expl icablywas as i f they had been spirited away. so. ,ud the l i n k between the two events An exce l l e n t in Yest i gation of his torical that has f()rged a supernat ural lege n d wasdata was mounted by researcher Pa u l Begg merely a coi n ci d ence.who checked facts that were widel y or com·se. nobod y can ever prove, asass u med by ot her a u t hors to be tru e . these eyewit n esses co n t e n ded t o thei r dyi n gI n deed, t h e s tory freque n t l y appeared i n day . that the 1 44 m en s t i l l u n accou u ted formystery hooks m·er the next three decades . did uol vanish in so m e supern a t u ral fash­Begg s research, l w-e·er, encou ntered ion. As s uch the legend will e n d u re .som e serious prob l e m s . The Firs t - Fo u r t h was a p parent l y not Bowmen ofMons. b y A . Forest1er. used in the Christmasi n voh·ed i n am· va n ish i n g tric k , but another london /1/ustrored News. 1 9 1 5. The ed1t1on of thePORTENTS OF WAR
    • 1916 SUMMER 1917 G H O STLY P H OTO G RA P H FA I R I E S AT T H E B OTTO M OF TH E O n e o f t h e f1 r st i m p ressi v e phot ographs o f GARDEN an appari t ion was t a ken in Ti n ge1ri ck . B u c k i n g- h a m s h i re . s o u t hern E n gl an d , by a Alt hough lf.:w p eo p l e , even i n r u ral co m m u ­ re t i red police d e t ec t in� i nsp ect o r. ! l is p i c ­ n i t ies , any l o n ge r bel ieved i n Elirics, t wo t u re showed t h ree women c1�j o y i n g a you n g cousins in t h e suburb of Cot t i n glcy. garden p a r t y ; h u t i n t r u d i n g i n t o t h e image on t h e o u t skirts o f Bl·adf(Jrd , West York­ was t he f i g u re of a sem i - t ransparen t . ghost ­ sh i n >, England, cert ainlr did. And t he ev i ­ l i ke dog. i o bml y at t h e t i m e remembered d ence t hey p roduced was a t t he heart o f a s ee i n g i t ;I p jw a r or depart . as it a pet st rangt> rase t h at received wide pu b l ic i t y . back rrom I h e gran�? Fou rt ecn -yt•ar-old Elsie rig h t o ft en p l ayed 1ri t h I 0-ycar-old F1·ances Griffi t h s in The ghostly dog at the ·l rngewick tea party. t h e wooded beck at t he rear of h e r house. PORTENTS OF WAR
    • The famous photograph of the Cottlngley gnome. later was gazmg not at the weird spm t s butadm1ned to have been a hoax. s t ra i ght at t he camna. W h e n l a t e r asked about this odd i t y . the girls explained t hatFor bot h girls it was a m agical place, f(n· they saw liliries all or the t i me but havingt hey had regu larly obsered fairies - s m a l l . yo u r photograph taken was a nove l t y !et hereal, flying cre a t u res - li m n i n g o l l t or A m on t h l a t e r Frances fi l m ed Elsie play­t hin air in the b u shes. i n g with a gnome. The m a n n er in which Their stories were not believed. Elsies her ha nd was out s t re t ched was laterfather was part icu larly dism issive, and ascribed by psychic sou rces t o mystic e n er­mainly u n happy t hat they got dirty or wet gies, though Frances m a t lt_ l of bct l yin the process, co n duct in those days u n be­ explained i t as the res u l t o f h e r ineptit udecoming of a yo u n g lady. behi n d the l e n s . The girls showed these pic­ Opi nions changed. howeer, o n a day in t u res to liiends and t ried t o convince ! l rj u l y when the girls bo rrowed his camera. Wright , who s t i l l thou ght the m lakes. I t was�lr right deCioped one photograph on o n l y two years later when ! I rs Wright . whowhich so m e s t ra n ge white blobs showed up. was i n teres t ed in the supern a t u ra l , tookThese crys t a l l i zed i n t o a n imag e of danci n g them t o a meet i n g o f psychics in B radf(Jrd.fai ries parading i n Ji·ont o f Frances, who that the story too k off PORTENTS OF WAR
    • Psychic researchers, who moun ted ani nvestigation, were divided abou t theauthenticity of the two photogra phs. It waspointed out that the i mages looked suspi­ciously two-dimensional and i n focus,whereas the background iews of the girlst hcmselCS were more fuzzy. �loreoel·, thefairies had surprisingly modern hairstyles.Even noted fairy lore experts fou n d that abit m uch to sw::�llmv. lobody examined theoriginal plates and, on the assumption thata pictu rc is worth a thousand words· , thetestimon y of the two girls went u nchal­lenged. Little heed was paid to the fact,either, t hat Elsie h ad worked for a photog-P O R T E N T S OF W A R
    • Above left and right: two of the Cottingley Fa1nesphotographs.Left: the banks of the beck at Cottingley, playground of thefa1ries.rapher for some months and was quite atalented artist, constantly drawing fairies(because, as she remarked, she was alwaysseeing them). The girls we1·e reunited in 1 920, butalthough they were lent a new camera, inthe presence of others they always failed toproduce an image. Left on their own sometime later, they d id, nevertheless, obtainthree more fairy photographs. Finally, inAugust 1 92 1 , a noted psychic was sent to the PORTENTS OF WAR
    • hc(-k and saw t he bi rics along will1 you could sec t he head o f t he hat p m t hatFrances. btl l 110 photogra phs proved possi­ was hold i n g up t he gnome. I t was st icki n gble. " her t h a t t h e girls moed apart and o u t of t h e figu res ches t : alt hough Conansl Opped seei u g a n yt hi n g s t r a n g e. B UI t hey Doyle had t hought t h is t o he a psyt:hichad left a legac y of fie p hotographs t h a t umbilical coni �con t i n ued to i n t rigue bclieers and As f()]· t he fifth im age, w h ich is somewhatdoubters al i ke. less dear or t wo-di mensional , a curious dis­ lh coi u cidence Sir Art h u r Conan D oy l e crepancy has e m erg ed . Elsie said t hat i t waswas w r i t i n g an a rt icle on bi ri e s f(>r t h e also a hoax _just l i ke t h e other f(HJ r , b u tChris t m as 1 920 ed i t io n or S/rand magaz i n e Frances u n t i l h e r dea t h w a s adamant t ha tprecisely w h e n t h is saga bega n . I l e used t h e t h i s w a s t h e o n l y real f;1iry photograph t h efi r st t w o photographs ( a n d t h e lat t e r t h ree l w o girls ever took.d u r i n g a El2 1 sequel) to press his case t hat These hoax phot ogra p h s date from af iries were real. I I is belief i n them p art ly a t i m e w he n t h e world was on a t h resholddcri,-cd fi·01n his fat her, diagnosed m e n tall y bet ween d y i n g bel iefs i n magic and folklorei l l . wh o had long reported seei n g t hem . ami emergent scien t ific supremacy. TheyDoyle a l so held d e e p Spiritualist rom·ic­ offer many t e l l i n g lessons to su pe rn a t u ralt ions about t h e existence of other d i m e n ­ researchers. Lat er popu larizat ion of o t h e rston s . stra nge i m ages suggest 1 hat 1 hese lessons In 1 92 2 , Do y le , ha,· i 1 1 gdoued h i s hcs t -selling lictious t o foc u s o npsychic researc h . published h i s work o u e l c ­ largel y aban­ went H oax . largely u nheeded ccn more h i-tech societY or i n a much n o t , t h e Cot t i n gley (airy pho­men t a l s , The Coming of 1111 Fairit.l, w hich tographs h;n·e one fi nal t w ist t o ollc1·, w h ichlegit i m i zed the phot ograp h s of Elsie a n d may n e v e r h e resoled. Bot h Elsie rightFrauces for all 1 he world to sec. Fairies and Ft·atJCcs G r iffi t h s , c·en o n t heir deathwere a popular t opic of co n n·rs at i o n . . l ore bed s, i n sisted t hat regardless o f t h e status ofbooks f()llowed and fairy sight i n gs w e re col­ their much debated phot ographs t herelect ed, a few still be i n g re po rted een were real fairies and clcs in Co t t i n g le ytoda . heck and t h a t t hey bot h often saw t h e m . . l uch later. w i t h t h e adnl l l of modem ���7tec h n ology. the rat her d u bious nat u re of ·the Cott ingley phot ograp h s soon bec a m e · MAY - OCTOBER !TH E FAT I M A M I RACLEc i d c n t . Com p u t er e n hancement t ech­n i q u e s d e , e l o ped fi·om t h e deep space pro­gra m m e showed t he fa iries to bet wo-dimensional and p robably mere paper O n I :� :-. J a y 1 9 1 7 t w o girl s and a b o y agedc u t -o u t s . But the two wome n , still a lic fi ft y be t ween () and 9 years old were tendingcars after t heir adcn t u re , refused to s h ee p i11 t he ru ral area of F< l i m a , in nort h ­ ladmit 1 h a t t h e y had been cheat i n g. I n 1 966 e rn lort ugal , when a beam o f light flashedElsie s pok e of fil m i n g fi gmen t s or my i mag­ fro m the sky and a small, glo w i n g figu re ofination· and on B BC T in 1 97 1 just a woma n , clothed in a st ra n ge rad iance,wanted t o leae 1 he sul�jcct open . a p pea red . She spoke of coming from Th e t r u t h . i f t ru t h i t he. e m erge d o n l y a hean·n and asked t h e c h i l d ren t o ret urn ond ecade lat e1· sho n h· bd(Jrt t he cousins the L :l t h of each successi·c motl l h . Thedied. Both finally co n f(-s sed t hat t he fi rst ston· soon got out and o n the U t h o f each((m r photogJ-aphs were o u t r ight h oaxes. motl l h a cr ow d gathered. Only t h e origi nalThe i m ages were s i m p l y pa per d raw i n gs by t h ree wit nesses Cer saw t h e being. Tl 1 eyElsie. I ndeed t he y pointed to the fact t hat called it a n a ngel: hut t h e c h u rd1 a u t h m-i-P O R T E N T S OF W A R
    • t i cs soon i n t erpreted it as t h e irg i n � l a r y . S1nce the visions at F,it1ma, the v1 1lage has become a world- 1amous centre of pilgnmage. Prophecies w e r e give n : one of t h e i m m i ­l l l l l t R u ssian Reo l ution and t h e other 1919abo u t oriel ar Two. : e i t h e r . howclT,was p ublicly rCcaled un til alter t h eseec n t s occurre d . : t h i rd prophecY was MAYgien by t h e c h i ld ren u nd er seal to t h e a t ­i r a n t e l l i n g of a m ; u o r t ra u m a s t i l l to come. l LIVING FOSSIL This third p ro p h ec y was reportedly : m i ner extract i n g roal b r below t h e s u r­opened i n secret by the pope i n 1 9!i0 but - r;�re of the :et h erseal Colliery north-east o fdesp i te i n structions to do so - not t h e n B i rm i n gham in the E n glish �lidlandsrevealed t o t he world . R u m o u rs as to i t s fo u n d a small brown toad bu ried a l i eco n te n t i n clude a n uclear war. n at u ral i n side a coal sea m . :ot rese m b l i n g a n yglobal disaster a n d the dcst rurt ion of t h e normal toad , it measured o n l y :� i nches i nCat holic Ch urch . d i ameter, a n d ap peared t o b e b l i n d a n d to The fi n a l ·i s i t of t h e · a n gel was on 17 hae no mou t h . B u t it was u n doubtedlyOctoheL A crowd o f 70,000- 1 00,000 ga t h ­ a l i ve a n d adjusted t o i t s s u rrou n d i n gs oerered t h is t i m e from fa r a n d w i d e t o s e e a t he next few <Ia ys.p redicted m iracle. �lany on lookers There are m a n y o t her reliable i n st ancesi u sisted that a hole was p u n c hed t h rough a of small a n i m a l s bei n g f(m n d alie i nsidera i n do u d at noon and a s p i n n i n g d isc, pre­ l u m ps of mck. The coal seam wou ld h aesu mably the S u n , pou red down great heat limned 200 m i l l ion yea1·s ago, so most scep­and b l i n d i n g rad ia n ce o n to the grou n d . t ics assu m e that the a n i m al some howbclc)re corksuewi n g eart hwards a n d t h e n e n t ered a cra<·k and became t rapped t hereretreat i n g u p aga i n . :o a t t est able photo­ after its birt h in recen t t i mes. H oweer,graphs of t h i s phenomenon exist despite t h ere are t h ose who speculat e t h a t t h e crea­exten sie eyewit n ess accou n t s. t u re m i ght h ave en tered w h e n the rock first Sce p t ics argue t h at t h is was an opt ical formed and t h en lied i n suspen ded a n i ­i l l usion brou g h t o n by mass h y ste ria and m a t i o n for m i l len n ia , or t h a t it was tele­i n t e nse expect ation. A more recent t h eory ported t h ro u g h t i m e a n d space d i re c t l y i n t oh as deeloped t ha t t h ese isits were rea l l y t h e rock c;n- i t y .b y a l ie n s i n a lJ FO masquera d i n g as a reli ­ In tnllh, nobody k nows how t h esegious m i racle. embedded a n i m a l s get t h ere. P O R T E N T S OF W A R
    • THE ROAR I N G TWE NT IE ST h i s decade, f(: n- all i ts postwar u n certa i n ties, was in many ways a n e xc i t i n g period.Electri c l i gh t i n g and cars were beco m i n gcom mon place. T h e ci nema was a popular a rt for m .R a d i o w a s e n te r i n g many h o m es a n d t a l k i n grad io (televis i o n ) w a s u n der develop men t . Scie ncee m phasized t he way in w h ich i n v isible rays couldt ravel t h rou gh space a n d c reate action a t ad i s ta nce. All t h i s a ffected the worl d o f the para n o r m a l .Science fictio n , t o o , looked to t he fu t u re w i t hst ories of robots a n d c i v i l i za t ion to c o m e , refl ect i n gt h e s p i r i t o f t h e age. A n d h a v i n g conquered t h e a i r,t h o ughts t u rned to t h e n e x t grea t fro n t i e r. O n ed a y we m i g h t h a ve t h e abi l i ty to reach t h e stars.
    • l�ll After some weeks of wrangles with the Egyptian government over ownership ofT H E C U RS E OF K I N G T U TA N K H A M U N the bejewelled golden artefacts and other marvels in this long-sought historic treas­ ure, Carnarvon developed a strange malady. The Earl o f Carnanon had spent many At first it was thought to be a fever, then years in Egypt with his young protege and blood poisoning was diagnosed. In early mentor Howard Carter expending vast April I 923 he collapsed into a coma at a sums of money in the search for the fabled Cairo hotel. I I e ne,·er recovered . treasure-laden tomb of the boy king According to eyewitnesses, including his Tutankhamun . By late 1 92 2 , on the verge family and I fowarcl Carter, at the very of giving up the quest in despair, he made a point of his death the hotel lights flickered discm·ery that was to turn into one of the and went out. The electricity was off for ft,·e most frightening stories of the century. minutes in an unexplained power loss. On 4 �ovember, the sealed tomb was Back in England, apparently at the same found in t he onlv small area thcv had not I I moment, the Carnarvons housekeeper so far searched. The carl was back in Eng- noticed the family terrier let out a terrible land but sailed immediately to the Valley of howl and collapsed dead on to the carpet. t he Kings near Luxor. On 2() :ovember, hen these stories were all combined, with Carter and the crew, he cleared the the notion rapidly took hold that there was last pieces of rubble to enter the sacred a curse associated with the tomb. It was ruins that had remained untouched for considered that the dead kings spirit had 3000 years. As an early omen, the lucky been disturbed and was seeking revenge. canary that the team had with them was Although the curse theory seems some­ eaten by a cobra that stole into its cage. what tenuous, a number of people loosely This snake was the anciellt protective associated with the opening of the tomb did symbol of pharaoh kings. I m mediately. die at a relatively early age. The nurse who dread descended upon the local workers. looked after Carnan-on during his fatal ill­ ness, for exam ple, died in childbirth when View from the N1le of the Valley of the Kings just 28. THE ROARING TWENTIES
    • arrang-ciHl I I t s was o n e o f t he bra"l who openly s c o fTc d a t t h e curse, s t a t i n g t h a t h e was f i t a n d h eal t hy at s� a ft e r a l i k t i n i c or "·o r k i n g wit h such tomb a rt c bcts. Days later he d r o pped d ead. ��ll a MARCH S H OW E R S OF STO N E S Possibly t h e best a t t ested case of mystery o b j ec t s fall i n g out of the sky otn i rred beside the ra i l way t racks a t ChinJ, C a l i for­ nia. It lasted seven days a n d , d esp i t e a m ;�jor poli ce o n - s i te operat ion , was n ev e rT op: Howard Carter· examrnrng the sarcophagus ofTutankhamun Above: Car1er supervisrng the openrng of e x p la ined .Tutankhamuns tomb. Stones varyi n g in size from s m a l l pebb le s to large roc ks cascaded down on to t he rootAs years h av e gone b y , t h e lege n d of t h e of a gr a in warehouse and several S I I ITOJ i l l d ­cu rs e h a s re m a i ned stro n g . Cl a i m s of a pro­ i n g houses. The l oca l fire chief a n d pol i cetect i,· e force have l o n g a t t ached t h e m selves ofliccr, i n ve s t i ga t in g the rid d l e . had at o the d ese c ra t i o n of a p h a raohs remai n s , n a now escape when a l a rg e bouldera n d Cry l e w people ha,·e si nce appeared t o crashed out of t h e sky on to a fence besideh e wi l l i n g to t a ke a n y chances by def)·ing them. ( :harlcs Fort docu m e n t e d t h ist h e c u r se. episod e , which ended as suddenly as it hen t h e e x h i bits from t he tomb were be ga 1 1 .p u t on d isplay in Lon d o n i n 197�, the di r ec­ Over t he years ;Ill manner of ol�jects ha,· et or of a n t i q ui t i es 111 charge of t hese rained dowu i ne x pl i cably from dear s k ies.THE ROARING TWENTIES
    • The list m o st com m o n l y includes f i s h , seeds and even coi ns. Theories ra n ge from t ra ns­ p o rt a t i o n b y wh i rl w i n d o r t o rnado (w h i c h o n l y make sense i n i n c i d e n t s more isola t ed than that at C h i co ) to p ol t e rgeist at tacks by in Yisiblc a n d malicious spr it e s .��l7 APRIL F O OT P R I N T IN THE C A N YO N P ro s p e ct o rs discoTred a m o st unu�11al f(lssil in Fisher Can yon , :cvada, C S:. E m be dd ed i n t h e rock w;1s wh a t ap pe a red to be t h e pri n t or a h u m an shoe, u n m is t a k ­ a b l y a p i e ce o r m a n u r;J ct u r e d iclOtTar wit h s t it c h i n g . The o n l y problem is that the oldest k n o w n h u m a n bei n g ( i ,· ecl some I 0 - 1 :i m i l l i o n years ago a n d ce rt a i n l y d i d n o t Marks allegedly made by the phantom black dog o n the door wear shoes. Th is rock was formed over I GO m i l l i o n years ago - l o n g bcfine it is eTil 1nS1de Blythburgh church. rem otely Cfm cei·;Jb(e t h at any h u man l i i C m a rks, w h i c h are a t t r i but e d to t h a t t e rr ible on E a rl h existed. clay. still ex i s t o n the wooden door of t h e A rg u m en t s abo u t t h is evide n ce ra nge c h u rc h . A s i m i l a r occurrence was re po rt ed fro m scep t ic s , who s uggest i t w a s cared not tar away ;J t the il lage of B l y t h bmgh. i n t o the rock l o n g ago . b u t w i t h i n h istorical In o t he r cases, the assoc i a t i o n with elec­ t im e . possibly by : ;J t ive A m e ric a n s , to t h e t ri c i t y is s t ron gl y n o t ed , i m p l y i ng to some i d ea t h at it m ight be pro o f t h a t extraterres­ t h a t t hese wea t h er condi tion s awaken t h e t r i al s or t i m e t raYel lers Yisitcd our p l a n e t in creat u re . the d istant geological p a st . In 1 92 7 mo de rn evidence f(>r the black do g mystery took a dra ma t i c t u m with an TRAC K I N G T H E B LACK B E AST inciden t on t h e Isle of I a n , where the beast is called the lo dde y Dhoo. A man on a cou n t ry road n ca r R a m se y spotted a black Th rou gho u t the worl d . hut notably in shape l oom i n g in front of h i m . l ie i d e nti fie d Britai n . t here are legen d a ry tales about t h e it as a huge d o g w it h co ;1 l -re d e)·c s t hat black dog , a m o n s t ro u s a n i m al that stalks flashed fie rcel y ( t h e most consistent kature l o n e l y ro ad w ay s . l t goes b y many n ames, of these black do g s t o ri es) . The an imal s u ch as bla ck s h u ck . a n d can be fo u n d ,· isi­ blocked the path of the t r;J ,·e ller lc>r so me b l y p ort ray e d in a n u m be r or pu b signs a n d time, then m o ved a si de. S hortl y ahcrwanls n a m e s attached t o a n ci e n t in n s. the mans fat her died, re i n f ( >rci n g the belief At B u n ga y , Sullolk. eastern Engla n d . i n i n rural circles that sigh tings arc a bad omen. A u gu st 1 5 7 7 , a black d o g is alleged to hae The phan t om n a t u r e or the a n i m al is fu r­ ap pe a re d i n t h e aisle or a packed c h u rch t her at tested by t h e way in w h ich it Yanish es du r i n g a ,·iolent electrical storm a n d to suddenly after its task is d o n e. I t is a l so have b u rned wo rsh i p p er s w i t h some k i n d rep o rt e d to leaYe b eh i n d a s u l p h u rou s of cle ,· il i sh ti re, k i l l i n g t h ree of t h e m . B u rn o d o u r , a l t h o u gh i n mor e rece n t cases t h is THE ROARING TWENTIES
    • has been likened to an electrical b u rn i n g orarcin g smell. This often led to early bclidst hat t h e dog was Satan in disguise or aguardian of t he dead , protec t i n g ch u rch­yards. Para normal researcher J erome Clark tellshow his father had the s t ra n gest experi­ence i n the early 1 920s at La Crosse, Wis­consi n . He saw s h i n i n g eyes and the face ofa dog with a dark loo m i n g mass beh i n d i t .When he saw i t aga i n at t h e same spot somedays later, he kicked out at it, only to fi n dh is foot s u dde n ly lodged i nside t he mouthof t he beast , as if it had a n t icipated hisRight jerome Clark, whose father had a frighten1ng experiencewith a black dog.Below: Lithograph of a witch riding a black dog. actions. The young man screamed aloud and the horrible apparit ion va n ished. H owever, the fact that t h ese creatu res haunt cert a i n locat ions has pron>kcd more recent ideas t h a t t h e black dog may be a glowing energy form perhaps created w i t h i n t h e a t m osphere at particular places and exist i n g o n l y for a brief period . n ot u nlike ball l ight n i ng. I ts devilish odour may result fi·om gases in t h e at mosphere bein g clectrolysed by the t hi n gs energy o u t p u t . The ident ification of t h e fo r m as a black dog m ay owe more to lege n d a n d t ra­ dition crea t i n g patterns of expectation t hat a w i t n ess reads i n t o t he glowing a mor­ phous mass than is act ually p r esen t . I f t his is true, iL wo uld explai n why black dog sight i n gs arc less co mmon today, although t hey do still occasionally happen . Perhaps t h e glowin g mass is now being evaluated by wit1 1esses i n a new way, e.g. as a U FO. I n t rigu ingly, there are cases t hat m ight su pport such a view. C FO en t i t ies h a·e been reported, for example, w i t h glowing red eyes. Leiston churchyard i n SuiTol k hasTHE ROARING TWENTIES
    • also had several black dog sigh t i 1 1 gs t i m e sta n d i n g still a n d a weird , siiYery th roughout t h e cen t u ries. Yet in February s ilence that descends upon t he scene. l 9i5 a real dog and its owner on the beach The experience has also been defined by here observed a glowi n g pea r-sh aped mass the t erm Oz Factor" , because t h e cases in that floated across t h e sand toward t hem . w h ich i t occurs cross bou ndaries between The dog fled in terror wh ile i t s master s u f­ many d i llerent phenomena but hae one fered physical i l l eiTects (e.g. n ausea), which t h i n g i n com mon. The witn ess appears might suggest t hat a radiat i n g energy field t e mpora rily to leave the real world and was being emitted by the t h ing. A p u n gent e l l t e r a st ran ge o n e , like the m y t h ical land odour of elcct rolysed air a n d n i t rogen was of Oz, where t h e n ormal laws of n a t u re are ldi beh i n d . briefly suspended and magical t h i ngs can There is e·en a classic case o f a l i e n space­ happen. n a p p i n g at Todm orden , est Yorks h i re , i n The seaman wan dered along t he flat s u r­ :"m·ember 1 9�0 when a policema n related face of t h e esse!. sea rching everywhere for under h y p nosis how he had enco u n t ered a somebody a n d sur veyi n g t h e odd way in s p i n n i n g mass , w hich had bu rned the road which sky and sea had blen ded i n to one su rface dry and stolen fiheen m i n ut es of seamless whole, m onotone grey in colour. h is l i fe . On board the spacecraft he had met As he wal ked the several h u nd red yards of not only t h e customary strange alien crea­ deck, he met n obody. The dozens of crew­ tures hut a lso a fierce black dog! men had disappeared . :ot h i n g changed i n t he s k ies about h i m a n d he sat on a n a rrow1918 deck way, h ead in hands, in despair. The n , sudden l y , he h eard r u n n i n g foot­ OCTOBER steps. He looked u p and saw a s h i p mate ask i n g where he had been. On his fai l u re to OZ FACTOR arrive in t he library, t hey had st arted to : you n g seam a n was working aboard an oil look for h i m . but although t hey scoured t h e tan ker on a run from t he C SA 10 E u rope, a s h i p , he h a d com pletely anished for some voyage scheduled to last two weeks. The t i m e . The walkway was too n a rrow t o allow ship was then positioned just east of the t wo people to pass w i t h o u t notice. They Florida mainland. had been e x t remely worried, fearing he At 8 p.m. one eve n i n g the sailor was i n m ight h ave f;11len overboard. his cabin preparing t o visit t h e library. B u t Gazing up at t he sky. t he man cou ld see a s t ra n ge calm n ess h a d descended upon t hat all was normal once aga i n . The oppres­ the essel. He walked out on to the deck sieness of a leaden at mosphere and t ime and inst inct i vely k n e w that somet h i n g was suspens1011 had disappeared. I { e was hack wrong. To h is aston ishmen t , the ship was from Oz. u t terly deserted. 1918 The eerie s i lence, calm n ess and isolat i o n t hat he sensed arou n d h i m was, as he explained , l i ke bei n g p laced i nside a ship I I OCTOBER within a glass bot tle. H e ldt suddenly cut S I G NALS F RO M S PAC E olf from t he real world. T h is sensation has become recognized as typical of various During the 1 920s t here were persistent paranormal experieuces, from a pparitions reports that experi ments with new radio to t imeslips and psychic visions to LiFO transnu t t m g equipment were prod uci n g close encoun ters. lt is com monly described U l l ex pected s m m d s . Their source appeared as all em·ironmemal sounds disappeari n g , to be somewhere i n outer space. THE ROARING TWENTIES
    • In bo . : i ko la Te sta , wo rki n g i n the Th is i m p l i ed t hat t h e s i gn a l was bei n g sentl S.. had re port ed ly first detected orde red hack from s om e t h i n g f l oat i ng freely inedJols on h i s e q n i p m e u l as fa r back as ot Her space .I Hq0, but kw had t aken t h e rather eccen­ The most i m p ort a n t message was firstt ric a n d myst ically m i nded i n en tor too receie d o n I I October 1 92� when theserio 1 J sly at t h e t i me. edw wa s s u d d en ly no lon g-er o f reg-ula r In August 1 9� I (_� u gli eh n o : l a rco n i , do i n g d u r at i on . I t began to v ary bet ween t h r eeexperi m en t s to d eY clop the use of rad io and fift een s eco n d s. I t was a l wa y s on t h el i > r : l orse-coded message com m u nicat ion , same wav e le n gt h (:� 1 .-J mc: t re s ) . A team a tpicked up regular si gna ls from s pace that he K i n gs Co lle ge . Lond o n . hea rd t h e m ,· s tervi n t erpreted as being a coded se q uence. l ie messag-e on 1 0 Fehru a r �· I !120 and it wassu g ge sted (so m e t h o u gh t sarcast ically) t h a t received l i >J· t h e last t i m e i u Fran c e t h re et h e y m ight co m e h·o m : l a rt ia n s ! m o n t h s la t er. Exaoly t h ree years later, astronomen; The e nigma was neer solved , al t h o u g hreiYed t h i s wild story when :I ars came later 1 h eori es s u g ge s te d t h at the radioery n ear Eart h i n its orbital p a t h . A� rad io waves slowed down as t h ey pas sed t h rou ghstations wer e t h en n-ry few in n u m b er . b u t charged part icle l a yers c l ose t o t h e i o n o ­rapidly on t h e i n cre as e , t h e y k ne w t h a t t h is s p he re . Alier t h e messages ceased in 1 029,m i gh t be t h e last cha nce t o scan t h e p lanet t he radio s<·ie n t ists gae u p a n d all was l<n­at such dos e ra n ge f r a n y i n tell i ge n t ly ori g ­ o go l c n f(n· n ear ly twen t y years. By 1 0- 1 7 ,i n at ed s ign a ls bel(nc t h e st re n g t h of rad io when n e w at t e m p t s were ma de t o t un c i n1 ra lf1c swamped any wea k s p ace messages . wit h be t t e r eq u ip m e n t , i n t e rlcrc n ce fromL: s i n g a new t ech n iqu e t h a t t u rned elect r ical Eart h st a t i on s was so i n tense t h at it p roveds i g n als , l i ke rad i o , i u to a p h otographic i m p ossible.i mage. t h e y t u ned i n to t l 1c red planet . The l n an art icle lor t h e magazine Sj}(lajlightres u l ts p ro c d amazing - a s e q u en c e of clots m 1 97:�. snence w ri t e r and Scol ! ishand da sh e s t h at bore a Yague resem blance astronomer Du ncan Luuan p loue d thet o a h u man f;Ke w as rccci n· d . 1 920s signals as i f t hey were meant to re p ­ In 1 92 7 A m erican ra dio en gi n ee r s rese n t data from a star m a p . From this hea t t em p t ed to locate t he an n a l source of a l l re ;u: hed t he: a s t o n ish i n g co nclusion t ha tt h ese messages and f()l) nd t h a t t h e y s e em ed t h ey could be a pi<· t mc or t h e Epsilont o e m er ge fr o m j u st a Jew 1 housand m i les B oot is syst e m . H e went on t o suggest t ha to u t fro m t h e Eart h s s u rf ;tce. t he m essage was fro m an art i ficial p ro b e The fol l o w i n g year, at t he P h i l i p s radio sent to o u r solar system fro m a p l anetf ac to ry in E i n d h m· e n , l l oll a n d , J orgen Hats arou n d t h a t dista n t star a n d left to wait(his fi n d i n gs la t e r con f i r med by Professo•· u n t i l radio t ra n s m issions Ji·mn Eart h swe p tCarl Stormer, a radio ex pert in Oslo, out ward t h rou gh space, thus i nd ica t i n g� o rway) detened consis t en t l y d e layed t hat o u r t ec h no lo g y had reached a s n fli­ edwes , ea ch las t i n g about t h ree secon d s , < i e n t l y advanced le Y e l . Then it w o u l d st artt ha t were a p peari n g in 1 h e i r res pect ive relea sin g a p ulsed echo on a p re- arran gedt ransm issions. hereas t he y k n ew by now cue by rel l e<· t i n g t h ese signals b a c k a n dt h at radio t ran sm i ss i o n s could ho unce oil provid i n g t h e star m a p t h at p rove d i t s i n tel­t he io n o s p h ere (a la yer o f c h a rg- ed p art ic l es li ge n t origi n .in t he u pper at mosph ere), t h e lat ter was so U n fort u n atel y . t h e d at a d id n o t e xa c t l yclose to Eart h t hat t h e echo could n ot possi­ coincide w i t h t he star syste m , and t herebly last t h ree seco n d s . For an echo of t h a t were so few poi n ts on t he map (o n l y ha l f ad u rat ion . t h e sou nds h a d to b e bou nc i n g doze n , in E:tet ) t hat i t m i g h t s i m ply ap pearhack JJ·mn beyo n d t h e orbit or t he : l oo n . t o fit by cha uce. Fu r t h er m o re, in orde r toT H E ROARING TWENTIES
    • match np t hese s te l la t· poslltons of t h e Perhaps L u n a n was right afier a l l in sug­Ep s ilou Boot is syste m , Lu n a n had to ges t i n g t h a t t he probe switdted i t self ofl i na s s nm e t hat the probe had been s ent 1 929 afte r t wo frui t less years o f tryi n g t oI :3,000 ye a rs ago. a t t ract our a t t e nt io n . I t m ight h aYe sen t a Of course, it was not u nr e asonab l e t h a t message h;Kk to Epsilon Bootis t o await fu r­snch a n u n m a n ne d probe m i g h t hae been t h et · i n st ructions or. iudced, t o s u gges t tosent all t hat time back, l y i n g dorm a n t in a t he m essage semlcrs that t he y come to onrp;u·king· orbit beyon d t he : l oo n waiting for st ell a t b ac kwa t er a n d t a ke a look for t hem­ d eY e lo p ·the Ean h to radio t edwology. seles.L u n a n admitted that he o llercd t h e idea If so, t hen some t i m e i n t he lat e t we n t y ­more as a scient i fic exercise t ha n s t a t e men t fi rs t cen t u rv we m i g h t haYe some u nex­of certa i n t y , a n d it ne,·et· beca m e widely pect ed is ito r s ti·mu a ·ery lon g way away. n o ot her e x p l a n a t ion <Kcepted. But hasbeen gi e n for the source of the nmsist e n t Nikola Tesla, 1nventor of electncal dev1ces and equ1pment.radio echoes heard between 1 9� 7 an d 1 9�9. p1cked up some of the earl1est s1gnals lrom space THE ROARING TWENTIES
    • A S HR IN K IN G WOR LDT ension m o u nted gradually t h roughout the I 9:Ws u n til the outbreak of Vo rld Var Two .Yet b v now, a s ai1· t ravel becam e com mercialize d , It h e world had s h r u n k rap i d l y as jou rneys t h at hadtaken weeks or mon t h s were now done in days. Alongside t h i s literal wide n i n g of horizons camea percep tion of other ways o f movi n g beyond t hehere and now. Freud and J u n g hel ped to revealthe natu re of d rea ms-ment a l voyages ofin calcu lable speed a n d scope. This opened the wayto an u n derstan d i n g of m i n d a n d con scio u s ness,and the fi1·st i n vestiga t ions i n to e x tra-se n soryperception. M a terialism , the bel ief stru c t u re acce p ted bymost scien t i s t s , con t i nued to su n i ve b u t wast h rea tened by i n escapable discoveries abo u t theessence of the C niverse .
    • 1�10 Earl. and lat e r the more famous medi u m Eileen Ga rret t, established a regular link MYST E R I E S O F T H E A I R between : l r and : I rs H i nchcliffe across the spiritual diide. H e appeared to be "ery worried about the prospects for the R l O I , a During the 1 920s, several pioneer aiators gigantic hyd rogen-filled ai1·ship bein g devel­ were invoh·ed in tragic d isappearances. oped at Card i n gton in Bed fordshire. This Sad ly. that was to be expected, given that was a prototype for a fleet of floating pas­ they were flying fl imsy aircraft on dan ger­ sen ger vessels designed to carry the wealthy ous treks oer deep oceans, and of such at speed to destinations at t h e four corners duration that the were a lmost certain to of the world. hit bad weather at some poi nt . The wonder Serious p roblems were already doggi n g is t hat so many made successful fli gh t s to t h e program me. Yet on 4 Octobe1· 1 930, open u p the worlds airways to rclat i ely despite the repeated warnings o f H inch­ safe travel for t h e m asses. cli ffes spirit t hat the dirigible could not One such disappearance occurred in possibly sun ie, as well as a vision received : l a rch 1 928 when a hero from World a1· by the med i u m of an airship in flames, the One, Captain . H i nchcli ffe , left England R l 0 l left on a ma iden flight to I n di a with on a n attempt to fly t h e Atlant ic with his forty-eight people on board. H o u rs later, as female passenger. They vanished withou t it crossed the Cha n n el, H i nchcliffe trace. Howeer, eigh teen da}·s later a a n nou nced through : I rs Garrett that noth­ med i u m named Bea Earl receied a mes­ i n g but a m i racle can sa,·e t h e m . sage from the pilot, desperately seeking to contact his wife. This was arranged t h rough The bumed-out fuselage o f t h e R I 0 I a1r;hip after crash1ng Sir Arthur Conan Dode. near Beauva1s A SHRINKING WORLD
    • :1 � a . m . 0 1 1 ;, ( >noher, f l y ing d a n ge r ­ nat ure , i .e. ca p ab le o f re a d i n g 1 he m i nds ofou s l y low. l lw airship plunged i n t o a h il l y t hose present in t he roo m , rat her t hanba n k n e a r Beauvais i n norl bern France. m a k i n g con t act wit h t he spirits of t he deadWit h i n secon d s its l ig l l l e r t h a n air h y d ro­ new members. O t h ers s t i l l regard the R l 0 1gen gas h a gs e x plo d ed into a 1 1 1assn-c sea nces as sou 1 c of t h e best evidence yet fo ri nfe rn o , giving most on hoard no possible s u rviYal of bo d il y de<J t h .t:h a J Kc of s u rv i va l . Throughout I h e lirst half of 1 he decade T h e m yst ery was how t h e d isast er had t hne were a lso r e peat e d sight i ngs of m ys­occ u rred. Sa d l y , a l l t he se nior new m e m ­ t e rious airrraft , especi<�lly over non hernbers and every passenger d i ed in the E u rope . Bet ween 1 9:�2 a n d 1 9:H severalf la m es . Th�.: six crew su rviYors were well dozen report s were ret·eived from Swed e n ,o u tside t he cont rol room a rea when t he ;;orway aiJ(I Fi n l a nd o f ext reme low-len�lend came. a i rcrati with powerfu l searchlight beams On 7 Onoher Ei leen <.�a rret l t ook pan i n t a k i n g to t he air in t e r ri b l e wea t her cond i ­a seance orga n i zed b y re se a r c h e r I l a rry t ions, s u c h as fog <J nd b l i zz a rd s. M il i t <�ry a i r­Price to t ry t o ront act t h e spirit of t h e crali t hat were desp<�tched by t he ba ffledrece n t ly deceased S i r Art h u r Conan Doyle, a u t horit ies were u n able to p u rsue t h em .who had owed to p rove l i fe a li e r deat h . Anders Liljegre n ga i ned access to t heB u t i t was not h e who spo ke t h ro ugh �h·s s t i ll-secret I l l es for t y years later a n d fou n dGarre t t t hat d a y . It was Flight Lieu t en a n t 1 hat radio i n t ern·pt ion of 1 he m ys t eriousI rw i n . cap t a i n of t h e doomed airs h i p , w h o n m t o n r-hnggi n g p l a nes had beeni n s i s t e n t l y hogged t he proceed i n gs to offer a t t e m p t e d and l 1 <1 d failed. Nobody knewa com preh e n s i e acco u n t as t o w h y t h e what t hey were <JIHI t h e y st o p pe d l l y i n g asR I O I h ad st ruc k d isast er. suddenly as they a r ri ved . They were I rw i n gave l l l <I I I Y speci li c det a i ls of t h e remarkably l i ke t h e u niden t i fied a i rshipsproblems su pposed ly i m·oln·d <J nd s po k e of s p ot t ed bet ween I R9() a n d 1!1 1 5 a n d , ofalmost h i t t i n g moliops at Ac hy just b efo re cou rse. t h e l 1 FOs of t oday.t he f:u al crash. This p lace name d id notappear i n any o n l i n ;:� ry a t las hut was t racedon a very detailed map such <I S t he ai rsh ipcrew wou l d h a n· used hH· naYiga t io n . It wasa t i n y village near t he poin t where t he n·afi N E S S I E R I S ES TO T H E S U RFAC Eh a d come down. I rwin <IIH I several 0 1 her crew members Loch :css is a broo d i ng ribbon lake, deepcame fo rward i u l a t er seances i n an a t t e m p t ami d<Jrk, fimncd wit h i n a geological l:lll l tto p rovid e evide nce for t l 1e <J cc i de n t tone west o f I nverness i n non hern Snlt­e n q u i t ·y . H u t t hese s t a t e m e n t s from beyond b n d . I t s sce n ic bea u t y was op e n ed up by at he gr;l·c· nlll t ra d icted t he guesswork of new road built in t he l a t e 1 920s a n d t h isI he enquiry n w m hers a n d were exdmled was to have a pro fou nd eftcct u pon tourismh·om t he reconls. Airs h i p co m me n t ators in t h is lovely area.d i s<J gr e ed on t he p rob<Jble a u t h e n t i c i t y of For h u n d reds of ye<� rs , in fa c t . t h ere hadt h e d e t a i le d sea nce quotes. One in p a rt icu­ been pe rsis t e n t sporadic re ports by loca l v i l ­lar wa s ad<J 1 1 1a nt t hat the souJTe - s t ra n ge l a ge rs o f a gre y - b rown h u mped nea t u n.·as it was - could not be t he d ead captain, seen rising t o t he s m· fa ce of t he loch andsi nce i t cmu a i n ed serious errors o f fact t ha t ra p i d l y submergin g aga i n . :ow t hat t het he lat t er wou l d l l lTr han· m a d e . � ! a n y new road <�!lowed an u nc l u t tered view forexper t s accept ed t h <Jt Eileen ( ;arret t s Sl�Tral m i les, passing t o u rists <Jiso had t hepowers were gen u in e . bu t t clep<� t h it· I ll opport u n i t y to see somet hing s t range .A SHRINKING WORLD
    • Between 1 9:�0 and 1 93:�, t here were manysig-h t i n gs t h a t 1-ccein·cl soute local publicityand culmin ated i n the first or many booksabout t he Loch :ess monster, written hvRupert Gould in 1 �1:� I . Early reports were merely o f U l l l tsualwakes and st range wavelike h u m ps. I t wasthe incide n t on 1 4 April I �l3:� that reallypron>ked nat ional, then international,attention. A couple in a car near Ahriachanhad st opped to observe a larg-e, un k nownanimal rolling- aro u n d i11 t he water fi>r S(­cral min u t es beliH·c sinking- down. Theywere in no doubt that what they had seen -and the tcr111 was now used for t he ftrst Roben Wilsons famous photograph of the Loch Nesstime - was indeed the monster. monster has been challenged by the scept1cs. I n the im mediate wake of this sight i n gt here were more t·eports, including seeralof a lumberi ng beast said to han· crossed The pict me was taken on I !l April I �l3 tt he road and crashed t h rough trees into the by Robert ilson. a gyu aecologist , who waswater. Accounts of :essie walking- on land . on shore with se,·eral con1panions when thehowecr, were intermit tent and have since monsters neck paraded past for a lew min­become rarer st ill. u t es. Cont ro"ersy has always surrounded Then, on I :� Nm·ember I �l:t�. the first t h is image. Recent studies hy sccpt ics haYewell-considered photograph of the creat u re argued quite convi ncingly fi·otu the ripplewas taken hy H u gh Gray. a resident of pallerns on the water and othet· factors t h a tFoyers. It shows a blurred sinewy shape, a t he ol�jcct m ust h e t;tirly modest in size -bit like a snake, swimming sideways probably onlv a fi>ot or t wo in lengt h .t h roug-h water. :lany sou rces han· si nce Thcrcli>rc it cau not he. a s most people,not iced something cry odd about t h is i ncluding the photog-rapher, have con­image. Closer viewing suggests a 11 out -of­ cluded. t ht nec k of a 20- m :HJ-Ii >ot -longfi �Cus image of a dog with a stick i n its beast some d istance lium shore.mout h swi m m i n g straight at t he camera; The n . 111 I 992, HG-year-old La mhertand although this may be sheer coinci­ ilson (unrelated to the su rgeon) came fix­dence, it is almost i mpossible thereaft er to ward to claim that he kuew the sou rce ofrecapture the initial impression of a sna ke­ t h is most celebrated or Nessie p hotographs.like monster. Be that as it may, the photo­ That source was none ot her t ha n himself]graph otTers poor scien t i fic eidcuce. I n fact, he had borrowed a model ser­ Soon afterwards a m uch more i m p ressive pents head li·mn a store and swum u nderphotograph was obtained of :essie in what water, holding it so that it pmt rudcd fromhas now become it s best known l(>rm - a t h e su rface, at one point beiug h it hv stoneslong neck popping out of the water, look­ t h rown by a spectator ou shore. ilson saysi t J g rather like that of t h e aquatic dinosa u r t hat he then waited u n t i l he could seeP!t,siosrw ms, which m a n y allege i t to he. t h rough eyeholes t h a t someone had takenTh is photograph, usually called t he sm­ his pict ure. I lc had no idea that his liulegeons picture, was soon published by the jest would create such a worldwide luroreIJai!_i Mail, alier which it became famous and appear in count less hooks awl maga­ the world oer. zines down t h rough t h e years. A SHRINKING WORLD
    • Of cou rse , o n ce set i n m o t ion , t h e ! ess ie ba u dwa �o n was U l l st oppable. I Iowever, a h h o u � h with hi ndsight m uch of t h e early e v i d e n ce now seems d ubious, and alt h o u gh t h e tourist i n d u s t r y predictably s ei z e d u po n t h e fri e n d l y beas t i e as a so u rc e o f i n co m e , t he fact remai n s that p e rs i sten t st ories existed long before t h i s and t h a t m u ch new evidence has since added t o the m yst er y. I n deed , Loch Ness is by no m ea n s t h e o n l y lake to harbour reports of a monst er. V i rt uall y all s i m i lar-si zed bodies of wat e1· i n the no rt he rn h em i s ph e re (es p ec i a l l y in Canada and S c a n d i n a v ia ) carry asso ciate d and al most i d e m i cal legen d s . I n fa c t , sev­ eral o t her l a k es i n Sco t l a n d ( n o t ably Loch M orar) and I rel a n d , h ave dat a bases of wi d es p re <� d s i g h t i n gs . The � I orm· beast ( l orag) is c o n s id e r ed b y some 10 d eserve stronger s u ppon t h a n i t s mo r e celebrated t heir scien tific ami acu I em ic hac k�nHuHI . cousin fu rther nort h . fiy I 934 t he R h i nes h a d d e n lop ed a · m e t hodology a n d t e c h n i q u e to ; t p pl y t o19l� endl ess ly repet i t i ·e experi ments w i t h s u b­ j ect s who appeared to be what we would E XT RA-S E N S O RY P E R C E P T I O N now call psych ic . Si nce t h ey were bei n g t ested to j u d ge w h e t h e r t h e y co uld det ect i n formation by means t h a t did n o t i n volve E S P h a s exi s t e d a s far back a s t h e earl iest t h e fi,·e ord i n ary senses, t h e phrase extra­ h u m a n socie ties. In a nciem t ribal c u l t u res sensory perception was coi ned to d e so· ibe fi·mn t h e African plai n s to t h e Australian what was b e i n g u m t c m p la t ed . bush, shama n s , or medicine m e n , occ u p ie d T h e R h i n es team nsed a s i m p l e prop t o a p o s i t i o n of h o n o m beca use of t h ei r abilit y a s s i s t t he i r e n q u i ri es - a p ac k o f 25 card s , to i n nl k e sp ecial powers or d i splay each carry i n g o n e of five di s t i n c t i ve sym­ u n c; m n y awareness of t h i n gs beyond bols. Th u s t h ere were five cards each of a normal exp eri ence. Th e y co u l d mm·e t h e c ro s s , s t ar, square, ci1·cle a n d series of wa vy tribe t o a loca t i o n wh ere foo d o r water l i n es . They were called Zener cards after might be fo u n d . Th e y cou l d finesee n a t u ra l the research a id e w ho worked w i t h t h e m . cl isasters a n d seck safer gro u n d . T h e t est w a s s i m pl e . Th e s e nd e r pi c k e d T h i s w a s l o n g assu med t o b e o n e o f t h ose o u t on e card fi·mn the s h u f ll e d p ac k . Else­ h u ma n skills beyond u n d ers t a n d i n g , l i k e where i n t h e bu i l d i n g, t h e p syc h ic who was t h e h om i n g i n s t i nct of b i rd s . I t ·as 1 1 o t s ys ­ bei n g t es t e d a t t e m p t ed to g uess wh i ch temat ically s t u d i ed u n t i l the late I D20s, s ym bol was on t h a t card. As t here was a one when D r . l oscph R h i n e a n d his wife Lou isa i n five c h a n ce o f bei n g corre c t , t h e odds for obtained gra n t fu 1 1 d i n g t o d evelop labora­ s u ccess were easily com p u t able. Wi t h a t rial tory re s e a rc h u n d e r the a u s p ices of t h e ps y­ r u n o f I 00 cards, a n y t h i n g above 2 0 correct chology depart lll C I I I or D u k e L" n i ·ers i t ) i n gu esses would he i n excess of w h a t the sta­ :"orth C a ro l i n a . I t was a h ig h l y co n t mYer­ t istics p rop o s ed . Such a res u l t would i m p ly sial p ro ject , s a n c t i o n ed only by reason of I t hat t h e rcceiYer was u s m g some sort of A SHRINKING WORLD []]
    • percept ion beyond the capabi lity of the simply see ahead in t i m e to t h e point whennormal senses i n order to detect t h e correct he would act ually know t he outcome of thei n forma t io n . "arious card runs. in which case t he most Dr R h ine published t he resu lts in 1 93 -1 . probable cause was precogn i t ion. Aherna­which promked i m m ediate debate . The fig­ t i ·ely. t here m ight be a process w herebyures established the first meaningful data to i n formation i t self could in some way beshow t h at ESP really was possible. Some accessed d i rect ly by the m i n d . rather l i kesu�jects were able regularly to p roduce read i n g t he figures ofT a dial . This form ofguesses above the 20 per cen t mark, seei ng cleat· was known by t h e Frenchalt hough, oddly, t hey often failed t o score t erm clair-lo_wmrr.JlllJch high er. Recei"ers did not con sistently Dr Rhines e x periment s left u n certaintiesscore 20 ou t of 25, for e x a m ple , h u t usually because equ a l l y good scores res u l ted when6 m· 7 i nstead of t h e expected : . J the receiver n e,·er knew how t he cards Equally. t here were ot her s t ra nge prob­ turned ou t (eliminating t he most ob,·iouslems. I t was realized that ESP could operate sou rce of precogni t ion) or when h e wasi n se·eral ways. The sender ,·ie11" i n g the asked to predict the run of cards wellcorrect Zener card might t ransmit t hat before t hese were shu llled and t u rn e d O"el·image t o the recei"er. in which case tde­ ( i n wh ich case precognition was t h e onlypat hy was at wor k : or t h e recei·er might realistic opt ion ) . �lost scie n t ists, while i m p ressed by The paranon-nal Rhines app 1·oach , were u n con"inced by the Abo ng 1n a l possibil i t yL e ft and below: part1cipants 1 n a C01Tobo1·ee.f1nds ready acceptance 1n culture. of u nseen and unex plained A SHRINKING WORLD
    • powers of t h e m i n d . So t hey suggest ed. par­ Their work demonst rated t h a t t h e sub­ t i cularly with refi._T et Hl to the growing ject doubled her heart beat and resp i ratory awareness of the s t a t i st ical nat u re of sub­ rale d u ring t h ese brief m inutes w h en t h e atomic m a t t e r , that l i t e reported a-et·agc stt·an�e �low shone t h ro u �h h er skin as i f scores m ight res u l t 1 10 1 from ES P b u t fi·om ti·mn i n s id e t h e body. ct . desp i t e various a misunderst anding or t h e wor k i n gs of sta­ t h eories lwin� proposed abo u t radiant tist i cs. 1 11 I !n 7 , h owever, a team of statisti­ blood , no sol u t ion was ever hmnd. Anna cal m a t h e m a t icians checked R h i nes work su lkred no obYious i ll ef1i._· cts li·mn h e r mys­ t horoughly ;uul could liml no f:lll l t . He was terious alllict ion a n d i t si m ply stop ped hap­ t mly get t i n g success above t h e level dic­ pen i n g i n early :lay after on ly a l(·w weeks. tated by chance. There was no way around I�U t h a t CH t . ct t here were o t h e r object i o n s t o t h e JUNE JG LI M PSE O F THE FUT UR E Zener r a n i tests. For a s t a r t , 1 hey were not t ru l y random u n less the pac k was resh u l� fled a rt e r each one was t u rned u p . This was because, if t h e receiver guessed correctly Air Ch ief : larshal Sir V ictor Goddard was t ha t t h e fi rst canl was, say. a r i rde, t h e n an i m pressi·e man. As a war hero he led a o n l y fou r circles rema ined t o be t u nJCd u p charmed li ll-. I n later years he became one i n t he pac k , s o t h a t t h is symbol was ob·i­ or the l i rst emincnl indiiduals to make a o u sly stat ist ically less l i k ely to be t he next positive statet11ent about t he real i t y o l lJ FOs. one to appeat· t h an the wavy l ines or t h e ( ll .J a ll l ! ary 1 9-H), he lllll someOJH. hy chance cross. A s t he test proreeded , s u d t com plex at a cock1ail party who predi<ted he would factors came more and more int o play. shortl y die. A kw hours later he took off on Desp i t e such d rawbacks, t h i s work was a a fligh t , h i s plane crashed and he survived. crucial fi rst step toward scien t i fic eval uation That remarkable, complex tale of precogni­ o f ESP, w h ich cont i n ues today i n a far m o re tion was filmed in 1 !155 as a suspensdi1l sop h i st icated manner. movie, 1111 Night My Numbn Cam! l ljJ. l l owever. Cetl more ast o nishing wasI�J4 Cocldanls m uch earlier encounter wi t h t h e u n known. T h i s becam e recognized a s vital APRIL L U M I N O U S WO M A N to o u r l l l lderstanding or t h e n a t u re or t ime. On a wet and d ismal summer day in 1 !>:� 5 . he was flying a l lawker Hart biplane Anna M anaro, a young wo m an h·om t h e bomber near Edi J 1 b u rgh , Scot land . Th e Yillage o f lirano, I t aly, had j u st emerged roc kp i t was open and t h u s he was undou b t ­ fro m a religious Etst when she developed an edl y wide aw;� ke. Sudden ly. he lost con t rol extraord inary med ic;�! cond i tion which and p h t m me t ed row;�rd the gro u n d , remains i nexplicable. W henever she fell pull i n g o u t of t h e d i v e at t h e last m in u t e . into a deep sleep her body began to glow a D isorientated , h e searched for Drem , a n vivid elect ric blue col o u r from t h e an.·a o l d a i rf ield d is used for al most twenty yeat·s, aroun d her breasts . to sene as a local landmark. He fou m l i t , H e r cond i t i on arou sed great interest. On b u t n o t a s expected. 1 1 April, Dr lrotti fi·om Pad u a U ni versi t y All at onre i t was a brigh t , sunny clay and a n d a team o!" lie other med ical specialists below h i m was Dre m . t·csplendc u t . fully kept a vi�il at I t a bedside and w i t nessed operational and modern ized. St range yellow 1 he amazing phenomeJJOn first hand, aircraft were on t h e grou n d , being s uper­ t aking m easu rements and some cine fil m . vised by workmen in unrecognizable bl ue A S H R I N KI N G WORLD
    • coeralls. Although Goddard swept low aboe their heads. t hey a p peared not t o ha"e heard o r see n h i m . The n . just as a b r u p tly, t h e scene ,·anished and he was once more flyi n g in rai n-sodd e n skies. It was se,·eral years before t his experi­ ence made a n y sense. For in I �US llrem was reopened and u pdate d to sere as a flight t ra i n i n g school. W i t h t h e approach of war. a l l ec t of new trainer airc raft was moved i n , pa i n t ed yellow as all fi u u re t ra i n ­ ing uaft would b e . a n d t e nded b � · mec h a n ­ ics i n s t range b l u e u n iforms. T h e charred 1.lln S of Barley Rectory. 1 9 3 9 . Somehow t h is experienced pilot had sli pped t hree or fou r years i nt o t h e fu t me. fication) fra u d u lelll w o r k a t t he s i t e . A p ho t o g raph of a b r i c k is a case i n poi n t .19J9 27 FEBRUARY Price said it w a s hm·ering i n m i d - a i r due to T H E B O R L E Y R E CTO RY H A U N T I N G some u nseen f(nce. S cept ics suggested that i t might s i m p ly hae been frozen con,·e­ n i c n t l y in si/11 by the Glmera . I n t h e 1 930s t here was l i t tle compe t i t ion for Following fu rt her apparitions and ,-iolent the t it l e of t h e most h a u n ted house in t h e assaul t s by a poltergeist which seemed world . lt was Bodey Rectory, on the i n t e n t on t h rowing al most a n y t h i n g i t cou l d Essex/Su ffolk border i n eas tern Engla n d . lay its hand o n , a se; l : : t:t: " ,, � held and a T h e rectot·y had been b u i l t i n I Hfi:� on d ire warn i n � i�sned t hat t h e house would t h e site of an older b u i l d i n g a n d , n·port­ be bu re.:d to the gro u n d . The lire would ed ly, o f an eve n ear lie r abbey. Few people stan aboe t he hall, and bu ried beneath t h e liked the atmosphere of the house and wrecked b u i ! d i n g wou ld b e the re mains of a some residen ts stayed a ery short t i me.:. long-dead girl whose restless spirit was t h e They reported seein g ghost ly figures. a source of nmch o f t he ac t i i t, phantom horse and coaches, and other The predicted date fill· t he disaster was glow i ng shapes. O�jects "Ould mm·e abo u t the n ight of 27 � l arch 1 9:�8 . L nsurpris­ on t heir own, t he doorbell would ring i n g l y . not h i n g happened . i ncessa n t l y ""IHn nobody w a s prese n t . foot­ Yet ex ac tl y eleven months later, o n 2 7 Feb­ steps would echo across the floor and l igh t s ruary 1 939. Borley Rectory d id .:·ome to a n>tdd switch the mseh-es o n and oiL fiery end. The mysterious lire began above After a n ew vicar mm·ed i n to the t he hall, and deep underneath t h e ruined premises i n 1 929, the h a u n t i n g t u rned i n to building were indeed discoered t he ancient a icious and u n relen t i n g series of polter­ skeletal remains of a you ng woma n . exactly geist a t t acks, i n w h ich bot tles were t h rown as predicted. and showers of s tones pel ted aga inst the Although Bork·y Rectory i s no more. t h e walls. :"oted ghost - h u n t e r ! l arry Price rui ned gro u n d s a r e still ,·isi t ed b y people became im·oled and spent much time and hae cont i n ued to genera t e reports of i n estiga t i n g t h e a pparitions. h was his strange sou nds a n d t he occasional a p pari­ i n t en·e n t ion that fostered the propertys tion. It seems t hat een t he d readfu l fire eerie rep u t at io n , een t hough some crit i ­ failed to quell com pletely the restless spirits cized h i m for h i s gullible or ( w i t h less j u s t i - of this most hau nted place. A SHRINKING WORLD
    • D I S COVERY A NDDI S A S T ER is said t hat t h e re i s no b e t t e r sp u r t o h u m a nI progress t ha n warEtre. That w a s cert a i n l y t ru eo f t h e p rof(m n d changes t h at e m e rged fro m t h isl 10rror- fi lied decade. M <�jor b rea k t h ro u ghs i n scie n ce , geared t owardw i n n i n g t h e war, were c o 1 1 d ucted in top sec recy,c u l m i n a t i n !! i n t h e t e rrible real i t o f t he fi rsta to m ic bomb , a n d f(> s t e r i n g r u mo u rs of een m o re U IdeYast at i n g e xperi me n t s . I n t h e postwar worl d t h i scoYe r - u p men t a l i t y persisted as s t ra n ge l i g h t sa p peared i n t h e s kies a n d o t h e r paranormalp h e n o m e n a w e re record e d . As t h e fi rst u n wi eld yco m p u ters were man u f�tc t u red i n t h e i n i t ialdeclo p mell l o r a rt i ficial i m dligence, sciencepersisted i n rega r d i n g m a n k i n d as a su per­com p u t e �: The n e w war between scie nce and thes u pe r n a l u ra l was abo u t t o erup t .
    • 1940 dental fogging of 111m occasionally p ro ­ P H OTOG RA P H I N G G H OSTS d uced a ghos t l i ke dkct u pon de c lo p m e n t . Some t i mes. i f t h e s h u t t e r was left open for several seconds to accou n t f(Jr t he low l i g h t lrogTess in p h o t og r a p h y was partly fue l led levels i n a c h u rch , l ( > r example, someone by the wan i m e n eed lin m ill i o n s or aerial could walk past the lens and not a p pear recon n aissance shots of e n e m y ter r i to r y . properly e xpo s ed because of this shortTh is spa rk e d i n cre as i n g i n t erest in t h e abil­ d u ra t ion. An et hereal elli._·ct might res u l t . i t y t o ph ot o g raph t he u n seen world of t h e ·J he doubters were qu ick t o produce hoax pa ra nor mal . p a rt i c u larly t hat o f spect ral pictu res t o show how easy it was. apparit ions. The usc of i n li·a-red l i l m which opera t es The <JUlSt r ec e i n d i m pet us from cases � wit h i n t h e pan of t h e spect n t m beyo n d t h e where a n i m age t u m ed up on l i l m w i t h o u t isiblc w as percei ved as a w a y o f picki n g u p a n y del ibera t i o n on t he part or t h e p hoto g­ t h i n gs t hat t h e eye cou l d n o t d e t ect. Some rapher. In so u t h e rn E n g l a nd , at St s t range blobs were p r o d u ced by t h i s means. : icholas C h u rc h in ,n m d e l , Sussex , in but n o t h i n g that resembled a recognizable 1 94 0 . a local l a w ye r w h o w a s f i l m i n g t h e phan tom. i nterior d iscon·red a f l oat i n g w h i t e mass Ta k i n g photographs at seances. w here w h en t he pict u re was de e l o ped . It cer­ mediums deliberately a t t e m pt ed lo eoke t a i n l y resembles a ghostly priest k neeling by t h e spirits of t h e dead ((Jr pu rposes ol COil l ­ t h e altar, alt h ough t h e w i t n ess i n sists t h at l ll l l l l icat io n , had alread y become popular. nobody was p resent d u ri n g t h e lt�w I n fra-red was useful here b ecau se most m o m e n t s needed to t a ke t h e p h o to g rap h . seances took p l a ce in absol u t e darkness a n d There were p l e n t y of other ca s es just l i ke normal phot og raph y was almost i m p oss ible . t h i s. The scept ics mm·cment argued t h at acci- The kneeling monk photographed 1n Arundel Church.�-= � � -- �- ---#3r -� - --�.- -;r - ----=----i - �-- � DISCOVERY AND DISASTER
    • Certain l y . hoaxes had been e x posed i n Above and right: expenments w1th med1ums produc1ngt h i s fash i o n . Ghosts t ha t looked cry myste­ ectoplasm rave always aroused controversy.rious u nder the combiued dlects of theblackout and t he heay a u ra of e x pectat ion before the seance, some seemingly well­surrou n d i n g the sitters seemed decidedly attested cases did su rvive their challenge.more human on secretly processed fil m . The availability of ever i m p rovi ng p hoto­Tru m pets raised into t he air by spectral graph ic techn iques deter r ed t he guiltyforces evide n t l y had a l i t t le h el p 011 t he way from cooperat i n g fu l l y i n t h e s e tests andfrom h a nds of flesh and blood . eflect ively weeded out many of t he t rick­ Neverth eless, some i m age s t h a t emerged sters who were reluctant to allow thefrom seances did look very i n t eres t i n g camera i n . Yet t hose who were s i u cere were happy to s u p port furl her ex peri m en ts si nce .Ectoplasm - a strange , w h i t e dou ghl i kesubstance said to ext rude fro m t he naYc l , they were as eager as anyo n e else to pro­m o u t h o r nose o f rertain m e d iu ms - was v i d e hard evid em:e t hat l i fe after death wasfil med more t h a n once. It was said to be not merely possibl e but eve n certain .used by t h e s p i rits as a kind of p lasticine for Alt hough science migh t scoff, ordin arymoul d i n g a temporary ph ysical presence peo p le . particularl y t h ose who had loston Eart h . Alt h o u gh the scep t ics c harged 10·ed oues d u ri n g t he war, refused tofraud, alleging it to be probably some sort agree. The mot ivation t o bel ie v e i n theof t h i n dot h that had been st u ffed i n t o t he s u rvival or t h e sou l after dea t h was almostmouth or down the mediu ms clo t h i n g i rresis tible .DISCOVERY AND DISASTER
    • DISCOVERY AND DISASTER
    • 1�41 s t ra n ge. p a i n l ess, bloody c u t o n its bod y. U n der h y p nosis she recalled ha· i n g had blood t a ke n f ro m her own leg and making S PACENAP P I N G con t ao with l it t le creat u res who told her In I �H2 t h e war was reac h i n g i t s dimax. about l i fe i n t h e L n i erse a J H I t h e i r n eed toThe tide was t u rn i n g i n favour of t h e Allies study h e.-.but t he end was still a very long way o f f kn· Another i n cident occurred i n .J u n e 1 9-! 2 ,most su fleri n g peop le. w h e n a tee n age d boy and girl c l i m bed a hill This year was a pp a ren t l y the starti n g i n t h e Pen n i n es, i n nort hern En gla nd . topoi n t f r a mystery t h a t w a s t o become o look ((Jr spe n t bu llets fro m a n a r m y practicei n creasi n gl y complex and hotly debated as ra nge. Sudd e n l y . a strange ca l m desce ndedt he cen t u ry progressed : the abduction of o n t h em and t hey e n t e red the Oz Factorpeo ple on bot h sides o f t h e Atla n t ic by alien s t a t e where the world c ha n ged i n t he b l i n ke n t i t ies. o f an eye. They fel t w r y t i red a n d s a t o n Although no actual cases were reported t h e grass, o n l y to be i n te rru pted fi·01n t h isat the t i m e - presumably because of ot her S U l l l l lHT reerie by two m e n , on e of whomm<uor d i s t ract ions and possibly mem ory held a curious i m p l e m en t .blocks - and despite the fact t h a t flyi n g These hand so me figures seemed god l i kesaucers, U FOs a n d a l i e n con tact were s t i l l rat l 1e r t h a n merely h u m a n , and em-elopedu n k nown, l a t er research revealed an i n a s h i m m e r i n g haze. They stood m·cr th ei n t rig u i n g correl a t io n . ch i l d re n d i scus s i n g them i n tently. nJm­ T h e American cases were brought to ment i n g on t h e n a t u re of t i m e a n d i m ply­light h y Budd H o p k i n s , a 1 cw York art ist . ing stro ngly t ha t t hey would all meet a gai nwho si nce t h e m i d - 1 970s has been worki n g in t h e fu t u re. When the you n gst ers askedwith people report i n g perio ds o f t ime who t i l e s t rangers were, one of them lookedodd ly missi n g li·om t h e i r l i·es. He discov­ skyward and remarked wistfu l l y : I comeered t h a t these stra n ge blackou t s cou l d be fi o m a l o n g way a wa y . There was t he n a ·relieved tu tdcr regression h yp n osis. In jump in m e mory, w h ich has n e·e•· beensome cases t h e g a p was filled h y t h e R n go t · ­ refa l led . and the children rega i n ed fu l l ten memory of a t ra u m a t ic a l ien contact. awaren ess t o fi nd t h e strangers had gon e .:loreO·er, t h is seemed to be a n ongoing : l a k i n g t h eir way down from t h e h il l ,process t hat had beg u n i n f h i ld hood. t hey were greeted b y worried relat i-cs a n d The pattern of con tact that t e n ds t o be g i n fi·ie n d s . T h e you n gsters had assu med t hatas fa r back as t h e cradle has since been t h ey were missi n g f<n j u st a fou pie ofestablished t h roughout the worl d . H o pk i n s hours. In bet i t had been a fu l l day a n d now works w i t h chi ld ren at as you n g an age n i gh t . Bot h had p u n c t u re wou n d s andas possible i n ordet- to p i n po i n t a n abductee s l i g h t bru ises o n t h e i r arms a t t h e poi n ta t the onset o f what h e believes is a l i felong where 1 he brachial artet·y was located. They monitor operation somehow set in mot ion had no idea how t hey had obtained t hese.by alien i n t el ligences. H ypnosis was not applied i n t h ei r G.lsc, so Hopkins fou n d t h at many of his origi nal we may n eer k n ow if t h ere is more back­contaft subjects had been born i n 1 9-!2/:� . I t grou n d i n formation t hat has been blockedwas a s i f a n alien s t u dy program m e had from recal l .been i n itiated at t hat time. A Canadian The firs t consciously remembered space­lawyer told how as a ery you n g child, n a p p i n g incident occurred t hree m o n t h s when staying at a fa rm n ear Lake S u perio r , M a n itoba , she a n d her fa m i ly had a con ­ UFO lights s1ghted above the Cap1tol 1 n Washington DC Sfious m emory o f fi n d i n g a ca lf w i t h a proved to be reflections from street lamps. D I S C O V E R Y A N D D I S A ST E R
    • later . .lhert LatH ashi re was t hen a you n g gT<I lll llll went by t h e n a m e o f t h e Philadel­ soldier gua n l i n g a sen!ry box on the phia E x p eri m ent , since it was said t o haveperimeler of a top-secrel radar s t a t ion near on u rred in the brea kwater outside this : e ,· bigg i n on th e : ort h umherland coast of naval doc kyard . En g-la nd. The legend first s u rfaced i n J a nuary I l e observed a weird b lack cloud , with a I 956 in two le i t e rs sent to a relat ively lig l l l i n t h e centre, roll i n oiT t h e sea. h e n rest rained Titer o n lJ FOs, �I o rr is J essu p . he weut to in n� s t igat e t h e cu rio s i t y . he was fol l owi n g publicat ion o f h is 1 955 book The lt·lled by ;Jn e m e rgen t yellow beam of ligh t . Cme for the UFO. i n wh ich h e a p pea l e d for l ie was ldi wi t h a floa t i n g sensat ion a n d researd1 i n t o Einsteins much vau n t ed u n i­ t hl n lin m d himself w a n d e r i n g about i n a lied field t heory. The l e t 1 ers, sen t by a mandate l(>r a u u n known period of time. l i e railing himself Carlos Allende ( t h en , l at e r , J e l l ! h a t more had occurred and t hat h e j u st Carl Allen ) were rambling a n d bad lyh a d heen il lSide a st range room , b u t did not wri l t e n , with p ec u l i a r spelling a n d p t mctua­ recall a u y details. tion, and of s uc h a n a t u re t hat J essup In 1 9!17, a htll twnu y-live years later, appears to h ave paid t h em o n ly sl igh tAlbert saw a sni es of stra n ge l i ghts s h i n i ng a t l e n t i o n . I n dee d , t he writer was sc a t h i n g fi·om the sign<tl box on a ra ilway l i n e in about J essups book a n d i t s modest call forAsh ton-u nder- Lyne. Lan< ashire , where he more r<scan.-h i n t o energy fi e lds. was t hen working. An a l ien figure also Allen claimed t ha t he had been servinga ppeared i n h i s b e droo m one n i gh t . Th i s on a lJ S s h i p in I 9-t:� a n d had wit nessed a nopened t h e floodgates a n d h e remembered ex peri men t that m a d e a d estroyer com­ more fu l l y w h at had happened in 1 9-!2 pletely invisible. H e offered quite a lot of a ft e r t he beam or l igh t had s t r u c k . detail abot 1 t this a n d argued that beca u se of Albert said h e h a d b e e n carried i n to a t he t e rr i b le consequences to the men room by s ma l l crea t u res a n d me d i c al l y aboard the s h i p (i n c l u d i n g some who wen t tX a m i ued O i l a long table i n t h e p re s e nce of m a d , som e who hurncd to a crisp and a 1 a ller, mot-c h u m a n -l i ke m a n . He was others who sim ply v a n i shed ) a n y resu m p­fon ed to wear some goggles m·e•· h is eyes. tion o f such research should be p re v e n t e d .A woman w i t h orietl l a l katu res. such as This i m p robable talc ne"ert h c less took a slan t ed eyes and pa�ty skin. was also wild t u rn some m o n t h s l a t e r when J essup i n "oh·ed . I Ic knew t here was more t o it was i nvited to ashington DC by the Office t ha n t his and sensed t hat t h e re was a mes­ of :�laval Research ( 0 ! R). l i e was met bysage or s p i r i t u a l i m portance from r el igi o u s t w o sen ior officers, one of t h em Comman­ b ei n gs. B u t w i t hout hyp nosis , which h as der George l l oover , who was i n ch arge of aga i n not been a p p li e d , t h is is as m uc h as s pecial p n �je cts for t h e navy. Their i nvolve­ we know . ment gave ue dib i l i t y to ! h e legen d . I Ioon�r showed J essup a u>py of his own194J hook which had been sent to the 0:1/R mm­ plete w i t h p ages of annotations, a pparent l y P ROJ ECT I N V I S I B I L ITY a t h ree-way conversation between u n known p eople who dmpped asides such as if only h e knew. Jess u p ident i fied Carl Allens One of t h e most bizarre and yet persisten t handwriting as the i n d i"i d u a l simply s10ries of t h e second h a l f of t h e century is n a m ed : . The ot hers were B and J em i . 1 h e d ai m 1 ku a series o f top-secret a n d de·­ The notes covered various subje<:ts, i nclud­ astat i n � ex p eri m en ts was nmd ucted by the i n g the experi m e n t . The O � R had receiYed lJS �avy dming rorld ar Two. Th e pro- t hese short ly bell:ne Allen wrot e to J essup . DISCOVERY AND DISASTER
    • Ra t h e r mo re i m pres se d by O"Crt goer n ­m e n t i n terest , .J essu p hand ed c o p i e s o f t h el t• t t ers from Allen t o t h e 0 :-J R , w h o p a i d fora l i m i ted edit ion of all t h is materiaL includ­i n g J essu ps book and t h e weird a n n ota­t ions. I t was p ri n ted by the Varo p u bl i s h i n gco m pa n y ( wh ic h hand led govern ment c o n ­t racts ) and w a s sent o u t to various navalsources l(>r com m e n t . :"ot s u rprisingly . t h is strange sequence ofe"ellt S fu elled sp e c u l at i o n as to the p os s ibl et ru t h of t h e o t h erwise abs u rd story li·ornt h e elusive and u n t raced Carl Alle n . et t h e0 :1/ R han· al ways i n sisted t h at no go crn ­m e n t m oney went i n t o 1 h i s work. It was ap r ia t e i n terest by two n aval o ffi c e r s w h ofu nded it t h emselves. i ne rt h el es s , J e ss u p handed m·er hismaterial t o a friend, a d m i t t i n g t h a t he was a li·a id. Soon afterwards. in A pr i l l !l59. h ewas f()ll nd dead in h is car, haing appar­e n t ly com m i t ted suicide. A man claim i n g to be Allen came forwardten years later to tell a U FO gro u p that h eh a d h oaxed t h e e n t ire story (exce p t , o fcou rse, the Ol R i n t erest i n i t ) . He later Moms Jessup was ,r,volved " the e <trJor·drnary case o therecan ted the con fession and t h at still Phrlade!phra Expenment r n whrch a destroyer was allegedlya ppears t o he h i s pos i t i o n . I l owe-er. h is made to vanrshf mily a han d e sc r i b e d him to en q u i r i n gresearchers as a d rifter and a liar; and m e r e spec u la t i o n . appeared in I m� I . Oneot he1· eidence i m p l ies t h at he has a rat h er iewer of t h is w a s AI B itle k . w h o i n S c pt e m ­fert ile i m agination. Few p eo p l e now accept bn I !)89 came f( H·ward to allege t h a t it hadhis story. aH>ken his m e m ory or hei n g o n e o f t h e In 1 9 i 8 a n ov e l entitled Thin Air, by sai lors lost aboard t h e f�fdmlf.!:l i n I D -n !G eo r ge S i m pson and :Ileal B u rger (who T h e fu l l story, based on t h e combinedalso Tote an excellen t dramatization of t h e evidence ol t h e various sou rces, is t h at: l a n h at t a n Pn�ject ), reported o n t h e same Tesla, Ei nstei n and ot hers be gan work i ne x perimen t s i n fic tionalized for m . And i n t h e late I 9:Ws to fi n d p r o t ec t io n aga i n s t1 9i9 C h a rl es Berl i t t. a n d William !l oore n e w ly d iscovered radar walS. B y m a n i p u ­p ublished a fact ual i n ws t igat ion, afier l a t i n g energy hclds t h ey got more t h a n t h e yt rac k i n g d o w n Allen and obtai n i n g more ha1·gain ed l(n a n d crea ted o p t ical i m·isibil­data fro m him (e.g. t ha t the s h i p su ppos­ ity. Despite rese r a tions by the s c i e n t istsedly used in t h e tests was t h e USS EfdridgP). t h emselves. w a n i m e p ress u re I{>J-ced a l i , · e They established only a l i m i ted a m o u n t of test on t h e s h i p , complete w i t h crew, andhard eidence t hat somet h i n g m ight hac several runs occu rred between .J u ly andh a ppened. Se p t e m be r 1 9-U (Allen clai m ed Oct ober). I A mm·ie, officially said to be based on t h e On one t est t h e ship became in isihle b u tB erlitz/lloore non-fict ion , but actually left a n i m p r ess i o n i n t he water. In another ill] D I SCOVERY A N D DISASTER
    • it was t ran s po rted t h rough spare a n d later bega n - curio u s and violent elec t rical f ieldsret u m ed to P hi ladelp hia . B iclek all e ge s struck the area aro u n d P hi lad e l p hia a de­t hat he and a not her m an j u m ped shi p m id ­ ast at i n g blow. O n e sh ip (the Mohira 11) w a sex per i men t as t he sa i lo rs aboard h a d n ot ecn su rrmuuled by a g low i n g elect r i f iedbeen warn e d ol t h e risks t h ey fa ce d . They dond w h ic h c a use d t h e sailors beards to j u tlan ded in a n a val d ock ya r d fo rt y years i n t o o u t a n d m a gne t i zed all m e t a l aboard .the fu t u re ( I mU ) - where scien t ists from 1941 s lro ect R a i n l >mr· were exp ec t i ng t he m ! j Established as t rue is that the U SSFir/ridge DECEMBER T H E D I SA P P EARAN C E OF F L I G H T 1 9 was a real s h i p . was i n t he a rea a tthe t i me (be i n g oHiri a lly m m m issioned i n.J u l y 1 9n ) a n d t hat Allen rea l ly d i d sereon t h e s h i p t h at he named in h i s 1 9!i(i let­ On t h is cla y s i x m i l i t a ry a i rcraft Yanishedters, t og e t h e r wit h other p e opl e w h o m he w i t h i n a few h o u rs of one a n o ther. s p a r k i n galso n am e d . Researcher l a u l Begg. while o f f one of t h e g reat e s t of a l l avi a t io n mys­properly s c e pt ica l o f t h is st ory. J o u n d docu­ teries . Th e legend t h a t i t created rem a i n sme n t s t h at con l i rmcd Alle n s sen·ice in t a c t t o d a y h u t s ee m s t o rest on fa r s h a kie rrecord. l i e concl uded , howe,·cr. t hat t here f (m n da t i o n s t h a n i s app rec i at e d .was no way t hat Allens s h i p co uld h a v e Fl i gh t 1 9 m m pr ised live G ru m m a n T B : 1p ass ed d os e en o u gh to t h e F.ldridgr to w i t ­ Acn gcr bombers con t ai ui n g fou rt een m e n ,n ess sudl a n experi men t i n O ct ober 1 94 3 , a l l in e xp e r i en ce d s t u d e n t s except for t h e i ralt hough i t would ha n_· been j u s t abo u t pos­ t ra i n er . L i e u t e n a n t C h a r l es Tayl o r. l l c wassible in J uly/August 1 94 :) - t he d a tes t ha t a pra d i scd flier bu t had just m oved to FortB ielc k h a s since claimed. La ud er d ale, Flori d a , fro m : l i a m i and ha d hat i s cert a i n l y true i s t h at even it" n o t Jlown t h is t rai n i n g rou t e before.Allens book a n n o t a t i o u s were o n l y specula­ The mission lcli a t 2 . 10 p . m . on a s u n n yt ions, t h ey were very ad a n ccd ll.1r 1 9!15. w i n t ers day to fly cast out toward t heH e described t wo types of alien as be i n g in B a h amas ;md t h e n nort h a n d west , <-om­contact wi t h Eart h - L l 1 ( l arg e m e n ? ) . w h o p l e t ing a t r i a ngle f l i ght pat h t h at wouldwere b a sica l l y Ji · i en d l y , and S:1 (small b r i n g t hem bac k to t h e Flori d a coast. I n t h emen ? ) . ra t h er less so. c now know t h at row·sc of t h e J l i g h t t h ey w o u l d p ra ct i set h is is how alien contact evidence is homhiug over a small roc k y cay.rep orted . Allen a l so s poke of ol�j ect s a n d Soon after t h ey headed out t o sea, t h epeople bei n g t cleported via t hes e force weat h er deteriorated a n d at :) .40 p . m . afields t h rou gh s pa re a n d t i me. and t h at f l i g h t i n s t ru c t or lan d i n g at Fort Lauderdalewhen such processes arc i n o p era t i on , a overheard Ta ylor ta l k i n g to h i s most expe­foggy green m ist forms aro u n d the t rans­ rienced st udcnt . The gist of this <Ol l CJ·sa­port e d object . T h er e :-�rc several i m p rc ss i c t ion was tha t bot h men t ho u g h t t hey h ade y ewit n ess acco u n t s of t h is p h en om e n o n made a wrong t u rn a n d Taylor. fam iliarlater than 1 9:i 5 . I t is u n l i kely t h a t t he par­ w i t h the Florida Keys ncar M i a m i , believ edt ic i p a n t s have ecr heard of Carl Allen a n d I hey were here an d not over t he very s i m i ­yet t h e y d e snibe bei n g moved t hro ugh );u·-look i n g a n d (to him) u n fa mil i a r caysspace and t i me by a m ist (ol i en green) ncar t h e llahamas. Taylo r claimed his co m ­which gen erat es an i n t en s e elect rical field pass was n ot worki n g. l i e was t r y i n g to per­aro u n d i t . su a de h is t ea m t o Jly non h . I ndecd. h i s t o ri c al records even show t h a t I f Talor was correct a n d t h e y were m· crha<:k i n J u h/August 1 9(). 1 - t h i rt y - n i n e years t h e K ey s . t h i s rou t e would h a ,·c b ron g htto t h e week bd(ll-c t he alleg-ed ex peri m e n t s I t hem hark to l a n d . I f. as s ee m s Y i r t u a l l y cer-D I SCOVERY A N D D I SA S T E R 00
    • t a i n , he was wro n g a n d t b e v were o·er t he ,·ailed . Tragic a l l y , one of 1 hese rescue atr­B a h a 1 1 1as. t h is rou t e would h a ·e been a bi g cral i completely d isap peared en route to am ista ke. Fly i n g non h from t he B a h a mas rendezous poi n t . I I h ad 110 t i me to send awould t a k e t he airua h ou t over h u ndreds di st ress signal b u t a passi n g s h i p ohsen·ed aof miles of open At l a m ic Ocea n . At l east h u ge explosiou in m i d - a i r a u d wreckaget wice aherwards. other l i s t e n ers heard s t u ­ t t l l i n g i ut o t he ocea 1 1 . That rescue plane, ad e n t s suggest i n g to Taylor t h at t hey fly : l art i ll : l ariner, was notoriously rumouredwest , wh ich would h an.: brou gh t t hem to to he suscept ible to fu el leaks r h a r rould bethe m a i n l a nd . b u t h e seemed com·inced ign i t ed bv t h e sl ig-h t est spark. Their pilotst hat h e k new where t h e m ission was, i n na med t hem flyin g gas tan ks.w h ich case a !ligh t west li·mn t he Keys : at urall y . the total d i sa ppea rance o f allwould be a t ragic error. t hese aircraft a n d m e n w i t h i n such a short Al t h ough at t e m p t s were made t o estab­ t i m e and i n such a restricted area led tolish d irect con tact , com m u n ications were i n t e n se speculat io n . Cert ain com m e n t s bypoor t hat nigh t and Taylor a ppeared Taylor (e.g. t hat h e did not k now where heu nw i l l i ng to switch to an u nc l u t t ered emer­ was) could e asily he m i s i n t erpret ed. : l uchgency frequency because of h is u nderst a n d ­ later. it was ;!l leged t ha t words had beena b l e fear t ha t bv so doing lw m ight lose spoken in t he ( u nrecorded) conversat ionst<HKh w i t h his scattered a n d by now rather between Flight I 9 an d Fort La uderdale t h a t•·a t t led you n g t ea m of a i rcrew. They were i n cl uded references to the sea loo k i n ghis priority. st ra n ge a n d a w a r n i n g . Do n t come a fi er :1 :l. l :1 p.m. Taylor was heard t o say t h a t me! They look l i k e . . . (words t ra i l i n g om.t h ey were fi nally !lying wes t . hut w h e n t hey B u t no oflicial source has e·er wrified t h efailed to sigh t land (probably because t hey hearing of s u c h t r a n s m issions a n d t h esehad flown so far out to sea t hey were now at words are not i n t h e records of t h e acci d e n tleast n inety m i n u tes cast of shore) he e i i < J I I I r).changed his mind again . :t 6.04 p . m . he That enqu i ry bla m ed Taylors con fusionreported flying east . Th is con li.tsion may well over h i s position as the u n fi >rt u n a t e causehave caused the d isaste1· that was looming. o f a gen u i n e acciden t . Relaties d ispu t ed The planes. o f cou rse. were rap i d l y run­ t h e fi n d i n g, but ir ·as u p held by a n;n·aln i ng o u t o f fuel a n d the sea had become hoard . A legal bat t l e e ns u ed a n d in Octoberchoppy. It was also grow i n g dark. Ta ylor 1 94 7 t h is caused t h e L S : avy to chan ge itswas heard t o order all crafi t o dose up in ·erdict to cause u n known.t i g h t £(wm a t ion a n d d i t c h together as soon Alt hough many see l i t t l e reason t o sup­as t h e fi rst one ran almost dn on fuel. Afi er pose t he eve n t s to be m pterious. oth ersi . O-l p . m . not h i n g more was heard from i nsist t h a t some wei nl fi>rce was responsiblet h em and no sign of a n y of t h e a i rcraft was (ill· t he u·agedy. I ndeed . in 1 9 i i . Stevenever £(Hi n d . One invest igatm· added sar­ Spielbergs mm·ie Clost f:nrountas of lhldon ica l ly t ha t t h ey had va n ished as com ­ Third Kind ac tu al l y had t h e pla nes f(nmdpletely a s i f t hey h a d flown to : I a rs - intact and worki n g in t h e : l exica n desert .il l-chosen words t hat w�:re to he picked u p t h e crews later bei n g brou g h t hack to Earthb y m a n y i n fu t ur e . as part of a n exchange deal between a A l t houg-h nobody knew t h e exact posit ion landed C FO and t he CS gm-c rn m e n t sof Fligh t 1 9 . se· era l planes were sent t o in vestiga t ion t e a m ! On a 1 1 1ore su perficialsearch t he darkened seas f i > r wreckage o r leve l . a 1 99 3 B ri tish TV ad·ert ise m e n t fi>rsurvivors, e v e n t hou g h it w a s k n o w n t ha t su gat·-li·ee d t·inks oiTered a d i ffere n t expla­an Avenger could not stay a f l o a t lor more n a t io n , cla i m i ng t ha t steam fro m explod i n gt h a n seconds in t he weat her t h at now pre- s p y submarines caused s i m ilar pla nes to go DISCOVERY AND DISASTER
    • 1947oll-rours<.:, wit h t heir news endin� u p i n abar ( d o ubt l e s s cot t s u m i n � su gar-li-ce THE ARRIVAL O F THE F LY I N Gdrin ks). J u any ncn t , t he le�end of Flight 1 9 1ive� on. SAU C E RS In 1 9�1 1 it wa:-. t hou�ht t hat Flight 1 9 h a dat las t bt:cn llnmd. Five A ven �ers TITt r a ct: d on t he seabed cast of Fort Laud­t:rdale and OJ H even bore the same squad Hot on the heels of the mysterious ghostn u m ber as was rarried by a plane from t h e rockets, a m·w p h e no m en o n was set to h i tfatal m ission. B u t when t h e wreckage was t h e world with a vengeance - flying saucers.su n-eyed, it turned out that t h ese were ear­ As with many aspects of the su pernatural,lier airnalt t hat had been j u n ked iuto t he t h is one can dearlv be t raced to a foregoingocean . Fl i � ht I �� is Slill missin�. period (ind(·ed the airsh ips, phantom a ir­ crafi and ghost roc kets may all be manifes­194� tations ol t h e same phenomenon earlier i u t h e cen t u ry). B u t i t was i n J une I D4 7 that i t 9 JULYG HOST ROCK ETS first received a name. OtKc named . any mystery takes on a life of its own and start s t o snowball. PeopleBet ween l ay and Septc l l l he r I !Hfi, more h a H· a hook to which t h ey attarh their ownt h a n I 000 rep or t s were made th rou �ho u t sigb t i n gs and t h u s report t hem more fi·eelySweden . :orw;l and Finland of rockets than hdore. The media pay at tent ion andstrea kin� anoss the sky, bot h a t n i� h t and collect data , because it sells. All of t his gen ­in daytime. Some wert: repu t ed to h ave erates more publicity a n d mo re reports ami(Tashed into la kes. The e· i de n ce wa nanted the mpterv soon becomes a dynamic,a m;�jm· invest igation. u nstoppable process. The most i m m ediate fear was t hat t hese Such mysteries are ohen f<1irly short ­could be ex 1 H·ri ments In Soviet scientists lin·d . ru nning out of steam aftet· a lewusi n g " bomb technologv capt u red from months. The fact t hat t he flying saucer mys­the c_;cr m a n s a t t h e end o r the war. The tery has su rvived for fifty years i n such anGermans had launched devastatin� long­ extraordinarily resilient man ner test ifies torange m issile at tarks on London in this way its u n ique feat u res.and were hel icn·d to he only a ·ear fi·mn Bet ween lay and A u gu st I D·1 7 1 he far­developing i n t er-con t i n e n t a l hombs t hat western states of America were h it l)y acould have struck :ew York. The not ion wave or sigh t i ngs of night ligh t s and silvert hat the LSSR had access to technology blobs in t he dayt ime. The one that a t t ractedt hought to han· been destroyed as t h e most attcnt ion came fro m Keunet h ArnoldAllies closed in on the �azis was taken seri­ o n 24 J u ne 1 94 7 when J lying over the Cas­ously. 1 ot only did t he Scandinavians ca(le :loun tains in Washi n gton Stale. Heprobe the ntatter, lntt U S and British saw a group ol" ol�jects skimming the douds.enquiries were made as wel l. Some of the They looked like crescen t -shaped plam·srepolls are still top-senet , hut t h e t h eon· of with swept -ha(·k wings. and ht• assumedSoviet i n v ol v e m en t was swiftly rejected. t hey were secret aircraft built by the USA On 9 J uly a photogra ph was taken or one After men tioning t h is fairly low-key sigh t ­of t he pear-shaped ghost rockets· but it was ing t o friends a t a stop-over poi n t o n h isinterpret ed , as were many ot her sigh t ings. route, he was greeted at his destination i nas a brilliant meteor. The ,,·ave of fast ­ Oregon b y sneral reporters. A combinat ion mov i n g lights is s t i l l u nexplained. of factors, i n cl u ding a qu iet news clay. plus D I S C O V E RY A N D D I S A S T E R
    • some of t he sightings w ere described. I n {;K t , t hey c a me i u a wide v ariet y of s h a pes and sizes. yet the concept or t he c l a ssic d isc­ or s a ucer- s h a ped cra ti c learly stuck firm in t he popular i m a g i n a t ion a nd has never a ltered. That i t was s t i m u la t ed by a tabloid newspaper mistake is per h a ps an u l t i m a t e iro n y . as the tabloids WllT to become absol u t ely essen t i a l i n keep i n g the m ys t ery a live d u r i n g t he decades to come. Re gard less o f the lau lt y percept ion of what · nying sa ucers looked like, cou n t less seem i n gly reliable reports flooded i n , often from p ilot s and m i li tary person n e l . They were s u fficient for t he army and a i r- force to t a ke no risks a n d t o mount a n immed iate j oi n t en quiry i n t o w h a t it called Fl y i n g Di scs . T h e term l FO ( l 7 n i d e n tified Flying Objec t ) was also a m i l i t a r y i m·cntion d ur i u g the e a rl y I 9 5 0s by t he successor to t h is i n i ­ t i a l s t u d y pn�jec t . Because t h e L S gm·enl ment knew t h a t i t w a s n o t responsible li:>r t he d iscs o r s a ucers, a nd w i t h the pre v ious ye a rs even ts in Sca n­ d i n a v i a (st i l l la rgely senet ) u p per m os t i n mind , t h e pro�r a m mc to i nves t i gate t h e m ystery was trea ted as a secu r i t y priorit y on t he a ssu m pt ion t ha t t hese objects m ight be p i loted by Sov i et crews. I r t h e L SS R were ca pa b le of m·cr n y i n g t he cont i ne n t a l lSrEarly reports of UrOs emphas1zed thew saucer shape. and th1s1s how th e y appeared 1n many subseq�.;ent photographs. in such h i g h l y ada nced na li . t h is would be a very serious m a t ter (()r t he h i t e H ouse.i m m ed i a t e co,·eragc now provid e d by news­ As such, t he e n forced cover-up was a per­papers, radio a nd televisio n , g u a ra n teed tec t l y responsibl e meas u re a t t h a t t i me .t h a t t h e story took o£I Amold , in f;l ct had S a d l y , when enqu ir ies rap i d ly m led out t h e Soviets of all consid e r a t i o n , t h e p ra ct ic e ,never m e n t ioned t hat the objects weresaucer-s haped . l I e des cr ibed t heir motion of confi d i u g t h e pro blem to m il i t ary t e a m st hrough t he a ir as l i ke a ·sa ucer s k i p p i n g w a s t o o w e l l es t a bl ished t o he a l t e red , a sacross wa ter ( o r as o n e m i g h t bounce a n a t ­ w a s t h e dcter m i u a tiou t o keep a l l conc l u ­tened stone across a l a ke o r river). hether s i o n s secret . Between I � ).4 � a nd I 9G9 t h reemisun derstood or a ppropriated. t he term m<uor m il i tary i nves t i g a t ions (Sign . Grudgefl y i n g s a ucer w a s i nven ted by the press. a nd Blue Book) collated ove r I :>,000This was t h e much-needed boos t . Everyo u e repor ts and it was not u n t il 1 9 i6 t ha t t h ei n th e liSA i m mediately started t o look for Freedom o f I n [i:)l"m a t ion Act m a de m u c h o ft hese t h i ngs. t h i s accessib l e . S o m e remains secret t oda y . The problem was that most people q u i t e , B y t l w t i m e it was possible to sec w h a t h a du nderst a ndably, assu med t h a t t h e ol�jects been goi n g o n . t h e prejud ices a n d a t ti t udeslooked like saucers; and t h a t is e xact ly how about L FOs were too well e ngrai ned . DISCOVERYAND DISASTER
    • Although t h e LJ SSR was rejected ;�s t he Most o f the s1ght1ngs o f UFOs can be otherw1se expla1ned but a few still defy rational interpretation.sou rce of U FO l lights. some other ongmhad to he fou n d . :l i l i t a r y people weret ra i ned to t h i n k that these l i gh t s were l l y i n g by a former m i l itary m a n , l1 ;�jor Donaldcraft (as t hey a p peared to be) a n d fi·om Keyhoe. l ie m a y well h ave possessed somesome u n known i n telligence ( w h ich seemed i nside knowledge t h a t the US gove rn m e n tlogica l ) . This fostered the idea, hrielly hut itself considered t h i s optio n . I k publishedne·er too seriously toyed with by LIS t h e evidence a n d sti m u lated belief in aa uthorities. that the p i lots came from cover-up of t hat o!Ticial convict ion . i n itiallya nother planet alerted by Eart hs explosion i n a widely read magazine anicle (Tnu>, J an­of atomic we;� pons in I �l4 !J . u a ry 1 950) a n d the n , a few months later, in T h e i m age o f a n ext rat errestrial hypot he­ the !lrst-ever hook on U FOs.sis (or ETI I. as it is known ) was seized u pon There is l i t t le douht t h at t h is l i n k i n g ofD ISCOVERY AND DISASTER
    • the C FO mystery with the ETH was the The October 1 957 photograph of a mysterious ObJect 1n thesingle most i mportant factor t h a t has main­ Texas Tnangle. Some say 1t IS a lent1cular cloud.tained its status. For t h roughout the 1 950smankind was strivi n g to traYcl i n to space times ther had been dragons, and moreand during the 1 960s and early 1 97 0s this recently they had been described as airs h ipsbecame a reality. Consequently. the cont i n ­ and ghost rockets. Their form had merelyuous se ries o f sighti ngs in the worl d s sk ies been altered by current awareness. Andcame to be Yiewed as pmbable alien ,·isits. once they had been identified, i ncorrectly, The US authorities, however, soon began as discs and saucers , many people saw the mto lose i nterest , realizing. as did other cou n­ exactlY as s u c h . This i n dicated that their actual shape was much more vague and itries, that more than nine out of ten allegedL� FO sightings were merely cases of mistaken i m p recise, and that their perceived formperception of known phenomena such as air­ was moulded , as in previous i ncarnations,craft and stars. The u nexplained ones posed by popular beliefs and expectations.no threat, and probably never had done; but It would be a long time before any of t h i sthey had to be monitored just in case a w a s realized. Even today any o p i n i o n con­potential enemy used the U FO sightings as a cern i n g U FOs that seems to contradict thesmokescreen to launch spy missions. extraterrestrial hypothesis is treated with Yet alt hough m ilitary circles acknowl­ su spicion and scepticism. Yet since 1 980edged t hat these t h ings must be flying craft there h as been a grou n dswell of researchfrom another i n telligence, some very oln·i­ tending to steer 1 1 s away from acceptance ofous clues were m issed. These U FOs had not t hat simple, i ncredibly persuasive b u t incor­s mldenly appeared i n 1 9-1 7 . In fact , t hey rect explanation made in J u n e 1 94 7 towardhad been obserwd as long as people had a more realistic recognition that there is anscanned the s kies. The ancient Romans had i n t erest ing, if less exotic, phenomenonreported them as fiery shields. I n medieYal beh i n d the U FOs. DISCOVERY AND DISASTER
    • A L I E N E N C O U N TE R S"l" A Tartime tech n ology develop,e cl f(>r n� i l i ta ry V V p u rposes was fi nally t ra n s f ormed forpeacefu l use. Prop-driven a i rcraft gave way to jeta i r l i n e rs a n d rocket s h i ps were lau nched i n to Earthorbit. C o m m u n ication aro u n d the p l a n e t wasbeco m i n g a l m o s t i n s ta n taneou s . I n t h e a rea of t h e s up e r n at u ra l , t h e d e m a n d fo rspeed a n d i m med iacy of i n te11ige nce altere d o u rp e rception o f what w a s taki n g place. C FOs fittedneatly i nt o the tec h nological n i che that ob sessedthe age-s p ace t ra vel-a nd rece ived p ro m i n e nte x pos u re i n t h e m e d i a . People beca me aware of t h e i m porta nce o fu n dersta n d i n g p h e n o m e n a s u ch as e x tra-sensoryp e rception a n d d rea m s . An d the e a rl i este xp e r i m e n t s u n d e r hyp nosis were condu cted tou n ravel past lives .
    • p rm·i n g e i g h t e e n yc;1rs l a t e r ) t h a t it was d n eYOU CA N N OT B E S I R I U S to a t i ny, u n seen co mpan ion s t a r ( now called S i r i u s B), w h i d 1 orbits arou nd S i r i u s A. T h e second s t a r i s o n ly t h ree t i mes t h eTwo highly respected French a n t h ropolo­ s i ze of Eart h but is i ncred ibly d e n se .gists, : l a rcel Griaule and Cermaine B eca use of i t s small ness a n d t h e i m me n s eDieterl e n , reported 0 1 1 t h e n i n eteen years l igh t o u t p u t genera t ed by S i r i u s A. t h e orbitt h ey had s p e n t liYi n g w i t h t h e Dogon - a o f Sii-ius B was not Iucasu i-ed u n t i l some sixt ribe of t wo million people in French years bcli:>re C riaule a n d Dieterl e n reachedS u d a n , l ater : l a l i , est 1frica. They had the Dogon e ncamp m e n t . 1nd i t was n o tb u i l t up so much t ru st t ha t the elders of u n t i l 1 97 0 - t w e n t y years a fter t h e Dogont hese people had re,·ealed t o t h e m m a n y re,·elations - t h at S i r i u s B was f i rs t p ho­secret t r ibal r i t u al s . T h e scie n t ists obt a i n e d tographed .hard e·idence that such belief sys t e l i iS Sce p t ics, of co u rse, d is p u t i n g t h e ideadated back up to 10,000 years. t h a t a l ie n s !rom S i r i u s could have gien t h e : l ost remarkable of t h ese t raditions was Dogon a n y o f t his k nowledge. s u ggestedt hat the Dogon possessed ext rao rd i n ary t hat they obt a i ned t he i n formation fromand a d va n ced knowledge ol ast ronomy. Js l l m g twe n t ie t h-ce n t u r)· m iSSIOn aries.They k n ew , fi:>r example. t h at Sal l l m had This has been ellcct ively refi l l e d , huweer,r i n gs , t h a t J u p i t e r had li:mr l arge moons, by Robert Te m p l e , 1 ho has made at ha t t h e : l i l ky ay was a spiral galaxy a 1 1 d detailed s t u d y of t h e lege n d s a n d liHm d toothat t h e Eart h rot a t ed o n its a x i s . S i 1 1ce m u ch i n -de p t h , i f c i rcu mst a n t i a l , evi d e n cemost of t h is knowledge had been revealed to make that t e nable. I n a n y case, Griauleby science o n l y in recent t i mes, i t cou ld not a n d D i e terlcn p o i n t o u t that t hey wouldhave been handed down in stories t hro ugh s u rely have k nown of o t h e r s u ch ,·isi t sthe m i l l e n 1 1 i a , a s t h e Dogon a l leged. before t h e m . The Dogon elders wo u l d n eed Yet t h e re was a n a m a z i n g explanation as to have fab ricated t h e lege n d s a n d , more­to how t h is did i n d eed h a p p e n . The t ribal m·er, the artefacts associated with t he i r cos­e l d ers said t h at t h e i r k n ow ledge had been mology, dated by the a n t h ropologists asgi,·en to them by a m p h ib io u s crea t u res seYeral h u ndred years o l d , would also haefrom a planet i n t h e S i r i u s star system who had to be faked .had land ed i n t h e nearby desert a n d l i ved O n e such a rt e fact , i n deed , shows a mapw i t h t h e Dogon d u ri n g prehistoric t i mes. of the orbit of Sirius B around S i r i u s A The Dogon offered precise descript io11s w h ich is u n u s u a l l y ecce m ric, a n d u n l ikelyof t h ese �om mos (who bear a s u rprisi 1 1 g t o h ae been p rod u ced s i m p l y by guess­resemblance to the me rfolk of Eart h work. It i s , in fac t , scie n t i fically correc t . Themythology) and of t h e ark (sp acecraft) a n t hropologi s t s dated t h is ol�ject as six­which l a n ded a n d t h e n semi-submerged i n t e e n t h -ce n t u ry - when not even the mostwa ter to p rovide its i n h ab i t a n t s with a ach·ancecl ast ronom ers in E u rope couldre t reat each eveni n g afier s p e n d i n g t h e day have p re d icted such a pat t e m .on l a n d . T h e trtl l h about t h e a l i e n s from S i r i u s Even m o r e remarkable are t h e acco u n t s m a y o n l y eer be established i f a t h i rd,t h a t t h e : o m m o ga,·e t h e Dogon of t h e m u ch brigh t e r , com panion s t a r is li:m n d inS i r i u s s t a r system itself. This is t h e brightest o rb i t . The Dogo n s claim t h a t t h e : o m m ostar i n t h e sky a n d o n e of the closest t o a rr i,·ed from a planet c i rcl i n g here. H o w ­Eart h , j u s t S . G l i gh t years d i s t a n t . Yet o n l y ever, w h i l e t h e existence of S i r i u s C h a sin 1 844 did ast ron omers recogn ize its b e e n specu lated , no such star has yet beenecce n t ricities of o rb i t , specu l a t i n g (and d i scoered. ALIEN ENCOUNTERS
    • 1910 I I MAY F I RST P H OTOG RA P H O F A U F O The first well-auested photogl-a ph of a d isc s haped - , tens o f met res i n d ia meter, U FO was taken by M r and l1rs Paul Tren t , and ev ident ly artificial, l lew wit h i n si g h t of a fa rming couple from McMin nvil l e , two witnesses. Orego n , USA. T h e ol�j ect , d isc-like wi t h a .tore sophisticated methods, using com­ llat t ened base, flew over their land at some p u ter e n hancement developed by :-JASAs distance, and they took two black and white deep space programme, have since exposed shots of it be fo re it disappeared. T hey m a n y cases that look to he ge n u i n e , h u t are made no subsequent a ttempt to m a ke h o a x es . The M c M i nn ville pho t o g r ap h s money from their evidence. passed these tests as well and are widely When the US gove rn men t fu nded a cons i dered to he among t h e most persua­ s t udy into U FOs carried out by scie n t ists at sive piec es of evidence ever obtained that t he U n i versity of Colorado between 1 967 some U FOs arc act u al constructed objects and 1 969, t h is was o ne of the few photo­ of u n known origi n . graphic cases t hat the sceptical team failed There a re, of cou rs e many who d ispute , to identify I ndeed, the report (argu ing that . t his, claiming the pictu res arc f;tbricated, U FOs do not e x i s t) concluded in t his a nd cit i n g the s h ado w s on the caves of the inst ance t h a t this was one of t h e very few ou tbuilding as bei n g inconsistent with the examples where all t h e evidence appear(s) time of day when th e Trents claim t hey to be consi s tent with the assertion that an took these shots. That opinion. however, is ext raordina r y !lyi n g objec t , s i lvery metallic, , fmnly in the m inori t y . ALIEN E N COUNTERS
    • 19�� SUMMER M I RAC L E P H OTO G RA P H - D uri ng t h e 1 950-3 war in Korea, an airuaft flying on a rou t i n e mission Ocr a m oulllain range took this p hotograph of a n area of SllOW-COeJ·ed mck. ( a n y belieC i t to be the i mage of Christ gii ng bless in g to the fight agai ns t Com m u n is m . - This pallern is k n own t o science a s a sim­ u lacru m . IL is t h ou ght t o be a n accident of lig h t aud shade enhanced by the ackn ow l ­ edged desire of the h u man h rain to per­ . cei,·e order in what is merely a random set of i n form ation. 1911 _ _ _ _ _ _ --- IT H E Y E T I -- ---- .11 Oer t he world there are legc uds abom creatur e s midway in app e arance between h u ma n bei n gs and apes. They arc e nt ire ly cm·ered in h a i ,-. of about the same size as h u maus, or slightly larger, walking on two legs and displaying a rudi memary leel of i n telligence. They also give out a horrible smell! The legends associated with t hese crea­ llues a re so consistel ll t hat most who ha,·e studied t he data feel certain t hat they arc a gen u i n e h idden species. :atie Americans, who ha,-e reponed t he beast for centuries, particularly in mountainous woods i n the north-west of the cou ntry. refer to it as Sasquatc h . or more allcctionatcly as B i g­ foot , in reference to the hu ge footprints it leaYes behind. In t h e Russian m o u nt a i ns t he animal is called the Al ma and in Austra l ia the Aborig­ ines ha·e long been familiar with the Yowie. I nteJ·estingly. the hu- of the creatUJ·e Tracks of the Yet1. d1scovered at 4900 m ( 1 6.000 ft) near Bumthang Gompa. Nepal. ALIEN ENCOUNTERS
    • ALIEN ENCOUNTERS
    • seems lO differ locally in colour just as the Above: Edmund H1llary and Sher»a Tens1ng on Everest.pigmentation of a human s k i u o1· auimal Oppos1te: the Abom1nable Snowman 1n ftct1on.coat varies accord ing to en virou m e n t or asnatural camou Oage. Th u s t h e Alma has a t u re up there. A single, b u t very int rigu i n g .light brown or orange coloration, matching photograph w a s t a k e n on t h e glacier atthe sm-ro u n d i n g terra i n , whereas the �lcn lung, of a footprint - th ree-toed,Sasquatch is said lO be a darker brown . bigger than a large m a n s hoot a n d resem­ U n doubted l y t h e best-know n , howeer. bling no k nown a n i m al .and the first to be studied i u detail . is t h e Since t h e u t here have been many sight­Yeti - t h e local name for the w hi t e- o r grey­ i n gs and photographs of t racks hut littlefu rred h u m anoid that has been reliably other hard eidence. The few Yeti scalpsauested in the H i m alayan mou n tains for and hairs that ha,·e s u pposedly been rcco­cen t uries. Yeh-teh means rock t hing. ered u su a lly t u rn out to be from more During t h e I 950s t h ese peaks were the m u n dane a n i mals.focus of great atten t ion during t h e race to Sightiugs of the creature itself certaiulyconquer � l o u m Everest. 1lembcrs of se­ exist. Sherpa Teusi n g , later to s hare thecral expeditions spent m o n t h s in t h e snow­ first successful asceut of En�rest withcoered 1·anges and had al·i ous encou n ters Ed m u nd H i l lary. claimed to have seen onewith t h e strange ueaturc. They described it playing in the suow ucar a monastery infirst as the Abomi n able Snowm a n · . b u t it I 949.was evc m u a lly realized t h at this stem m ed In 1 9i0 n oted motmtaineer Donfrom a m isheari u g of a p h rase used by t h e Vhillans. ncar Aunapurna, heard a strangeTibetans t hat actually u·anslated as m a n l i ke noise and next nigh t . after finding tracks,crea t u re t h at is not a m a u · . watched a distant hu manoid creature I t w a s members of the famous Eric S h i p ­ t h rough binoculars for twenty minutes.ton expedition to t h e area i n 1 95 1 who first O t her British m o u n t aineers, includingsecured tru ly im pressive evidence that the late Pete Board m a n (with whom I wentthere might be a gen u i n e u n i deutified crea- to school and so can attest to his i n tegrit y). ALIEN ENCOUNTERS
    • han� had ·ery narrow escapes. l i e and J oeTasker heard a large creat ure crash i n g 1911 112 JULY S P O N TA N E O U S H U M A Nabout th rough their c a m p at 1 7 ,000 feet upChangaba n g in 1 977. In t h e morning t heyfo u n d chocolate bars had been remo·ed C O M B U ST I O Nfrom their scattered belongings. In J uly 1 986. famous climber Reinhold The idea o f a hu man being t u rn e d imo a: I essner had a close-up sigh t i n g of one heap of ash with horrific rapidity by somesuch creature when it e merged from u n known fire source is a terrifying image.beh i n d a tree . I ndeed . the celebrated E n g­ It has bee n giYen Yery little a t t e n t ionlish actor and climbe r Brian Blessed told t h ro ugh the ages, p robably as a result ofme he was most i m p ressed by : I essners fea r .story when we met early in 1 99:� as he was Y e t cases ha,·e been knmnl for seYeralmaking final preparations for his attempt to centuries. In ictorian t i mes. the notedbecome the oldest man to c l i m b EYcrest. At story-teller Charles Dickens attendedthe same t i m e he hoped to start work film­ i n quests and garnered eYidence from seY­ing a m;uor mund-the-world series compil­ eral reputed i n stances. In those days t h ei n g eYidence for t h e reality o f the man occurrence w a s often c i t e d by fcrYcn t a n t i ­beast" in many diflcrent cou n t ries. d r i n k campaigners and militant C h u rch : leanwhile another fascinating case came a u t h orities as t h e result of d i·inc retribu­to light. J ulian Freeman-Attwood. lead i n g a t ion . It prm·ided a wonderful scare tactict h ree-man expedition oYer a remote glacier aimed at the u n godly, eYen though t h erein : l o n golia, cam ped in a totally isolated n eYcr was any eYidcnce that excess alcoholspot at 4 a . m . on 1 2 J u ne 1 992 . O n ly a in the body was l ikely to make one suscepti­couple of hours later t he team emerged ble to spontaneous combustion . Dickens.from their t e n t to fi n d t he Yirgin snow dis­ eYer t h e topical popu lar author, wrote offt tubed by a trail of lwaYy footprints leadi n g one of his Yillains (the obn oxious Krook) i npast them and up i n to the desolation t h is decidedly nn usual w a y in t h e cou rse ofahead. They were remarkably sim ilar in h is later n oYel Bleak Housl.appearance to those filmed by Shipton i n hile isolated cases were reported after­1 95 1 a n d from the depth of i m p ression wards. t he subject first att racted serioussuggested a ucature larger a n d heaYier attention in J u ly 1 95 1 with the baiTi i n gthan a h u ma n bein g. d e a t h of 67 -·car-old o l d : l ar Reeser at S t . . Sceptics admit t h at such footprints look Petersburg, Florida, LSA. The cinderi m posin g but proYide no real e,·idence of woma n · , as she became know n , li terallyan u n known crea t u re , bei n g made by some t u rn ed from a healthy h u man being, whennormal species. such as a bear. Because last seen late on the e·e n i n g of 1 J uly, tothey lie u n distu rbed for days or weeks, t hey nothing but a charred foot amidst a heap ofare subject to considerable interference ash before 7 a.m. t h e next m o rn i n g.from t h e Su n , which can melt and en large The remarkable t h i n g abo u t : I rs Reesersprints to create an odd res u l t , quite u n l i ke dea t h , as is typical of other cases of sponta­t h e t racks originally laid dow n . Yet the neous h u man combustion (Sl i C ) , is that thefootp1·i n t s fil med by Freeman-Attwood su rroundi ngs i n her apart ment were littlewere u ndoubtedly t hose of a h u ge damaged by flames. Fire and forensicu n known animal. experts who ·isit such sites are ballled by the fact that plastic t iles beneath the body do not e·en melt, that combust ible materi­Traces of a Yet1 were cla1med t o have been discovered 1n theAndes in 1 956. als in the room remain unsingcd a n d that ALIEN E N C O U N T E RS
    • The calc:fied rema:"ls of Ma•y Reese•· the mystenous case of anism. ll n l(m u natcly. despite sc,·eralSHC d:scovered :n 1 9S I at tem p t s by the doubters, no eidencc has b ee n �a t h c red to s u pport t h e claim thatthere is no e i d e n t local it.ation of t h e such a process Gi l l occur i n h u ma n bodies.incredible t e m pera t u res nceded to t u rn : lost sign i fica n t ly. crematori u m special­h uman bone i n t o powder. ists are p rokssionally shocked by p ho­ The F B I were i n ol cd i n la r Reesers tographs taken of S H C icti ms . They saycase because of t he possibility t hat she t hat t hey cau not achiee such comprehen­m ight han· been killed a n d t h e bod b u m t sive d estru ct ion of human bones a n d adelibe r ately t o m a s k c·idencc of a crime. body ( bei n� . in fact , t wo-t hirds water) e·enBut this rema i n s p u re t h eory. i n the ideal co nd i t ions at their d isposal . For The sceptics iew is that S H C vic ti m s t h is to occ u r in a few hours i nside an ordi­burn slo wh · 0(c>r t he course of many h o u rs nary ) i,· in� roo m , t hey lind h ard to belic·e.- with t he bones au i n � as t he wick and t h e I n : lary Reesers case, ha,·ing had accessh u ma n fat wrapped a round t h e m fu nction­ to detailed i n vestigation reports carried o uting iu t he sa me wa y as candle wax. Some at the t i me, Peter Hough a n d I ascertainedspark sets it oil ( : 1 rs Reeser was last seen that t h e re is considerable reason to suspectsmo ki ng a h c r t a ki n � sedat in�s) and th e t hat the btal fire occurred at around cl .�Oh eat is fixused i n ward b t h is candle mech- a . m . and n o t many hours earlier as allegedALIEN ENCOUNTERS
    • by t he sceptics. Two hours is sim ply not An unexplained example of spontaneous human combustionlong enough for the wick effect u t t erly to 1n London, 1 964con s u m e a h u m a n body. a n d t h is , d cd uc­t i o n . if corren, merely enhances the strange i nside the h u man body can s h o rt circu i t ,nature of t h is case. t h a t atomic c h a i n react ions c a n generate In B ritain alone, abo u t one h u ndred phen omenal i nt ernal heat and t hat aunex plained fi re deaths occ u r e<.ry year. deadly cocktail ol chem icals can limtl in t h eAccord i n g to forensic and fire brigade g u t a s a res u l t o f estern societys poorsou rces, w h i le no cases arc ever diagnosed dietary h abits. The last m ight explain whyas bei ng due to S H C , t hat possibility is s u g­ SHC seems a l m ost non -ex is t e n t i n a n i m alsgested in perhaps ten i nstances. Ir t rue, it and why t here are few. if a n y . casesm ay mean t hat a h u n dred or more people recorded outside the more developeddie t h i s way t h roughout the world each n a tions, e.g. i n African tribal c u l t u res.year. Officially, howe,·er, SHC does not Either way. reports or S l l c seem to he onexist and pract ically n o research is being t h e i ncrease. In a data base t hat I I ou gh a n dconducted into its poten tial c;w�es. I com p i led i n I !190 t h ere were eleven can­ Theories as to w h a t may lie beh i n d the didate cases globally i n t he l !l:>Os. sevenp henomenon , ass u m in g it to be rea l , d u r i n g the 1 9GOs. t h i rt een li·mn the I 970si nclude the notions t hat electrical fields I and twen t y-two i n the I !l�Os. []] ALIEN E N C O U N T E RS
    • 19n clear t hat t he biggest m ystery was w h y any­ body t bought t here was a m ystery i n t h e first place.T H E B E R M U DA TRIANGLE: MYTH It has now been well established t hat many of t h e s u pposedl y inexplicable disap­O R MYSTE RY? pearances were no such t h i ng. Once t h eThe Berm uda Triangle is the perfect exa m ­ records were checked, accident enquiriesple o f what scept ics Larry K usche a n d Pau l s t u d ied and weat h e r data analysed, suchBegg have called a m a n u bc t u red mystery. incideuts proved anything but baffiing.They bdieve i t to be p u re inve n t ion : a m y t h This part of t h e ocea n is one of t h e mostcreated in t h e late t en tiet h cen t ury. Bot h heavily shi pped areas in t he world andhave de,·oted a great deal of serious eflon h u n d reds of aircraft overfl y i t daily. Theto proving t heir case. weather can s uddenly whip up a storm a n d The concept first appeared in an article a n y debris fi·om a capsized ship o r crashedfor Fall magazine in October 1 952 when plane s i n ks rapidly into the inaccessibleGeorge Sand spoke of how a watery t ri a n ­ dep t h s . By simple s t a t i s t ics, it is obviousg l e bounded roughly by Florida, Berm uda t here will be more disappearances hereand Puerto Rico had appare n tly generated t han in most ot her com parable expanses oft he i nexpl icable d isappearances of cou n t ­ ocean. Y ct that alone p roves n o t h i n g o f realless s h i p s a n d aircrali. significance. The HH5 eve n t s i nvolvi ng Flight 1 9 ofT One of t he most frequ e n t l y cited cases,t he Florida coast was a major case in poi n t , t h e d isappearance of t he J apanese freighters o widely m is u nderstood a s t o auain baf­ Raifulw Mant in 1 92 5 , is t y p ical. Pop u larfling proportions. I t had led researchers to t riangle legend has it t h a t t he last receivedsift arch ives and n ewspa per I iles to find a message from t h e ship was danger likedeeper pattern. Once established, the dagger - come q u ic k ! Th is cau sed allnotion of t he existence of a catast rophe­ m a n ner o f specu lation as t o w h a t forceladen t riangle was d i lli n a l t to dispe l . resem b l i n g a dagge1· might hae provoked Sand did not popularize t h e mystery t o her total d isappeara nce, as happenedany great e x t e n t , h u t t h e t rianglc w a s occa­ i m mediately aher t he signal. But t hesionally m e n t ioned in t h e e n s u i n g years, i t s enquiry at t h e t ime had revealed t ha t t h eshape and size always varying. Some fi nal m essage, se v erel y distorted. possiblyaut hori t i es saw it as coveri n g half of t h e by an elett rical s t orm , was act ually NowAtlant ic Ocea n , a s t;u· nort h ward and cast­ very danger - come quic k ! Poign a n t aiHiward as t he coast of I reland, m a k i n g calcu­ t ragic, but hardly m ysterious.lations llleani ngless. In other instances t h e re were widely It was t he writer V i ncent Gaddis who reported storms, cargoes t hat were volat i lei n n:Jiled the ph rase deadly Bermuda or h ighly explosive, or o t h e r valid reasonst riangle in a 1 964 magazine art icle. Yet why an accident m ight easily haveeven h e failed t o capitalize on its fu ll com­ occurred.mercial pot e n t ial. That was ldi to Charles There have also been a t t e m pt s to bringl k rl i t z who, i n Tht Bnnuula Tria nglt ( 1 97 4 ) , t h e t ri.mgle i nt o t h e modern era, w i t h sug­s u m marized t h e data accrued u n t i l t h e n . gestions that i:ASA has had t ro u ble wi t hThe book sold over {lve million copies t eleco m m u n icat ions d ur i n g s h u t l le flightsaround t h e world. lore boo ks, t elevision when passi n g over t h e area. One satellitedoc u me n taries and 1110ies ((JIIowe d . Then the scept ics marched in and did a thOI·­ The Bermuca Triangle prefigured twenty years earlier i n Hyattoughly dkct i ve job. They soon made it Vernlls The �on-grov1totronol VortexALIEN ENCOUNTERS
    • Scientifiction Stories b) A. Hyatt VerrillJohn W. Campbell, Jr. Edmond Hatnilton ALIEN ENCOUNTERS
    • w as a l l e ged to hae been a ffi.·• t ed hy a m ys­tery blackout when e e r it Oerf lew t h e t ri ­a n g le . T h e sileuce "·as fou n d si m p l y t o he 1911 20 NOVEMBER TH E C REAT U R E FROM V E N U Sd u e t o t h e bu t h a t a reco rd i n g t a pe wasa u t o m a t ica l l y rewo u n d at t h is same poi n t in Geo rge ,damski, who ran a food a n d d r i n ken-ry or b i t ! st a n d on t h e s lope s o f : l o u n t Pa lomar The gen u i n e p u zz l es t h a t do exist a p peat· observatory i n the USA. and had li>r somet o be asso<i; l l ed i t h reported i n stauccs of t i m e written specu l a t ive fiction abo u t life o nelect rical an d mag net i c iutekrenn.· e x pe r i ­ other worlds. claimed to haC est ablishedenced h y a i rcr a f t f l �· i ug in t h is a rea. Some ro n t ac t with a V e n u s i;t n in t he Cal i li m 1 ia nscie n t i s t s t h i n k t h at a n t u m su a l nat ural desert . I t resembled a h u m a n w i t h l o n gelect romagnetic vortex may occasion a l l y hlond hair a nd u se d sig n l a n g u a ge a n dm a n i fest i n cert a i n places, and t h a t t h is s ketdH.s m a d e i n t h e s a n d t o ex p l a i u i t scou ld be one of t h e most powerfu l . ongm . �oted ;1·iator : l a r t i u Caidan has ;t s er ie s of alien ron ­ This was t h e fi rst ofreported th at on one occtsto n . n ca r tacts andisits to p la n ets in o u r solarB e r m u d a , as h e f l e w into a ch e e se ca ke sky system made by A d a ms ki , all of which lca­whet·e sea and doud blended into one. all t u red in se v e ral books over t h e next liveh i s i n st r u n w n t a t i o n b i l e d . Fort u n a t e l y h e years. l i e claim ed to h a e see 1 1 t rees a n de merged fro m i t hell liT he became com­ ri vers 011 t h e !l oon , a po s si b i l i t y n ot refutedpletely lost. I l is �KCOI I n l is s t r i k i n g l y s i m i la r u n t i l a li cr h i s deat h . Ad amski a lso hol ster edto the incident i n 1 9�S of t h e sa i lor on t he h is ca se rith a n u m ber of p ho t ogra p h s , saidB r i t ish oil t a n ker who ent ered a s t ra n ge t o be o f disc- l i k e scou t s h i ps a n d c i ga r­re al i t y for some m i n u t es as the v e ss e l sh a ped n t o t h n s h i p s . The n t cd i a lovedp a s sed l lnou g h t h e sa u t e a r e a . a lt ho u g h h i m li > r t h is and he a t t racted a wide !allow­this occ u ned years bcli:•re t he t ria n g l e i n g. Een t h i rt y years a fier his dea t h . thelege n d was hor n . co n t actee t nm·cmetH, w h ic h h e dlcct i cly Thne is a lso a cl a i m . t h o 1 1 gh t h e story liumdcd , enj oys st rong s u p port . particu­lacks verill ca t io n . that a < i i l i a n a i rna ft larly o n t h e Americm we s t c oa st .la n d i n g at : l i a m i d i sa p pe a r ed li·mn radar , n a l ysi s a i H I co m p u t e r e n hancem e n t o fscree n s fo r t e n m i n u t e � . a n d t h a t w h e n it t h e Ad a m s k i pho t o g r a p h s [;tiled t o establisht o u c h e d down a l l d oc k s and watches on t h a t t h ey were o f large. s t r u ct ur ed craft ,hoard t h e p lace were ex act l y t e n m i n u tes even t h ou g h a more i n t e r e s t i n g p i e reslow. o f c i n e fi l m o r a sco u t s h i p , t a k e n l a t e r Th e Bermuda Tri;mgle l i n t s h as a c u rious b y o n e of Ad a m s k i s d isci ples, s t i l l h a s i t sdouble ! i f(:. !any p eo p l e u n lit m i l i a r w i t h a d h eren ts.t h e s u per n a t u ra l acrept i t a s a ge n u i n e, :Jany ot h er contart ees li>llowed, a t f i rstwell-established phenomenon. It still fea­ o n l y i n the U S, b u t lat er i n E u rope. Sev­t u res i n potboiler hooks, s i ll y science fictiou eral s p i ri t u a l ll. > 1 m d at i o n s e m e rg ed , basedfi l m s and ge neral m edia s t ories. Yet the 01 1 t h e tea ch i n gs of t h e aliens via t hese con­m a jori t y of serious resea rchers i n t o para­ tans. The Act h cr i u s Societ y . tor exa mple,normal phenomena and. or course, the whirh was li: m n d ed by a London t axisceptiral sci e n t is t s who distn iss all !» U pemat­ d ri er, todav h as t housands of s i ncereu ra l t ales, a rc l i �t onn· bot h in <�greemen t membet·s and i n t el l i ge n t p roponents in thet hat , d es pi t e t he occa sional i n t erest i n g t.:S: a n d world wide. Th e so ci e t y u t ilizeseveu t i n t h e area . i n t r u t h t here is i n a ll pro­ p ra ye r ba t t e ries to c h a n n e l posit ive energybabi lit y n o s u c h t h i n g as a d ead ly Berm uda from alien masters, s11ch as LordTt·i anglc. Act herius, in o r dc t · to p reven t wa rs .A L I E N E N C O U NT E R S
    • Tht: C IA, which cum·cued secrel ly i n One o f Adamskts pnoogrdphs of a moti1er sh•p w•h scout I!)52 10 discuss L F< >s, latn com m en ted sh•ps emerging from 1t.l�n·ou rably 011 how the Oert stories of thecontactecs had helped them ach ien· a task source of seri ous experiment to un lock thethey had long sought to do th emscles - to subconscious mind.defuse serious sci enti fic i n terest in alien There had been sporad ic reports li·01 ncontact ia U FO si ghtings. I DOG onward of people in a trance who Th e climax of the con tactec movemel l t allegedly rcli,·ed an existence preious tocame i n t h e late I 950s. I n deed , o n e of t hei1· their b i rt h . By the I 950s the Ork of psy­members stood against :--.: ixon awl clwlogists such as Sigm u n d Freud (un racl­Kennedy for US President (but withdrew ling the hidden meaning of d reams) andon adice from h is com m u n icating alien t h e still atlie Carl .J u n g (who had proedfriends). He did this, he clai med , to ensure that h u man bei n gs sh ared a collectiethat Ken nedy won and staed off a n uclear u n conscious containing race memories andholocaust threatened b y the com i n g Cuban other com m on moti fs) had begun to poin tm issi le dispute with the USSR. the way toward possible n ew deelop m ents. The ch; ce e-cnt ually ldl to a n amateur m19U researcher in Colorado, :I orey Bemstei n . B etween late : Oem her I !1:) 2 a m i early I 953 (when her h usband cut them s hort ) B c m stein con d ucted a se1·ies or tests with a M E M O R I E S O F PAST LIVES 2!)-ycar-old local socialite. : I rs irgi nia H ypnosis h as been known for thousands o f Tighe. The staggeri n g results became the years and u sed for t w o cen t u ries, often for subject of a best-selling book and popula r mere entenainment, aher i t was popular­ moie ent itled Thr Sra rch for nridrv ,lll lj!hJ. ized by Franz l esmer. I n itially it was little Under hypnosis, : I rs Tighe, who had no m ore than a party trick and was rarely the I J·ish desce n t , regressed to a life as Bridget ALIEN ENCOUNTERS
    • ( B ridey) � l u r p h y . horn in Cork in Decem ­ Psychologists later established t hat theber 1 7�1H. S h e was able to p rovide an a maz­ brain rer a i n s memory of almost everyt h i ngi n gl y detailed accou n t of her fam ily. ir experiences a n d t h a t , w hereas t h i s is nor­marriage, e·eryday feat ures of her life. mally inaccessible to conscious recall, anames of local streets and shops, and of process called cryp t o m n esia can someti m esher death after fal l i n g downstairs. having loosen t h e t ies and al low some of it tomoved over 250 m i les to Belfast. She cou ld bubble to t h e su rface. H yp n osis was fou n deven dance I rish jigs. sing songs and usc a t o en hance t h e p robability o f cryptom nesia.few I rish words in t h e i r correct usage fi·om Research i n to such mat ters con t i n u e d ,1 50 years hef(lrc h a n d , even though some with fur ther p a s t life regression experi­had since altered in meaning. ments grabbing the popu l a r i maginat ion . Sceptics who set off to I reland to d is­ Sceptics strongly challenged t h e whole con­prove t h e cla i m as p u re fan tasy received a cept of hypnosis u n ta p p i n g t h e wonders ofsu rprise. Although cert a i n fac l s were wrong rhc h u man brai n . They ci ted several exam­and some were u n chcckable (records of ples of s i m i lar rich m e mories of past l ivesbirths were not kept fro m that far back and h a v i n g withou t doubt slcm med from novelsthus no real B ridcy l ur p h y cou ld be read long ago or from snatches of con versa­p roven to have lived ) , others, such as t h e l io n from child hood , of w h ich t h e h ypn o­n a m e s of shops and t h e c o i n s then i n use. t i zed sul�jcct had no consc ious recollec t i o n .were all correct . T h e doublers c l a i m e d hy i m pl icat ion t hat Debate set t led upon exact ly what kind or all past l i fe memories could be reduced to adata could be produced by h y p nosis. It was fa n tasy built from such earlier experiencesdimly recogn ized alread y t hat it could if more research were possible.release i n formation and me mories h i dden Of course, there were many who aimedfrom the bra i n . But equally it could stim u ­ to d isprove t h i s and who set about con d u ct­late fan tasy a n d role play. ing fu rther i n vestigation with new e n t h u si­ There was a clear choice about the Vir­ asm . 1 l o reover. t h e fact that more than halfgin ia Tighe/ B ridey M ur p h y case. Eithe1· the worlds popu lation o u tside t h e Ch risr ­this life was a real memory see p i n g ian religion mainta i n ed a strong belief int h rough , possibly getting contami nated to t h e rcalit y o f past l ife fuel led t h e desire tosome extent along t h e way, or t h e woman prove t h e sceptics wrong. The battle lineswas i n v e n t i n g the whole t h i n g without real­ were quickly d ra w n .izing i t , the few correct facts be i n g incorpo­ 1914rated fro m books she had read in t h e past.This M rs Tighe vigorously den ied . Eve n tually, a rival Ch icago n cwspape1· 2 1 OCTOBER I U ROPEreported t hat : I rs Tighe had lived as a - . U FO E N C O U N T E RS I N Esmall c h i l d close by an I rish liunily calledCorkcll, t h e mother bea ring t h e maiden The C FO m ystery suddenly outgrew i t sname of Bridie. �Irs Tighe said she had American roots with a series of dramaticnever k nown of t h i s liJCt. Yet t h e possib i l i t y e ncoun ters d u ri n g one t e n -day spell.t hat t h is h a d been the sou rce of the i n for­ France was the focal point of the wave butmation used unconsc iously by I rs Tighe cases were a lso generated i n Brit a i n , Spainwas t oo strong fclr most to resist. even a n d I talY.t hough some parts of the expose were The sighr i n gs were parr icularly i n terest­never verified. I t is wort h mentio n i ng, too, ing for provid i n g the first reliable 1·cportsthat � 1 rs Corkells son was an edi tor w i t h of alien e n r i r ics bei n g seen close to U FOs.t h e newspaper c h a i n carry i n g t h e slory. They often rese m bled h u mans, tall andALIEN ENCOUNTERS
    • w i t h blond hair, similar to t hose m e n t i onedbY the c.:on tactee m on men t The d i l ference · .was t h a t t h ere was no u rge here t o i n d u lge 191� NOVEMBER L I F E AFTER D EATHin metaph ysic.:s or t o fou n d societies . I n o n e t ypical case, at Ra n t o n , England Sco t t ish med i u m I l clen Du ncan holds aon 2 1 October, �Irs J essie Roestenbe r g a n d part icularl y memorable place in t he h istoryh e r t wo you n g children hid u n der a table of t he para normal for a n u mber of reasons.in fea r as the LJ FO hoered o u t side w i t h By 1 956 she had had a cont roversialt wo t;tir-haircd bei ngs gazing dispassio n ­ career spa n n i n g more than t ,·e n t y-fiveately down at t h e m o u t of a large pic t u re Cars as a rare p ract it ioner o f the v isible artwi ndow. � [ a n y cases such as t h is occu rred of Spiritualism - bei n g what is called ain isolat ion from one anot hct· d u ring t h is p h ysical med i u m . She did much more t handra m a t i c burst of act i ,· i t y . s i m p l y pass o n messages receiYcd i nside her These reports h e l ped to re-establ ish t h ecred i b i l i t y o f LJ FOs and . in part icular. oft h e idea of alien con t ac t . Med1um Helen Duncan h a d many brushes with the law but was never pmved guilty of fraud. ALIEN ENCOUNTERS
    • miiHI fro m u n see n spirits of t h e dead. nat ion a I hea d l i nes. :It hou�h IJ·aud andSt i c ky w h i t e ect oplasm ext ru ded from her co n s p i racy 1o defra u d "ere lhe n1 a i nbody and al legedly li>rmed i n t o s h a pes of charges l e velled agai n s t h e r . t h e 200-year­various dead rel a t i cs ,dw m her cl i e n t s old it chrraft Art was also c i t ed ( for t h e"CIT t n·i n g t o c o n t act . Their t hree- d i m e n ­ las t t i m e i n B rit ish h i s t on"). Des p i t e t es t i ­sional forms t h e n bridly e m e rged fro m a m o n y from s u pporters a n d a n offi_..- t o gi "tcabi n e t , wandered i n t o t h e d i m l y l i t sea nce a d emonst r a t ion in co u rt , which t h e j u ryroom, and d e p art ed a ga i n . rejected, I I den Du ncan was f i. m n d g u i l t y Cou n t less people were coninced b y all a n d sent t o I l o llowa y womens priso n i nof t h is, l<J t e r co m i n g f rward t o <I l l est t o the o Lon d o n l(>r n i n e m o n t h s .a u t h e n t ici t y o f t h e ap pari t io n s t h ey h ad S h e eme rged a broken wo m a n , Owing- i nseen a n d Cen touched . Some or t h e p h ot o­ fi l l u re to gic up holding sea t Kes li>rgraphic e v i dence, howee r, looked less 1 1 1 o n ey. B n t she was soon h;Kk i n business.t h<Jn p e rs uas i n· . The m a t erial ized f(>nll of leanwhile, pop u la r o u tcry from the S p i r i ­. I rs D u nra n s c h i ld s p i r i t g u i de . fi l m ed at t u a l ist I I I OYCI IH n t had ca ust>d t he i t c h cralia seance in I !J:t� . h ad t h e decided a p p ear­ Act t o he re p eal e d . It was rep laced by t h eance of a blow n - u p doll wi t h ra t h e r cr u dely Fra u d u l e n t l ed i u m s Art .pai n t ed f:Kial teat u res. wrapped in a w h i t e I n 7o" e m ber 1 9:1() I lclen l l u tKan ( nowsheet. B e t h at as i t might . s u ch was t he ro n ­ aged 51)) h d d a seance iu :o t t i n g-h a m t h atelusion rear bed by t h e t:tr from scept ical was s t a ked out by police. Aga i n t heygh ost h u n t er I l a rr y Price. a t t e m pt ed to grab ec t op las m w h ich t h ey .Irs D u n can had fi rst been in t rouble i n p re s u m ably ex pect ed to be some k i n d ofI 9 :n w h e n police i n fi l t rated a seance i n norm a l m a t e r i a l . To t heir a st o n i s h m en t ,Ed i n b u rgh a n d she was charged w i t h fra u d . t he med i u m col l a psed .A pol icewom a n grabbed a t t h e ect oplasm i t· I rs D u n G t l l was t a ken bac k to Sco t l a n dfor m a n d came awa w i t h a w h i t e ,· es t ! it ­ and e n t ered hospitaL seriously ill a ndn csses to t h e seance s i gned a statement to repu t ed l y bca r i u g scorch m a rks on hert h i s cflcct t h a t w a s used i n e i d en ce a t t h e s t o m a d 1 a rea. s u pposed ly caused 1)" t h et rial . The medimn "·as fou n d guilty of ect oplasm shoot i n g back t oo fast i n t o h e rdecep t ion a n d l i ned I I O. hod y . Spi ri t u a l i sts h ad long c l a i med t h at Later. d u r i n g t he war, when she began shoc k i n g a m ed i u m o u t of a r ra n n· co uld hewor k i n g in Port s m o u t h , E n gla n d , t he p o t e n t ia l ly 1;11al. Sad ly. i n t h is ctse. I i denpolice mou 1 1 1 ed fin·t lwr ra i d s . She was D u ncan may have proved t h em righ t . Shealleged t o be a n u isance t o t he a u t h o rit ies tHH r tTrmTrecl and d ied s u d d enly li"ebecause a t one sea nce a sailor who h a d weeks l a t e r , offi c ia l ly fi·01n nat u ral ca u s es .go n e down w i t h h i s s h i p came t h rough a n d 1917t o l d o f his rece n t deat h , h u t accused t h eRoyal : a") of delibcra t d v holding back 16 OCTOBER ALI E N BABI E Spublic k n owledge of t he sin k i n g. There wassp ecu l a t i on t h at t he m ed i u m had beengi "en a hard t i m e to preve n t her accid e n ­t a lly d i snwering- more w a r secrets� The worl d s first recorded ( a n d consciou s l y hen 1 h e pol ice broke i n o n a no t h e r recollec t e d ) abduction by aliens a l lege d l yseance i n J a n u;try I �J. 1 -l , t h e i r a t t e m pt t o l a y occurred t o 2 :� - �·e a r-ol d Etrm worker Anto­h ol d of ectoplasm a n d pnn· ide hard e" i ­ n io i llas B oas ncar Sao Fra ncisco d e Sales.dcncc I(JI" fra u d t:t iled . En·n so. . I rs B raz i l . l ie said t h at a s t ra n ge object hadD u ncan w<Js arres t e d , held in jail a n d t ried descen ded out of t h e early mom i n g s kiesat t h e O!d B a i l eY i n a case t ha t m ade and stopped h is t ractor e n g i n e dead .ALIEN ENCOUNTERS
    • He was grabbed by several m ed i u l l l -s izcd Anton1o V1llas Boas undergo,ng med1cal tests follow1ng h1s alleged abduct1on by ahens.meu of h u m a n ap pearauce weari n g silverys u i t s aud b u n d led i nt o t heir domed lau d i u gcraft . I nside h e was rubbed down w i t h a gd hope t h at anot her like it might occur. Twosubstance ami t«:>nded by a strange fem ale s i m i la1· inciden t s would t hen senT to con­h umauoid with red h a i r , who barked and fir m each o t h er as proof of a real alien pro­velped like a n a n i ma l . The sex ually arou sed gra m m e on Eart h . presuma bly with theVillas Boas was t he n raped by t he woman iew o f cr«:>at i n g h ybrid h u man/alien babies.who gest u red to indicate that her purpose In 1 9G I , details of t h e happt> n i n g werewas to hae his baby in outer space ! submit ted to the British L FO jou rn a l . I n J a n u ary 1 9:i 8 , Dr Ol;n·o Fo n t es con ­ Fly n� SauCIr He1•itW, but not p ublished byd ucted a ful l inestigation a n d cloc u m e n t «:>d t h e m agazine for t hree years . ; l ea n time thedetai ls. V il las Boas neer m ade any money wild story· was vindicat ed b y t h e eve n t s innor d i d h e gai n immediate p u blicity from �ew H a m psh ire (see 1 9G J ).t h e incide n t . Fon t es decided to sit on t h e Less t han live weeks after t h e V i l las Boascase. w h i c h was u n p recedented. in t he enco u nter, however, a world awa" in t h e ALIEN ENCOUNTERS
    • English est l idlands, C y n t h i a Appleton , technology t o show ways t h a t t hese isitorsa young mother from Aston in B irm ing­ could destroy om ciilization.h a m , had an equally dra matic encoun ter. It is cert a i n l y i n trigu i ng, even though On 18 : ovember 1 957 the 2 7 -year-old most of the cases happened in isolationwoman suddenly not iced that the sky had fro m one another and were free of anyturned p i n k . S i m u l ta neously, t here was an likely collusion, that t his combination ofelect ric flash in her living room (scorching s t range eeiH s occuned a t s uch an appro­t h e floor and a newspaper) and a tall, priate poi nt in Eart h h istory. The wave wasblond-haired figure materialized. He sand wiched between two incidents that like­showed her a hologram (a concept n o t y e t wise inYoiYed powerful electrical fields -inven ted) and d u r i n g the course of seen stalling the fanners tractor and b u m i n gmore isits up to early 1 959 discussed sci­ t he mothers floor. : e i t h e r achieved public­ence and philosophy w i t h h e r. ity at the time yet both fea t u red a new I n early J u ne 1 959 C y n t h i a gae birt h to theme - of alien babies - a trend that wasa fair-haired hoy. Although it was appar­ to become domi n a n t decades later.ently fat hered by her husband (who ne,·er 19J�met the alien), Cynthia was coninced thatthe childs spiritual pedigree was alien.She claimed t hat fu ll details o f t h e birth had 4 OCTOBERbeen predicted during t h e final visit by thet a l l , blond stranger and that she had been f THE R EBORN TWI N Stold to name the baby lla tthew. After fie or six years o f research into the When she first reported this story, the possibility of reincarnation , argu ments stillV il las Boas case had been recorded i n D r raged as to the u n s u i tabil i ty of eidenceFontess s urgery bm had n o t been publicly procu red u nder regression hypnosis. Thenrevealed. In t h e month between the B razil­ a case occurred which seemed to proYideian adYen t u re and I rs Appleton s first the perfect answer to the critics.alien contact, t h e Earth had e nt e red the I t d id not come from a count ry such asspace age, with the Soiet l a u n c h of S p u t n i k I nd i a . w here belief in past-life existe nce wasI . Moreoer, a n extraordin a ry sequence of commonplace. �or was hypnosis im·oh·ede·en ts had occurred between 3 0 October in a n y way. The memory was completelyand 7 :ovember, when no fewer than conscious and, indeed, e·en displayed somethirty- three cases of car stoppages had been associated physical eYidence.recorded, mostly in the western U SA and The eyents began t ragically in Englandn ine of these within the Lee lland, Texas, on 5 lay 1 9:) 7 when two sisters, aged Garea on the n ight of 2/:) �ovember alone. and l l , t he only children of the PollockThis amazing cluster of e·ents within such a fam i ly from f l ex h a m , :ort h u mbe rland,short t ime represented one- t h i rd of all such were k il led along w i t h a you ng male school­known cases during the decade u p to 1 95 7 . friend in a freak accident. A widow, who I n s u c h i nstances, a U F O , usually in t h e had taken an overdose of sleeping pills andform of a gl owing b a l l of energy. appears in was determined to end i t all a t t he wheel offront of a car a n d causes a complete loss of her new car, careered down the hill andpower, stopping its e ngine and extinguish­ struck the t h ree children as t hey walkedi n g its headligh ts. A s t rong electrical field cheerfully a long t he paement towa1·d aseems to be generated and arious theories ch urch sen·ice. They were killed outright.hae at tempted to ident ify this. Those who J ohn Pollock, despite bein g a Catholic,su pport the idea that U FOs are alien visi­ had a strong and rath e r u n usual belief i ntors claim i t as a demonstration of superior reincarnation , a doctrine n o t accepted b yALIEN ENCOUNTERS
    • his faith. He had prayed re p eat e dly for t h is USA. I nevitably, motivation must to some to he proven through him in some way. exten t have coloured t he reported results.After the t ragedy. an d apparen tly without ie,·ert heless. John Pollock said t hat th e the agreement of his wife , Florence, he girls u n m istakably recogn ized t hings (e.g.came to see t h is terrible e·cnt as p u nish­ t he school attended by their dead sisters) men t for his pleas to God: but he also fel t that they cert ainly ought n ot to hac knownsure t h a t the matter was n o t at a n end and abou t . that his prayers would be a nswered. When t he girls were four, some dolls Some months later, Florence became were left ou tside their room. These had preg n a n t. Jo h n a n nou nced that she would belonged to their s isters and had beengive birth to twins and t hat they would be locked away for the past five years. the couples dead daugh ters reincarnated. Although the su�ject of reincarnation had Florence, horrified by this notion , openly never been men tioned in the twins pres­scoffed. Her doctor was adama n t that as ence (at t heir mot hers insistence), t hey there was no h istory of twins i n either might admittedly ha,·e overheard their par­ family the cha nces were highly remote. The ents discussing it. Either way, bot h girls hospital gynaecologist added that only one reportedly recognized these dolls, gaefoetus was detected in : I rs Pollocks womb. t he m the correct names and ident ified End of argu men t. wh ich belonged to which s ister from their Yet Florence Pollock did after all giw supposedly p rnious existence. birth to twin girls on 4 October 1 958 - just :l ore frigh tening still were the occasionsseven teen months after t h e t r ag i c death of when one sister was f(m n d cradling the t heir s isters. ot he1·, talking about blood pouring from I m m ediately, it was noticed that one twin her mouth, just as it had after the terriblehad a 1;1illl white mark on her forehead acciden t ; or when bot h girls were found i n that matched a scar on the head of one the t h e back garden clutching each otherdead daughters a fter she had fa llen from t ight ly, screaming out loud , after a car had her bicvcle as a toddler. start ed u p and happened to he pointing There was also a birthmark on t h e hip of toward them at the same angle as the ca r that same newborn daugh ter, exactly where that had killed their sist ers during th eir it had been on her dead sister. Such birt h­ final, terrif>·ing moments. marks may pass from gen eration to genera­ After the age of !i years t hese incidents tion , yet it was considered un usual t ha t , ceased. The twins did not learn of their despite t h e twins bein g formed from just supposed reincarnation until I !li2 andone egg. wh ich normally means they arc both grew u p witb n o way of knowing iden tical and sh are all m�jor physical ch ar­ whether or not it was credible. They h a d noacterist ics , only one of them possessed that conscious memory con necting them with birt h mark. The same, of course, had been t h ei r long-dead sist ers. As adults, one took true of the deceased (non-twin) sisters. an int erest i11 the paranormal, the otherAlthough the forehead scar faded after a preferred to avoid talking about the matter few years, t he birt h mark remained. a ltogether. Various incidents occu rred to confirm Like the rest of u s , the Pollock girls may.J ohn Pollocks opin ion t ha t his dead daugh­ neer know whether t h eir experience was a ters had been reborn. The fa mily m oved strange psychological mystery. somehow from H exham when the babies were only a con nected with their fathers un usual few months old, but he brought t hem back beliefs, or whethn they really were brought for a single day (at t he age of t h ree) on back from death to the fa mily that t hey had advice from a reincarnation expert in t he lost. as amazing proof of eternal life. ALIEN ENCOUNTERS
    • T HE S P A C E R A C ED u ring t h e S winging S i x ties a contin u ous stream of new tec h n ology-l(>r e xam ple ,e ffec t-al m os t concea l e d t h e da y - t o- d a yt ra n sistors t h a t m i n ia t u rized electronics to s t a rt l ingwas si gn i fi ca m , too , i(>r i ts e xp lo ra t ion o n t woimprovements now taken for gra nted. The deca d efron ts-w h a t m i g h t be t e r med i n n e r a n d ou terspace.la nd in g men on the �;l oon d e f i ed even the best ,mcrica ·s n c a r- m i rac u l o u s ac h ie v e men t ofscie n t ific com m e n t a t ors o f the day. As for i n n e rs p a c e , t h is was t h e e ra when the l i m i t a t i on s of o u rknowledge o r the h u m an psy c h e were first t r u lya p p reci a t e d . C o n s e q u e n t l y, th ere was an e xplosionor i n t e res t i n t h e w o rk i n gs of t h e m i n d , in a l t e redd i m e n sions, a n d rea akcni n g of s p i r i t ual va l ues .s t a tes of consciou sness, reaching ou t into ot h er a
    • bega n in earnest, w i t h n ew methods bei n g so ugh t to im prove t he q u a l i t y o f com nHmi ­ ca t ion . Alt hou gh many workers !Cit cert a i n t h at t h is w a s t ec h n ologi c al p roof of l i k afte rVO I C E S I N T H E SKY deat h , Ben d e r h i m sel f i n c l i ned to theEver s i 1Ke the d i s cove ry ol radio waves , it t h eory t h at t h e m i m i of t h e exp e r i m e n t erhad been spec u lat ed t hat if ESP was a sin•i­ was somehow a lt e ri n g t he magnet ic fi e ldslar (( >nil of e nergy . as was t ho u gh t proba­ i m p r i n t ed on to t he audio t ape a n d creatble, t h en som e kind of i ns t ru me n t m i g h t be ­ i n g t h e voi ce pattcrus by usi n g s o-called P Kdc ,·iscd t hat co u l d t u ne i n t o other d i m e n ­ ( psych oki n esi s ) - t he same f()rfe believed tosions. A prime c an didat e fi>r t h is concept t r i gger polt e r ge i st act ivi t y . Cert a i nly thewas t he rea l m o r li fi.· a fier d eat h . voices were rea l . Test s with carefu l l y I n t he late s u m m e r of 1 9:i 9 . Frie<h-ich screened eq u i p me nt in sealed roomsJ u rgenson , a Swed ish fi l m prod ucer who prm·ed posi tive , and t hey yielded voicespecial ized i n na t u re re c or d i n gs. was t api ng prin t rea di n gs on an oscil l oscope. in t h ebird songs when on pl ay b ac k strange same man n er a s a n y speech p a t t e r n .sounds in truded into h is work . They hen Ra udive d ied i n 1 974 , his voices ee med to be voi c es (i·om t h i n ai r talki n g in was reconlecl a ((·w days l a t e r. l le seemedsnatches about t he very su bject he was to be pleading t hat wor k should con t i n u en� cordi ng. a nd ot h er tedm iqncs b e exp l o r ed . Even Des p i te t h is odd coi ncidence. J u rgen son better resul t s were subsequ e nt ly dai med byass u m ed t hat h is m i rr oph o n e had p ic ked I I S i n g s p ecial circu i t ry or by recordi n g on toup a st ra y rad io t ransmission t h at chanced demagnetized tape fi·mn w h i te noise staticto he on t h at topic T h ro u g hou t 1 960 he off t he radio band when carefu l ly t u n edtried many m ore expe ri m en t s and the away from a n y t ran s m i l l in g stat ion s .oin·s kept appeari ng: alwap fai n t and I t was this !ina I s t ep 1 hat was event ually tos peakin g i n short bursts at what seemed to prm· ide the most amazing of all a l l eged com­he s p e eded u p ra t l S . But ohen, once he m u n ications. But t h a t was not u n til 1 97 7 .had al l u n ed to t h e m , t h ey were u n l n i st ak ­ 1961a b ly h u m a n n>ices. � l o reover, he some­t i mes recognized t he m as dead fi·iends orrela t i ves. By the m id-Sixt ies, the prog r ess i ve T H E L I F E FORCE( :crman gm·ern m c n t had fu nded para­p sycho l ogi ca l research at t h e U n i versi ty of D r Semyon K i rl ian was a n electrical engi­Frciburg, u n der the directo r sh i p of Profes­ neer i n the CSSR. I n I 939 h e d i scovered bysor l -l an s Bender. l i e was one of t he first t o an·ident an cfl(·n not u n der s tood for sev­take a n i nterest i n J u rgen son s work, li.>l­ e ral more years.lowed swilil y by Dr Konstam i n Raudive, a Kir l ian was usi n g a high-voltage syste mpsychologist exiled from t h e li>nner Latvian to generate low cu rrent i n his laboratory,re p u b l ic b efore its a n n exation by the CSSR. i n ves t ig a t i ng t h e possi b le eiTects of en ergyR a n d i e taped h u ndreds o f voices i n t e n fields on th e health and wellbei n g of a n i­years of expe r i men t s t hat c u l m i nated in h is mals. As h is hands moved along s i d e t h eI �)7 1 book Brlll kth rough. wh i<·h {lrst i n t ro ­ ele< t rode, a l la s h of li gh t lit t he roo m . l i ed uced t h e mystery t o t h e E n glish -spea k in g was b · ·i dl y st rm:k by a b last or energy; butwo rl d . t he c m-re1 1 t , u n l i ke t h at given out d u r i n g a Research i n t o what ca me to be called t h u nderstorm . was not strong e n ou gh to heE P ( ele c t ron i c vmcc p h enom enon ) now d a n gerous. K i rl i a n wondered, neertheless. THE SPACE RACE
    • 11· h a r r n i g l1 1 h ; t e h a p pened h a d r l u r i n s r a n ­ �: , . 1--tr rro:O•�--.:�o l · s 0 " thC �J al··n t J -.-1 IUll ,-i."r r1 -1"1d I ::il�0Vt; .) (iT·,Jr a nemrs f la s h htTll fn >lcn o n l o f l l r n . S o h e c/ U 1 e · 1 ;: c l �:_ s· .--:. iC.-t l e r · 1· n �J iJOS te ! . - f1 1, tt •(r,n.qJ e l�c1:::t ried r o d u plict l e t he p rocess by u s i n g l i g h t ­ .·:1·-:-; USCC kce·1 " i 1 :::� 1 l>t t d -- " . L O I : r 0/fC, yscnsit iH· paper. The res u l t 11·as ;1 11-ci n l p i c ­T L l lT ol h i s f i n g e rt i p s ,,- i t h b r i g h t l Y w l o u r e d g ; t l" a JH 1 i n c e n l i H· t o so-c; dkd K i rl ians t rea k s o f en ergy p o u r i n g f rom l l r e n 1 . l r p l H > t l >gra p h l .ra t h e r resem b l e d t h e p hotosp here o f t h e ,t f i rs t ir 11 as ;tss u nJcd . p a r t i c u la rl y i nS u n 11· h c n f l l r nnl d u ri n g a n ccli psL Spirit ualist c i n l c s . t h a t t h ese p i < l u res had In I �)() I t h i s ll"o rk 11·as i m porr ed 10 t h e c q > t u rcd the ;u r r;t " genera t e d b t he s p i r i tesl i n t h e wake of n e w k n 01dcdgc abo u t hod1 ol ;1 l i 1 · i n g tTltt u re . L n fi >rt u n a t ciY, i tbiological e n c rg 1 · fields f( n r n d t o be s u r­ proll.·d to h e no s u c h t h i n g. 1. i r l ia n i m agesn n r n d i n g l i 1 · i n g crea t u re s . eak c l cct rictl L l l l lw Ltken ol in a n i m a t e oh j ert s . a n d t h e; t i J d m agne t ic fi e l d s 1Trt k n own t o he ge r t ­ b r i g h t colo u rs t h a t rhar; K t critc t h e pho­I.T: t t ed . II enw1 ged t ha t some ;mirnab. t ogra p h s o l h a n d s ;md lea llS ( re a d i l yn o t a b h- b i r d s . u sed t he m lo n a Y i ga t c In �•dap t able 1. i r l i � t l l s u b jects) a re a n m t rol­i n r er-rca < l i n g 1 1 i t h t he m t K h sl ro n g n ckr­ b b le p ro d u ct of t h e phot ograp h ic t e c h ­l ro - m a g n c t ic f i el d s of t he E a r t h i r scl l . ! h i s n i q u e a n d not o l t h e o b je ct b e i n g f l l nw d .THE SPACE RACE
    • Some evidence was acnmHdated l h a l l h e such. his hoo k , Ntll Scitllrt of l.i{t·, wasK irlian a u ra a h e red an o n l i ng to t h e state ha i l ed a candidate ((H· bu rn i n g by m uc h ofof h ea l t h of t he s u � jen i n volved. Dr m a i n s t ream science and rcm;t i n s anat hemaT h el m a l l oss, at the L n i ,· ersi t y of to m a n y or his co ll ea gu es , even l hough h eRochester, : ew York , established marked has worked hard to devise e x per i me n t s tod i l li.-re nces. li>r e x a m p l e , between Kirlian prm·e or d isprov e h i s t h esis .p l 10tograp h y ol" ra t s w i t h ca ncer and ra t s K i rli a n p h otog r ;t ph y u ndoubtedly worksw i t h o u t t he d isease. B u t som e of t h i s was t h ro u gh a pe rfect l y u n d erstood n at u r aleven t u a l l y sl town to be a resu h of c h e m ica l p h ys i ca l p rocess ca lled t he co ron a d is­bod y < h a n ges wh ic h p rod u ce a d i lle r en t c h a r ge , in w h i c h t h e a i r hctwL·en t he fil medclenrical reanion, ma k i ng t he p hotograp h y o l�j ert ami photograph ic mat erial lneaksa usel"u I d iagnosl ic t o o l but not a s u pe r ­ down and ion izes i n to its co nst i t u e n t partsn a l u r;tl one. l h ro u g h a n electrictl bu rst of energy. What l loweve r, t h ere a re some stranger is i n dou bt is whether t h e pi ct u re s t h;tlcla i m e d res u l t s . In ex peri men t s with leaves. res u l t a rc me r ely random effects of" thisa fi.-w p h ot ogra p h s have revea led what I J J IHHlane process or some aspects of aappears to be the w h ole lea l even a ft e r part h i d den energy fie l d s u rrou n d i n g ;t h u manof il has b een tom away - as i f" an a lter­ bod y . I s it il l u m i n a t ed i n t o brief" p e r s pectivei ma ge o f t h e a u ra re m;t i ns . Those who su p­ ju s! as a lig h t n i n g fiash C;tn m a ke t h e la n d ­port t he view t hat t he K i rl ia u ph otograp h s sca pe visible l(n· a fra o i on o f a secon d ?d e p ic t S O I I H k i nd of ( i f{: l icld S I I ITOI I I l d i nga l l ol�jens ( i n a n im a t e ol�jecls a l l ege d l y p ic k­i n g t h e s e up hy n m l aCl w i t h l ivi n g t h i n gs )m a i n t a i n t h a t t h i s l ield does n o t d is p e rsew h e n t h e p h ys ic a l bod y dies, t h u s offering 1961 19 SEPTEMBERS(JJill evi d e nce for s u rvival or dea t h . Th e y T H E W H I T E MOU N TA I N Scite, as p o s s ib l e fiu t h c r l" irknce or t h i s ABDUCTIONin visible e n er gy lid d . cases 1 11 w h ic ha m p u tees lose li mhs but e m feel t heir The first m;�jor s pac e n a p p ing (;t l ie n abd lJ{ ­pn·senn· lon g a lier t he s u r ge r y is con­ l i on ) to ach ieve glob;t( ;J l l e n l ion o£·cu rred i nc l u ded . t h e hite � f o u n t a i n s o r : e w I I a m p s h i rc . B iolo g is t Dr Ru pert Sheld r;t ke ex t e nd ed l " SA, l a te l h i s n i gh t .t h e concept later s t i l l w i t h h i s ITse;trch i n t o lkt t y l l i l l . a social worker. a n d h e r h u s ­w h at he c a l led t h e morphogenet ic (or :"l ) ba n d , B ;t rn e y , w e re driv i n g home fro m afield - esse n t ial ly a st ru c t u r i n g energy field C :;t n a d i a n h ol id ay w hen t hey observed at h at S I I ITOU I I d s all ge n e t i c m a t erial. He fel t w h i t e l ig h t in t h e sk y . A l oc a l ;ti r fi>J"Ce basethat this SLTTS a s a b l u e p r in t l o e n s u re t h at rec or d e d a n u n id en t i fied radar t rac k i n g alp h ysic;tl le l l s grow into the correct fo rm the sa me t i me . The co u p le watchedr;t t her t h a n a n yt h i n g else. Alt h ou gh such t h rough binocu lars and t h e n su rfi..·red al i li.· e ne•·gy has m a n y s i m i la r i t ies i t h the c u rious t imt" loss, arr iv i n g home w i t h noK i rl i;lll ;t u r;t , S h e ldr a k e did not d eve l o p h i s llllJIJOry l ) r part or I h ei r jou rncy.w o r k fro m t hat p r e m ise, progressi n g to They re p ort ed t h e i n c i den t i m m ed i a t e l y ,mw h more sop h is t ica t e d COJ Kepls about but we re t roubled by i ts missing aspects .how t h e se � ! -fie l d s adapt and ch a n g e as B e l l y was d o gge d by sl r;tnge d reams a n dt i m e goes hy. Th us h e was an u a l l y def i n i ng l e n l l l a l l y t h ey bot h visited a doc t o r. Aliera p s y c h o l og ic a l . sp i r it u al and p sy c h i c doi n g t h l rou nd s of t he me d i ca l p rofession .t hem ol" e ol l l l io n to para l le l till p u re ly t h ey ended u p al t h e Boston offices of psy­physi< a l proc es s treated hy Darw i n . As chiat risl Dr Benjamin S im o n . Bet weenTHE SPACE RACE
    • December 1 96:) and J u n e 1 964 he con ­ Spacenapp1ng v1ct1ms Betty and Bamey Hill w1th a sketch ofducted n u merous hypnotic regressions t o the spacecraft they cla1m to have encounte1·edrclieYe t h e an xiet y o f t h e couple. To h i samazem e n t , t h e treatment tmco,·ered t h e as a p la net aro u n d t he star Zeta Ret icu l i im emory of a supposed spacenapping. (accordi n g to calcu lations by astronomy In t hese sessions bot h t h e l l il l s described t eacher : l �ujorie Fis h , based on Betty H illsbeing taken aboard a landed object by small h y p n osis t es t imom·). TheY tried t o take acreat ures with large eyes and pasty s k i n s book as proof of t he eYents b u t t h e a liens.and gi,·en detailed medical exa m i n a t ions. apparen t ly a fier some debate. decided notB e t t y had a pregnancy test, with a long t o allow this.needle used t o d raw Oa sam ples (a tech­ Dr Simon did not bclieYe i n t he actua ln ique not t h en i n use bm later adopted i n reality of t hese hyp nosis memories. Hetest-tube baby research ) . Barney h a d s perm accepted t hat the I l i lls bclie,·ed t hem a n dsamples sucked i n to a t ube placed m·er his t hat t h i s was n o t a fi·a u d , bm considered itgroin . The couple ,,·ere also shown a com­ to be a delusion. The couple sou g h t noplex star map that located t he alien world p ublicity, were clearly pert u rbed and spent THE SPACE RACE
    • feet and compa red i t t o a giga n t ic eel, mov i n g i n typically s i n uous fas h i o n . They a t t empted to give p u rs u i t hut despite t h e speed o f t heir vessel could not catch it befi:ne it sank fro m view. f l a n y of t he Great Lakes o n bot h sides of the U S/Canadian border have t raditions of mon sters. :fassive s t u rgeo n u p to 1 0 feet lo n g have been reported and t hese fis h , which ca n s u rv ive for u p t o fifty years, have someti mes been held responsible fo r such sto ries. Nat ive I nd ian legends and sight i n gs by trappers dat i n g from long bcf(He Loch Ness was popularized describe t hese Ca•- tr-dvellers encountenng UFOs have sometrmes recollected u n known serpent-shaped crea t u res with abductions d�ring hypnosis sessrons romant ic n a m e s such as Ogopogo ( i n Lake a g-ood dea l of t hei r own money on t herapy Okan agan) an d Champ ( La ke Champlai n ) . in an at t e m p t to overcome t h e t rau ma. 1964 24 :eH·rt heless . t he story so mehow leaked o u t i n 1 9G5 (though the I I i l l s were a p parently not res ponsihle). In d ue cou rse local jour­ MAY nalist John Fuller persuaded t he m to let T H E G H OST I N T H E W H I T E S U IT him t el l t heir story i n a classic book , nw fnlt•nujJtrd .fo u m r_v , w h ich was serialized J im Tem pleto n , a fire officer in t he nor t h ­ t h ro ughou t the wo rl d and was later ern En glish ci t y of Carlisle, w e n t o u t w i t h adapted as a El it h fu l and sober TV movie h i s fa m i l y on a s u n ny sp ri ng d a y to a bea u t y ( Thc UFO lnridrnt). spot on t h e ne;:J rby marshes of Solway Firt h . � l uch of t h is material. of co u rse. was A t o n e point h e took some colo u r pho­ a l ready documented before 1 964 when t he togra p hs of his d a ughter Elizabeth holding illas Boas case was p ubl ished in England. a b u nch of flowers. H e co u ld ha rdl y have even t hough t hat i ncident had been on predic t ed the outcome when t he fil m was record since 1 958. The para llels , including processed. J im was told t hat i t was a pity his entity descript i ons. t ec h n iques u sed and best shot had been spoi led by t he man i n terest in h u m a n re p rod u c t io n , seem hard s t a n d i n g in the backgro u n d . et no such to d i s m iss. man had been t h ere. Exam ination of t h e pri n t shows some­1961 12 t h i ng ext raord i nary. A semi-t ra n sparent figu re can be seen standing behind Eliza­ AUGUST bet hs head. Yet it is set at a sla n t i ng a n gle, in such a way t hat it wou l d be floa t i n g a few LAKE MONST E RS feet o ff the gro u n d if viewed in full per­ The fi rst serious rival to :essies s upremacy s pect i ve. was a major photograph of t he m on s t er H owever, t h i s is u n l i ke any n o rmal phan­ said to li v e i n Lake �la n i t oba in Canada. t o m p hot o grap h . The ghos t appears to be The very u n u s u a l s h o t was c a pt u r ed by t wo weari n g a space s u i t ! fishermen i n a motorboat and it depicts a I n (;tel , t h e w h i t e clo t h i n g a n d visor are s n a kelike ol�jec t almost on top of t h e wateL more a k i n to a rad ia t io n protection s u i t or, The men est imated its size as about I 0- 1 2 ap propriately, considering ;fr Tem p letons THE SPACE RACE
    • occ u pation at the time, a fi remans silver and d nn·e off lca,· ing him to hike the fi,·cu n i form for dea l i n g with special hazards. m iles home: The : l i n istry of Defence Aside from l lr Tem p leton, his wife and den ied any knowledge of this i nten·iew.their other daughter, who were standing The only m u ndane options left were anclose by when the photograph was taken, uns pecified freak pictu re , as the policewere equall y s u re that nobody i n t r uded eentually decided, or a combination ofimo the shot. They did notice, howeer, drying marks i n the dc,·e lop ment that bythat the air was charged as if an electrical chance resembled a figure, someth i n gstorm were brewing. Sheep and cows ncar Kodak thought ery im probable. The com­by were bchai n g oddly as i f i n response to pany ofkred a reward of free film for l i fe tothat. any photographic expert who could solYe The matter was reponed to the police, the mystery . Th irty years later the reward iswho tried to s u ggest it was a streaker, but unclaimed.admitted the Templctons would have 19�1noticed someone running arou nd themarshes without any clot h i n g. They alsoconsidered a double exposure, with T H E OUT E R S PAC E F RONTI E R - Ianother of the Tem pleton negaties - per­haps of a colleague in a fi resuit - acciden­tally stam ped on lOp of this shot during Th roughout the I 960s, both the US: a n dlaboratory processing. Kodak, however, U SS R lau nched dozens o f man ned flightsexami ned t he film and concluded other­ into Earth orbit and then onward to thewise, noting t h a t there was no overlap of :loon. There were cou nt less other remotethe figure in the girls hair - where the probes to film the :loo n , :I ars and Venus.double exposure would have con t i n u ed ifthis was how the effect were produced. The T h e Moons influence on zodiacal signs a n d human lives.i mage appeared to be of a semi-transparent as dep1cted in a 1 5th-century book on astronomy.but real person partially blocked out by theback of the girls head. S u pern a tu ral theories have i nclu ded aJ a pa n ese researchers idea of a holographprojected by chance through electricalfields, perhaps from the Chapel Crossn uclear power plant across the SolwayFirth. If so . it must have been p r�jectedthrough time as well as space because theplant a u thorities stated they had no menworking in protectie s u its on t hat day.Alternati,·cly, a U FO ex pert s uggested apartly formed alien entity emerging froman otherwise i nvisible craft . The incident a p pare n t l y aroused goern ­m e n t i n terest, for a few days later two menin a dark car, showing identification,qu izzed J i m Tem p lelOn at the site, askingpec u l iar questions about bird life. Theybecame an noyed when he refused to acceptthat he had not filmed an ordi nary man, I [[] THE SPACE RACE
    • I nevi ta h l y. d u r i n g som e miss i o n s . st ra n ge i n g bags o r wast e m a t t er. T h ese ref krt t het h i ngs were see n . But WCI"l a n y o f t he m u n filt ered s u n l i gh t so st ro n gl y t ha t t he y ca l lt ru ly u nex pla i n ed ? glow wit h great in t en si t y . I n a deta iled rev iew of t h e evide1u-e pub­ The most persistent legends. however.lished in I !lG9, Dr Fra n k l i n R o ach . an have grown u p arou nd t he A p ol l o f l i gh t s toast roph ysicist at t h e l n i v e rs i t y o f Color;u lo the : l oo n w h ich fc>l lowed t h e se Gem i n i d ryand a iASA consu l t a n t , p ic k ed o u t t h ree r u n s . Several h a m radio operators cla i m t oexpe r iences t hat h a d some cu rious f(·a t u n·s. h aYe heard t h e real broa dcast s from 1: ei l Two of t hese occ u r re d d u r i n g a Cem i n i 4 Armst rong a n d B u z z Ald r i n w h ile on t h ef l i g h t in .J u ne 1 9G5 a n d i nvolved astro n a u t : l oons su r i ; K e i n J u ly 1 969, ra t h e r t h a n.James : lc Di ,·i t t . T h e most i n teres t i n g was t h o se re la yed by :ASA aft er a sl i gh t dela ya n o l�ject l i ke a beer ca n wi t h p rot r u d i n g to a llow a n y securit y da t a to he hla< ke da n t e n n ae t ha t he saw as t h e cra li orbi t ed out from t ra n smission to t he watc h i n gmer H a w a i i on 4 .J u n e. l i e t oo k l i l m of t h is. wo r l d .but when :ASA r el e a sed what t h C) Acc onl i n g t o t hese u t t erly u n su p po r tedassu m ed were h is s h o ts. he was con v i ll ced al le g a t i o ns, t h e <TlW of Apol l o I I spok e oft hat t lw two w h i t e a n d rat h e r fu zzy hlohs bei n g met on the : l o o n , d esui h i n g whatwere not w h a t he had seen b u t wt·n· re l lec- t hey saw i n terms s11ch as, These babies a rc1 i o ns or s u n lig h t off hol t s on I he ca p su les h u ge. sir . . . Oh Cod, )Oil wou l d n t helien· i t !w in d ow. Des p i t e an ex t ensive scan h I m telli n g you t h ere a re o t h e r spa cecra ftt h ro u g h t h e thousands of i ma g es t h at were o n t t he re . . . l i n ed u p on t h e br sid e of t het a ken Oil t h at m i ssio n . t h e act u al p i ct u res or c r atc L the o l �j e<·t were never t r an· d . A It h o u g h I have mpll l heanl t h es e stories d i re<·t ly:lcDivi t t dot·s not think that sin ister. fro m a ll e g ed e a rw i t u esses. b u t t he y hae n oass u m i n g t h a t h is hast y photograph y of a h a r d evidence (e. g . t a p e r eco r d i n g s ) to backb r ie fl y p erc e i ved object d id n o t t u rn o ut as t h em u p . �AS., of co m ·sc , den ies a ny t r u t hwell as e x pec t ed , he neve rt h el e ss beli eves t o t h e m , add i n g t h a t i t relay e d most o f t h et hat t he u n identi fied ol�jert h e sa w was Apollo I I m essages fro m t h e ;·l oon in realp rob a b ly o r b i t i n g m at erial a nd not a n a l i e ll t i me a nd would have been glad to t e l l t lws p a c es h i p ast ride ( :em i n i 4 . world had i t f( n m d e· idence of a li e n li fe. I n Dece m be r I !l<l5 . . J a m es Lovel l a n d Then in 1 979 t h e fi >rnw1· c h ie f of ;IJASAF1·a nk Bonu;m , I wo a st r o n a u t s w h o p;n·t ici­ u>m u > u ni< a t io n s . : I a u rice C h at elai n . p ub lished his ext raord i n ary hoo k . Our ,lll((.lfnn ­pat e d i ll subseq u e n t � l oon m issio n s ,en gaged i l l a recorded c o n versa t i o n w i t h Ltllllf Jimn OutN Sjillcr. I n t h e m a i n t h is ((>1-g ro u n d w n t ro l , d escrib i n g a bogey a t 10 lo wed a t r e nd a fter the ra p i d terminat ion ofoclock h i g h . This was con li rm e d not to be t he �l oon l a n d i ngs i n 1 973, s u g g est i n g t h a ta hooster rocket from t h e i r own launch t h eir l l ntX J >ened e n d i n g w a s n o t d 1 1 e to( w h i c h te nded t o rema i n dose to capsules fi n a ncial c 1 1 t backs (as t he LS govern me n tand cause spu rious s i gh t i n g s ) . They saw i ns i s t ed ) b 1 1 t t o t h e a l ien presence t h ey hadone lar ge . u u i d cn t i l i ed l i g-ht and many d i scovered ou t he : l oons su tf;Ke. l iesmaller part i d e l i g h t s nca r b y . a l lege d t hat t lw g i st of t h e Apo l lo I I story I n othn fligh t s, e.g. Cem i n i 1 2 011 1 2 was correct . There were i n deed st range:m·embn 1 9GG. l i l m was t a ken of st ra n ge naft on t he : loon ; alt hough A r mst r o n go l� j erts i n t h e f( m n of large blobs. Al tho u gh a n d Aldrin have ne·e r supported such a l le­n ot de l i n i t e ly i d e n t i fied , sc e pt i c s think g a t ion s.t h em u n l i kely t o h e m y s t e r io u s . I ndeed . ; lore stories of S t i C h a p r es e n ce Gl lllesome of t ht>m a p pear t o be d eb r i s cast o u t from Geo rge Leo n a r d , a researcher w h oi n t o m·bit rrom t h e t i n y spaccn;di - i nd u d - scru t i u ize d detai led photographs of theTHE S P A C E R A C E
    • lunar su rface and claimed t o be able to see An ar1rf:cral strue1ur·e supposedly found on c lose - up shots ofmachines carrying out min ing operations. the lunar surface. A srgn of alren pr·csence or a .-ock shadow Itogether wit h art ificial st ruct ures. Fewcould li nd t h ese 1 hings in his photographs, shuttle Hight in �lard1 I !):-i9 wa� supposed lydespite circles poi nting ont where t o look, inn>lved in a dose encou111er wit h an alienbut he st ressed that you needed to stare at spacecrali while on a military mission int he pict u res t o adapt you r eyes and t hen Earth orbit . Those exact words act uallythe line details emerged . appear o n a tape of t he grou nd-t o-space :ot surprisi ngly, most scient ists t hought com m u n ications t hat reached t he tabloidt hat eyest rain was a more likely explanat ion press. 1t t he same t ime it was alleged t hat ali>r t his effect. They noted t hat the t;unous fire had been reported on board 1he shut­canals observed on llars a cen t ury ago t le, but t hat fire was act ually < 1 code wordeve ntually t u rned out to he m u ndane geo­ f()r alien contac t !logical kat u res too small to he seen even Careful inest igat ion by L FOiogistst hrough the best Eart h telescopes. I magina­ reealed t hat t h is story t(_·ll apart. The crewt ion joined t he dots to see evidence of were Hl) helpful ami gan· full and ti·a nkstruct u re and intelligence t hat was never statcmems. The tape that cirntlated wasrea lly t here. The same ellen may well be at report ed to be a record ing o f a hoax mes­work with the orbital shots of "loon craters sage from an u n known sou rce breakingcon taining alien heavy plant machinery. into a relay ti·equency used by : ASr. Ewn in the 1 9HOs t he claims of st range I f t rue. e·en t he t ricksters are becomingencou111ers during spaceflights persisted. A more sophist icated. THE S P A C E R A C E
    • i n g fi·ee. B u t i f t he sighting n u mbers arc a nything to go by, a whole colony of big cats must be at large: yet no carcasses or bones have been d iscovered. 19�7 M YSTE RY M U T I LAT I O N S Sightings of wild cats. assumed to be lcng ext1nct 1n Bnta1n, On I 5 September I 967, a three-year-old ccnt1nue to be reported. pony called Snippy was l ()l l n d dead in Alamosa Cou n t y , Colorado. The loss of a19�� pet was a fa mily tra�cdy, b u t it was t h e man ner o f death t h a t was to have m;�jor 1 4 AUGUST reperc u ssions. Snippy was found partly skinned, its M ARAU D I N G F E L I N E S t h roat cut with what a ppeared to he a su rgi­ There arc many claims that wild cats, a k i n cal i n stru men t . Body organs had been to j u n gle p u m <� s o t · pant hers, a r e s t i l l at 1·emoYed, as if d u ri n � a ski lled operation, large in various parts of t h e world where a n d all the blood was d rained . cl no mess t hey are s u pposedly extinct. Althou�h had been caused. There was not a drop o f reports from t h e USA or Austr<�lia, where blood o n the grou nd b y t he body . similar a n imals were aro u nd u n ti l quite T h e police i n vestigation f led to come ai rece n t l y , m a y n o t b e all t h at surprisin�, i t is up wi t h a sol u t io n , b u t t h et·e were t h ose much more con t roversial in a coun try such who not iced that i t had occuned a m i d a as B ritai n , where it is t housands of years m;�jor wa·e of U FO sightings worldwide. since a n y such a n i mals roamed what was I ndeed , d mi n g t h e last week i n October. then a very d i fferent habitat. B ritain had i ts big�est ever o u t break of Yet t he si�lu i n gs at·e extensive, with focal sightings, lea d i n g to quest ions in Parlia­ points o f activity i n sou t h cen t ra l Sco t l a n d , ment and a govern ment decision (still the Pen nine H i l l s in n o r t h e rn England a n d , applicable) to ret ain all doc u mentation in i n particular, the moorland areas of Devon official c h a n n e ls. and Cornwal l . H ere u n known beasts have Other m u t i la t ions f()llowecl . most ly been blamed IC)r killing sheep, but man­ i n volving c a t t le i11 Color<�do, Wyoming, h u n ts have failed to ensnare them . Texas and other m id-western slates of t h e I n the mid- I 9GOs a waw of bi� cat si�ht­ USA. Theories normally settled on a i ngs occurred in S u rrey a nd a rare photo­ Sat a n i c rites c u l t , but several m;�jor investi­ graph was obtained by a police officer at gat ions failed to lind any su pport for this. Vorplcsdon near G u i l d l(nd . The cat , said The most act ive m u t ilation cen t re outside to resemble a p u m a , was only yards away. of the USA was Puerto Rico, where voodoo Opi n ion is divided as to what t h ese crea­ was s t i l l practised by rcrt <� i n �rou ps, so t h e t u res are. Some believe t hey are merely idea was never lot;tlly rejected. large domestic cats gone feral (wild ) . On As time wen t by, and fu r t h er cases other ocGtsions do�s are m ist<tken i f the emerged of sur�ically precise m u tilation cond i t ions arc not ideal. There arc also w i t h bloodless wounds, it was s u ggested some recorded instances o f big cats kept as t h a t laser bea ms m ight be i n s t r u m e n t a l : pets escaping fro m their owners and roam- and researchers compiled cvidcucc that THE SPACE RACE
    • s t range . un marked helicopt ers were fre­ m u ndane causes. Predators were blamedq u e n r l y seen at sites ncar by. Were t hey car­ for t h e alleged mu t ilations after dea t h .ryin g the mysterious cultists. or were t h e The dest ruct i"c report .lutr t�7.•idrna, b ycraft really t..: FOs ? I n n o r t h e rn E n gla n d . Daniel Kagan and I a n S u m mers, split t h ewhere cases o f slaugh tered sheep were reseat-ch com m u nity. Some acce p ted t h e i t­being a t t ribu ted to ghostly wild cats, a n d fi ndings as an i nd i cat ion t hat i t const i t u tes.without any knowledge of compat·able as J erome Clark termed i t i n 1 993, one ofsigh t ings in the USA. t he p hantom heli­ the most d u rable myths o f the late t wenti­copter. as t he police du bbed it, was regu­ eth cen t ur y . Ot hers are not so satisfied thatlarly seen hopping low across the hills late t he mystery is o·e,-, As long as cows appar­a t nigh t . e n t ly drained of blood con t i n u e to be fou n d The attacks con t i n ued m·er t h e years. I n on American ranches, this ,·iewpoin t is�lay 1 97 3 . a s more reports o f m u tilations u n l ikely to b e changed .were recei,·ed , two women dri,· i n g near 1967Hou ston , Texas, obsen-ed a bright l ight i nt he sky. C nder hypnotic regression con­d ucted by psychologist Dr Leo Sprinkle, 20 OCTOBERt h ey told of seeing a cow bein g s ucked upi n to a giant craft and t hen being taken I B I G F OOT F I L Maboanl t h emselves. l lere the· watched T h e most i m p ressi"e a n d con trm·ersial e·i­help l ess as aliens disscncd parts of the nence f()r the reality of B i gfoot was repu t ­a n i mal and conducted an experi men t . e d l y capt u red j u s t a fter I p . m . on t h i s nay I n J anuary 1 97 8 . again in northern Eng­ by Roger Patterson and Bob G i m l i n . Theyland. imnically b� the DeYil"s Gard e n . were riding i n the Six R iers Forest ofbeside the Rh·er eaer at Frod s h a m . northem California when t h e,- han a closeChes h i re, several poachers claimed t o ha,·e obser"a tion of a large u n i d e n t i fied figu re.seen a si lver bell-like ol�ject land. Somes t range bei ngs with m i ners lam ps on their Roger Paner.;ons cine-film sequence of B• gfoot cla•med to behead emergen and placed a fi·ame or cage the Amen can counterpart of the As•at>c Yet1.arou n d a paralysed cow as if t hey weretaking measurements of its body. Linda �loulton l lowe, an Americanresearche1· and T producer. won anE n t Y award for he1· documen tary AStrange 1/mc•tsi, p u t t i ng toget her the U Sm u t i lation e·idence for t h e fi r s t time. Shehas con t i n ued her work and reports amajor wa,·e of m u t i lated cows in mid­westem states d u r i n g t h e su mmer of 1 99 2 .;]though l l t cse remai n u nexplained, sheseems con"inced t hat t he· are d i rectlY Jrelated to alien spacenapping cases. A detailed i m·estigation by sceptics, p u b­lished soon after Howe "s documen tary,reached quite the opposite conclusion,effecti n�ly arguing that there were no morethan the usual n u mber o r dead cows beingd iscm·ered and t hat t hese cou l d all ha,·e THE SPACE RACE
    • Investigator Rene Dahinden bes1de the 8-feet-tall sculpture of Bigfoot at Willow Creek, California.THE S PACE RACE
    • They took a couple of m i n u tes of mone 200 1 , and with act ual : l oon landings abou tfi l m as i t h u rried away. t o occur, t h e speculatiYe q u estion posed b y Th e fil m itself is i n d i s p u table. It shows a t h e books t i t le w a s perfcrt ly t i med. eremanlike beast measu red as about 6 fee t fi cert ain ancient belief sntems and t eclmolog­i n ches t a l l , cm·ered i n dark brown hair. ical wonders. h i t herto att ributed to t h e skillsThe crea t u re has obYious i n t e lligence. t u r n ­ of our own ancestors, act ually engi neered bYi n g to look at t h e camera a n d i t s p u rsu ers. another ci,·ilizat ion from a distant star?Alt h o ugh not shown on fi l m . i t allegedlY This wa� bv n o means a new idea. In t h estopped l(n a t i m e to sit clown and watch early El60s, Raymond Drake, aut hor oft he two m e n c u rio u s l y . 1-l oweYer. t h e re are (;oris and SjHWIIUII, one of a w i de-ra n g i n gt h ose who feel that the gait o f t h e fi g u re as series of i n forma t ion b o o k s . h a d looked a tit lopes oil" i n to t h e trees i s rat h er l i ke a cave p a i n t i n gs and. in part icu lar, ritualh u m a n being. I f so. it co u l d well ha·e !wen m as ks t h at i n his o p i n ion d epicted aliena man d ressed i n an a p e suit . pre t e n d i n g to faces. li e also exami ned feats o f con s t rue­be B i gfoot . t i n· gen i m rangi n g {i·Oin the .:azca lines on Pa t t erson h i mself was no i n nocent the plains of Peru to the mom1 m en tal stonebystander. The war before. h e had pub­ circles o f Stoneh enge and t h e l i k e , forgedlished a booklet se t t i n g out t o prow t h a t from rock carried far across t h e coun trysidet h ere was an Abo m i nable Snowman i n t h e by m et hods hard t o concein� long hcf(H-cforest s of California. And he a n d G i m l i n t he era of transporta t i o n .had b e e n o u t rid i n g t h at da,· because of on lh n i kcn w rote s kilfu l lY on suchrecen t sigh t i n gs made by tourists i n t h e t o p ics a n d , t h a n ks to a well p l a n n ed p u b l ic­B l u ff Creek area. Also they cert a i n l y i t y cam paign which res ul ted i n enormousm a d e fi nancial c a p i t a l o u t o f t h eir newest book sales, serializat ion deals. T docu­· eYidence. men taries and moYies, t h e so-called ·ancient Some foot p r i n t s were f(Hmd i n the wood s astro n a u t s t h eory was born .at t h e s i t e , but experts s u ggested that t h ey hereas it is t r u e t h a t some of t h e i n for­did n o t match the size or s t ri d e length of m a t i o n t hat he presented in his series ofthe fi g u re depicted on the fi l m , nen books was i n t ri g u i n g and persuasive, t heret h o u g h theY did appear t o be too large for were w e l l argued claims fro m paranormala n y olw ious known a n i m a l . researchers, such as Ron S tory i n Tlzf SjHW Pat t erson neYer renou nced the ston· Gods Hrr•ea!NI ( 1 97f) ) , t h a t his i n terp reta­u n t i l h is death a n d G i m l i n s t i l l stands bY h i s t io n s sometimes went too far. l l is style wastestimony. B i gfi>ot researchers t a ke the quizzical and e n te rt a i n i n g . but his hypot he­p hot ograp h i c eYidence seriomly enough ses would o ft e n read as if they ,,·ere state­for d e t ailed d ebate. If a h o a x . i t is superbly m e n ts of fact . H i s crit ics also accused h i m ofexec u t ed . I f ge n u i n e . t hen it establishes clai m i n g as fi rst -hand observat i o n t h i n gsthe reali t y of t h e Y e t i/ B igf(>ot/Sasquatch t h at were allegedly o n l y re ported second­lege n d s once a n d f() r all. hand. A case i n p o i n t was h i s su ggest i o n that t h e .: azc1 l i n e s cou ld possibly haw been an a i rstrip for l a n d i n g craft sent by t h e skyA N C I E N T ASTRONAUTS gods, acco m pa n ied by p h o t ographs show­ ing what d i d i n deed resemble sect ions of nn1wav. ln fort u n ateh· , t hese t u rned out toI n 1 96� Swiss hotelier Erich nm Daniken he m u ch-short ened feat u res of a largerastonished t h e world with h i s book Cha riots draw i n g of a h i rds w i n g. i t h o u t fu ll i n f(n­ fo tht Gods ? Hot on t h e heels of t h e mone m a t i o n , i t was easy t o be m isled. THE SPACE RACE
    • By t he mid- 1 9/0s t h e ancient astronams furore had largely died down, lacking, as it d i d , t h e resilience of other widely criticized t heories, s u ch as the concept of the Bermuda Triangle. Yet i t undoubted l y gen­ erated int e resting speculations and p ro­ Oked an examination of myt h s and legends from other cultur e s where there docs indeed seem to be a broadly similar pattern to stories about gods descending in fiery chariots from the skies before recorded his10ry bega n . Von Dan i ke n s t i l l con t in ues h i s w01·k. well tempered by criticism . In 1 99 1 h e TOte the foreword to a Gennan trans­ N azca l1nes 1n the Peruvian desert, claimed by Ench vonRight: lation of a cau t iously objectie book thatDaniken to be the work of anc1ent astronauts. IAbove: Nazca sand draw1ngs of spacemen, a fish and an I co-au thored, which man y will see as aunident1f1ed ammal. positie s t ep .THE SPACE RACE [00
    • surrou nded the car and then awa ke ning on an u nfamiliar road in daylight. Their enquiries re,·ealcd that they had reached a desti nat ion physically i m possible for them to have covered by driving within the lim­ ited time available. They told their i ncredi­ ble tale to officials of the local Argentinian embassy. It was later revealed that another man driving on the same road had been attacked by a strange cloud. There are other cases of this type on record, the most recent, i n August 1 992, involvin g a family from Bedfordshire, in southern England, out on a busy Satu rday morning shopping trip. A m ist surrounded the car, wh ich then moved without warning to a nother location. �l ists or fogs, often green i n colour, but someti mes white and grey, appear fre­ quently to be associated with these telepor­ tation reports. I t is i nteresting, in this context, to recall the earlier and highly con­ troversial Philadelphia Experiment, in 1 94 3 , when a U S warshi p was allegedly mo,·ed through space and time. Witnesses spoke of an i ntensely electrified, glowing cloud that reportedly formed about the hull.��68 MAY O F F I C I AL END O F THE U F OS AUTO M O B I L E T E L E P O RTAT I O N On 8 January 1 969, a team of scientists Two cars travelling south o f Bahia Blanca, headed by Dr Edward Condon and fu nded Argentina, were involved i n a strange i nci­ by the US govern ment via the Cniversity of dent. En route to the same destination, one Colorado, published a 1 000-page report of them, occu pied by a doctor and his wife, stating that U FOs had made no contribu­ vanished. Despite a search, i t was not tion to science. The US Air Force closed its traced. Then , forty-eight hours later, U FO study project as a result. Several team friends of the couple received an aston ish­ members, however, had already quit to ing telephone call from Mexico City, a con­ write their own p ro- UFO report . Some sci­ tinent away. The doctor and his wife were e nt ists were so impressed by the data in safe - although t hey did not have the sligh t­ both reports t hat they started i ndepen dent est recollection how they travelled thou­ i m·estiga tions. Despite the negative public­ sands of miles! ity, there was no decrease in the number of All they recalled was a strange mist that U FO sightings. THE SPACE RACE
    • C H A L LE N G E O F T HEPA R A NOR M A L11 m a n y ways t h is was a decade o f t a k i n g stoc k , o f t h eories ra t h e r t h a n d ra m a t i c newphenomena. : o w t h a t t h e conce p t s o f rel a t i v i t y and q u a n t u mmec h a nics h a d been establis hed , t rad i t i o n a l sci e n cewas rea l l y i n t ro u b l e . And t h e i d eas of m ys t i cismwere f i l t e r i n g t h rough t o more academic ci rcles.Exci ted researc hers began to sense t h a t t here couldbe a m ee t i n g gro u n d o f old and n ew. Somescie n t i s t s t u rn e d ren egade and wrote openly abo u tt h e para n o r m a l . Yet t he key t o e xpla i n w h y t h ewo r l d t h a t w e e x pe rience i s s o d i fkre n t fro m t h em a ke u p o f o u r accu m u lated k n o wledge re m a i n edas c l u si,·e as ever. Po p u l a r co n ce p t i o n of t h epara n o r m al w a s one t h i n g , rea l i t y w a s a n o r h e LThe researc hers set o u t t o ge t t h i s message across.
    • 1971 29 DECEMBER warned of a lire risk hy d m a n i11 the spare sca t sitting next to him. Assuming him to he an airline engineer taking the flight. he AIRLI N E A P PARITION checked t he su gg e s t ed circuits. There was a One o f the most remarkable hau n t i n gs of t:m lt and probable disaster was averted . all t i l l l e began w i t h the tTash or an Eastcnl hen the captain tu rned to olli:·r t ha n ks , A i rl i n e s L- 10 I I Tristar aircrali as it headed t h e m y s t e ri o u s e n g i n eer h a d vanished. into I ia m i Airport abo"e the Florida E"er­ From descriptions, other crew members glades - a net work or all igator-infested shal­ 1-ecognized t he man as Don Repo. low river swamps. I n 1 97 :1 Repos ghost r e p ort e dly told the Flight ·10 I had come from : cw York crew that t hey (he and Bob Loft?) would with 1 7G p eo p l e aboard, which i n it sel f was nenT allow a not her L- 1 0 I I to crash. noteworthy: it should have had well m·cr I n deed , Easteru s large I I eel of fo rt y- n i ne 200 passe n gers but an IIJl usually large jets continued to ha,·e an imp1·essin· and l l ll lllber of th e m ta ncelled li 11· un known unblemished record. �loreoer, no other L- reasons at the last m i nute. Did they han� a 1 0 I I of any airl i n e cr ash e d liJr more t h a n a premonition or di saster? decade. One or t he stewardesses certainly d id. She The promise a p peared to have ended on told colleagues or seei ng the plane m m e 2 August I 9�: when a Delta Airways Tristar J down on flat watery land. But s h e was s pa red was hit by aweso me wind s h e<.T during a t he stru ggle with her conscience - and per­ fierce storm as it l an ded at Dallas A i rp o r t . h ap s her l i le was saved - by being sdt rhed to I t was smashed against the nuJway. Yet another route shortly beliJrehand. ncn here, despite the incredible i n ferno All a i rcraft instru memat ion bilcd t h ree ami carnage that resul ted , t h i rt y-o ne hou rs alier takeoll. i th the u n l it terrain people walked ou t of the wreckage, which below ollering uo visual dues, t he wide­ many experts co n sidered a v i r t u a l m i racle. bodied jet flew straigh t i n to the ground Perhaps they h a d some unseen help from i n s t ead of on to the n1 1 1 wa y . D e s p ite a mas­ beyond the gra n ? · si"C i m pa c t splintering the hull into pi e ces , , 197J the damp conditions prevented a l i re and 1no1T than one-th ird of those on hoard had a m i raculous escape. I B E N D! BEND! B E N D! �ot so l u c k y were pilot Bob Loft and second olll ce r Don Repo. I Iowewr. i n t he li.J I I o w in g momhs ami years doubts grew The most d ra m a t i c new phenomenon of among Eastern Airli nes stall as to wheth<.T the early 1 970s was uudoubtcdly t he they really had d ied. Repos presence, in appeara nce of Israeli psychic lJ ri Geller. partinllar. was l d t aboard several other A l t h o u g h he had heen using what he Tristars i n th e f l eet, especially t hose using claimed were great powers to perf(wm in pans salvaged fi·om the wrecked jet. his n a t i ve land lin· several years , it was in Crews rep o n ed experie ncing sudden I 97 3 that he came to the worlds attention. tem pera t u re d rops, s t ra n ge sensations a n d Several researchers in California, i nclud­ c,·en images of Re p o h i m self 1-ellertcd in ing Dr J acq ue s Vallee, tested h i s rep u te d the shiny surface o f equ i p m e n t . :I any stcw­ abilities by conducting e x per i ment s at the anlesses confi r m ed such thi ngs to Stanford I nstit ute. T h e y used ESP a n d re s e arc he r John F u l ler. n ewl y d eveloped remote ,· i c w i n g tech­ The most intriguing story came li·01n a n i (JUCS , whereby ( ;dler was as ke d to d raw a pilot who d id not k now Repo. l i e was s k e t c h that an out-of�,·iew sitter had pro- C H A L L E N G E OF T H E P A R A N O R M A L
    • Above: 1mage beamed to England from Africa by the author 1n ce l eb ri t y tha nks to one of his party trick s ,one of Uri Gellers remote-v1ew1ng experiments. which was neer h is m a i n claim t o fame.Below: Geller demonstrates his paranormal powers on TV This was h is apparent a bi lit y to cause metal obj ects s u ch as spoons and keys to warp i n fro n t o f t he eyes o f an a u d ience, e x pen sci­ e nt i sts such as Dr Lya ll Wa t son and een TV cameras bea m i ng the effect to millions. As a res u lt of his f(>Cusing hard, sometimes repe a t i n g words such as Bend!. and stro k i ng it ligh t ly with his fi n gers, t he spoon did i n deed seem to do e x act l y t h a t . Geller w a s a smash hit, b u t i mmed iately enraged the sc ept i c s - who enlisted g1 ·e at su pport from profe ssion a l magi cians . They �u·gued that this was a si m p l e t rick and demonstrated seeral m ethods b y w hich i t coul d be done. They spoke of usi ng an acid to weaken the stem or t h e spoon ( a l t hough tests showed t h is was not e m ployed by Geller) or how by sleight of hand he cou ld dist ract the w a tch i n g m i l lions, gie a mal­ leab l e spoon a quick je1·k and t hen release itduced, or to detect i n form a t ion about a from his p a lms a p p a re n t l y as i f bent byremot e location by t u n i n g in and mental l y m a gic. hen Geller Sli<Teeded with objectsseei ng t h rough the eyes o r t he person w h o such as heay ke ys t hat could only behad gone there. t wisted within a vice , he was accused of pre­ I After these tests i n the CSA, Gelle1· came ben d i n g replicas. They would not acceptto Britai n and became an instant TV t hat he could be genuine.C H A L L E N G E OF T H E P A R A N O R M A L DE]
    • Ckarl y 1 he mag ic ian s fl_·lt he ra s che a t i ngt h ei r p ro les sion by w i n u ingl;unc: t h ro ug h a n cidc:n t l s p u ri ous claim u n desered 1971 8 AUGUST BALL L I G H TN I NGto be a psyc hic. They waged a long a ndbit ter war t h a t n e c r aba t ed . I n 1 992 Ge l ler Poss ib l y t h e best d ocu me nt ed case of t hisand J ames the Amazi n g Kandi ( a n Amer i­ still p u zzl i n g nat u ral ph e n o m e no ncan magtua n and ferc n t psyc h ic occurred i n Engla n d , when a woman, cook­d eb u n ker) en�n limght it o u t in t h e co u rt ­ ing in her k i t ch e n d u ri n g a t h u n d erstorm .mom . Randi q u i t h i s pos i t ion wi t h CS I C O I observed a b l u e/p mp l c gl o be o f l i gh t , about(Comm i u ce l ncst i gat i n g C l a i ms of t h e the s i ze or a ten nis ball a n d S I ITO U ildcd byPara n o r mal ) , limned d u ring the 1 9i0s to a fiery rin g , right above the coo ke r . Then itdefend science a gai n s t m y s t ic ism , in the flew d i ren l y at her, st r i ki n g her hclo thee v e n t t h e y were b rou g h t i n to t h e m a t ter. s to m ac h "·i t h a rau l i n g noise a nd gi " i n g offCelkr won i n itial legal ro u n d s , b u t a t t ime a sm e l l of b u rn i n g. She ldt a heat sen sat ionof Ti l i n g the cases arc o n go i n g a n d t h e and fou nd a hole t h r o u gh her clot hes b u tdeb a test�e m s c e rtai n to c o n t i n u e . "·as n o t s e r io usly h u rt . l l oweCr, t h e h a n d hatcvcr t he t r u t h a bo u t t h i s u n dou b t ­ w i t h w h ich s h e had tri ed t o bat the b a l led ly a m i able show m a n , h i s spoon-ben d i n g awa· s well ed up, bec om i n g red andcreated a wa,·e of i m it a tors in t h e 1 9i0s. in llamed, and t he skin u n dernea t h herpart icularly among B ri t i sh c h il d ren . S u d ­ wed d i n g ri n g was sca lded .denly ecryonc as do in g i t ! The scicn t i ft(:ex p erime n t s t h at w ere set u p to t es t t h ese A spectacular shot of ball l1ghtn1ng. taken 1n Austna 1n summerwonder kids had t h e beneficial effect of 1 978.arousing t h e i n t e r es t of ph ys i ca l sciemistsw ho had h cgu n to w ri t e off para psychologyas d i ffic u l t to test and t uorc properly t hepro i n cc of soil sci en c es s u c h as psycholo g yand soc io l ogy . Sa d l y . Geller did h i mself lew fao u rsw i t h i n th e co m m u n i t y of serious paranor­m a l researc h . wh ere he had rcccie d wides u p p o rt . by resort i n g to some odd byways .Th e s e i nclu ded ta ki n g ph o t o gra p h s orbloblikc U FOs t h roug-h an a i rcralt w i n dowa n d a ss oc ia t i n g with a gro u p t h a t clai medcon t act with a gro u p o f eth ere a l bei ngsknown as The : i n c . led by a forc e called H oova · . :cvert h eless, Uri Geller had t he la stl a u gh 011 everyo n e . Bet ween t he lat e 1 9i0sand l at e 1 9HOs he d isappeared , t o emergea cry wea l t h y m a n . He b oa s t ed t h at he hadused t he t a l ent s d i spu t ed by so m a ny seep­Lies to h el p big corpora t io n s loca t e richm iner:�! d eposi t s . Spoo n -be n d i n g , withw h ich he i s still c l os e ly associated, was n eve rmore t h a n a si d esh o w to his real t a l en t s . C H A L L E N G E OF T H E PARANORMAL
    • ( : i n·n �o m u c h p h Y sica l e idence to s t u d ) o u t brea k s a nd past haull l i ngs wen: i n 1 h is CN, cn·n lin·merl y sc q >l ical scien­ <ra m med i n to t h i s on e si n gl e case. They t is t s had t o an·ept the rea l i t · of t he p h e ­ included oozing s l i me in t he bat h room , llOIIILIlon ( w h i < h m a ocn1r m ca l m horrible smells pervad i n g rooms, i n Yisible cond i t ions as w e l l as d u ri n g s10rms. either f(>n es g r a bbi n g hold o f b m i l y members in doors or o l l t d oors ) . : t o p i c t hat l<>r man y a n d h e a o l�j ec t s m o v i n g aro u n d of t h eir y ea r s ha d be e n c ons i d e r e d pa rano r m a l o w n ol i t i on . Even when tlw L1 1 1 z fam i ly b e c am e a part or m a i n st re a m suence, d e p a rt ed - u n usually i n such c a s e s - they d eba t ed i n j o u r na l s such as Xalure. dainwd t h a t the eYil (()lTC p u rs ue d t he m to Remar kabl y . many or the elll-c t s 1 heir nex t h ome . desniiK"d , l i ke the w ed d i n g r ing e l1l-ct . A nu mber of i n dep e nd en t i n ve st iga t ion s han· a lso ll-atu red i n U FO dose e n co u n t e rs by p a ra no rm a l researchers f o u nd it i m possi­ and seem to lw caused by ed dy u nTents ble to l r i fy m uch of t h e story. lol i(·e ci rc u l a t i n g in t he metal r i n g. Researchers den ied a n y im·olemenl . The p r i est who such as l h ! a n i D a Y i e s . a p h v sici st at Ade­ s u p p o s e dl y blessed t h e house said h e nc·er laide L n i -ers i t Y . beline t h a t it c o u l d be w en t i nside. :o l oca l workers could recall wort h e x(Jio r i n g t h e po s s ibili t y of a n energy r epa i ri n g t h e al l eged damage t o t h e build­ CToss-over bet ·een s u c h p h en o m en a . i n g c a u se d by t h e w r ec k i n g force. Alt h o u gh Paranormal res e arc h e r s ofien po i n t to fi.·w doubted t hat t h e f. .mily did bclieYe t h at 1 hall l i g h t n i n g- as a s t i l l u n soiYed mystery so m et h i n g had happened to t h e m , their t hat ha s recen t l y made the t ransition h·om o rigi nal report s ( p rio r to 1 h e book and th e nwt h to scie n t i fic r e a l i t y , con f ident 1 h a t i t mm·ie) were less dram a t ic , rell- ni n g t o ll:cl­ may be li>llowed b y ot hns i n t h e h n u re. i n gs a mi sen sations rat h er t h an t o an yt h i n g ver y p h ys ica l or substant ial . I t l a t e r e m erged t h a t t h e d e f e n ce lawyer��7� 1 8 DECEMBER li>r t h e p r ei o us occ u pa n t had recogn ized t h a t h is a l l e m p t s to hlt lwm the rea so n s fo r t h e b u ns n i m e m i g h t benefi t from t h e THE A M I TYVILLE HAU N T I N G belief in a t enihle nil wit h i n t he house. Poss i b l y t he most f;unous case o f a h a u n t i n g c o u p l ed wit h his clients claims of a Oice began on t h is d a y w h e n C co rge a n d Kat h y p o sses si n g h is m i n d . Ot her fac t o r s probably L u t z mocd i n t o t h eir i m p os i n g n ew house con t ri b u t ed t o I h e escalation of the st or y as on ( kean :n·nuc in t he s ub u rb of Ami t y­ it progres s e d . Y i l le o n Lo n g I sl a n d , : e w York. They had hereas it is d i ff i cu lt to d e term i n e t h e bo u g h t i t c h ea p l y. b e c au se t h i rt e en m o n t h s absolute t r u t h i n t h i s case, it seems u n l i ke ly p r n iou s l y a m a n had m u r de red six pe o ple 1 h a t 1 h e i n c i d e n t s were any more dramatic i n t h e i r l.ll ds w h i le l i v i n g in t h e bu i ld i n g . t han dozens of other haun t i ngs t hat have hat happened in t h e linn· weeks before l wen desuihed by tenilicd i n d i Y i d u a l s and t h e L u l t fa m il y a l leged l y l i ed in t e nor pro­ t ;un ilies t h roughout t h i s centur y . This one, voked a h est -s d l i n g book - J a y Ansons 1111 howeer, was ex p e rt l y pr o m ot ed . ,·l mii_YPillt 1/orror ( 1 97�). a m ovie and a string of sequels t hat co n t i nue to appear in t h e I 990s , a l t h o u g h h y n o w bea ri n g l i u le , if R ETURN F RO M D EATH any, re l a t ion sh i p to t: l n t s t h a t occu rred i n t h e h o u se i n December I �l7:J . In 1 975. an American psych i a t r is t , Dr Ray­ .- nu rd i n g to t h e ston told by t he L u t z mond : lood y , p ublished his e x t ra ord i n a ry b m i l y , as n a rrated in Ansons boo k . a l mo st book Ufi .-l{ler Life. "· h ic h became a bes t ­ eery recorded i ncid e n t fro m po l t erg-e ist seller. Al t h o u g h t h e phe no m e n o n i n ques- C H A L L E N G E OF T H E P A R A N O R M A L
    • t io n was not n e w , t h e book popu brited t h e t o dea t h . h e nce t h e t e n n t h a t w a s a p p l ieds u b rt for t h e fi rst t i m e a n d , hy o lkri n g je t o the phenomenon . Btll it was very t e m p t ­posit i w hope o r l i fe a h cr dea t h , strurk a i n g t o t h i n k t h a t t h e experie nce providedrcspo n s i T chord. sol i d , repeatable data abo u t an a ft e r l i l (.· , As : l oody not ed , people 1 1;1(1 liw cen­ brought t o t h e (clrc by sticnt i lir p rogress.t u ries orrasion;•lly ret 1 n ncd fro m the b ri n k : l a n v other rcsea JThers began t o d o t est sof death t o d a i m t h ey had seen a bright t h at were m u c h more sYst e m a t i c . a n d vari­ligh t . at the e n d of w h id 1 t h e y had met o u s research associations were l a u m hed.deceased frie n d s or rela t i ves. hct h e r t he y The paranormal co m m u n i t y was bsr i na tcd ,h a d been t o h ea·en a n d hack or h ad m e rely seeki n g parallels w i t h ot her ((mus of expe­been halllH inat i n g depen ded o n o n es reli­ rience. I t was quickly rea l i1ed t h at t h eregio u s ·iewpo i n t . were defi n i t e l i n ks . fill· exa t n plc, with : l oody s i m p l y collected a gro u p of st ories all eged report s of space napp i n g - i n wh ichand showed t h at t h is phenomenon was wit n esses e n t ered an OOBE a h c r bei n gh a p p e n i n g more and more in a world of struck b y a t u bel i k e bea m a mi t hen fou n dm e d i ca l m i racles wh ere re v i val fi·om m as­ themsel ves i n a s t ra n ge e n v i ron men t , s u r­s i v e h eart at tacks a n d recovery fro m once­ rou n d ed by mon· i n t e l l i ge n t , usuallyfa t a l co m a were beco m i n g ro u t i n e . : l ore h u m a noid h u t d i m l y percei ved bei n gs. lcr­i m p o rt a n t l y . IHlwen·r. he d c l i ncd a ha ps only t he i n t erpret a t ion was d ilferen tcom m o n p a t t e r n fi11· s u c h rases, some of h ere.w h ich e x h ibited m a n y of t h e ICa t ures h e The sign i fica n t poi n t was t ha t main­descr ibed . s t ream researc h ers . t oo, were i n 1 1·igued by I n t h e archetypal exa m ple of w h ; t t ca me : D E. It was a para nor m a l su l�ject t hatto be cal l ed the n car dea t h experience a t t racted a t t en t io n well b e y o n d t h e real m s( : D E), people f i rst report f i n d i n g t h e m ­ o f t h e s u pe rn at ural.selves £loa t i n g abm·e t he bod y a n d free of A U n i ,·ers i t Y of Co n nect icut psycJ wlogis t .any pa i n t h ey m ight have been s u fferi n g as Dt· Kennel h R i n g . began t o st u d y s u cha res u l t of a c1r na s h , s u rgiral operat ion or cases a n d eYc n t u al l y saw t h e l i n ks w i t h a l ie nt h e l i k e . Th is was h y lar the most nl m mo n abd u c t i o n s . ! l is books m a rk t h e t ra n sit ionas pect o f t h e : D E a n d h a d l o n g been recog­ o f his work across a (( l u rt e e n y ea r p e r io d - .n i ted hy para normal research e rs as a n o u t ­ A m ed ical specialist in h e a rt t ra u m a , D ro f-body e x pe rience (OO B E) . : l ichacl Sabo m , col lcct e1l data from h i s Follow i n g t h e OO B E , som e of : l oodys patien t s , expect i n g to d i sprove t h e rea l i t y orpatie n t s had report ed see i n g a bright l i gh t . : D Es. He was J(m:ed in t h e o t h e r d i n·c­bei n g suc ked t o ward it along a t ube or tio n . chec k i n g t h e details of t h e re ·i valt u n n e l , h a i n g a fee l i n g of peace and t ra n ­ tech n i ques t h ese people act ually saw w h ilequilli t y , a n d ( i n v e r y rare rases) see i n g fig­ floa t i n g abm·c the cas u a l t y room i n a h os p i ­m-cs. such as dead rel a t ives or a god l i k e t a l . hcreas s o m e had o n l y a s u perf icial ,bei n g. They m ight e n t e r a bea u t i fu l c n Y i ­ oft e n s i m pl ified a n d m islead i n g . co ncept ofron m e n t . such as a garden of rich a n d h ar­ t h e m et h ods e m p l oy e d . based perhaps onm o n i o u s colou1·s. and 1 hen make a rat ional TV d ramas, : D E Yict i m s were able todecision to ret u r n h o m e , oft e n to protect g i e aston i s h i n gl y deta i led acco u n ts or h owt h e i r fam i l y . ,s a resu l t t h ey would 1ip back t h ey were saved fi·mn deat h by medirali n t o t h e i r prc·ious st a l e o f pain a n d s u llcr­ expert ise.i n g. to d i scover a medical team figh t i n g to : D E research grad ually al l racted evensave t heir l i fe . more specialists. One of the more recen t is Of cou rse. i t w a s soon a p p re<:iated t h a t Dr :lclin :lo1·se , fro m Sea t t le, Was h i n gto n .t h ese people h a d n o t d ied , o n l y been n ea r who has fix u sed on 01 DEs reported by you n g CHALLENGE OF THE PARANORMAL
    • Rcpr·esentatrons of tf)e out-of-body experrence. Is rt proof of an after1rfe or srmply hallucrnatronlCHALLENGE OF THE PARANORMAL
    • children. Like his colleagues, he, too, has noticed that the oYerwhelming majority of patients emerge from an NDE with no fear of death. I ndeed, they belieYe the process they haYe experienced to be pleasant. Morse had one young patient who said of an l D E, I am not afraid to go back to that place . Shortly afterwards he had another attack from which he did not recoYer. Sceptics, of course, rebelled. Early notions about h a llucinations triggered by adminis­ tered drugs faltered largely because : D Es also occurred in accident s i tu a tions long before - or i n total absence of- any medical aid. Theories about Yisions caused by inoxia (staration of oxygen to the brain as death approaches) seemed more plausible, but Sabom measu red this i n his cases and was able to show an :DE where i noxia was con­ sidered impossible. In 1 99 2 , Dr Sue B lackmore, a psycholo­ gist a t the U niYersit y of estern England, who was initially a p ro-O O B E researcher but gradually became c01winced that these were com plex hallucinations, produced h e r dying brain t heory for l D Es. This Doc Sh1els took h . s contmver>,a: p�otograph of Ness1e inYoiYed a series of phenomena, from ran­ am1dst a wave of strange even:s throughout Bltan domly firing optic nerYes, shown by com ­ p uter sim ulation to form a t u n n el image, to natural chemicals (called e n dorp h i ns) p ro­ extreme diYide of its either this or it m ust duced by the body to deaden pain a n d be t hat (usually the most exotic possible induce e u p horia. Another critical finding solu tion OJ a comp lete nonsense) to arri·e was that ;..J DEs also occ u r in cases ·here at more bala nced positions . Terms s uch as p h ysical death is n eYer likely (e.g. an al most m iddle L FOiogy were eYen being u s ed by u n harmed mou n taineer falling into soft U FO researchers who were persuaded that snow). W h y would h e then ha,·e a n ear real things were happening that science did death experience� The debate rages on . not yet u ndersta n d , but were mm·illing to accept that aliens riding spaceships were1�77 the only alternatiYes to mass hall ucination . Two major clues to emerge were, ftrst. that arious paranormal phenomena occurred in sudden, i nt e n s e periods of O N E W E E K IN MAY actiity and then went q u iet for a time By the late 1 9 7 0s we knew a great deal before flaring u p again. a n d second, that more about how the paranormal worked t here were localized focal points where than eYer before. The new h a rd-headed actiYit occurred far more o ften than approach had paid dividends and chance might dictate. French researcher researchers were looki ng beyond the Fernand Lagat·de had also spotted the link C H A L L E N G E OF T H E P A R A N O R M A L
    • between 1 hese ;ones a n d hean fa u l t l i nes i n Researchers s u c h as Pa u l Devereux androcks beneat h t he Eart h s s urface. Both ot h ers. part ic u larly i n Britain a n d FratuT .t h l·se id eas were g-iven a b i g boost i n � l a y were develop i n g t h e idea t h a t cert a i n w i n ­1 97 7 w h e n Britain was h i t hv i t s most d t·a­ d o w s ere period ically set i n to mot io n .m a t ic b u rst of s t range phenomena ever perhaps a l so prod ucing ch a r).{e d p a r t i cl e ssquee;ed i n t o a s i n gle w e e k. t ha t f loa t ed freely i n t o t h e air a n d a s a D ur i n g the t h ird wee k of t h e m on t h a l l resu l t cr e a t ed st r a n g e p h en o mena in t h em a n n e r or t h i n gs were let loose i n w h a t i s a t m o spher e. B u t what made an area i n t o avat·iously termed a l l a p , w h e n o f s hort window a n d w h a t fac tors caused it to flared urat ion, or a w;l"c, when spread over up a s it had i n �lay 1 97 7 ?se,·eral weeks. The most active loca t ions A s i f on n t e . t n> Canadian researchers a td u r i n g such period., are t h ose fo cal po i n t s La u re n t ian U n iersit . O n t a rio, n e u ro­known as · w i n dow s · . w h ic h were g ra d u a l l y p h ys iologist Dr � l ir h ad Pers i n ger and h isb e i n g- i s ol a t ed . assis t a n t C h yslaine Lafre n i ere, p u blish e d a There were mon· l FO sigh t i ngs in m as si·e s t u dy or U>tll p u t er data. They hadB r i t a i n t h a n i n any other year, hd()re or examined I housands of reports or mysteri ­since. That single week in �lay gen erat ed o u s ph enom e n a i n ;m a l l em p t t o isolate aa lmost I 0 per cent of t ha t total. These were common pa1 1ern. They p ropo sed t h at elec­usually little mon· t han lights in t he sh dart ­ t rical col u m n s or energy (which they c a l ledi n g about t h e lamlsrapc. b u t t h e n u mbers t ransients) coul d be prod uced at certa i n(well over seve n t y cases) were p he u omenal. p lace s a n d d u ri n g cell a i n periods, a n d t ha t Howe·cr, other am azin g t h i n gs w e n t on t hese m igh t b e perceived a s gl o wi n g for m sas w d l . Cen t res o f po l t e rgei s t ac t h· i t y , w i t h w h e n t hey i l l u m i n a ted t h e gases in t h e a i r.a p pa r i t i o ns , s t ra n ge noi ses a u d w e i r d en er­ Beca u se ol t h ei r high en ergy o u tp u t , t heygies. b u rs t i n t o sudden l i fe. T h e p ha n t o m c o u l d een scra mble t h e neura l p a t h wa y s inbig cats w e n · a g a i n lo o se i n moorla n d areas. the b r a i n of a n y on e coming too close. TheAnd i n L or h :ess. on � l �lay, t lH: most res u l t ol t h is co uld be a su�jective m e n t a lastou n d i n g p h ot ogra p h s ever taken were e x perien n· . t h e origin o r w h ic h depe n d edclaimed hy · Doc Shiels, a magician a n d u pon a nod en ergy p h e n o m en on t h a t sci­s howm a n w h o w a s s a i d t o evoke· m onst ers ence had vet t o i d e n t i l)· but which was a c t u ­i n t o life . rrgu m e n t s t i l l rages over h is fu l l ­ a l l y p resen t . These t h i ngs ·ere not s i m p l ycol o u r s h o t s or t h e neck a n d o p e n m o u t h or hall ucittat ious .:essie. part inJ iarly gi,·en t h ei r semi-t rans­ This brid ge bet ween p h ysical rea lity a n dparent feel. subject i e vision w a s an:epted e n t h usi as t i ­ h a t e·er t h e t r u t h , !(>t-ees seem to h ae cally by s o m e E u ropean researchers whobee n at work be t wee n 1 7 and 2:> � l a y t h a t quickly recogn ized i t s pot e n t ia l t o acco u n tset m a n y d i ffere n t experiences in motion. ((n· I he sort of actiit y t h a t h a d ocnn-redT h ere were etll crop circles fo u n d i n E n g­ d u ri n g � l a y 1 977.l ish fi el d s , a l t h ough 110 such p h en o m e n o nh a d ye t b e e n recog n ized, so t h a t exampl esmost l y we 1 1 t n n not iccd. Periods l i ke t h is s h o w e d a n i n t erest i n g 1977 27 OCTOBERc o m p a ris on w i t h sola r f l are act i,· i t y . w h i c hcould cause d i s r u p t i on (e.g. b· i n t er feri n g I CONTACT WITH T H E S P I R IT WO RLDwith t e kco m m tmica t ions) when charged I f George � leek is to h e beliccd. t h is waspan icles reached t he Ea rth . The Su n m igh t o n e of t h e most i m p o rta n t dates in h u m a nt h e n go qu iet again u n t i l t h e n e x t burs t of hist ory. l1si n g a se ri es of m od i ficat ions andi n t e n s e act i ,· i t v . i m p rn H· m e n t s on the EP t a pe-recorderCHALLENGE OF THE PARANORMAL
    • experi m e n t s from t h e 1 9GOs, he a n u o u uced ! "h ose who h ae s t u d icd Spiricom seemt h a t h i s Sp irico m deice l!ad l i > r ged t wo­ i m p ressed by t h e dcice, which h as h e c uway con tact w i t h t h e spirit worl d . made aa i lable to o t h e r research<.TS. l l ow­ l l ec k , a wea l t h y Americau i n CI I t or, w i t h ter, t h ere arc some qualms about thet h e assi sta nce of a t ra i n ed psvc h i c , had pro­ ba n ali t y of con l·rsat ions ;l l l cl the wayd u ced robot ic sou n ds t h at reputedly ca m e modern idiom s are 1 1 sed by t h e occasionalfro m two sci e n t i s t s i n t h e afterl i fe cal l i n g s t r a y voices t l 1 a t i n t r u d e and yet p rolcss t ot h c m clcs Doc �ick and Dr l l ueller. h a C d i e d u p t o I :>0 years a go .:I u dkr was trace d , together with some Scept ics also poi n t o u t that t h e voicesfa i rl y obsc u re m a t erial t h at he p u blished gre a t l y resemble t h ose t h a t e m erge li·om a nbefore h i s death a n d wh ich m atched a q u o ­ art i ficial lary n x , a s used b y vict ims o f t h ro a tt a t ion t hat he gave t h ro u gh S p i rico m . cancer. Tes t s h a e s u ggest ed , lltCrt lwkss .These eth ereal co-workers also p roposed t h at t h e re arc t wo separate voices on t h eways to i m p roe the eq u i p m e n t bdi.>rel l ueller h a d to m oe o n · in t h e s p i ri t n>rld Bent and l w1sted rock layer.; 1 n the Canary Islands. one o f theand t h u s passed out of con t a c t . worlds ma1or Wndow areas. CHALLENGE OF THE PARANORMAL
    • The author 1nvest1gatmg a w1ndow a re a in t h e Penn·ne Hills but h e was n e-er to be seen aga i n . of Yorkshire. Strange lights and no1ses as well as electncal T h e disa p p earan ce, far from bei n g u nre­ marked , was one of the s t ran g es t on record . polterge1st attacks have been reported from th1s 1solated locat1on. The whole sequence ol e·en t s was picked t apes a n d t h a t t h e psp: h ic operatm· is not up and t aped li·mn t he g ro u nd - t o - a ir t·adiosi m pl y t h .-owing his own voice in t he com m u n ications w i t h t h e airport con ll-o l man ner of a ven t r i l o q u i st . t o we r; yet , d e spi t e such ext raordin a ry evi­ George :leek h as no doubts. This, h e detKe, the lengt h y i n vest igat ion s t i l l fai l ed says. i s absolu t e proof o f survival of bodily to resoh·e what had happened to t h i s m a n . de a t h . I n deed , si n ce S p irico m , t he t eam has Valen t i c h , fai rl y i n e x p erienced in flying a t t em p t ed t o t urn t h is rad io l i n k to h e ave n ove r watct· a t n i g h t . re po rt ed see i n g odd into a TV set t u n ed to t h e same freq u e n cy . lights which were t ra vel li n g above him as i f ke e pin g wat c h . The cmtCrsa t ion became1978 more s t rained as he alleged t h a t his engine was suflcring problems w h i le t he l i g h t s on a 2 1 OCTOBER large , dark craft (wh ich he coniinned was ho·ering and not an aircraft ) flew al o n g­ THE VAN I S H I N G C ESSNA side. Then t h ere was a st range grind ing Frederick ale n t ich was the 20-ycar-old noise on t he m icrop h o ne - and si l e nc e . pilot of a rented Cessna 1 82 aircraft . l i e Cou n t less t heories were p roposed . One took oil in t h e e ar ly e ve n in g to fly t h e sh ort was t h at he had been hit by a meteor. hop across t he Bass Stra i t s fi·mn 1l elbournc A not her su gge s t ed rhat he ran foul of ch·u g t o King I sland, m idway bet ween the Am­ smu gg lers w h o llew a hel icopter above h i m tra l ian mainland and Tas m a n i a . H i s mis­ a n d used n e l s t o t rail t heir catch home in simt was to collect some s h e l l fish for fi·iends t h e watct· below - t he un l(n· t l mate Cess n aC H A L L E N G E OF T H E P A R A N O R M A L
    • beco m i n g en tangled with t hese in mid­ psychiatrist who s p ecial i z ed in d reams. flight. Dr Richard l l a i nes, au .merican Boot h was never in doubt t ha t his e x peri­ s pecialist i n the aiation field , d id extensie ence was a premonition. He said that he work a n d specu lat L d that a secret laser saw, heard a n d felt the e n t i re t h i n g aga i n ex peri m e n t from an American intdligence a n d agai n . It was like watc h i n g it u n fold on base called Pine Gap m ight have been a T or cinema screen, far dearer than a i n olved and somehow go ne wron g. normal d ream. The most widely debated t heory, how­ Soon con v i nced that B oot h was neither a ever, was t h a t the l igh ts described by alen­ cra n k nor a practical joker, the Aviation t ich belon ged to a U FO. I n deed t here was Aut hority did what it could. lt t ried to l i n k an o n go i n g flap over t he Bass Strait area his arco u n t w i t h an aircraft type a nd a n at t h e t i me. as a l e n t ir h s pacen apped airpo rt - assu m i ng, as did Boot h , that along with h is plane? One ahductee in the Cincinnati was the most likely candidate. CS: has since claimed t hat the aliens h ave I l owe v e r. as the a uthority poi n ted out, it confirmed t h is as fact a n d t h a t t h e you n g could not gnmnd every American Airlines m a n re m a i n s h ealthy - o n a n o t h e r plan et ! flight i ndefin itely. CTn from a single ai rpor t . The t h eory adva nced by most scepti cs is O n 2G � l a y t h e fi nal d ream orc u rred . th at the pilot e n gi neered his own disap­ leanwhilc, at Ch icagos () [ ! a re Ai rport , pearance. Th e y poi n t to his i n t e rest in TV actress Li n d say agn er ( famous for bel­ U FOs ( h e had a scrapbook of stories w i t h role as the B ionic o m a n with s pec ial him on the fligh t ) a n d also t o t h e fact t h a t powers) was due to hoard an America n Air­ h e appears d e liberately to h a v e delayed h i s lines f ligh t w i t h her mot her. B u t she was de p a rt u re a t t h e l a s t m i n u t e u n til it was overrome w i t h a sick feeling and cou ld not dark. l ie also took w i t h h i m several t i m es leave. She rancelled t heir reservations a n d too m u c h fuel for the jou mcy. t h e DC- I 0 j e t took o ff w i t h o u t t h e m . Sec­ l l owever, i f this is so, why did a l e n t ich onds after it cleared t h e r u n way, an engine hatch such an elaborate plan a n d what h ap­ fell off and t h e plane crashed i nto a n hor­ pened to the Cessna aircraft ? H is fam i l y do ri fic fireba ll near b u i l d i n gs at the edge of no t accept t h e t h eory al1fl t h e t ru t h is that the airport. Even-one on board was killed we shall probabl y never k now. i ns t a n t l y . After t h e accident a spokesman for t h e��7� CiYil Aviatiou A u t hority confirmed that m a n y details o f th e crash matched the 26 MAY d reams that B ooth had reported both to them and to the airl i n e ope1·at i n g the T H E C I N C I N NAT I P R E M O N I T I O N doomed plane. They cou l d easily match up Possibly t h e most remarkable case o f pi-e­ airl i n e , aircraft type and ai rport from his cog n i t ion evLt reported nmcerns a 23-year­ descriptions after the fatal i ncid e n t , but old ollice manager na med David Booth how could t hey possibly have preve n ted from C i nci n na t i , O h io. Fot· ten days prior catastrophe? to t h is date he h ad had the same d ream, David Boo t h h imself has never u nder­ seeing a certain plane rrash i n flames i n to stood why he was given t h is i nrredihle pre­ an area fn ll of build i n gs. view of surh a te r rible eve n t , n1l m inating in On 2 2 :lay he was so t roubled by his what pro ved a futile attempt to change the ivid experie nce that he called t h e Federal fut ure. I Ie had no d i rect l i n k with the air­ Aviation A u t hori ty and also spoke with craft or its passengers. The events merely American Airlines, as ident i fied in his left him scarred emotionally by a terrible dis­ visio n . l n desperation he a l s o t a l k e d to a aster that he had been powerless to preve n t . CHALLENGE OF THE PARANORMAL
    • SOC IETY A N D THEU N E X P L A I N ED h e possibi l i t y o f · global warfare receded b u tT . was replaced b y new horrors. T h e d iseaseA I DS became recogn i z ed as a worl d wide plaguew h i c h had a fu n d a m e n t a l effect on peoples moralsand l o n g-term perspec t ives. Scien t i sts fou nd a holeo-rowi n b i n the ozo n e laver-a I o· l)lOtec t i v e cover i t wt h at i f s t ri p pe d away cou l d h a v e devastat i n g efkctsb I �for all fu t u re l i fe ; a n d h a r m fu l gases in t h ea t mosp h ere t h rea t e n ed to p rod u ce a gree n h ousee ffec t with poss i b l e d i re conseq u e n ces for theEart h s cl i m a t e . , The need to p reserve a n d p e r h a p s s a v e o u rp l a n e t w a s reflected i n para n or mal p he n o m e n a .E v e n t h e a l i e n s o flered a green m essage as C FOs i gh t i n gs decli n ed in n u mber. T h e world wast u r n i n !! awav from o u ter S ()ace t o look more closclva t t he i n n e r s pace rea l i t y. L.J I )
    • w h i rl w i n d , was t h e cause of t h e m ysterious pat t erns. The ma t t er achieved brief notorietyC I RC U LAR S I G N S when a n o t h e r LJ FOiogist did s u gg e st theI n August 1 980 a farmer fou n d t wo fiat­ spacecraft option to a news source, b u t i nt e ned areas etched i n to his crop of oats in a tru t h the sul�ject f�1iled to i n s p i re m a n yfield at esth ury, i l ts h i re, i n s o u t h e rn people t h at s u m m er.E n gl a n d . They had s t r a i g h t edges a n d were In 1 98 1 and 1 982. only isolated circlesabo u t GO feet in diamet er. H e had come were fou n d . Then , in 1 98:�. eight appearedacross one earlier in t he s u mm e r and across sou thern England and in a strangeassu med i t to be a weather e lle n . :ow h e formatio n : a cen t ral circle s u rrou nded bywas not so s u re. Before h a rYest i n g, he fou r satellites. This shape. m u c h more co n­r ep o rt e d i t a n d a C FO gro u p from B ristol sistent with t h e land i n g legs of a spacecraft ,came out to hae a closer look at t h e phe­ was a blow to Dr � l eade n , Probe a n d t h e i rn o m e no n . s u p p orters, who for t h ree years had p ro­ This gro u p . Probe. was o n e of t h e new ided persuasive reports that t h ese s i mplebreed of serious researchers a n d did n o t circles were n a t l l ra l a n d weather-induced.ass u me t h at t h e circles w e r e l a n d i n g pads of Alt hough Terence �leaden tried to i n cor­a spacesh i p . After s i m p le tests fa i le d to porate t h e new design (and t h e ever moreestablish a n yt h i n g supernat u r a l , the i n es t i ­ elaborate ones that ap peared i n the follow-gators con s u lted a local meteorologi s t , D rTerence �leade n , who t h o u g h t it l i kely that The hole 1n the centre of this sw1rled patch of crop betrayssome kind of rot a t i n g vort e x , such as a the likelihood of a hoaxed circle ... ""- - � .: ..- • -�ft.! .. .. · - 0 • SOCIETY AND THE UNEXPLAINED
    • i n g years), he was losin g t h e battle as these A vanety of crop circles: many o f the more elaboratecomple x marks came to bear t h e all too format1ons have proved to be faked.clear signs o f art ificiality. This was welcomenews to the scept ics . serious L FO iogists for his wea ther plus A C FOiogist named Pat Delgado , joined hoa x i n g idea (although it was a w hi lei n 1 985 by Colin An drews , be ga n t o doCH­ before hoaxing was pe rcei v ed as more t hanment reports in the jo u rn al Fl)ing Saucer a m i nor irr itation). A few researchers, l i keRfvi(W, and the p hotographs (ofte n taken Delgado , believed an u n k nown i n telli­by p rivate pilot B us t y Taylor) proved cap­ gence (defi n i tely not h u ma n ) was at work.tivating. Delgado also we Il l Olll of h i s way to Because the media saw mileage in t h i s idea,involve t he med ia. The tabloids were not but not in the m ore sober weat he r t heory , i tslow to usc the spaces h i p la n d i ngs theory as received u n d ue p u blicity . I t a l l helped t oa silly season fil ler story. After m uch atten­ sustai n interest .tion i n J u ly 1 98 :� . i t was res u rr ected almost W hereas 90 per cclll o f all circles ( h u n ­every slimmer, w i t h w hate v er new angle d reds of w h ich were appeari ng a l l over t h eemerged. world by t he late 1 980s) were simple, s i ngle The first hoaxed circle (by a national news­ patterns. as the very fi rst ones had bee n ,paper� ) was ex p osed d ur i n g 1 98:�. Given the the media concentrated i nstead on thepublicity, more were clearly happening. comparath·ely few out rageous ( a n d , as weDespite the claims o f ex pe rt s , nobody coHid now know, ce rt ai n ly hoaxed) formations.re liab l y distinguish real from fake. These w ere spect ac u la r and were duly lleaden enjoyed st rong support fi·01u na med pictog ra m s , to i mply t ha t they wereSOCIETY AND THE UNEXPLAINED
    • SOCIETY AND THE UNEXPLAINED
    • ;1 f(xm of messagean a l ien p rese nc e . B u ti n n u mber than the or comlll U I J iCll ion li·01n t hey were far few e r publ icity afforded to 19�0 6 JANUARY F I R E TRAG E DYthem m u st have i m pl i ed . At tempts to d ecode thei r message soon An ext raord i n a ry ca s e of spo n ta n eo u si n volved the e n v i ro n m e n t a l fr i n ge and human combustion ( S I I C ) was d i scm·e•-ed bybd(ne long ideas s urfaced t hat t he Earths po l ic e and f(,rensic ollicers iu a l ivin g-momso u l was sen d i n g a plea fi ll· h d p or t hat at Bla c k wood , Ebbw Vale, in ales. Thethe spi r i t world was giving v isib l e e idence male occ u pa n t was a lm os t totally co nsu m edor d a n gns to t h e food chain if we d i d not by t h e loca li zed fire that ha d ba rely d a m ­mend our ways. Gurus such as David I cke, aged an armchair in which he sat and hadw ho left h i s job as a TV prese n ter to fa i led to melt n ea rb y p la s tic o l�jec ts. Yet t h eembark on an esoteric spi r i tu a l crusade, heat had bee n or such intensit y as to leave aent ered th e fray. This, of course, re i n fo rced coa t i n g of vaporited f lesh on the ceiling.media att e n t ion, as did c o u n tless compet i ­ This was j usl o n e of a series of i n c i deu t stions a n d best-selli n g hooks by the c e r e olo ­ in 1 9�0. Ten p e r cent o f a l l known cases o fgists (as m c 1 n b e rs of the m ove m e n t now S H C took p lace d u ri n g th is year f()r reasonscalled themselves) . that are s t i l l u n explai n ed . Th e or i g i n a l rese;u-che rs - � l eaden and 19�0his U FOlogical colleagues - f()lJght hard t obring r ea so n to bea r, po i n t i n g o u t t ha ts i m p l e circles had been k n own f()r cen t u ri e s 29 DECEMBERand q u o tin g e x a mples hack to the year ATTACK FROM T H E A I R1 590. They also traced d m.e n s of eye w i t ­nesses t o the later ve r si o ns . who d e sni h ed Although L FO i n ci d e n t s were b y now onno a l i e n s hut instead what app e a r e d to be the derrease. when t h e y did occu r t h e ythe presence of a rot a t i n g a i r ort ex. There could be of epic p r o p o rt i o ns . Two extraor­were also t>xp e rim e n t s in w i n d t u n n els, d i na ry e c n ts, tookplace almost si mu l ta n e­compu te•· sim u lat ions a n d other fo rms of ou sly e i ther side or the Atla n tic Ocean . Oile n q u iry i n u n iersities (especially in J a pan The fi rst s pa n n e d several n igh t s bLI wecna n d the U SA) that establ i shed hard ei­ 2G and 2 9 December and i n volved Ameri­dence of a so -ca lled plasma ortex - an can airmen from the t w i n En glish :ATOelect ri fied , ro t a t i ng air col u m n which could bases of Woodb ridge and B e n t wa t e r s i nglow as i t spun to Ear t h and w h ic h , i n bet. S u Jl(,Jk. Civilians t ra n· l li n g a l o n g a ll)rest edhears more than a p a s s i n g sim ilari ty t o road all() in nearby sca t t e red v i lla ges a n dPer si n g e r s transie n ts , as f i rst p roposed i n fa rming com n 1 1 1 n i t ies also s a w the gia n t1 97 7 . li g h t s cra s hi n g fro m the sky. Yet, i n sp ite o f t h e books packed w i t h A hole was lell in the pi n e - t r ee canopy.hard e·idence, the serious art ides in h i gh ­ three i n d e n t a t ions were t rac ed m thebrow newspapers a n d a fe w p i ec es i n the g ro u n d a n d twice the normal ba c k g rou n dscien t i fi c press. the popularity of the cereol­ cou n t or •·ad iation was m easu red in the areaogy mm·en 1ent was h a rd ly dented. Th e some tw e n t y- fou r hou rs la t er . A sec u r i t yl a t ter o fkrcd little solid e· idence a n d spec­ pa t rol se n t i n to Rend lesham Forest on theu lated widely abo u t st range powers at perimeter of 1 he bases described a con icalwork, g u i d ed b y u nseen and u n k nown ol�jec t , the sit.e of a ca r . wh ich o u t pac e di n t e llige n ce s . It was this idea , howee r , that rhem as it ga,·c c h as e . Several w i t n essesp eopl e w a n ted to believe, a n d the t o u ri sts describe los i n g p er i ods of t i m e and seem gllooded i n . sm a ll creat u res d ose h y .SOCIETY AND THE UN EXPLAINED
    • I n t he cou rse of meas u ri n g t h e t races in On 29 lkcember, a n ig h t w h e n moret h e ea r l y hours or t h e second nigh t , a lights w e re seen i n Rcndlesham Forest ,return enrot mter with lJ FOs was tape­ another m i l i t a ry incident u n li>lded moreJ·ecorded lie· - a copy of w h ich e·en t l l­ t ha n 3000 m iles a wa y at I l 1 t l fma n , n earally reached U FOlogists in 1 984 . A Brit ish I Iouston, Texas. Three people in a car (twoRAF radar base ha d all egedl y t racked t h e women and their yo1 1 n g gra ndso n ) claim toob ject on t h e pre i o1 1 s n igh t heading i n to ha,·e seen a glowing obj cc r not u n l i ke thatEast Anglia. witnessed by t h e airmen in the English Because of l i mited i n formation release forest . I lowecr, it was be i n g s he p h e rd edalter t wo years of den ials by t h e B r i t is h by sc·eral m il itary helicopters, as if head iug:l in i s t ry of Ddeuce, a lot of m n f1 1sion still toward a hase. The presence of t heses u rrou n ds t his case. eart h l y <Tali has con s i s t en t l y been denied Howeel·, the m enwran du111 filed w i t h by the L S gove rn me n t .t h e B ri t ish goe rn mc n t by t h e cl e p u t y base The t h ree wit nesses felt t remendous heatco m m a nd e r Colonel Charl es l l alt , was pou ring fro m t he ob j ect and all becam e ill , s u ffe ri n g from na1 1sea, b lis t e r s , ras h es ,squeezed 0 1 1 1 in I 9 �:� u n der t h e Ame ri cauFreedom of I n form a t ion Art . This con ­ and eye proble m s , sugges t i n g exposure tofi rmed some o f t he eidenre, including ra d ia t io n One of the wom eu , who had .l l a l t s o w n s i gh t i n g of u n e x p l ain e d lights. s t ood ontside the c a r i u frout ol t he conicalOther data, s uch as t h e phot ographs w h ich objec t , spe n t s e ve ra l weeks i n hospital a n dare cl e ar l y referenced on the tape-record­ w a s for a t i m e crit ically ill from w h a ti n g as they a rc t a ke n , remain with held, asdo a n y res l tlts or t he m i l i t a ry i n vcst i ga t i o us Sketch o f the object seen b y U S a�rmen at the Bentwaterst h at m ust h aT re su l t e d . base on the1r close encounter expenencc. 0 0 SOCIETY AND THE U N EXPLAINED
    • appears to have been radiat ion sick ness. An rmpr·essron by Roy Sand bach of a mystenous ball of light H uge d u m p s of her h a i r ICII out before s h e stalling a car en g rne. gradually recovered. The v ict i ms sued t h e U S govermnenl hn here. These were li·t·t·-l loat ing masses of t he i r considerable medical e xpenses on t h e energy drill ing through the air and low gro u n d s 1 hat i f t his w a s not a secret weapon across nloumaintops. They appeared spo­ of t h e C S, (as was i nsisted ) , the m i l i t a ry nHlically. part icularly d u ri n g December and had the responsibility to protect t hem . . Jan uary. i n succeed ing years. regardless of origi n . The uJsls i n volved i n I n I �lH.t and 1 9H!i, a team of U FO experts ligh t i n g t h e case beca m e prohibit ive after call i n g t h emselves Pn�e<"l l l essdalen made t heir i n i t ial argu men t s were stonewalled. t h e t rek. w i t h t e m peratu res br below zem, i n t o the snowbound region . They had gat h­1981 ered toget her a caravan and expensive equ i p m en t , including radar and lasers, as well as sophist icated cameras and meters to record rad iation em issions. They were T H E H ESSDALEN L I G HT S pan ly ftm < kd by t he U FO mmnHmity Late i n t h is year people i n t h e m o t m t a i nous arou nd Europe but t hey also received t em­ area of I-l essdalen . a remote valle north of porary loa ns from scient i fie establish ments Tnmdheirn i n :orway, began to see s t range and u n expected help f ro m t he Scamli na­ glows in t he sky. They were not con nected vian dell.·nce aut horit ies w ho had alerted with t h e a u rora t hat was com monh· observed ai rcrali when sigh t i ngs were being reported . S O C I E TY AND THE U N EXPLAI N E D
    • 1981 The SCeral weeks spe 1 1 1 i n t hese expedi­t ions were highly rewarding. This wasclearly a window are<� t hat was u mJsnallyactie a t the t i me, a n d with such powerfu l T H E EART H I S ALIVEequi p m e n t to m easu re and record i t , t heteam were almost guara n t eed to make a For some years resea•·chers h a d worked o nbreakt h rm1gh. sim ilar t racks, slowly conerging u p o n o n e Of course. t h e researchers saw plen t y of a nother. Lagarde i n France h a d fou n d aI FOs (stars, a i rc raft a nd o t h er iden t i fied l i n k between U FOs and fault l i n es belowf l y i n g objects) . B u t they also recorded sev­ t he Eart h s surface. Pers i n ger had defined aeral i m p ressi,·e glow i n g lights, usually 1·ed t ransient as an elec t rical force i n the air ator blue in colour. i ot ouly d id they take prime locatio ns, which created windowsexcellent photographs but t hey obtained that focused all sorts of stra n ge acti·ity.other read i n gs of the s t ruct ure of these St udies of a window area in the Pen n i n ep h enom e na . With t h e addit ion of later H i l ls o f En gland h a d led t o t h e belief t h a tresearch by meteorologists, t h is su ggested natural energy forms called UAI (u n iden t i­that t h ey were it nessing what might be a fied atmosp heric p henomena) were a tt ype of a t mospheric p lasma somehow gen ­ work. And Dr :leaden h a d co me u p w i t herated i n the area a n d w hose origin was a plasma Yortex t o explain ge n u i n e cropu n k nown . The sum t otal of written a n d circles.isual e·idence was truly i m p ressi·e. Pau l Oeereux was a researcher into One t y pe of L FO had fi nally been sn ared Earth mysteries. Duri n g t he early 1 980s,sim ply by t h e combi n ed e llort s of rational part icular a l l en t ion was being paid to sitese n t h us iasts and scie n t ists who were for once such as Avebury and Stonehenge and h u n ­unafraid to face t he possibi l i t y of fi n d i n g d reds o f ot her lesser k nown s1 cne circlessome t h i n g stra n ge. t h roughout nort hem Eu rope. Thousands of years ago, people set in place standingA strange glow1ng light above t h e Hessdalen valley 1n stones . for reason s that re1 1 1ain obscure. YetNorwdy. later the subject of 1ntens1ve scient1f1c study scien t ist s work i n g o n t h e rocks were f i n d i n g S O C I ETY AND THE U N E X P L A I N E D
    • Stonehenge. Wiltshwe, may be a focal pomt for the glowing gested t hat t l w en ergy was i n t eract in w i t h ·bur;ts of energy known as earthlights t h e consciousness of t hose w h o experienced it , a n d t hat perhaps t hey were able t o a lkctb u rsts of energy bei n g e m iued, especial ly at its s h a pe and m a n n e r of format ion. Sinces u n rise and s u nset , as i f t he stones were q u a n t u m p h y s i cs was i nd i c at i n g t hat nm­c h a n ne l l i n g some force fro m t he gro u n d . scio u s n ess might well be a coord i n a t i n g Devereux combined m u c h of t h i s work t o force at t h e sub-a t o m ic level o f reali t y . t hisdescribe a n e nergy t rapped w i t h i n t he body ide<� wa s not a s w i l d a s once it m ight haeof t h e Eart h itsdr and which cou ld be seemed. I n terest i n gly. rese<.1rchers <II t hereleased into the at mosphere by some l lessdalen window later not ed how some ofmet:ha n i s m as vet u n d e t ermined. It would t h e phenomena t h<.l t t hey recorded seemedfocus at window areas and cou ld provoke to respond to t h e i r laser beam e m i s s io n s asarions s t ra n ge phenomena when i f t h e y were i n teract i n g w i t h t he t houghts ofu n leashed , from poltergeist at tacks t o mys­ t he experi m e n t ers.t erious ex p losions a n d buzzin g noises. H e The concept o r cart b l i g h t s , vort ices. p las­also felt t hat t hese could create chemical mas and t ra nsients bein g act iated atreact ions by exci t i n g gases i n t he a t mos­ window areas arou nd t h e world a n d gener­p here, p roducing a glow i n g effect l i k e a a t i n g e n ergy lidds t hat cou l d explain aplasma. He invented t h e t e r m eart h l i g h t range of paranornal phenomena wasfor t hese effects a n d h is 1 98:? book defined iewcd in Europe a s a n exci t i ng break­i t s paranwters. t h rough . H owever, in other count ries , Alt hough Devereu x was t a l k i n g about t he notably t he U SA. par<�nonn<� l researcherss<.1me t ypes of p h enomena t l wt m a n y ot h ers were br l ess tolera n t . It remains a fri n gewere <� p p roac h i n g fi·mn d i ffere n t di rec­ t h eory in m a n y respects a n d ! he desire t ot ions, he we n t one step fur t h e r. He s u g- fm d more exo t ic explanations is p romotedSOCIETY AND THE UNEXPLAINED
    • by t he tabloid media, who percei e such The C:hronides rif· "/1wma.1 C:mtlltlllt b y S t ep hen t h i n gs as eart hligllls either as scept ical Donaldso n . a series of h ugely successful fa n­ debu n king or spoilsport t ac t ics . For scien­ tasy nm·els t hen bei ng published . t is t s it s t i l l remains too strange for auto­ The British psych ics , t oget h e r with matic accept a nce . :s such, t h is work st il l researchers a n d wit nesses to st ran ge p he ­ lacks t h e su pport it needs t o establish itself nomena, linmd t hemscl es d ragged i n to a as eit her science or parascience. search fi>r a sword buried in t he hnmda­ t io n s of an old h1·idge. and t he n . using t h e19�1 sword to i n t erpret t he visio n s , t o t he d i scm·­ ery of a small green stone t h a t had to be OCTOBER charged w i t h e nergy at Eart h mystery sites such as the Aebury stone circle. The p u r­ PSYC H I C Q U E ST I N G pose of a l l t his efli>rt was apparently to pro­ T h e publica tion of t he hook "/111 Gn•tll Stone t ec t t h e Earth agai n s t a maleolcnt fi>JTe by Graham Ph i lli ps and l artin Keatman t hat was t ryin g to seize con t rol - a t a s k established a new ki n d of su per n at u ral 1 hat had previously b e e n ass i gn ed to t h e eYe nt by report in g on the first in a l i n e of owners of t hose same art efacts after t hey psych ic ques t s . This had appare n t l y arise n had arrived in B ri t a i n from Egypt foll o wi ng u n expected l y d u ri n g recent years when a the reign of ! h e p h a raoh Akhena t e n . gro u p of psyc h ics hega n to recei e in ter­ T h e story reads like a t y pica l d u ngeons locking messages. I ndiidually t h ese meant a n d dragons - a role p lay fa n tasy ga me - l i t t le, but w hen brought t oget her by Keat­ pop u lar in t he Eight ies . I l owe·er, the man, Ph il l ips and colleague Andy Collins. man�· people inn>l ved i n t h e <JUest swear to who t hen ran an esoteric m agazi ne e n t it led i t s t ru t h . They en gaged in real psyc hic bat ­ Stmngt Phmomnw, t he y seemed to m a ke t les and experienced cou n t less st range sense. phenomena as t hey lived t h rough the The saga t hat e·ent ual ly un ((>lded was like a flai r. a cross between t he <Jllest [( n· the l l oly Grail and a ·ersion of Tolkien s Lord of the Hings. Psychic auests centred an the discovery of swords cla1med to There were in t rigu i ng parallels , too , w i t h ;nterpret supemaUial v1s1ons SOCIETY AND THE UNEXPLA I N E D
    • .:. ; )" :. fl"; IJ , " · ;r f ..... • 1,. ._( � · .. I 1· . · ·�· r " • .. • •SeYeral fttrt h e r q uests {(,llowed . i n which Avebury, Wiltshire. is associated wtth energy emtsstons tnvestigated by psychics.six other swords alld Yarious colou redst ones H re discm·et·ed. : battle wasalleged l y fought w i t h an eYil f(>rce w h ic hu n leashed the l l n l()reseen k i l l e r h u rricaneo n sou thern Britain i n October 1 98 7 . I E S P- I O NAG E I Andy Collins h a s written eloque n t l y a n de n terta i n i n gly of t he later quests for a n Reports began to su rface t h a t the C I A andeager readers h i p . see m i ngly entranced b y KGB were figh t i n g a war o n the basis oft h is stra n ge ( a n d s o far u n iquely British) in f()rmation (termed PS I ) obt<J ined fro mmodern mystery. psychics.SOCIETY AND THE UNEXPLAINED
    • I t had been known for some years that CIA agents approached an Americanthe Sm·ict C nion had fu nded much researcher i n 1 992 to allege that t h i s "·asresearch into paranormal phenomena. happening. They had chosen to breakThere were strong rumours of a successfid cover and tell the worl d .telepathy experiment carried out between ����gro u n d con trol and a Russian spaceflightwhile i n orbi t . estern visitors to Soviet 20 JANUARY • p o N G F RO M O U T E R S PAC E laboratories were often d e n ied access tocertain sites wh ere a t t e m p t s were allegedlybei n g m ade to use psychoki nesis ( lK) - the ! .movem e n t of objects at a distance by mental T h e Knowles family were driving along thepower alone - in order to i n d uce ph ysical h i ghway from Perth to Adelaide, skirtingailments. the : u llarbor Pla i n on t h e Western :us­ Several psych ics , notably t h ose who pro­ t ral ia/South Australia border, w h en t heirlesscd the ability to have o u t -of-body expe­ car was allegedly attacked by a strangeriences almost to order, told of experiments force.in remote viewing· (in w h ich t h ey t ried to They observed a ligh t like an egg in asee dista n t places with their m i n ds). These cup twisting on the road ahead. t h en foundoccurred at a science i n s t i t u t e i n California, thcm sch·cs underneath it a n d being s uckedfun ded by t h e i ntelligence agencies. Psy­ upward by its power. Their voices changedch ics were asked to project themseh·es to a in pitch, a vile smell filled the car and afar location and describe what they saw. vibration shot t h rough the bodvwork.This turned out to be a Soviet base already I Iolding their hands out of the openp hotographed by spy satell ites. Accordi n g window i n t h e darkness, two of t h e occu­t o some sources, t h e psych ics performed p a n ts felt a spon gy object abow t h e m butbetter than the technology, describi n g saw nothing. The car then crashed , burst ahidden t u n nels o n l y discovered m uch later t yrc and slewed to a halt by the roadside.by con v e n t ional mean s . U po n arrival at the nearest tow n , U r i Geller subsequently claimed that h e l u n d rabilla, a s dawn broke, t h e y discm·­was aware of certa i n experi ments i n wh ich crcd inden tations in the car roof and a pow­psychic abilities were used to move distan t dery dust scattered t h roughou t t h e vehicle.object s . He was reluctant to talk abo u t t hese It smelt like bakelite. Driving on for a fewor to discuss the appare n tly growi n g mili­ hours, they contacted police who vacu u medtary im"Oivemcnt i n ESP research . samples of the dust but could find nothing There is now much debate in t h e para­ u n usual abo u t it. I Iowcver. witnesses thatnonn3l com m u nity about act ive m ilitary morning attest to the familys fear, thedevelopment of psychotronic weapon s . driver of another wh iclc on t h e h ighwayThese combine psychic powers a n d artifi­ describes see i n g a mysterious ligh t andcially generated electrical and p lasma others talk of s uddenly being buffeted bye nergy fields that ha,·e t h e potent ial to pro­ strong ,,·incls.duce scrambling effects on the h uman Theories as to what caused this u n usualmind. There arc fears that t hey could be poltergeist attack (or t h e pong from outerused to create very realistic and terrif)·ing space · . as one media source t ermed it)hallucinations (im·aluablc if directed in clude a n opt ical m i rage o f a t rain o n t h eagain st an enemy i n battle) and t hat secret long. flat stretch o f track t h a t r u n s paralleltesti n g of such devices might have been to the highway for h u n d reds of m iles, or aresponsible for certain recent cases of extra­ plasma vortex similar to t hose t hat Terenceordinary paranormal phenomena. Two leaden believes may create crop circles. SOCIETY AND UNEXPLAINED
    • TH E F U T U R E B E C KON S w� W�)r� o u r "ay t h ro u g h t h e h n a l d ecade .A o f t l u s m cred 1ble cen t u rv, w h e re d o westand ? I The ast o n i s h i n g growt h of t he freedommovement w i t h i n eastern E u rope t h a t has clearedaway old-style Com m u n i s m h as had an i n t ri gu i n gparanormal bac k l as h . Cou n t ries f(wmcrl y u n d e rre pressive regimes a r c e x perien c i n g a s p i ritualrelease t h a t is p rovo k i n g a d ra m a t i c rise i n cla i m sof the u n e xp l ained . S t r a n ge m a n i festa t i o n s , t h o u gh fewer i nn u mber, arc s u p po rted b y m o re con vi n c i n gevidence, o ft e n o n film . Pe rh a p s as a resu l t t hereseem be more sci e n t i s t s show i n g e n t h u siasm f(H· ,the s u p e rn a t u ra l , prepared to en gage in debat e , al l toor w h i c h a u g u rs well f()r t h e fu tu re.
    • Opi nio u is divided w i t h i n t h e pa ran or­ mal com m u n i t y as to w hether Len nons spirit can realh· be beh i ml t h ese messages. IT H E S P I R I T UAL R EVO L U T I O N t ried to pers uade Cyn thia Len non to hearEx-Beatk a n d rock st a r J o h n Leii i JO I I , w h o the t apes but sh e was t l l l derstandably reluc­w a s m u rdered ten yea rs earl ier. made a t a n t t o do so because she fe l t t h a t somedramat ic retu rn fi·om dea t h , accordi n g t o people were abusing her ex-h usba n ds: e w York psychic Bill Ten n to. Lenno n name.repu tedly used h is voctl cords to speak hat en·r the case, t h ese words u tteredm essages into a tape recorder, aiHI from by t h e New York medium in an im pression , I mG o n w a rd was issu i ng statemen t s about at least , of t h e si n ge r s oice, were dont­a remarkable series of Eart h -ch a nging mented with me i n advance of t he e·en t seve n t s that were abou t to be set i n m o tion . referred t o . E x a c t l y coinciding with the L e t m o n s p o k e of a spirit ua l revolu t ion t i mescale pro po sed , there w a s in deed at hat would gain m o m e n t u m i n I �)89/90 and q u i t e u nexpected and dra m a t ic s p iri t u albring about real p e a c e. l ie clain1ed that a revolut ion i n eastern E u rope which, i n ateam of people in t h e a li crl ili..· calli n g t hem­ mattn or months, felled the Berl i n wall a 1HIsdn�s t h e white brot h erhood (which ended h ard -l i n e Com m u n ism in almost alli ncl u ded , a m o n g o t hers , John ayne � ) its principal sea t s nf power. This all hap­were d o i n g t h e i r u t most a t this poi n t i n h is­ pened with remarka bl y little l o s s ol life - atorY to alter the world for the bet t er. As ; truly p eacdi t l revol u t io n . j us t as Len non Le n non sa id . There will be n o m o re ba t ­ had predicted.t les, n o more rars . . . i f people w a n t peace T h e peaceful revolut1on 1n eastern Europe was allegedlyt hey will han� p eac e . pred1acd by the spint of john L ennon. THE FUTURE BECKONS
    • -The late John Wayne IS reputedly one of the whitebrotherhood worl<1ng for world peace. 1991 10 SEPTEMBER DOUG AND DAVES C RO P C I RC L E S Whet her we have to t ha n k him (andJohn aync) lc:>r ending the bit ter Cold Two retired ;�n i s t s from Sou t h a m p ton,ar and casing the !ears of m i l l ions of Doug Bower and Dave Chorley. muallypeople is l ikely to be t he su l�jen of great know n a lkctionatdy as Doug and Dave,cont roversy t h a t may not he sett led u mil revealed i n the Today newspaper that theyLen no n s spirit m akes his ( prom ised ) had been ho;� x i n g nop ci rcles since 1 976.a p pe;u·ance t h is omi n g decade on a live They made them by using a rope and someT show! wood to llauen t he crop and had revelledTHE FUTURE BECKONS
    • in the invention of ever more fantastic pat­ pies here before 1 966 and more afterward.terns to play games with the experts. I ndeed, it is now known t h at the Aborigines Although some early stories clai med they h ave legends dating back m uch further.had made all the circles, t his was never the This is a very significam finding, becausecase. or the 3000 or so markings found Doug and Dave admit it was seeing thesebetween 1 980 and 1 99 1 , Doug and Dave circles in Au stralia that gae them the ideaclaim to have made only a cou ple of h u n ­ to create sim ilar marks in English cropdred, but including t h e 1 980 examples at fields after ret urning home. They areWestbury, the five circle patterns in 1 983 adamant that they did not fake the Queens­and the pictograms that were decoded as land circles and, given the deadly snakesecological messages in 1 989 and 1 990. t hat have long in habited this region, itThey had now decided to retire and were seems i mprobable t h a t anybody else did.annoyed by the money cereology was Doug and Dave thus fabricated an esca­making from thei1· little jest. To prove their lating mystery but modelled it on a realcase, t hey claimed to h ave signed t h e last phenomenon - of s i m ple, single circles ­dozen circles in s u m mer 1 99 1 with two that may always have been present world­giant letter Ds; and, indeed, circles with wide. Single circles are just whatthese letters had clearly been fil med d u ring researchers such as Paul Fuller arguedAugust. They were thought real� were left of the phenomenon even before The artists had a brief flurry with fame, Doug and Dave appeared . They did sothen faded from the scene, after s t ru ggling because this was the form confirmed byto try to sell a book recounting their global h istorical records, described by eye­exploits. !lost serious researchers viewing witnesses in the course of their formationtheir evidence accepted that they had made and reproduced artificially in various labo­the circles claimed and that copycat hoaxers ratory experiments when du plicating thehad followed their work. But hoaxing had em·ironment within a crop field. Nonebeen common since the m id- 1 980s, so t his were complex patterns.was not a climbdow n . I n othe1· words, t h e weird formations D o u g and Dave never professed t o have seem to be a hoax created a fter 1 9i6 andmade circles outside southern Engla n d , inspired by Doug and Dave. Yet beh indeven though they had formed i n more than these much publicized shapes were a fewforty cou ntries by the early 1 990s. Yet, genuine exam ples of simple , u n explainedastonishingly, t hey were accused by some circles that have formed at wide in tervals allindividuals in the cereology world of being over the world. Cereology, nevert heless,pawns in a g<wern ment disinformation has su rvived the crisis. Against the odds,campaign to destroy the credibility of the t he m yt h of alien intelligences sending mes­phenomenon. The notion that t hese two sages in the corn also lives o n !men were secret agents (whic h , fra nkly, I 1991find absurd) was soon part of circle lore . Personally, I am satisfied they are sin­cere, but equally it i s important to bear one FEBRUARY AND APRI Lcrucial fact in mind. The day they told their UFO VIDEOstory to the worl d , I was in the far nort hQueensland b u s h of Australia at the site A security camera operated by a guardsouth of Cairns where in January 1 966 crop fro m inside the B irchwood s hopping centrecircles had first formed. This was a reedy. complex near Warrington , Cheshire, inpoisonous. snake-infested swamp. A� I dis­ northern England, picked u p a white glob­cm·ered, t here had been many other exam- u lar object about the size of a tennis ball in THE FUTURE BECKONS
    • the early h o u rs of the mommg. The V1deo film of the strange wh1te blob obseiVed at thecam era li >l lowed this as i t c l i mbed walls, cir­ Wamngton shopp1ng centrecled wast e b i n s and t h e n disappea red . I ndose li>cus it resem bled a soap b ubble. observi n g a seco n d locat ion on the siteL: u w i l l i n g to m iss a n y t h i n g, the sec m i t y ide n t i fied t he same t h ing. This t i m e it wasguard rw,·er l e l i his office t o v i s i t 1 he s i t e visible hH· 1 wen t y m i n utes, moving low overhcli ll·e t h e ol�jen van ished over a tree. a roadway and a rou n d a road s i g n . Aga i n l" FO gro u p l l" FO RA (: l a nc hester L FO t h e guard d id n o t lean· t h e b u i l d i n g to lookResearch :ssocia t i o n ) were called in a n d I( ))" i t .i m· i ted scie n t ists at t he British and I rish As o f late I �19:�. no o t h e r guards c l a i m toSceptics mo-em e n t to p a rt rcrpate in a have seen t h e same t h i n g t h rough a n y o fu n i q u e joi n t elli>rt t o try to solve t h e rase . t he cameras a t t he s i t e , a l t h o u gh o n e ex­Could i t be film of ball l i gh t n i n g ( n ever em ployec has clai med to h ave done sobcli>re record ed)? Or was t here a m u n­ when wor k i n g t h ere, bel ievi n g i t to be andane sol u t i o n ? L u m i nous i nsec t s a n d opti­ i n sect. Tir e case rem a i n s an in triguingcal distort ions to the cam era lens were detect ive puule, hut un less i t w a s a U FOdebated hut no dear a nswer fi > u n d . Then , piloted by n·ry small green m e n , t h i s is d e l�two nHHl l h s later. a d i fferent curwra i nitdy not a fi l m or a spaces h i p .THE FUTURE BECKONS
    • ���� 27 OCTOBER t h e i r sealed capsule s u rf�ICe. Ltr ahon· t h e Eart h Rel i gion t h ro u g h o u t the i(nmer C o m m u ­ G H OST V I D E O nist states h a d b e e n h eavily res t ricted a n d A t ·l.32 a.m. the b u rglar alarm Ji·om a spiri t ual beliefs w e re w id el y fi·o w n c d u po n . n i g h t c l u b in O l d h a m , Lancash ire, i n nort h ­ I l owever, t h e soul o r a n a t i o n (Ould not h e e r n E n gl a n d , sounded i n t h e police s t a t i o n . s u p p ressed and worship h ad co n t i n ued Tt ·a v e l l i n g to the site and m eet i n g t he re gard less or t h e p e rsec u t i o n I hat some­ 0 ll er, t he police d iSCOered 110 s i gn of a t i mes res u l t e d . So m e t h o ught that the new break-in b u t n oted som e t h i n g q u i t e ex t ra­ freedom was exp ress i n g- i tself as a d ra m a t i c ord i n ary. The security cam era h a d been O U tbu rst or h a l l u r i l l at o ry ex pcricn ccs W hie h t J·iggerecl i n to action at e x actly the t i me ha d been bott led up iiJr d ecad e s. O t h ers w h e n t h e alarm sou n d e d . I n fra-red beams fel t t h at t h ese a ngel ic visio n s w e re a sign in tercep t ed by a m ovi n g object em do t h i s . t h a t the oven h row o r Co m m u n i s m had met but how had the i n t r uder e n t e red t he wi t h d i,·i n e favour. bu i l d i n g? hen t h e t a p e was p lay ed bar k , Crop circles also made t h eir way into t h e a nswer was a m a z i n g . A ghos t l y . s e m i ­ e a s t e rn E u rope. T h e y w e re d i sC<J·e•·ed i n t ransparent m a l e fi g u re i n a w h i t e s h i n was Russia. Georgia a n d Lat ,·ia, wit h part icu­ seen to walk a lo n g a ronidor past the larl y bizarre pattt·rns ncar B u c h arest in beams a n d straight t h rough a d osed door Rom ania. In : l a y a n d .J u n e 1 99 2 , H u ngary as i f i t was not t h ere! bec a m e the lat e s t cen t re of act ivity when a U n h a ppily. t he ideo t a p e was acciden­ series of s i n gle circles, al ign ed l i ke pl a n et s tally dest royed before it could reach i n vest i ­ in a solar sys t e m , app ea red south or gat ors at ASSAP ( Assoc i at io n fo r the B u dapest . SenTal weeks later. however, Scie n t i fic S t u d y of Anomalous P h e n o m ena) two yout h s came forward to explai n t h a t and a copy t h u s be t a k e n , a l t h o u g h s t i l l t h ey h a d fa ked t w o s i ng le c i rcles w i t h a i m ages wen· secured. Various p eo p le w h o piece of wood. I n just a few days, I I u n g-ary s a w i t claim i t w a s remarkable evidence. w e n t t h rough what B ri t a i n had t a ken t en Cars to e x perience. I l u ngary was a lso t l 1 l i(Kal poi n t t(Jr some i n u·i g u i n g cases or spare n ap p i ng. Th e vict i m s were yo u n g , a ged bet l·een I � a n d T H E S U P E RNAT U RALS STAR R I S E S 2 :-i , and fro m p ro fessional ca t egorie s . I N T H E EAST i n c l u d i n g a n u rs e a n d a p ilot . I n one i n c i d e n t i n J a n ua ry I 99 2 , n ea r As the eastern bloc in E u rope rushed head­ Szeksvard . a w o m a n f ( m n d h e r car d u mped long into dem o cracy . i t s people began to i n t O a field S U ITO U J Hi ed by l i i i i O U Ched snow exp eri e n ce a wave of para norm a l ee n t s . I t t h a t had fallen several days bd(>re. S h e o n l y was a s i f t h e rem oval o f repression t h a t h a d recalled seei n g a s t ra n ge l i gh t before t h e out lawed su pport fo r such t h i n gs had t ra nsportat i o n . ope n ed a ga t e a n d relea s ed a torre n t ii·01n A n ot her woman saw an ol�j cct land w i t h i n t h e psych e of t h ese c u l t u res. heside h e r house a n d d eveloped o d d m ark­ In cou n t ries s u c h as Rom a n i a t h ere were i n gs o n her abd omen . She was fo u n d to be frequent sightings or a n g els. One astoni sh ­ pregn a n t a n d an u l traso u n d revealed t h e i n g episode was repo rt ed d u ring a space foe t u s , b u t u p o n t h e n e xt c h ec k . a n d w i t h ­ m ission planned by t h e f(mner L SSR, when o u t h er h aving s u tlered a mis c a rr i age , t h e cosmonauts clai med t o h av e seen a glow i n g I u l t rasou n d rev ealed t h a t s h e w a s n o Ion ge•· w i n ged creat u re mat erialize b r i d l ) inside I preg n a n t . Dill T H E F U T U R E B E C K ONS
    • THE FUTURE BECKONS
    • Left: an interpretation of angelic visions by Judith Starchild. odd recurrent d reams and phobias abou t Above: a Hungarian town noted for strange phenomena. certain locations, alien involving major detours to avoid taking the quickest route In December 1 992, several former mem­ withou t any u nderstanding of t h e reason. bers of the old Academy of Sciences in I t was expected that perhaps one in a Moscow got together to launch eastern thousand people might emerge as possible Europes first privately fu nded 1·cscarch abductees, but the results were staggering. project into strange phenomena. Given the Almost fi c million Americans were diag­ s success of Soviet experiments d u ring t h e nosed as potential victims of a spaccnapping. 1 960s i n fi elds s u c h a s Kirlian energy. psy­ The vast majority had no memory of this. chokinesis and ESP, t h e creation of this A major six-day symposi u m was orga­ body - called Aura Z - could be a signifi­ nized at t h e prestigious ll assachusctts I nsti­ cant step fonvard. tutc of Technology (l1 IT) by physicist Dr David Pritchard, and the h ighly respected1991 psychologist , Dr John Mack, based at adja­ cent Harvard U niversity. Ex perts fi·om all JUNE over t h e world exam ined every facet of the M A S S S PAC E N A P P I N G spaccnapping m ystcry and concluded that there was a significant global problem of The Roper organization conducted the cxtraordina,·y proportions. The popular biggest-ever poll to survey how many t h eory that abductccs arc fant asy prone American citizens had symptoms that could personalities was rejected aficr a series of be suggestive of a spacenapping. Features test results that were premiered here by sought were missing periods of memory. psychologists. THE FUTURE BECKONS
    • 199J JUNE Aher con s iderable eflinl, .) e 1 1 n y Cockell was able t o t rack down several of h er sur­ ,· i v i n g- ch ildren and bri n g t h e m a l l toget her T H E R E I N CARNAT I ON O F MARY fin· a n asto n i sh i n g reu n ion in t h e house t hey all once s h a re d . T h e y had been apart S U TTO N for m u c h of t heir lives. Yet t h t·y were s t ag­ Per h a ps l i te most remarkable e<tse yet of �en:d hy t he i n t i m a t e d e tails o f t h e i r c h ild­ n·i ncarnat ion e m e rge d t h is m o u t h with t he hood t hat t h is woman umld p rovide. I l o w n·,·dations by .J e n u y Coc kell rrom co u l d she k n ow so nmdt? B u t was Jenny : ort hamptonshirc, cen tral E u gla n d , in h er Coc kell, years you nger t ha n a n y of them, boo k J eslttday s Chilrlrtll . . J e u u y cla i m ed t h a t really their m o t her? They wo n d e red if. from early c h il d h o od she was pla gu ed b y i n st ea d . t h e dead m o t h e r they remembered s t ra n ge d reams of a w om a n i n a col l age, a was spea k i n g t h rough her from heaYen i n Yioleu t h u sba n d and a la rge t; un il y of chil­ orde r to bri n g t h e b m i l y to�ether aga i n for d re n . S h e had a se n se of u u fi u i shed b u si­ o n e last t i me, n ess and an u rge to f i n d o t l l more. In (ktober 1 99:� J c n n y Cock e ll told me E en t u al l y , d e sp i t e 1 1 1 a rr y i n g a n d t ri n g t h at she was now research i n g fu rt h e r to f ( J r ge t , s h e could n o t escape t h e p ressure d reams and m e mories em erg i n g u nder of t h is weird alter ego that kept i u t r u d i n g h y p n os is . These told of a fu t ur e l i fe i n 1 he i n t o her d rea m s . She had so m nc h i n limna­ twenty-first cen t u ry where she knows t i o n about t h is ot her l i fe t h a t s h e was able t o m orrows c h ild ren - yet t o he horn . to s k e t ch the la yout of a Yillage t hat she 199J k new i n s t i nn i ,·eh· was i n I rela nd. Finally . . J e n n y obtai ned deta iled maps of the area uo rth of D u blin where s h e was nm­ JULY Y i nced t h is other woman had liYed . Examin­ STRAN G E E N E R G I E S i n g t he � l alahide area, she d i scon:red t h a t h e r d ream me mories matched exacl ly w i t h Amh- C o ll i ns lau nched a m;�or n e w s t u d y t h i s location and that t hey related to t wcnty­ inro the m yst e r io u s p henomenon of fiC years prior to her own b i rt h . o r�o ne e n ergy. First isolated by co n t ro ver­ TraYel l i n g to I re lan d , many of h er sial American researcher Wilhel m Reic h , i t sketches came to l i fe. S i t e knew t h e t o w n , was su ppos ed t o b e a b iolog i ca l fo rce a k i n had d raw n i ts b u i ld i n gs fro m her d rea m t o ect oplasm and b o d y el ect ric i t y b u t w h ich nH.mory· a n d was a bl e to locale t h e der eli c t s u n· i ved i n t h e at m os p h er e as a l ivi n g t h i n g col l age w h e r e t he lo n g- dea d woman of h e r a n d c o u l d be c ha rged for good or evil d rea ms h a d a ct n a l l y lin·d. T h a t won t a n was from o t h er liYi ng forms. na med M a ry S u l ton and alter her d ea t h at a Reichs exp e r i me n t s a l lempted t o scal i e r O u n g age her la rge [unity ol ch ildren had douds by d is p ersi n g en ergy t h rough been split apart a mi sent to ,·arious f(Jsler s t ran ge-loo king guns. B u t he was pur s u ed homes. T h e y ne,·er saw one another aga i n . by m i l it a r y a u t h orities a n d dog g ed by other Je n n y w a s com·i nced t h a t she reta i n ed problems. H is work was largely fo rgot t e n , t hese m emor ies beca use s h e had to co m ­ saC ((Jr i t s e r Ka ps u lation in t he h i t song pemate lclr t h is t raged y . I f s h e was i ndeed Cioudbust i ng. writ en b y Kate B u s h . the reincarna t i o n of � l a ry S u t t o n , it nmld Collins bclieYed that t h is linTe in the be t h at t he�e i mages were po u ri n� Oil of at mosphere m i � h t h e res p o ns ible for bot h her subconscious beca u se her earh· dea t h lFOs and crop drdes. I t was largely invisi­ filly years p re,· io 1 1 sl y somehow h ad UO t o ble, hut i n t e racted with, and de pended b e s e t r i�h t . u p o n . h u m a n consciousness. I t m i g h t build THE FUTURE BECKONS
    • a bridgl" lwt wel"n I he nat u ral plasma e ner­ Wilhelm Re·c�·s or·gcne box.giLS t h a t ct u tious rl"searchers Wl"rL s up porl ­i n g a n d t h l" un known i n t e l ligeJJCl". t hat m a l ly in isibk b u t mu l d hL· f i l mcd hym a n y o t h ers argued must be h d 1 i n d the means of i n fra-red p h o t ogra p h y . It wasu nexplainl"d pht"nomena bot h of crop cir­ cert a i n ly t ruc t hat crop circle Jlscat·cherscles and sp:Kl" n a p p i n gs. were frequ e n t l y f i n d i n g su·ange blobs on l l"rhaps t h l" p lasma was orgone energy photographs ta ken at sites where n ot hi n gand 1 he i n t e l l i gl"l!Cl" oursdn·s. O t lwr had b e e n isihle at t he t imc. 1 m-est ig;uionsresearchers had spec u lated abo u t l iin g of w i n dow areas afier l l l l iiSIIaJ phenomenaan imals in t h e at mos p here wh ich were nor- 111 the Yici n i t y had also rLl"aled similar THE FUTURE BECKONS
    • 199J AUGUST MYSTERY -FACE ON M A R S I I · During the close-survey p• obcs that orbited � [ars in 1 9i6, someth i n g very strange was photog•·aphed in the Cydonia region. The Viking probe fi l med it twice, in J ul y and August, from different orbital positions. While NASA lau ghed it off as a trick of ligh t and shade, an accidental effect seemed u nlikely because of the varied lighting con­ ditions that prevailed for these m ul t i ple i m ages, shot from d ifferen t angles and at different ti mes. The photographs appeared to show a human face , with eyes, nose and mou t h , measurin g a m i l e in diameter. Later work by compu ter specialists enhanced details and, rather than destroying the ill usion as would have been l ikely had this been an optical trick, they re·ealcd new fea tures, such as eyeballs. The debate has raged ever since. Was this a monument erected on the llartian sur­Bust of Wilhelm Reich, w1th h 1 s cloudbuster, at Rangeley,Ma1ne, USA. face by a long-dead civi lization ? Or. givenu n seen masses on site pict ures. ere these that it was too small to be seen by any tele­examples of orgonc energy briefly visible to scope on Eart h , was it placed there tothe sensitivity of the film or sim ply u n ­ resemble us and so attract our attention,noticed by t h e eyes of the camera operator? only bei ng detectable when our technology Collins mounted a project in the ood­ proved capable of visiting �Iars? Perhaps i tborough H i l l area ncar Alton Barnes, Wilt­ was a cal l i n g card left long ago by al ien visi­shire, in southern England, during July tors to our solar system - t he ET equ iva­1 993. Several im pressive crop circles had lent of K ilroy was here .formed here and there were n um erous Sad l y , :ASA seemed reluctant t o takeaccounts of strange lights bei n g seen. H i s new photographs w i t h more sophisticatedteam used cloudbusting equipment t o try cameras. H owever, lobbying by several sci­to trigger orgone energy i n to l i fe and pho­ entists and t h rough the U n i ted N ationstographed the proceedings with i n fra-red achieved this promise. A probe wasfilm. Enough u n usual images did appear to launched in 1 992 and i n September I 993warra n t further study. was due to ret u rn photographs of Cydonia While opinion is di,·ided as to how rele­ which would have ended the dispute.vant this work may be to U FOs or crop cir­ Either they wou l d have pro·ed this to becles, there is no doubt t ha t , as has merely a rock t ha t cast shadows andhappened so often in the past , Andy Collin s chanced to resemble a human face or theh a s s e t a n e w trend in motion and t h a t as artificial n a t u re o f the monu ment wou ldthe 1 990s progress, t h e quest for orgone have been u n deniable. l [ eanwhile the mys-energy will hot u p . tery remains.THE F U T U R E B EC K O N S
    • The previously mentioned examples of video-recorded U FOs and ghosts are by no means unique. 1n August 1 993, no fewer than six n ew cases of odd things captured by camcorder were brought to my immedi­ ate notice. This is certain to be a major factor in coming investigations. Another i nt riguing variation is the allega­ tion that technology is being hijacked by some i ntelligent force to create new myster­ ies - a real ghost in the machine. If I were to don my :ostradam us hat, this would be The strange face on the surface of Mar.; A tnck of the light or the work of an al , e n 1ntelligencei my prophecy for the paranormal mystery that will dominate the 1 990s. Yet, as the probe ended its year-long trek There have been claims that TV sets have through space and was about to enter park­ transmi tted strange voices when all stations ing orbit and begin its mission, all contact have gone off the air; in one case , a witness with i t was lost. ;;rSA - having expended swears he saw the i mage of his dead dog huge sums on its various experiments - appear on screen this way. Video tape was distraught. ;;obody knew whether it recorders left on overnight should record had suffered a simple malfu nction, was nothing but static yet haw reportedly actually taking its photographs and unable received fuzzy images from un known to return them to Earth, or failing to sources. So far these have been nothing respond to :ASAs instructions. Equally t hat could not be explained as a freak likely, it could have been hit by a meteor reception of another TV channel. and destroyed . Or, as some researchers There have even been cases of spectrally were not slow to point out, maybe the aliens affected i nanimate objects, such as a tele­ had silenced it! phone answerphone that was possessed 1 n any case, it had vanished, as had the and a vacu um cleaner that replayed sounds chance of resolvi n g the fascinating mystery as if it had recorded them - the sounds of the llartian face for at least several more seeming to be those of the factory staff who years. built it or the shopkeeper who had sold it! Of cou rse, rumours soon began to circu­ On 2 September 1 993, the latest variation late that photographs had been retu rned occurred in Dublin. A you ng couple had to Earth and did conclusively prove that the bought a baby alarm system that broadcast face was an alien constructio n. But why signals from the nursery to any room in the would NASA h ide such a fascinating fact? house where the wireless receiver was car­ Naturally this has all been denied. So the ried. All went well u n til the device bega n to mystery lives on. emit cries from a child who was not there, plus screams and music. Noises like���J mach i nery then emerged and even tually the alarm drifted into a static hiss and 2 SEPTEMBER resu med normal working. Was this a radio station or signals from a nother alarm HAU N T E D T E C H N O LOGY system p icked u p by frea k atmospheric The paranormal is an ongoing process. effects? Or are baby ala rms the latest in a There will always be new cases to report long line of objects to become h aunted and new trends to describe. during this most mysterious of centuries ? THE F UTURE BECKONS
    • ho k nows w h a t a r eview o r t h e t we n t y - f i rst W . ce n t u ry, decade by decade , will o n e cl ay have to t e l l u s ? I t is safe to p redict t h a t some o f t h e t h i n gs t h at are discussed i n t hi s book w i l l be accepted as scie n t i fic f�lct and t a u g h t i n ou r schools, ot h e rs rejected as a passi n g fa l l cy. A few, no doub t , w i l l s t i l l be d ebated t oget h e r w i t h new m y s t eries t h at are bou n d t o crop u p . Vc l i ve i n a c h a n g i n g U n iverse a n d a re constantly learn i n g amazi n g n e w t h i ngs about i t . The paranormal i s b u t a n a m e t hat we give t he su rf t h a t rides t he cu rren t t a k i n g u s day by day to i n t o t h e fu t u re.The car1h dS seen fr om sp.KeAr-e we a�onc O!- ._n� we be,ngwa:ched?
    • FURTHER REA D I N GT h e l i > l lo w in g books by no means limn a n exhaustive l ist oJ title s that discuss some oJ the cases kat u rcd i n this vol u me,but t h e y arc part icula rly usefu l .Andrews. Coli n a n d Delgado, Pat , Cirmla r Evid1nr1. Bloomsb u ry , 1 �189Ba rr y . J a m es. Ball Lightning and Bnul Lightning, Ple n u m . 1 980Ba x t er, J ohn and A t k i n s . Thomas, Thl Firl Ca me By. Do u bl e day. 1 �17GBegg. Pa u l , Into 1ll i n A ir, Da,·id & Cha rl es . 1 979Berlitz. C h arles. The Bnm uda Tria ng/1, Do u bl eda y . 1 97•1Bems t ei n , I orey, The S((lrch f!n· B ridiJ M tujdty, H u t c h i n so n , 1 956B la c km ore , Sue, BiJ OIId tlu Bod)". H e i n e m a n n , 1 982 D_Ying to -i11, Grafto n , I 993Bord, J a n e t an d C o l i n , Alien ; l n imal., C rafton, I 98 1Chatelai n , Iau rice. Our A n(ls/ors Cant/ jimu Outn Spar!, Double­ day. 1 97 8Clark , . J e rom e, The UFO EIIC)Cioj){(/ia ( t h ree vols ) , Om n i graph ics, 1 990, 1 992. 1 99-1Cockd i , J en n y . } f>.lnda)"s Cluldrlll. Piat k us, 1 99:�Colli n s, Andy, 111 e Circh Makns, ABC: Books, 1 9�12 l11e Seventh Su•ord, Cen t u ry, 1 992Con d o n . Edward. ed .. Srillllifir Sind_) of UFOs. B an t a m . 1 969Co n st able , Trevor, 111 1 Cosmic lnl�e of !.ife, 1 l e rl i n , 1 97GDavies , Pau l , Othn l lorlds, Den t . 1 980Doyle, Art h u t· Con a n , 1111 Coming of tlu Fairies, Doran , 1 92 2D1ini ken , Erich ,·on , Cha riots o the (;ods ?, Sm t T i l i r Press. 1 9G9 fDevereux, Pau l . Ea rthlights, Tu rn ston e , 1 982 Ea rthlight Rl<llation, B l a n d li >r< l , 1 989Franci s , D i , Cat Counlt). David & Charles, I �)it�Fuller, J o h n , /111 fniiITIIjJtnljollnii_V. P u t n a n 1, I !IG6 ( u pdated Souve n i r Press, 1 980) The Ghost of 21J MlgacyriiS, G r a fto n . 1 987Geller, U ri and Play l a i r, Guy, Th1 (;llllr Ef]/>rt, Sou v e n i r Press, 1 989H arris, : leli n , SonJ fou 1•e Bfm D11jml, eide n l d d & N icolso n , 1 �18GH c u el m a n s , Be rn a rd , On lhl Track o Unlwown ,.J uimals. I I ill & f ang, 1 958I loagland, Richard. 71u• Mom1111111/s of Man. Nort h Atla n t ic Pre s s . 1 987I I o u g h , Pelet· a nd Randles. Jenny, SjJOnla 1110/IS lluuutll Cnmbmtio n , Robert H ale, 1 992J u ng, Carl . Fl_ving Sau(lrs: A Modem Myth. Rou t ledge & Kegan Pau l . 1 9!19
    • Kagan, Daniel and S u m mers . I an , Mute Evidn1ce, Bantam, 1 984Keatman, iIartin and Phillips, Graham, Tlu Green Stone, Spea rman, 1 982Keyhoe, Donald, Fl)ing Saucers A re Real, H olt , 1 950Kusch e , Larry, 111e Bermuda Trianglf: M_vstny Solved, H arper & Row, 1 97 5Leslie, Desmond a n d Adamski. George, FIJing Sauras Hm•e Landed, La urie, 1 953Lunan , D u ncan , Atau and the Stars, Souveni r Press, I 974�lac hen, Arthur, Thf Bowmm and Other ugends o the J Var, I 9 I 5 f (his work published as Tales of the Supernatural, Grafton, I 975)Mackal, Roy, A Living Dinosaur?, B rill, I 987ifoody, Raymond, Lif After Lif Bantam, 1 97 5 e e,�l om·e, B i l l and Berlitz, Charles, The Philadelphia Experiment, Grafton, 1 979Moss, Thelma, 71le Probabilit_v of the Impossible, Paladi n , 1 979l l ou l ton I l owe, Linda, A n Alien Haruest, Littleton, 1 989Nickell, J oe and Fischer, J oh n , Secrfts of the SujJernatural, Prometheus, 1 988Oberg, J ames, UFOs and Outer SjJace 1f)sterifs, Don ning, 1 982Persinger, �Jichael and Lafren iere, Ghyslaine, Space-time Transimts a nd Unusual Er.•ents, Nelson - 1 1all, 1 97 7Randles, J enny, UFOs a n d /low t o Set Thnn, Anaya , 1 992 From Out o the Blue, Berkley, I 993 fRandles, J enny and Fuller. Paul, Crop Circles: A M)stny Soh•ed. Robert Hale, I 990 (updated 1 993)Randles, Jenny and Hou gh , Peter, Death by Supanatural Ca uses ?, G1·afton, I 988Randles, J enny and a rrington, Peter, Science and the UFOs, Basil Blackwell, 1 98 5Raudive, Konstanti n , Breakth rough, Smyth e , 1 97 IRhine, J . B . , The Reach o the Mind, Pelica n , 1 954 fRid pat h , I an . Messages from the Stars, Futura. I 978Ring, Ken, The Omega Project, William Morrow, I 992Sheldrake, Rupert , A New Science of Lif B lond & Briggs, 1 98 1 t,Story, Ronald, 111e Space Gods Revealed, N EL, 1 97 7Strand, Erling, Project Hessdalen: Final Terlmical Report, Projec t , H essdalen , I 985Temple, Robert , The Siriu.1 Mystel), Souvenir Press, 1 976Watson , Lyall, Supemature, Hodde1· & Stoughton, 1 97 5Wilso n , I a n , Mind O u t of Time, Gollancz, 1 98 IVitchell, N icholas, The Loch Ness Sto1y, Pengu i n , 1 975 (u pdated 1 99 1 )
    • INDEXAbominable Snowman 7 1 , 99 Blythburgh. Suffolk, U K 39 Drem airfield, U K 50- IAch�·. France 46 Boardman, Pete 7 1 Duncan, Helen 8 1 -2Adamski, George 78-9 Boas, Antonio Villas 82-4, 92 Diirer, Albrecht 26Aetherius Society 78 Booth, David 1 1 3Agnaga. Dr !lan.-ellin 24 Bodey Rectory, SuOolk. UK 5 1 Earl, Bea 45Ai•· lli ) Steries 1 4, 1 5 , 4 5-6, 76-8, Borman, Frank 94 Earthlights J.t, 1 9 , 1 22-3 1 1 2- 1 3 Bournbrook, W. :lidlands, U K 9 Ectoplasm 54-5Airships 1 7- 1 9, 45-6 Bower, Doug 1 28-9 Edinbmgh, Scotland 50, 82Akhhenaten 1 23 Bowmen and Other Legends, The Egryn, ales 1 4Alamosa City, Colorado, USA 96 Brazzaville, Congo 24 Eilean !lor lighthouse, U K 9Ald rin, B u z z 94 Bronto.nllms 2:3 Einclhm·en, Holland ·12Alien contact 56-60. 82-4 Brown, Rosemary 26 Einstein, Albert 20, 59Allen , Carl 58-60 Bucharest, Romania 1 3 1 Eldridge, USS 59-60Alma 7 1 Bungay. Sulfolk, U K 39 Epsilon Bootis 42-3Alton Barnes, Wiltshire, U K 1 36 B u rger, :-.leal 57 Everest, !It 7 , 7 1Amit)ille, L l , USA 1 06 Bush, Kate 1 34 Everglades, Florida, USA I 03Ancient astronauts 99- 1 00 Exhall, Wamickshire, UK 19Andrews, Colin 1 16 Caerphilly : f ountain, Wales 1 8 Extra-sensory pelTeption (ES I)Animal m u tilations 96-7 Caidan , !lartin 78 48-50, I 03-5, 1 24-5, 1 33Annapurna, :It 7 1 Cardington, Bedfordshire, UK 4 5Anson, Ja)· 1 06 Carnarvon, Earl o f 3 7 Fairies 30-4Apollo I I 94 Carter, l l oward 37-8 Fatima, Portugal :H-5Appleton, Cmthia 84 Cascade !lountains, Washington, Fish, 1larjorie 9 1Armstrong, :-.lei! 94 USA 62 Fisher Canyon, 1:evada, USA :39Arnold, Kenneth 62-:l Champlain, Lake 92 Flight I 9 60-2Arundel, Sussex, UK 53 Chatelain, !Iaurice 94 Flight 40 I I 03Ashton-under-Lyne, Lancashire, Chico, California, USA 38-9 Florida Keys. USA 1 03 UK 58 Chorley, Dave 1 28-9 Fontes, Dr Ola0 83Aston, . Midlands, t.:K 84 Churchill, Winston 1 8 Fort, Charles 38A.tlalllosaunL� 25 Cincinnati, Ohio, USA 1 1 3 Fort Lauderdale, Florida, USAAvebury, Wiltshire, UK 1 23 Clark, Jerome 1 7 , 40, 97 60-1 Cockell, Jenny I :H Fox sisters I IBahia Blanca, Argentina 1 0 1 Collins, Andy 1 23-4 , 1 34 , 1 :36 Freeman-Attwood, J ulian 7:3Ball lightning 1 05-6 Collins, Doris 1 2 Freud, Sigmund 8, 4 4 , 79Bass Straits, Australia 1 1 2- 1 3 Condon, D r Edward I 0 I Fmdsham, Cheshire, UK 97Beauvais. France 4 6 Cottingley, Yorkshire, U K 30-4 Fuller, John 92, I 03Beethoven, Ludwig v a n 26 Crop circles I I 0, 1 1 5- 1 8 . 1 28-9, Fuller, Paul I 29Begg. Paul 1 2 , 28, 60, 76 1 3 1 , 1 35-6Bender, Hans 87 Curran, Pearl 26 Gaddis, Vincent 76Bentwatns, Sulfolk, U K 1 1 8- 1 9 Galileo Galilei 6Berlitz, Charles 59, 76 Daniken, Erich von 99- 1 00 Gallipoli, Turkey 27-8Bermuda Triangle 76-8, I 00 Darwin, Charles H, 90 Garrett, Eileen 45-6Bernstein, !Iorey 79 Davies, Dr Paul 1 06 Geller, Uri 1 03-5, 1 25Bielek, AI 59 Delgado, Pat 1 16 Gemini 4 94Bigfoot 69, 97-9 Devereux, Paul H, 1 9, 1 1 0, 1 2 1 -2 Gemini 1 2 94Billy the Kid 26 Dickens, Charles 73 Ghost photographs :30, 5:,-4, 92-3,Binbmok Farm, Lincolnshire, Dieterlen, Germaine 67 131 UK I 2 Dinosaurs 2:-5 (;ibbons, Bill 24Black dog :39-4 1 Diplodorus 24 Gimlin, Boh 97, 99Blackmore, Dr Sue I 09 Dogon 67 Coddard, Sir Victor 50- IBlackwood. Ebbw Vale, Wales 1 1 8 Donaldson, Stephen 1 23 Gould, Rupert 47Blessed , Brian 73 Doyle, Arthur Conan 23, :H , 45-6 Gray, H ugh 4 7Blyth, 1iorthumherland, U K 1 8 Drake, Raymond 99 Griauk, !larcel 67
    • Crilhths. Fr .r nct·s :10--t Louis X 1 , King !) Out-of-body exper ience (< lO B E )Haines, Or Rit h;ml I I :1 Lovell, J a mes 9-1 1 07-!Jl lals. Jorgen - 1 � Lunan, D l l lu·a n -t�-:1 Ot factor -I I , :,6l l a l t . C o L Charles 1 19 Lut1., (;eorge and Karin· I OliH a n ging Rock, .ustralia 9 Luxor, Egypt :n Palomar, I I 7 8l l au nti n g s j I . I Oti, I :17 l;rtterson. Roge r 97, !l!Jl ltssdalen, :>.:orwav I �0- 1 , I :! � :be hen, An hur �7-8 Ia llo,·, .-Ilion SHem·dmans, lkrnard �-1 :llcClure, KeYin 1 -1 lermine Hills, U K :i6, !16. 1 2 1Hexham, :>.:ortbumb.. rbml, l. K 9-1 :l l c Oivit t , J ames lersingn, D r :l l ichad I to . 1 1 8 . 8-1 -;) :ltKk, Dr J o h n I :tl 121Hill, Beuy and Bam<) !10-� :llackal, Rov �-1 Pe ter bo rou gh . Cambs, lK 1 8l l illarv, Sir Fdmuwl 7 1 :lc:llinnville. Oregon, L S.- liS Petit Trianon !1, 1 0l l inchdilk, C;tpt. . -t:i :Ianarn, Ann;r :iO lhiladelphia Experiment 59-li I ,l looer·. Cmdr ( ;corge 58 :llanhatlan Proje< 1 5!1 101l lopkins. Budd ;)(j :llanitoba, Lak .. !12 Ph illips. Graham 1 2 :H ou gh . lttll 7-1 :I a n ni ng . :lattlww:!li Picasso, Pablo 26l l ouston. Texas. US. 97, 1 1 9 :larconi, ( ; u glielm o · 1:! Pollack, John <t n<l Florenn· li-1-:iI I ullman. Tex;rs. l S.- 1 1 9 :larie-Antoinette. Queen !1, I I Po lt erg ei st s 1 2, :, t , 1 2SH u nt , Sir Jolm 7 : I ars -1�. 6 1 . 9:� . !15, l :lG-i lm,·el l , James �-1l hdes,·ille. :-.: .. w York, lS. I I :leaden, Dr Ten•nu· l l :i- 1 6, 1 1 8 . lremonicions 22-:1, I I :1 1 2 1 . 125 lrin·, llanY -1 6, :; I . 8 2lcke. OaY i d 1 18 :leek , Gemge 1 1 0- 1 2 lrit<hanl. Dr Da1·id I :1:3Irwin, Fit Lt -Hi :Jesmer. Franz 79 Proni, Dr 50 :l es�ner, Reinhold 73 lsn·hic questing I :!:1--1J er se1 Devil 6, I li- 1 7 :llexico Citv, :llexim 1 0 1J essup. :llonis C> 8-(i0 :l l rracles 2 1 , 6!1 R I O I -15-6J onts, :llarv 1 -1 :l l i rebeau-en-Poitou, France 2 1 Rmfuku .lam 76Jourdain, Eleanor �1-1 0 :l l obe dey, Anne !J- 1 0 Ramsq·. Isle of :l;m, l! K :l!JJ ung. Cad Gustav 1 -1 , 7!1 - (i() .lolnran, C S S R;rndi , J ;rmes l OSJ u p iterIii mokrlt• mbrmbr 2:1--1 Ranton, Staflordshire, U K li tJ u r genso n , Friedrich 87 :Ions. Fram·e 2G-9 Randiw, D r Ko ns tant in 87 lonsters I �. 1 6 , 1 7. -IG-8, 9:! Reeser. :lary 7:l--1Kagan, Daniel 97 : l oo<h·. Dr R;rymond 106-7 Regus ters, Hennan 2-1Kcatman, :l l a n i n 1 � :1 Moon -l:l , 78, Sli, !):-5, !1l Rtich. Wilhelm l :l-1-GKennedi , J ohn F. 7 9 : l oore, J nstph !J Reic h ;r r·d t , Frederick 2 8Knhoe, :11<1J<II" Donald Ii-I :loor·e, William 59 Reincamation 2 6 , 79-80, 8 -1 - 5Kirlian. Dr Sem011 87-90 lorar, Lrke -1:1 Rendlesham Forest. Sufi(,Jk, L KKirlian energ1 87-90, 1 33 :llorse. Or :lt eh·in I O i -8 1 1 8-19Knowles famil I �;, :l oss, Dr Thelma !Ill Repo . Don 1 03Kulik, Leonard J ;) :louhon Howe, Lind;r !li R h ine, Dr Joseph and LouisaKusche, Larrv 76 lurplll, Bridn 79-:-10 -18-:iO Ring. D r Kenneth 1 07La Crosse, iswmin, l SA -10 :-alGI lines, leru !1!1- 1 00 Roa<·h. Dr franklin 9-tLafreniere. Ghvsbint 1 1 0 :>.:ear de;uh experic·nu· ( :- DE) Robertson. :!organ 22-3Lagardt, Ft·rnand 1 0!1, 1 � 1 ( ()(i-8 Rockets 62LanGrshire. Albert ;)8 :">its�. Loch -16-8. I t o Roes!enberg. Jessie R lLtiston. Su iTol k , l. K -10 :>.:etherseal Colliery, Derhy�hire, R o plr organi z a t io n 1 :13Lennon. Cynthia I �7 l K :15Lenn on , J o h n �6. 1 � 7-8 Xewbigf., >in, :>.:orthumlwrland, L K ;,s Sabom, Dr lichael 1 0 7 . I 09Lc·onard, George !1- 1 -C> :>.:ew!on, I saac 6 S acra mento , Cahfm nia, L S.- I 7Le t h bridge . :l t r C. 1 8 :>.:ixon. Ridrard i!J Sr < ;torge 2 7Lnelland, Tex,l, I S. 8-1 : u lladJor Plain. Australia I :! .i St Olaf, SS 18l.ight phenomen;r I -I , I :!0- 1 St Louis, :l l issouri, lS.- 2 1iLilj<gTe n , Ander -IIi OBrien . Stephen I :! St lettrsbu rg. Florida, l . S.- 7:1Lindsav, Joan !I ( Jkanagan. L1ke !1:! Sand, George 7 6Liszt, Franz �{j Oldham. Lancashire, LK t :H Ca l i forn i a . l S .- I i S a n Fr.m<:isco,Loft. Bob I 0:1 Oslo, :>.: or··ay -1 2 s:w Francism de Salc·s. Bnuil 82
    • Sa "l u att h 7 I , 1 19 S u t l o n , : l a r 1 3 · 1 e n u s i S . !1:1S.uurn Cii Suda Bay, Tmkn 28 ersailks. lr;�m e 9Sheenlt"• Kem , L K I S Sll·kw;ml , l l ung;try I :1 1 t ki ng p robe l :lti-7S h t, ld ra ke , Dr R u pert !JOShiels, Dm· 1 10 LlktT, J oe 7:1 agner. Lint bar I 1 3S h ipt on . Eric 7 1 . 7:1 Ta ylm · . Bmt1· I l li a ni u gt o n , Cheshire, L KS i mo n , llr Benp m in 10- 1 Talor, l .t Ch a rle s H0-2 I �!J-:10Simpson, Ceor!;l 59 Templt-. Robert G7 at son, Dr L1·all I O.J.Sirius G7 Te m p l e to n , Elizabeth 92-:1 a ne, J oh n 1 2 7-8So lwa y Firt h , L K !I� Templet on, J irn !l�-:1 e i r, letcr !JSpace llif.:IHs !1:1-T> Tens i ng . Shnpa i. 7 1 csthu n , ihshire. L K 1 1 5 , 1 2!JSp;lt euapping }6-S. H�-�. !)(l-�. Tcnuto. Bill 26, 1 �7 est Col l i n gswood, :;ew Jersey. I :l l , I :1:1 Tcsla, :-ikola 4 2 . 4 :1 , 59 LS, 1 6Sp01re si gn als .J. I -:1 rig he. Vi rgi nia 7!1-.SO hill;�ns, Don 7 ISpiclbeq�. Stltn li I Ti m esl i p s !l, ·I I hi r e :loumains, :- 1 1 , LS.· !JOSpi rico m 1 1 1 -1 � l " m gcwit k. Buckinghamshin•, L" K Wi ld cats !Jil, I I 0Spiritualism I I , I � . K 1 -� :10 ilson, La mbcn -!7Spontaneous hum;m comlmstion F1talllr, SS 22-:1 ilson. Rohen 47 73-5. 1 1 8 Tod mo rde n . ". Yorkshire. ood hridgt·, SulliJI!... V K 1 1 8Spring-lwcled J ark I �- 1 :1 L K 4 1 or p l e sdon , S u rrey, LK !lliSprinkle. Dr Lt·o !17 Tolkic n , J . R 1 2:1 on h . Patience 26Sputnik I IH Tn�nl. :I r ;uul : l t·s Paul G.S ri ght , Elsit• :I0-4Stead, illiam �2 T u n g u ska , RiYer H, 1 5Stein. Capt. Frei hen von �:1 Tut;m k h a m u n :17-H Yeti li!l-7:1. 99S to kes , lloris I � Yowie fi9Stone h e nge . Wiltshire, L1K 99, l 1 FC h 5li, li2 - 5 . li.S, .SO- l , 1 0 1 , 1 09, 121 1 1 5, I I S-!1, 1 2!1-:10 Zener ··;nds I S-50Stonnet·, Cad 42 Ze ppel i n s 1 7 -I 9S t or y , Ron 99 alentich. Frederick 1 1 2- 1 :1 Zeppelin, Count Fe rd m . m d IOilSummers. I a n 97 al lee , Dr Jacques I 0:1 IHS u peri or , Lake 56 a lin of the K i n g s . F.g 1p t :17 Zeta Re t i m l i i !J I AC K N OWLEDG E M E NTS The a u t h or w t sh e s to thank tlw f ow i n g for thei1 adnt e a n d assistance: oll Keith Bastnficld, J a n e t B o n ! . Bill C h a l ker, J er m n e Clark, llalid Clar ke , AndY Collins, Pau l Jle,·ercux, Pa u l Fuller, Peter l lough. Cynt hia H i nde, Knin :IcClnre. Bill : l oore, .-ndy Roberts, : l a kol m Rohimon, it S le igh , Doc Sh iels. Roy Sandba1h. J i m Te m p l et o n , :-igcl atson. The a u t hm an d pub l i sh ers 1ould like t o thank the foll ow i n g fot· t h e me of their photographs: :l a r y Elans Pict ure l.ibra rl: I 0. 1 :, 1 7 . I .S- 1 9, 2:!, 2:�. �4. :�H . 45. 5 1 , li!l (houo m ) , 7 0 , 72, 7 7 , H I , 92. 96: F a t e :l l agaline, 4:1; F o n e a n Pi ct u re I .ibra n , fn n t t ispit·ce. ti. 1 2, Hi, 2 1 . 25, :10, :5, :!l, 5-1 , I :J. c > 108, >9, S:l. !J I . !lH, 1 0 0- 1 . I O.J. (boll om). I 05, 1 22. 1 :!-l , 1 :5. I :�li: Joh n Gilhen.:n; I mages Colom Library. I I . 2!J. :1�. :tl, ·10 (bouom), 4 H , 4 ! l . !J:I , 1 0 0 (left), 1 3H ; Tony .lc � l u n n , 7 5 : Pictorial Pres,, 1 2 7. 1 2H ; Poppnfoto, 7, 2 8 , i l : St Pe te rsbu rg. Florida, Police, i � ; R oy Sandbach. I I �. 1 �0; Science Photo Li bra ry. 88. H!J: J ud i t h St a•·child, I :{:. Eler y dlin·t has been made to trace the n>pyright h ol d ers of t he ph otograp h s i n t h i s hook. I f we halc Lt i lc d to credit t h e coJTl!"t co pn ight h older 1 1 1 a 1 1 1· installet we would he del i g h ted to set the matter right in fu t u re ed i t ion s if t h e con cct sotl iTl is br o ugh t to our a l leution.