Health benefit of apple
    cider vinegar
          Done by:
      Dina AL-Muhareb
         Afra Gusti
‫عن جابر رضى اهلل عنه أن النيب صلى‬
‫اهلل عليه وسلم سأل أهله األدم فقالوا: ما‬
   ‫عندنا إال خل، فدعا به، فجعل وأكل‬
  ‫وو...
Prohibition of Criticizing Food


  Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The
  Prophet (PBUH) asked for sauce a...
Prohibition of Criticizing Food

   This Hadith speaks about the simplicity
    and humility of Messenger of Allah
    (pe...
HOW IS PROPHET MOHAMMAD
           (peace be upon him)

 He was born in Arabia in the year 570
     C.E. (Common Era), sta...
During this short period of 23 years of his
   prophethood, he changed the complete
             Arabian Peninsula :
• fro...
Human history has never known
such a complete transformation of a people or
a place before or since - and IMAGINE all
    ...
Muhammad (peace be upon him) was:
o a religious teacher
o   a social reformer
o   a moral guide
o   an administrative colo...
No other man in history ever excelled or
  equaled him in any of these different
            aspects of life –
           ...
Muhammad (peace be upon him) was nothing more
           or less than a human being.
But he was a man with a noble mission...
Objective
      To learn the
    benefits of apple
    cider vinegar on
    common chronic
        diseases.
vinegar
• dilute solution of acetic acid that results from a two-step
  fermentation process. (1)

• Alcoholic fermentatio...
constituents of vinegar include: ---
_vitamins(C,A,E,B1,B2.B6),
_mineral salt (Na,K,Fe,Phos,Ca),
_amino acids, polyphenoli...
How the PROPHET (peace be upon him)
               teaching the child
        Umar bin Abu Salamah (May Allah be pleased w...
Based on researches:

  Regulate
blood glucose
                Weight loss   hypertension


          Lowering      Streng...
Regulate blood glucose
• 194 million (2003), 246 million
  (2007), 380 million (2025) worldwide.
• Every 10 seconds two pe...
• In 2007, the five countries with the highest
  diabetes prevalence in the adult population
  are Nauru (30.7%), United A...
Regulate blood glucose
• In healthy:
o reduced the postprandial glucose and insulin
  responses after starchy meals,slow g...
high–glycemic load meal significantly
reduced postprandial glycemia. ∼55%
(Johnston et al, 20005) (8)
NIDDM:
oPostprandial glycaemia & insulinemia,
raised whole-body insulin sensitivity
34%,19% ( Johnston et al,2004) inhibit...
o Low FBG, HbA1C after 8 weeks,Activated
  AMPK.(metformin) (Tsukamoto et al, 2006).
  (11)

o Promote glucose uptake by m...
Weight loss
• 15-64 years
• Male: 28.3%
• Female: 43.8% ( WHO, 2005) (13)
WHO, 2015 (14)
WHO, 2015 (15)
Weight loss

Delayed gastric emptying,Starchy meal
with add vinegar (Bjork I. et al, 1998) (6)
self-reported satiety

increases satiety after a bread meal in
healthy subjects. (Bjorck et al, 2005) (7)
Speed metabolism (16)

                 Oxygen        Greater
Release iron     carrying      energy
 from food     hemoglo...
The love
On the authority of Abu Hamzah Anas bin Maalik
           (radiAllaahu anhu) that
the Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi...
Cont,

      And similar to this has come in another hadeeth :
      "The Believers are like a single body; if a
       si...
Hypertension
               >30 years:
26.1% (>140 or >90) ( WHO, 2000) (17)
Reduce both blood pressure , and renin
     a...
lower cholesterol
•>30 years:
23.6% ( cholesterol>300 mg/dl) ( WHO,
2000) (19)
•Dietary acetic acid reduced serum total
ch...
strength bone

(acetic acid increases the
extraction of calcium from
food.(University scientists in Ebetsu,
Japan,2007) (2...
The Forbiddance of Anger
   On the authority of Abu Hurairah (radiAllaahu anhu),
That a man said to the Prophet sallAllaah...
The author of "al-Ifsaah min al-Jaa'iz" said that the
    Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam recognised in
  this man co...
Theroies:




Arthritis       GERD
Arthritis             (22)


    Malic acid



Dissolves uric acid
  ( around joint)



Relieve joint pain
Gastroesophageal acid reflux

  oSignal to brain there is enough acid (23)
The mercy
           Forgiveness of the Ignorant
 Ten years after receiving his mission from his Lord, the
Prophet (peace ...
Cont,
 For ten days he stayed there delivering his
   message to several people, one after
another, but all to no purpose....
The people hooted him through the alley-ways, pelted him
   with stones and obliged him to flee from the city
            ...
Seeing him in this helpless situation, Rabi„a‟s
two sons, wealthy Makkans, were moved on
   grounds of kinship and compass...
The Prophet ( peace be upon him) accepted
   the fruit with pious invocation: "In the
             Name of the Allâh."
   ...
The Prophet ( peace be upon him ) then
                 said:
"You belong to the city of the righteous
      Jonah, son of...
Thereupon „Addas paid homage to Muhammad
  (peace be upon him ) and kissed his hands.
 His masters admonished him at this ...
Heart-broken and depressed,
Muhammad ( peace be upon him )
set out on the way back to Makkah.
When he reached Qarn Al-Mana...
Prophet muhammad descriped what happened:
” I looked up and saw a cloud casting its shade on
                       me,
  ...
I said in reply that I would
 rather have someone from
their loins who will worship
 Allâh, the All–Mighty with
        no...
Conclusion (24)
• The main component is acetic acid
• Apple cider vinegar doesn't contain
  enough nutrition to be benefic...
Summary
many recent scientific
investigations have documented
that vinegar ingestion reduces the
glucose response to a car...
Increase insulin sensitivity•




                                              con.,

                                •. ...
Recommendation
•Weight loss, should with
diet & exercise.
•Added as salad dressing.
•Large amount may cause
esophageal inf...
For more information about the
 PROPHET MUHHAMED (peace be upon
   him) or about the real islam visit:
         ‫عربي‬http...
References
( 1) http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/531649_2
(2) http://www.apple-cider-vinegar-benefits.com/properties-of...
(9) Carol S. Johnston, Cindy M. Kim, and Amanda J. Buller. Vinegar Improves Insulin
     Sensitivity to a High-Carbohydrat...
(13)http://www.who.int/infobase/reportviewer.aspx?rptcode=ALL&uncode=682&dm=5
     &surveycode=102803a1
(14) http://www.wh...
(20) Fushimi, Takashi ,Suruga, Kazuhito , Oshima, Yoshifumi , Fukiharu, Momoko ,
     Tsukamoto, Yoshinori ,Goda, Toshinao...
Health  Benefit Of  Apple Cider Vinegar
Health  Benefit Of  Apple Cider Vinegar
Health  Benefit Of  Apple Cider Vinegar
Health  Benefit Of  Apple Cider Vinegar
Health  Benefit Of  Apple Cider Vinegar
Health  Benefit Of  Apple Cider Vinegar
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Health Benefit Of Apple Cider Vinegar

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The Health Benefit of ACV, with the newest studies, nice & attractive breaks time. ACV for DM, wt. loss, Hypertension, Hypercholestrolemia, Strenghth Bone, Heart burn, & arthritis.

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Health Benefit Of Apple Cider Vinegar

  1. 1. Health benefit of apple cider vinegar Done by: Dina AL-Muhareb Afra Gusti
  2. 2. ‫عن جابر رضى اهلل عنه أن النيب صلى‬ ‫اهلل عليه وسلم سأل أهله األدم فقالوا: ما‬ ‫عندنا إال خل، فدعا به، فجعل وأكل‬ ‫ووقول: "نعم األدم اخلل، نعم األدم‬ ‫اخلل” .(رياض الصالحين للنووي)‬
  3. 3. Prohibition of Criticizing Food Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) asked for sauce and was told that there was nothing except vinegar. He asked for it and began to eat from it saying, "How excellent is vinegar when eaten as sauce! How excellent is vinegar when eaten as Udm!'' Muslim].
  4. 4. Prohibition of Criticizing Food This Hadith speaks about the simplicity and humility of Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) with regard to food. As he abstained http://www.rasoulallah.net/subject_en.asp?hit=1&lang=ar&parent_id=751&s ub_id=7303
  5. 5. HOW IS PROPHET MOHAMMAD (peace be upon him) He was born in Arabia in the year 570 C.E. (Common Era), started his mission of preaching the religion of Truth, Islam (submission to One God at the age of forty) and departed from this world at the age of sixty-three.
  6. 6. During this short period of 23 years of his prophethood, he changed the complete Arabian Peninsula : • from paganism and idolatry to worship of One God • from tribal quarrels and wars to national solidarity and cohesion • from drunkenness and debauchery to sobriety and piety • from lawlessness and anarchy to disciplined living • from utter bankruptcy to the highest standards of moral excellence.
  7. 7. Human history has never known such a complete transformation of a people or a place before or since - and IMAGINE all these unbelievable wonders in JUST OVER TWO DECADES.
  8. 8. Muhammad (peace be upon him) was: o a religious teacher o a social reformer o a moral guide o an administrative colossus o a faithful friend o a wonderful companion o a devoted husband o a loving father all in one
  9. 9. No other man in history ever excelled or equaled him in any of these different aspects of life – but it was only for the selfless personality of Muhammad (peace be upon him) to achieve such incredible perfection.
  10. 10. Muhammad (peace be upon him) was nothing more or less than a human being. But he was a man with a noble mission, which was to unite humanity on the worship of ONE and ONLY ONE GOD and to teach them the way to honest and upright living based on the commands of God. He always described himself as, 'A Servant and Messenger of God' and so indeed every action of his proclaimed to be. http://www.rasoulallah.net/subject_en.asp?hit=1&lang=ar&parent_id=30& sub_id=8057
  11. 11. Objective To learn the benefits of apple cider vinegar on common chronic diseases.
  12. 12. vinegar • dilute solution of acetic acid that results from a two-step fermentation process. (1) • Alcoholic fermentation: C6 H12O6 yeast 2C2H5OH + 2CO2 • Acid fermentation in which acetobacter, microorganisms present in the air we breath : C2H5OH + O2 Acetobacter aceti CH3COOH+ H2O (2)
  13. 13. constituents of vinegar include: --- _vitamins(C,A,E,B1,B2.B6), _mineral salt (Na,K,Fe,Phos,Ca), _amino acids, polyphenolic compounds (eg, galic acid, catechin, caffeic acid, ferulic acid), _and nonvolatile organic acids (eg, tartaric, citric, malic, lactic). (1)
  14. 14. How the PROPHET (peace be upon him) teaching the child Umar bin Abu Salamah (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: I was a boy under the care of Messenger of Allah ( peace be upon him ), and as my hand used to wander around in the dish, he ( peace be upon him ) said to me once, "Mention Allah's Name (i.e., say Bismillah), eat with your right hand, and eat from what is in front of you.'‘ http://www.rasoulallah.net/subject_en.asp?hit=1&lang=ar&parent_id=7 [Al-Bukhari and Muslim] 51&sub_id=7306
  15. 15. Based on researches: Regulate blood glucose Weight loss hypertension Lowering Strength cholesterol bone
  16. 16. Regulate blood glucose • 194 million (2003), 246 million (2007), 380 million (2025) worldwide. • Every 10 seconds two people develop diabetes. • Each year a further 7 million people develop diabetes(IDF, 2007)(4)
  17. 17. • In 2007, the five countries with the highest diabetes prevalence in the adult population are Nauru (30.7%), United Arab Emirates (19.5%), Saudi Arabia (16.7%), Bahrain(15.2%), and Kuwait (14.4%).(IDF,2007)(4) • In K.S.A: 2.2% (1970s), 28% (2006).(MOH, 2006)(5)
  18. 18. Regulate blood glucose • In healthy: o reduced the postprandial glucose and insulin responses after starchy meals,slow gastric emptying.( Bjorck et al,1998) (6) o inverse relation between the level of acetic acid and glucose and insulin responses and a linear relation between acetic acid and satiety rating.(ostman et al, 2005) (7)
  19. 19. high–glycemic load meal significantly reduced postprandial glycemia. ∼55% (Johnston et al, 20005) (8)
  20. 20. NIDDM: oPostprandial glycaemia & insulinemia, raised whole-body insulin sensitivity 34%,19% ( Johnston et al,2004) inhibit disaccharidase activity in the small intestine (9) oHbA1C 0.16% ( Johnoston et al,2009). (10)
  21. 21. o Low FBG, HbA1C after 8 weeks,Activated AMPK.(metformin) (Tsukamoto et al, 2006). (11) o Promote glucose uptake by muscle of rats (Fru-2,6-P2, PFK-1) (Tsukamoto et al, 2001). (12)
  22. 22. Weight loss • 15-64 years • Male: 28.3% • Female: 43.8% ( WHO, 2005) (13)
  23. 23. WHO, 2015 (14)
  24. 24. WHO, 2015 (15)
  25. 25. Weight loss Delayed gastric emptying,Starchy meal with add vinegar (Bjork I. et al, 1998) (6)
  26. 26. self-reported satiety increases satiety after a bread meal in healthy subjects. (Bjorck et al, 2005) (7)
  27. 27. Speed metabolism (16) Oxygen Greater Release iron carrying energy from food hemoglobin consumed More weight loss
  28. 28. The love On the authority of Abu Hamzah Anas bin Maalik (radiAllaahu anhu) that the Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said : None of you [truly] believes until he loves for his brother that which he loves for himself. [al-Bukhaaree and Muslim]
  29. 29. Cont, And similar to this has come in another hadeeth : "The Believers are like a single body; if a single limb feels pain, then the whole body along with it suffers with fever and sleeplessness." http://www.rasoulallah.net/subject_en.asp?hit=1&lang=ar&parent_id=3 45&sub_id=3993
  30. 30. Hypertension >30 years: 26.1% (>140 or >90) ( WHO, 2000) (17) Reduce both blood pressure , and renin activity ( Kondo,2001) (18)
  31. 31. lower cholesterol •>30 years: 23.6% ( cholesterol>300 mg/dl) ( WHO, 2000) (19) •Dietary acetic acid reduced serum total cholesterol and triacylglycerol: oinhibition of lipogenesis in liver; oincrement in fecal bile acid excretion in rats fed a diet containing cholesterol.(Tsukamoto et al,2006) (20)
  32. 32. strength bone (acetic acid increases the extraction of calcium from food.(University scientists in Ebetsu, Japan,2007) (21)
  33. 33. The Forbiddance of Anger On the authority of Abu Hurairah (radiAllaahu anhu), That a man said to the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam : "Counsel me", so he (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said : Do not become angry. The man repeated [his request for counsel] several times, and he (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said : Do not become angry. [al-Bukhaaree and Muslim]
  34. 34. The author of "al-Ifsaah min al-Jaa'iz" said that the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam recognised in this man considerable anger, so he singled out for him this particular advice. And the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam has praised the one who is able to control himself at the time of anger, and has said "The powerful man is not the one who is able to wrestle, but the powerful man is the one who is able to control himself at the time of anger". http://www.rasoulallah.net/subject_en.asp?hit=1&lang=ar&parent_id=345&s ub_id=3998
  35. 35. Theroies: Arthritis GERD
  36. 36. Arthritis (22) Malic acid Dissolves uric acid ( around joint) Relieve joint pain
  37. 37. Gastroesophageal acid reflux oSignal to brain there is enough acid (23)
  38. 38. The mercy Forgiveness of the Ignorant Ten years after receiving his mission from his Lord, the Prophet (peace be upon him ) set out towards At-Ta‟if, about 60 kilometres from Makkah, in the company of his freed slave Zaid bin Haritha inviting people to Islam. But contrary to his expectations, the general atmosphere was terribly hostile. He approached the family of „Umair, who were reckoned amongst the nobility of the town. But, to his disappointment, all of them turned deaf ear to his message and used abusive language as regards the noble cause he had been striving for.
  39. 39. Cont, For ten days he stayed there delivering his message to several people, one after another, but all to no purpose. Stirred up to hasten the departure of the unwelcome visitor
  40. 40. The people hooted him through the alley-ways, pelted him with stones and obliged him to flee from the city pursued by a relentless rabble. Blood flowed down both his legs; and Zaid, endeavouring to shield him, was wounded in the head. The mob did not desist until they had chased him two or three miles across the sandy plains to the foot of the surrounding hills. There, wearied and exhausted, he took refuge in one of the numerous orchards, and rested against the wall of a vineyard. At a time when the whole world seemed to have turned against him, Muhammad (peace be upon him ) turned to his Lord and betook himself to prayer.
  41. 41. Seeing him in this helpless situation, Rabi„a‟s two sons, wealthy Makkans, were moved on grounds of kinship and compassion, and sent to him one of their Christian servants with a tray of grapes.
  42. 42. The Prophet ( peace be upon him) accepted the fruit with pious invocation: "In the Name of the Allâh." The Christian servant „Addas was greatly impressed by these words and said: "These are words which people in this land do not generally use." The Prophet ( peace be upon him ) inquired of him whence he came and what religion he professed. „Addas replied: "I am a Christian by faith and come from Nineveh."
  43. 43. The Prophet ( peace be upon him ) then said: "You belong to the city of the righteous Jonah, son of Matta." „Addas asked him anxiously if he knew anything about Jonah. The Prophet ( peace be upon him ) significantly remarked: "He is my brother. He was a Prophet and so am I"
  44. 44. Thereupon „Addas paid homage to Muhammad (peace be upon him ) and kissed his hands. His masters admonished him at this act but he replied: "None on the earth is better than he is. He has revealed to me a truth which only a Prophet can do." They again reprimanded him and said: "We forewarn you against the consequences of abandoning the faith of your forefathers. The religion which you profess is far better than the one you feel inclined to."
  45. 45. Heart-broken and depressed, Muhammad ( peace be upon him ) set out on the way back to Makkah. When he reached Qarn Al-Manazil,
  46. 46. Prophet muhammad descriped what happened: ” I looked up and saw a cloud casting its shade on me, and Gabriel addressing me: Allâh has heard your people‟s words and sent you the angel of mountains to your aid. The latter called and gave me his greetings and asked for my permission to bury Makkah between Al-Akhshabain, the two mountains flanking Makkah.
  47. 47. I said in reply that I would rather have someone from their loins who will worship Allâh, the All–Mighty with no associate." http://www.rasoulallah.net/subject_en.asp?hit=1&lang=ar&parent_id=145 &sub_id=1711
  48. 48. Conclusion (24) • The main component is acetic acid • Apple cider vinegar doesn't contain enough nutrition to be beneficial • USDA, contains no vitamin A,B6,C,E,K, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, pantothenic acid, or folate. • Need more studies (small sample, rats). • OHA
  49. 49. Summary many recent scientific investigations have documented that vinegar ingestion reduces the glucose response to a carbohydrate load in healthy adults and in individuals with diabetes. (25)
  50. 50. Increase insulin sensitivity• con., •. Satiety, delay gastric emptying. • reduce renin. •Inhibit lipogenesis & increment in fecal bile acid excretion. •Excretion calcium from food. •Contain malic acid •Help in GERD.
  51. 51. Recommendation •Weight loss, should with diet & exercise. •Added as salad dressing. •Large amount may cause esophageal inflammation.
  52. 52. For more information about the PROPHET MUHHAMED (peace be upon him) or about the real islam visit: ‫عربي‬http://www.rasoulallah.net/index.asp http://www.rasoulallah.net/index_english.asp “Eng” http://www.rasoulallah.net/index_fr.asp “France” http://www.rasoulallah.net/fl_list_it_all.asp?parent_id=0 “ITA” http://www.rasoulallah.net/index_es.asp “ESP” http://www.rasoulallah.net/fl_list_gr_all.asp?parent_id=0 “GER” http://www.rasoulallah.net/index_heb.asp “Hebrew”
  53. 53. References ( 1) http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/531649_2 (2) http://www.apple-cider-vinegar-benefits.com/properties-of-vinegar.html (3) http://www.versatilevinegar.org/markettrends.html (4)International Diabetes Federation. http://www.idf.org/home/index.cfm?unode=3B96906B-C026-2FD3- 87B73F80BC22682A (5) http://www.moh.gov.sa/vb/showthread.php?t=31533 (6) liljebreg H, Bjork I. Delayed gastric emptying rate may explain improved glycaemia in healthy subjects to a starchy meal with added vinegar. European journal of clinical nutrition 1998;52 (5): 368-71. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9630389?holding=ukpmc (7) Ostman E, Granfeldt Y, Persson L,Bjork I. Vinegar supplementation lowers glucose and insulin responses and increases satiety after a bread meal in healthy subjects. European journal of clinical nutrition 2005; 59(9): 983-8. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16015276?dopt=Abstract (8) Carol S. Johnoston, Amanda J. Buller. Vinegar and Peanut Products as Complementary Foods to Reduce Postprandial Glycemia. Journal of American Dietetic Association 2005;105(12) :1939- 1942.http://www.adajournal.org/article/S0002-8223(05)01222-8/abstract
  54. 54. (9) Carol S. Johnston, Cindy M. Kim, and Amanda J. Buller. Vinegar Improves Insulin Sensitivity to a High-Carbohydrate Meal in Subjects With Insulin Resistance or Type 2 Diabetes. Diabetes Care 2004;27:281-282. http://care.diabetesjournals.org/cgi/content/full/27/1/281 (10) Carol S. Johnston , Andrea M. White, and Shannon M. Kent. Preliminary evidence that regular vinegar ingestion favorably influences hemoglobin A1c values in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice 2009;84(2): e15-e17. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6T5Y-4VT0GVY- 2&_user=1454333&_coverDate=03%2F09%2F2009&_alid=891788729&_rdoc=2 &_fmt=high&_orig=search&_cdi=5015&_sort=d&_docanchor=&view=c&_ct=81 &_acct=C000052544&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=1454333&md5=020a1 4bc89083e3401941dc372620127 (11) Sakakibara S, Yamauchi T, Oshima Y, Tsukamoto Y, Kadowaki T. Acetic acid activates hepatic AMPK and reduces hyperglycemia in diabetic KK-A(y) mice. Biochemical Biophysical Research Communication 2006;344(2):597-604. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16630552 (12) Fushimi T, Tavama K, Fukava M, Kitakoshi K, Nakai N, Tsukamato Y, Sato Y. Acetic acid feeding enhances glycogen repletion in liver and skeletal muscle of rats. The Journal of Nutrition2001; 131(7):1973-7. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11435516?holding=ukpmc
  55. 55. (13)http://www.who.int/infobase/reportviewer.aspx?rptcode=ALL&uncode=682&dm=5 &surveycode=102803a1 (14) http://www.who.int/infobase/publicfiles/Obesity_Male_2015.png (15) http://www.who.int/infobase/publicfiles/Obesity_Female_2015.png (16) http://www.apple-cider-vinegar-benefits.com/weight-loss-theories.html (17)http://www.who.int/infobase/reportviewer.aspx?rptcode=ALL&uncode=682&d m=18&surveycode=101269a1 (18) KONDO S, TAYAMA K, TSUKAMOTO Y, IKEDA KYAMORI Y. Antihypertensive Effects of Acetic Acid and Vinegar on Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry 2001;65(12):2690-2694. http://sciencelinks.jp/j- east/article/200207/000020020702A0166161.php (19)http://www.who.int/infobase/reportviewer.aspx?rptcode=ALL&uncode=682&dm=2 4&surveycode=101269a1
  56. 56. (20) Fushimi, Takashi ,Suruga, Kazuhito , Oshima, Yoshifumi , Fukiharu, Momoko , Tsukamoto, Yoshinori ,Goda, Toshinao . Dietary acetic acid reduces serum cholesterol and triacylglycerols in rats feda cholesterol-rich diet. British Journal of Nutrition 2006; 95(5):916-924. http://pt.wkhealth.com/pt/re/bjon/abstract.00002375- 20060500000008.htm;jsessionid=JNTV5sXGYkB6JdqqdcQ8rnppg6KSCjyTPLwc8j MGfXlgD8pc5QrV!-336083349!181195628!8091!-1 (21) Vinegar Strengthens Bones http://www.thirdage.com/nutrition/study-vinegar- strengthens-bones (22) http://www.buzzle.com/articles/health-benefits-apple-cider-vinegar.html (23) http://vitanetonline.com/forums/1/Thread/1226 (24) http://recipes.howstuffworks.com/the-health-benefits-of-vinegar2.htm (25) http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/531649_5
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