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Spanish grammer book
 

Spanish grammer book

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    Spanish grammer book Spanish grammer book Presentation Transcript

    • Grammar Book Diego Taylor
    • Table of Contents
      • Ser
      • Estar
      • Verbs Like Gustar
      • Hacer Expressions
      • Verbs in the Preterit
      • Preterit Trigger Words
      • -Car, -Gar, -Zars
      • Spock Verbs
      • Cucaracha Verbs
      • Snake Verbs
      • Snakeyes
      • Commands
      • Irregular Commands
      • DOP
      • IOP
      • Only time OPs can Hook onto Verbs
      • Se Impersonal
    • Ser
      • To be
      • Used for:
      • Descriptions
      • Origin
      • Characteristics
      • Time
      • Occupations
      • Relationships
      • Possessions
      • Events
      • Dates
    • Estar
      • To be
      • “ How you feel and where you are is when you use estar.” –Sra. Rodriguez
      • Health
      • Emotions
      • Location
      • Present Condition
      • I
      • N
      • G
    • Verbs Like Gustar
      • Gustar verbs only conjugate into the Usted, Ustedes and in some cases the tú forms.
      • Gustar Gusta Gustas Gustan
      • Faltar Falta Faltas Faltan
      • Doler Duele Dueles Duelen
      • Fascinar Fascina Fascinas Fasinan
      • Molestar Molesta Molestas Molestan
    • Hacer Expressions
      • Hacer expressions are used to express time
      • Hace + Time + Que + Verb
      • Example
      • Hace tres dias que trabajo aquí
      • I have been working here for three days
      • Hace tres dias que empec é a trabajar aquí
      • I started working here three years ago
    • Verbs in The Preterit
      • The preterit is used when an action has a definite beginning and/or end.
    • Preterit Trigger Words
      • Words or phrases that are used to call for the use of a preterit verb
      • Ex.
      • Ayer=yesterday
      • El otro dia=the other day
      • El dia anterior=the day before
      • Va a vez=one time
      • Ayer por la mañana=yesterday morning
    • Preterit Triggers cont.
      • El fin de samana passado=last weekend
      • Entonces=then
      • En ese memento=in that moment
      • Hace dos dias=two days ago
    • Preterit irregulars, -Car, -Gar, -Zar
      • First grouping of irregular preterit verbs
      • Only conjugated differently in the “yo” form
      • Car -> qué Tocar-> toqué
      • Gar -> ué Jugar-> jugué
      • Zar -> cé comenzar-> comencé
    • Spock Verbs
      • Spock verbs are the second grouping of irregular verbs in the preterit
      • Hacer: hice hiciste hizo hicimos hicieron
      • Ir/ser: fui fuiste fue fuimos fueron
      • Dar: di diste dio dimos dieron
      • Ver: vi viste vio vimos vieron
    • Cucaracha Verbs
      • Third grouping of irregular preterit verbs
      • Only the base of verb changes while preterit endings stay same
      • Andar=anduv-
      • Estar=estuv-
      • Poder=pud-
      • Poner=pus-
      • Querer=quis-
      • Saber=sup-
      • Tener=tuv-
      • Vener=vin
    • Cucaracha Verbs cont.
      • Conduceir=conduj-
      • Producir=produj
      • Traducir=traduj-
      • Decir=dij-
      • Traer=traj-
      • If verb conjugation ends in a j drop the “I” in the ending if it follows the j.
    • Snake Verbs
      • Change the root of the verb in the preterit only in the usted and ustedes forms.
      • Ex.
    • Snakeys
      • Only change in usted and ustedes
      • Add “y” to beginning of suffix
      • Verbs like leer, creer, and oír
      • Ex.
    • Commands
      • Affirmative commands in the “tu” form are formed by simply dropping the “s” at the end
      • Affirmative commands in the usted and ustedes forms change the verb to the “yo” form and change to opposite vowel
      • Opposite vowel means if verb is –ar change the “o” to “e” and if an –er verb change “o” to “a”
      • A Direct object, DO, can be added to an affermitive
    • Commands cont.
      • For negative commands in the “tu” form put in “yo” for, change to opposite vowel and add an “s”
      • For the negative usted and ustedes form follow same rule as above but place “no” before the verb
      • Warning: DOP and IOP do not connect to negative verb commands
    • Irregular Commands
      • For the negative “tu” form the irregulars are different then the other irregulars
      • Di
      • Haz
      • Ve
      • Pon
      • Sal
      • Se
      • Ten
      • Ven
    • Irregular Commands cont.
      • For all other forms of commands the irregulars are the “TVDISHES”
      • T=tenga
      • V=venga
      • D=dé
      • I=ir=vaya
      • S=sea
      • H=haga
      • E=esté
      • S=sepa
    • DOP
      • A DOP answers the question who or what
      • The DOPs are: me, te, lo/la/se, nos, and los/las/se
      • “ se” is used when two objects that start with “L” are together
      • Can exist without an IOP
    • IOP
      • IOPs can only be used with a DOP present in the setence
      • Answers the question to whom or for whom
      • Me, te, le/se, nos, los las
      • Is the receiver of action
      • Se lo di= I gave it to her
      • The se is actually a le but changes to se
    • Only time Object Pronouns can Hook onto a Verb
      • 1: if the verb is in the un-conjugated infinitive form
      • 2: in affirmative commands
      • 3: if the verb is in gerund form
    • Se Impersonal
      • “ se” is used to not specify the person who is committing the action
      • It is only used when the verb is in the “usted” form
      • Can be used in all tenses of the verb
      • Se habla español aquí. => An unspecified person speeks spanish here.