Integrating Digital Curation ina Digital Library curriculum:the International Master DILL case studyAnna Maria TammaroUniversity of ParmaFlorence, May 7th, 2013Framing the Digital Curation Curriculum
DILL Digital LibraryLearning• International Master DILL, 1st Level:financed by Erasmus Mundus from 2006,ongoing• Consortium of three Universities
Digital Library: DILL definition• Digital libraries are technological systems and can be studied as such.• They are arenas for information seeking behavior and for social processessuch as learning and knowledge sharing, they are collections of content thatneed curation (collection, description, preservation, retrieval, etc.) and theyare social institutions with a social mandate that are affected by social,demographic and legal developments.
Digital librarians role• a bridge between digital resources and users (the traditional role of theliterature mediator, but done remotely);• an agent of innovation, of citizenship, of information literacy etc. (the conceptfor the digital librarian as a facilitator of learning, a mentor, as a friend of theuser, as a personal trainer who guides the user);• communication skills are important for the social role of the librarian whichis still prominent, and even more so in a digital environment (the concept of asocial role, for active citizenship and social inclusion in the Learning Society,also the collaboration needed with stakeholders);• pedagogical skills are enforced in a digital environment (the role of educator,teaching digital librarian) – the concept of the digital library as a virtualclassroom.
Digital Librarians: education needs• Multidisciplinary dimension• Convergence between cultural institutions• New service models and social role
Archival vs. Life-Cycleperspective• Digital curation from the traditional archival perspective ismoved to a more life-cycled one, and the field nowrequires practicing professionals to have a much broaderrange of knowledge, competencies and skills.• In “A Study of Digital Curator Competences: A survey ofexperts”, the DILL student Madrid (2011) validatedcompetence statements for the Libraries ArchivesMuseum (LAM) digital curators through a Delphi researchtechnique.
Digital curators:DILL definition• Digital curators are individuals capable ofmanaging digital objects and collections forlong-term access, preservation, sharing,integrity, authenticity and reuse. In addition,they have a range of managerial andoperating skills, including domain or subjectexpertise and good IT skills
Technical competences• Selects and appraises digital documents for long-term preservation.• Has an expert knowledge on the purpose of each kind of digital entities used within the designated community and its impact onpreservation.• Knows data structure of different digital objects and determines the appropriate support it needs.• Understands storage and preservation policies, procedures and practices that ensure the continuing trustworthiness andaccessibility of digital objects.• Is aware of the requirements for an information infrastructure in order to ensure proper access, storage and data recovery.• Diagnoses and resolves problems to ensure continuous accessibility of digital objects, in collaboration with IT professionals.• Monitors the obsolescence of file formats, hardware and software and the development of new ones (e.g. using such tools asPRONOM registry)• Ensures the use of methods and tools that support interoperability of different applications and preservation technologies amongusers in different locations.• Verifies the provenance of the data to be preserved and ensures that it is properly documented.
Managerialcompetences• Plans, implements, and monitors digital curation projects.• Understands and communicates the economic value of digital curation to existing and potential stakeholders, includingadministrators, legislators, and funding organizations.• Formulates digital curation policies, procedures, practices, and services and understands their impact on the creators and (re)usersof digital objects.• Establishes and maintains collaborative relationships with various stakeholders (e.g., IT specialist, information professionals insideand outside the institution, data creators, (re) users and other stakeholders like vendors, memory institutions and internationalpartners) to facilitate the accomplishment of digital curation objectives• Organizes personnel education, training and other support for the adoption of new developments in digital curation.• Is aware of the need to keep current with international developments in digital curation and understands the professional networksthat enable this.• Understands and is able to communicate the risk of information loss or corruption of digital entities.• Organizes and manages the use of metadata standards, access controls and authentication procedures.• Is aware of relevant quality assurance standards and makes a well considered choice whether to employ them or not.
Mapping with DigCurVFrameworkhas advanced knowledge of different metadata formats for describing digital documents;has thorough knowledge of secure interoperability between metadata formats KIAFormulates digital curation policies, procedures, practices,and services and understandstheir impact on the creators and (re)users of digital objects. MQA, PQmake appropriate judgements about users needs, expectations and tasks investigatewhat a particular information source is used for KIA, PCselect appropriately from different technologies, procedures and equipment makeappropriate judgements about information architecture KIADigital Knowledge OrganizationDigital Knowledge OrganizationHuman and ResourcesHuman and ResourcesManagementManagementUsers and usesUsers and usesAccessAccessNo correspondences with themodules:Information and KnowledgeManagementResearch methods and Theory ofScienceNo correspondences with themodules:Information and KnowledgeManagementResearch methods and Theory ofScience
ConclusionsDigital Library curriculum is interdisciplinary and different dimensions of digitallibraries are interdependent.There are, for example, interdependencies betweentechnological solutions and the role of libraries and archives as memory institutionsand their role as arenas for knowledge sharing processes that should be researchedfrom disciplinary and interdisciplinary point of view.The term Data Curator is more and more used to indicate the person/organizationresponsible for all the activities connected with the management of research data.However, it is not (yet) clear which of the existing professional roles are best suitedfor this activity. Should there be a Data Librarian, or a Data Archivist, or a DataMuseum curator ? Or is this a new role to be invented from scratch ?
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