Understanding byDesignby Grant Wiggins & Jay McTigheDianne Pappafotopoulos, K-12 Technology SpecialistDover – Sherborn Public Schools
Overview of UbDUbD is a way of thinking purposefully about curricular planningThe end goal is understanding and the ability to transferlearningEvidence of understanding is revealed through performanceEducators are coaches of understanding, not purveyors ofcontent or activityPlanning is done “backward” from the desired result (goal)UbD transforms Content Standards and other goals into focusedlearning targets based on “big ideas” and transfer tasksDesign Standards guide self-assessment and peer reviews ofcurriculum, instruction, and assessment for quality controlUbD reflects a “continuous improvement” approach to designand learning.
“If you ask a studentwhy they are learningsomething, they shouldunderstand why, whatthey need to know, andwhy it is important toknow.”Grant Wiggins Interview
What is the UbDTemplate?UbD template is designed in 3 stages:Stage 1: Desired Results (Established Goals / Understandings/EssentialQuestions)Stage 2: Assessment Evidence (Performance Tasks/Other Evidence)Stage 3: Learning Plan (Learning Activities/Lesson Plans
UbD TemplateStage 1 – Desired ResultsEstablished Goal (s): What relevant goals (i.e. Content Standards, Course or ProgramObjectives, Learning Outcomes etc.) will this design address?Understandings (s):Students will understand that….•What are the big ideas?•What specific understandings aboutthem are desired?•What misunderstandings arepredictable?Transfer:How can I transfer the skills andlearning to real-life situations?Essential Question (s):What provocative questions willfoster inquiry, understanding, andtransfer of learning?
UbD TemplateStage 2 - Assessment EvidencePerformance Task (s):• Through what authenticperformance tasks will studentsdemonstrate the desiredunderstanding?• By what criteria will “performancesof understanding” be judged?Other Evidence:• Through what other evidence(i.e. quizzes, tests, academicprompts, homework, journals,etc.) will students demonstrateachievement of the desiredresult?• How will students reflect uponand self-assess their learning?
UbD TemplateStage 3 - Learning PlanLearning Activities should…….W help the student to know where the unit is going and what is expectedH hook all students and hold their interestE equip students, help them experience key ideas and explore issuesR provide opportunities to rethink and revise their understanding and workE allow students to evaluate their work and its implicationsT be tailored to meet different needs, interests and abilities of learnersO be organized to maximize initial and sustained engagement and effectivelearning