Sculptors Research
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Sculptors Research

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Sculptors Research Sculptors Research Document Transcript

  • Alberto GiacomettiAlberto Giacometti (10 October 1901 – 11 January 1966) was a Swiss sculptor, painter,draughtsman, and printmaker.He was born in the canton Graubündens southerly alpine valley Val Bregaglia and raised in anartistic background; his father, Giovanni, was a well-known post-Impressionist painter. Alberto wasthe eldest of four children and had an interest in art from an early age. L’Homme qui marche I (The Walking Man I, lit. The Man who Walks I) had 2 different sculptures, the second sculpture is the most expensive sculpture. Grande tête minceis a bronze sculpture by Alberto Giacometti. The work was conceived in 1954 and cast the following year. Auctioned in 2010, Grande tête mince became one of the most valuable sculptures ever sold when it fetched $53.3 million.
  • Alexander Milne CalderAlexander Milne Calder (August 23, 1846 – June 4, 1923) was an American sculptor bestknown for the architectural sculpture of Philadelphia City Hall. Both his son, AlexanderStirling Calder, and grandson, Alexander "Sandy" Calder, would become significant sculptorsin the 20th century.
  • William BloyeWilliam James Bloye (1890–6 June 1975) was an Englishsculptor, active in Birminghameither side of World War II.He studied, and later, taught at the Birmingham School of Art (his training was interrupted byWorld War I, when he served in the Royal Army Medical Corps from 1915 to 1917; he waseventually succeeded at Birmingham by John Bridgeman), where his pupils included GordonHerickx, Roy Kitchin, Raymond Mason, John Poole and Ian Walters. He also studied stone-carving and letter cutting under Eric Gill around 1921.
  • Reginald E. BeauchampReginald E. Beauchamp (Dec. 8, 1910 – Dec. 20, 2000) was an American sculptor whoseworks include Penny Franklin (1971), Whispering Bells of Freedom (1976), and a bust ofConnie Mack that sits in the Baseball Hall of Fame.Beauchamp was born in London and immigrated to the United States at age 2, living with hisfamily for five years in Rensselaer, New York, before settling in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.He worked as the director of special events and then the head of public relations andpersonnel at the Philadelphia Bulletin newspaper from 1945 to 1975. He was also involved invarious community groups, including Rotary International, the Philadelphia Sketch Club, thePoor Richard Club, and the Philadelphia Public Relations Association, which named him thefirst member of its hall of fame in 1972
  • César BaldacciniCésar Baldaccini (1 January 1921 in Marseille - 6 December 1998 in Paris), usually calledCésar was a noted Frenchsculptor.César was at the forefront of the Nouveau Réalisme movement with his radical compressions(compacted automobiles, discarded metal, or rubbish), expansions (polyurethane foamsculptures), and fantastic representations of animals and insects.He was a French sculptor, born in 1921 of Italian parents in the working class neighbourhoodof la Belle-de-Mai in Marseilles. His father was a cooper and bar owner. His full name wasCésar Baldaccini, but he is usually known simply as César. After studying at the Ecole desBeaux-Arts, Marseilles (1935-9) he went on to the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris (1943-8).He began making sculptures by welding together pieces of scrap metal in 1952 and first madehis reputation with solid welded sculptures of insects, various kinds of animals, nudes, etc.His first one-man exhibition was at the Galerie Lucien Durand, Paris, 1954.His early work used soldered and welded metal as well as junk materials, and by 1960 Césarwas considered one of Frances leading sculptors. In that year, on a visit to a scrap merchantin search of metal, he saw a hydraulic crushing machine in operation, and decided toexperiment with it in his sculpture. He astonished his followers by showing three crushedcars at a Paris exhibition. It was for these Compressions that César became renowned. Césarselected particular cars for crushing, mixing elements from differently coloured vehicles. Inthis way he could control the surface pattern and colour scheme of the piece.Later the same year he joined the Nouveaux Réalistes (New Realists) - Arman, Klein,Raysse, Tinguely, Pierre Restany and others who found their inspiration in urban life.
  • Donald JuddDonald Clarence Judd (June 3, 1928 – February 12, 1994) was an American artistassociated with minimalism (a term he nonetheless stridently disavowed). In his work, Juddsought autonomy and clarity for the constructed object and the space created by it, ultimatelyachieving a rigorously democratic presentation without compositional hierarchy. It created anoutpouring of seemingly effervescent works that defied the term "minimalism". Nevertheless,he is generally considered the leading international exponent of "minimalism," and its mostimportant theoretician through such seminal writings such as "Specific Objects" (1964).Judd was born in Excelsior Springs, Missouri. He served in the Army from 1946-1947 as anengineer and in 1948 began his studies in philosophy at the College of William and Mary,later transferring to Columbia University School of General Studies. At Columbia, he earneda degree in philosophy and worked towards a masters in art history under Rudolf Wittkowerand Meyer Shapiro. Also at Columbia he attended night classes at the Art Students League ofNew York. He supported himself by writing art criticism for major American art magazinesbetween 1959 and 1965. In 1968 Judd bought a five-story cast-iron building, designed byNicholas Whyte in 1870, at 101 Spring Street for under $70,000, serving as his New Yorkresidence and studio. Over the next 25 years, Judd renovated the building floor by floor,sometimes installing works he purchased or commissioned from other artists.