We may feel that all of our values are important, but when two or more values clash we have to decide which value is most important to us. This becomes a value system.
In one’s value system, values are prioritized with the most important values on top, and the least important on the bottom.
Ex: based on their value system, some legislatures vow to cut findings for education and give massive tax cuts to billionaires.
Not everyone can be classified under the same value system .
Overview of the Standard American Value Systems (Reike & Sillars)
Puritan Value System : our forefathers “Protestant Work Ethic” that individuals have an obligation to themselves and those around them, and to work hard to whatever they do.
Enlightenment Value System : limit restrain on people in matter of the mind. Certain rights such as life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness become inalienable. Reason must be free.
Transcendental Value System : accepts optimism about people, freedom and democracy, but rejects the emphasis on reasoning.
Personal Success Value System : emphasizes individualism.
Collectivist Value System : emphasizes cooperative action with other in order to gain success.
The Six Pillars of Character Josephonson Institute
How are Values Learned? Clarification Teaches the consequences of accepting or denying a particular value . Approach to discover one’s values. Experimenting Values learned through life’s experiences . Learning what one’s considered good or bad, right or wrong. Modeling “ Don’t do as I say, do as I do” Values learned by watching other people actions. For instance, form parent to child. Moralizing “ Don’t do as I do, but do as I say” Values are transmitted in a direct manner from one individual to an other.