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PENDIDIKAN JARAK JAUH
2013/2014 Academic Session
JUE 100/2 – PREPARATORY ENGLISH
LECTURER: SHAHRIER PAWANCHIK
JUE 100 is meant for students who secured bands 1, 2 and 3 in MUET. It is a preparatory
English proficiency course which is offered by the School of Distance Education (PPPJJ).
This course adopts an integrated communicative approach and a mastery of English does
not only involve knowledge of its linguistic forms but also on how, when and who these
forms are appropriate. Thus this approach will help students make the transition from the
linguistic structures to use of English in real life situations. It is hoped that this course
will be a lively and stimulating learning experience.
This is a pre-intermediate course designed to reinforce and supplement students’ skills in
English. It will aid the students to acquire the necessary language skills which are useful
for their future language development. The teaching of grammar will also be incorporated
because it is important in accurate language use especially for everyday activities as well
as in academic and job situations.
At the end of this course, students should be able to:
(i) communicate in English with ease
(ii) speak with some degree of clarity, fluency and accuracy
(iii) read and comprehend a variety of texts
(iv) listen to and comprehend different types of discourse
(v) write with an appropriate degree of skill (with accuracy)
(vi) use basic grammar structures correctly
METHOD OF STUDY
We are using English Result (Pre-Intermediate Student’s Book) by Mark Hancock &
Annie McDonald as our text. You are required to study and comprehend the linguistic
forms and functions found in the book. Do the exercises on your own.
I have placed some lecture notes on tenses, reading comprehension and writing (in the
form of power point) in the PPPJJ portal (http://el.usm.my). Go through them and should
you face difficulties, do not hesitate to get in touch. You are encouraged to refer to other
A. Coursework (60%)
(i) Writing: Individual paragraph 10%
Group assignment 10% 20%
(ii) Listening Comprehension & Grammar test 20%
(iii) Oral 20%
B. Final Exams 40%
Please refer to the instruction Group Written Assignment which is attached together
with this academic planner. Send your group written assignment to the School of
Distance Education, USM on or before Saturday 30 November, 2013.
Listening Comprehension, Grammar & Oral Test (40%)
This test will be conducted during the intensive course in January 2013. All the questions
The first section is on listening comprehension. You listen to two passages, and after each
passage questions will be asked, you are required to identify the correct answers. The
second section is on grammar and the third section is oral.
Final Exams (40%)
The exams will be based on reading comprehension, the linguistic forms and functions
that you have learnt.
You can reach me at the following address:
JUE 100 Course Coordinator
School of Distance Education
Universiti Sains Malaysia
11800 Pulau Pinang.
I wish all the best in your studies, tests and examinations.
TIPS ON ESSAY WRITING:
FINDING A THEME (1)
A good essay has a theme or central idea on which the plan is based. If you choose your
theme carefully, and make a good plan, the task of writing the essay will not be difficult.
Your theme should be a single sentence which sums up the whole of your essay. Without
a theme, it is impossible to make a good plan.
TOPICS WITH A DEFINITE THEME
Many topics contain a theme which needs to be a little more specific:
i. Describe a visit to an interesting place
Theme: I will describe a visit to the aquarium (or to a floating restaurant, to
ii. Is international sport a good thing or not?
Theme: I will explain that, although international sport can be harmful at
times, it is a good thing on the whole.
FINDING ATHEME (2)
Sometimes a topic may not contain a theme, as in the examples:
When this happens, you can use PC FAT (a fat policeman) to help you find a theme.
P- Explain the PART which the topic plays in the life of man eg. its importance,
C- Show the CHRONOLOGICAL or historical development of your topic, explaining
how it has developed through the years.
F- Give a FACTUAL account of your topic, particularly when dealing with such topics
as Glass or Radar.
A. Consider the ADVANTAGES and DISADVANTAGES of your topic, or the good
and the bad aspects of it.
T- Consider different TYPES of the topic, different ATTITUDES to it or different
REASONS to it.
In addition to these five methods of finding a theme, there is one which we use when
discussing a quotation or an argumentative topic;
B- Discuss both side s of the statement and then give a conclusion or personal opinion if
one is asked for.
i. Look at your topic
ii. Try each of the five methods in PC FAT in turn.
iii. Choose one method which will give you a clear theme. Then ignore the remaining
iv. Base your plan on your theme.
Theme: T – different types of attitudes
Describe some of the different attitudes of people who are successful.
Outline of plan:
i. To some people, it means service to the community.
ii. To some, it means following the principles of a religion, and thus leading a good
iii. To some, it means building up a good family in security.
i. To some, success means a search for money.
ii. To some, it involves a search for power.
iii. To some, it means fame and publicity.
…… and so on. The plan is not fully developed here, but notice that it arises from
MAKING A PLAN
i. Always allow at least 25% of the available time for making a plan. A professional
writer, preparing an article on gambling, the role of woman in society or a similar
subject, spend more time collecting and arranging his facts than on the actual
writing of the article. Planning is the most important stage in writing an essay.
ii. Base your plan on your theme. You then have two problems to deal with.
iii. The first problem is to find facts. Remember that your brain is like a computer.
You can get out of it only what you have already put in. If you
have read widely, watched television programmes, listened to radio, and
discussed problems with your friends, you should have enough information
stored in your brain.
When you are making plan, ask yourself such questions as ‘Why? And ‘How?’
and ‘What does this show us?’ and “Is there anything else?’
iv. When you have written your points down in rough, you must arrange them in a
suitable order. This is the second problem, and there are various way of solving
Arranging your facts
You can use one of these methods.
a. Put the most important point first, and then arrange the others in descending
order of importance.
b. Give all the advantages (or good points) first. Then give the advantages (or
c. Use a time sequence, going from a past events to the present and then to the
future. You can use this method when writing about bridges for example.
d. Pick out the most striking or significant point (especially in a descriptive
essay) and work outwards from it.
e. When describing a person or a place, deal with the outside first and then
with the inside. For example, if you are describing your home, you could
first give its general location, then describe its outside, and then deal with
the inside of the building.
f. Arrange your facts in suitable groups in the same way as we arrange ‘like
terms ‘in algebra. Then arrange the groups in descending order of
importance or in any other logical sequence.
We could arrange these six points to make the mnemonics ITS OLD.
I – important point first, then the others in descending order.
T – time sequence
S – striking or significant point first
O – outside and then inside
L – like terms
D – disadvantages and advantages
v. There are many topics in the newspapers such as:
a. sports news
b. fashion news
c. large advertisements
e. job vacancies
f. government announcement
g. wars, earthquakes, and disasters
h. feature articles
i. foreign news
j. cinema advertisements
k. letters from readers
l. business news and comments
m. accounts of trials
n. activities of criminals
You can describe the contents of any daily newspaper which you sometimes read by
using the guidelines given earlier.
GROUP WRITTEN ASSIGNMENT (20%)
You are required to work in a group (5-6 students in each group and not less) and the
members can be from the same regional centre (Pusat Wilayah) or other states.
Write an essay (using the guidelines that were taught earlier) on one of the topics that you
have read in the local newspaper. The topic must be from the September, October or
November 2013 newspaper.
i. Choose any ONE topic from your local newspaper:
Letters written to the editor on social issues
ii. State your theme clearly.
iii. Arrange the points in any suitable order (paragraphs).
Your essay should be in about 500-550 words. You need to attach the newspaper cutting
on the topic that you are writing about together with your group written assignment.
You must identify the contribution of each member after every paragraph. A 10% mark is
given for individual contribution. Say for example, there are twelve (12) paragraphs,
specify his/her name for every paragraph that he/she has written.
All written assignments must be submitted to the School of Distance Education,
USM on or before Saturday November 30, 2013. Failure to submit on time will
cause you to lose marks.
Try your level best.