Direct Speech Reported Speech Present Simple Past Simple "Hes American," she She said he was said. American. "Im happy to see you," Mary said that she was Mary said. happy to see me. " He asked, "Are you He asked me if I was busy tonight?" busy tonight.
Direct Speech Reported SpeechPresent Continuous Past Continuous "Dan is living in San She said Dan was living Francisco," she said. in San Francisco. " He said, "Im making He said that he was dinner." making dinner. "Why are you working They asked me why I so hard?" they asked. was working so hard.
Direct Speech Reported SpeechPast Simple Past Perfect Simple• "We went to the movies • He said they had gone last night," he said. to the movies last night.• " Greg said, "I didnt go • Greg said that he to work yesterday." hadnt gone to work yesterday.• "Did you buy a new car?" she asked. • She asked me if I had bought a new car.
Direct Speech Reported SpeechPast Continuous Past Perfect Continuous • "I was working late • Vicki said shed been last night," Vicki said. working last night. • " They said, "we werent • They said that they hadnt waiting long." been waiting long.• " He asked, "were you • He asked if Id been sleeping when I sleeping when he called. called?"
Direct Speech Reported SpeechPresent Perfect Past Perfect Simple Simple • " Heather said, "Ive • Heather said that already eaten." shed already eaten. • "We havent been to • They said they hadnt China," they said. been to China. • "Have you worked • I asked her whether here before?" I asked. shed worked there before.
Direct Speech Reported SpeechPresent Perfect Past Perfect Continuous Continuous • "Ive been studying • He said hed been English for two years," studying English for he said. two years. • " Steve said, "weve • Steve said that theyd been dating for over a been dating for over year now." a year. • "Have you been • They asked whether waiting long?" they Id been waiting
Direct Speech Reported Speech Past Perfect Simple Past Perfect Simple (*NO CHANGE) • "Id been to Chicago • He said that hed before for work," he been to Chicago said. before for work.
Direct Speech Reported Speech Past Perfect Past Perfect Continuous Continuous (*NO CHANGE) • " She said, "Id been • She said shed been dancing for years dancing for years before the accident." before the accident.