Psychology theory no 41

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Psychology theory no 41

  1. 1. -DIVYESH SHAH(41) FY BBA DIVISION 1
  2. 2. PREJUDICE AND DISCREMINATION  PREJUDICE: Making a decision before becoming aware of the relevant facts of a case. According to the Gordon Allport: "feeling, favourable or unfavourable, toward a person or thing, prior to, or not based on, actual experience.“  DISCRIMINATION: Unfair treatment of a person or group on the basis of pr ejudice
  3. 3. TYPES OF PREJUDICES  SEXISM : The term sexism is generally linked to negative female sentiments that derive from the belief that females are worth less or less capable than males.  racism : The belief that races exist, that physical characteristics determine cultural traits, and that racial characteristics make some groups superior.  AGEISM : Ageism is a type of discrimination that involves prejudice against people based upon their age.
  4. 4. DIFFERENCE BETWEEN INGROUP AND OUTGROUP  INGROUP An in group, is a social group to which a person psychologically identifies as being a member.  OUTGROUP: An out group is a social group to which an individual does not identify.
  5. 5. SCAPE GOATING  Scapegoat theory is a social psychological term that relates to prejudice.  According to this theory, people may be prejudice toward a group in order to vent their anger.  In essence, they use the group they dislike as their target for all of their anger as a vent.  Example :the Germans used the Jews as scapegoats for all of their countries problems, focused all of their anger on the Jews, allowed their anger and hatred to build, and focused all of their anger, frustration, and problems on the Jews.
  6. 6. HOW PEOPLE FEAR PREJUDICE??  Social Identity: This theory addresses the ways in which people perceive and categorize themselves. According to social identity theory, individuals form self- conceptions that are based on two parts: 1) personal or self identity, and 2) collective identity.  Social Comparison: Social comparison theory states that we determine our own social and personal worth based on how we stack up against others. Example: attractiveness, wealth, intelligence, and success
  7. 7. JIGSAW CLASSROOM  It was conducted by Elliot Aronson in 1971  It was compared traditional competitive classroom learning with interdependent cooperative learning.  The experiment, conducted in the Austin, Texas school system following desegregation, was spurred by interracial fighting between students in the schools.  The experiment involved forming learning groups (jigsaw groups) where each student relied on other students in their group to acquire information necessary to succeed on an exam.
  8. 8. EQUAL STATUS CONTACT  Equal-status contact refers to a contact on an equal basis.  Just as a relationship between people of unequal status breeds attitudes consistent with their relationship, so do relationships between those of equal status.  Thus, to reduce prejudice, interracial contact should be between persons equal in status.

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