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Presentation during the Forum on Migration and Development organized by Ateneo de Davao University

Presentation during the Forum on Migration and Development organized by Ateneo de Davao University
Davao City, Philippines

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Presentation A D D U Presentation Transcript

  • 1. MIGRATION AND DEVELOPMENT
  • 2. FORUMMigration and DevelopmentAteneo de Davao University
    Leila Rispens-Noel
    Senior Advisor, International Network of Alternative Financial Institutions (INAFI International)
    President, Wimler Foundation
  • 3. Migration
    What is Migration?
    Migration is the movement of people from one place to another.
    What are the main types of migration?
    Migration can be permanent, temporary, voluntary or forced. It can be international or internal.
    3
  • 4. Push Factors of Migration
    Lack of jobs and Poverty
    Climate Change/Environmental problems
    Lack or under-employment at home
    Market forces
    Discrimination
    Civil Strife/War/Political and religious persecution
    4
  • 5. Pull Factors of Migration
    Higher standards of living/Higher wages
    Labor Demand
    Political and/or religious freedom
    Enjoyment/Greener pastures
    Education
    Better medical care
    Security
    Family links
    5
  • 6. What do we know?
    Migration can contribute to development
    Remittances are twice more than official development aid, just little behind than foreign direct investments.
    Migration is unstoppable
    6
  • 7. Philippine International Migration
    January 19, 2011
    7
    Global: in 2010, 214 million people work and live outside their countries of origin; nearly three percent of world’s population (IOM)
    Philippines: estimated 8-10 million overseas Filipinos spread in 193 countries; 10% are irregular; 60% are women
  • 8. International Migration
    8
  • 9. Top Destination Countries for Filipinos
    1. United States
    2. Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
    3. Canada
    4. United Arab Emirates
    5. Australia
    6. Malaysia
    7. Japan
    8. Qatar
    9. United Kingdom
    10. Singapore
    11. Hong Kong
    12. Kuwait
    13. Italy
    14. Taiwan
    15. South Korea
    9
  • 10. Social Cost of Migration
    10
    Dysfunctional families
    Culture of migration
    Culture of dependency
    Abuses, violation of migrants’ rights
    Exclusion
    Abandoned children
    Brain drain, brain waste
  • 11. Top 10 remittance recipient developing countries in US$ billion (WB)
    11
  • 12. Philippine Remittances estimates
    2010 - $440 billion
    2009 - $316 billion
    Expected to increase by 7.1% in 2011
    a faster pace of recovery in 2010 than The World bank earlier forecasts.
    12
  • 13. Remittances Compared with other Resource Flows
    13
  • 14. Uses of Remittances
    About 80% on:
    Food
    Education
    Health
    Repayment of debts
    Remaining amount for:
    Savings
    Investments
    Diaspora Philanthropy –hometown associations
    14
  • 15. Not only Remittances
    Migrants also contribute social remittances: skills, knowledge, networks, new ideas (politics) – in some countries (peace building, democratization, good governance)
    In time of disaster
    In Host countries:
    Economy, culture
    15
  • 16. What should we do and who will do it?
    16
    Government
    Migrants and Families
    Development and international organizations
    NGOs, trade unions,
    Diaspora/Migrant Associations
    Academes
    Financial sector
    Host Countries
  • 17. Recommendations for Academes, Students
    1. Data and information gathering e.g.  thesis on causes, effects, and social costs of Migration in Mindanao and formulate recommendations based on their findings to be used as basis for government policies to improve situation of migrants and their families both at home and abroad.
    17
  • 18. Recommendations (Cont.)
    Research on the impact of migration to rural development
    Research on the impact of remittances to the development of Mindanao
    Research on the impact of collective remittances (Diaspora philanthropy to the development in Mindanao)
    Research on how to promote and strengthen hometown associations as actors of development
    Research on Gender, Migration and Development
    18
  • 19. ADDU Migration and Development Center
    Responds to lack of data on internal and international migration in Mindanao (research is usually done from Manila
    Information (action-oriented research) and based on Mindanao context provided by the Center can influence government policy (ex. Leveraging remittances and Diaspora philanthropy for development
    Future-oriented data gathering can help those who plan to work abroad make informed decision; plan for it (purpose of migration)
    Should attract interest from ADDU alumni – (generate support from them)
    19
  • 20. DAGHANG SALAMAT
    www.inafi.org
    www.wimler.org
    leila.rispens-noel@wimler.org
    20