Introduction to the Sciences of Language The relationship between linguistics and English language teaching Final ProjectLinguistic component: ___________________PHONETICS_______________________________________Participants:Daniel Felipe Álvarez Rojas ID: 257904Paula Andrea Henao Ariza ID: 256457Diana Katherine Orjuela Cujabán ID: 265105NRC: 6230Step 1: Write a 200-word paragraph explaining your component of language.According to The sounds of language in Yule, G. (2006). Phonetics and PhonemicTranscription in Akmajian, A et all. (2001). Phonetics: The Sounds of Language inFromkin, V., Robert, R., and HYAMS, N. (2003). Phonetics in Jeffries, L. (2006). Phonetic isthe part of linguistics that study how humans can produce sounds of speech, combination,description, and it representation of it by symbols in all languages (not specific).Also it is a science of linguistics that is based on studies of human joints, which involve:lungs, larynx, pharynx, oral cavity and nasal (vocal apparatus) so giving, sound to thesymbols that we call consonants and vowels that compound the alphabet. These lettersunited make syllables, at the same time, the syllables make up words and the words formphrases for our daily communication. Actually phonetic has three components. • Acoustic Is the study of the way listeners perceive these sounds. • Auditory Is the study of the physical properties of the sounds themselves. • Articulatory Is concerned to the physical production of speech, describes which organs are involved in its production, the position they take and how these positions vary, producing different sounds. Like Vowels & Consonants that in speaking of the alphabet, we may call “a” a vowel and “b” a consonant, but that means only that we used the letter “a” to represent vowel sounds, and the letter “b” to represent consonant sounds.
References • The sounds of language in Yule, G. (2006). The study of Language. Third Edition. Cambridge University Press. Pages: 29-40. • Phonetics and Phonemic Transcription in Akmajian, A et all. (2001). Linguistics: an Introduction to Language and Communication. Fifth Edition. MIT Press. Pages 65- 73. • Phonetics: The Sounds of Language in Fromkin, V., Robert, R., and HYAMS, N. (2003). An Introduction to Language. Seventh Edition. Thomson-Wadsworth. Pages: 231-242. • Phonetics in Jeffries, L. (2006). Discovering Language: The structure of modern English. PALGRAVE MACMILLAN. Pages: 8-17.
Step 2: In your English textbook, identify three different activities that helps learners to develop your component of language. Write a 50-100 word paragraph providing an explanation of why and how that activity develops knowledge and practice of the component.Activity 1Analysis activity 1In this first activity, we want to emphasis in the practice of the sounds /θ/ and /ð/. In the pointnumber one, you can see what kind of words you can say with the sound /θ/, like "thing" andwith the sound /ð/ like "there". In the second point we want that you identify what wordcorresponds to each sound. And finally you have to practice the production of the sounds. / θ / Sound / ð / SoundIf you want to make these sounds. You have to put the tip of the tongue visible between theteeth, the air escaping between tongue and teeth; aspirations for / θ / in any position, but notfor / ð /.
Activity 2Analysis activity 2In this activity we have the sounds /n/ and /ŋ/.Both /n/ and /ŋ/ are pronounced with air coming through your nose, with you blocking the airin your mouth with the front of your tongue for /n/ and the back of your tongue for /ŋ/./n/ sound /ŋ/ SoundSo in the activity, we want to practice these sounds, like in the second point, where you cansee the endings of some words like "been" (finish in sound /n/) and "being" (finish in sound/ŋ/), that you later have to identify and practice.
Activity 3Analysis activity 3This last activity, pretend to make a practice of the sounds /æ/ and / ʌ/, where the letter a ispronounced /æ/, and the letter u is pronounced / ʌ/. /æ/ Sound /ʌ/ Sound/æ/ and /ʌ/ are the two closest vowel sounds in English and so it is very difficult to hear andpronounce the difference. In fact, in some American accents there is no distinction betweenthe two. For that, were going to practice this sounds making the differences between thewords like in first point, and recognizing the sounds in phrases and practice it.References • Sonidos de las consonantes. In Wright-McGillivray (1959). Aprendamos Ingles (Let’s Learn English). Edicion Completa. Page: xxvi. • Minimal Pairs /n/ and /ŋ/. English Club. In the URL: http://www.englishclub.com/pronunciation/minimal-pairs-n-ng.htm • Minimal Pairs /æ/ and /ʌ/. English Club. In the URL: http://www.englishclub.com/pronunciation/minimal-pairs-a-u.htm
Step 3: Choose one of the activities from your analysis, and create an improved version of it. Identify something in the activity that you can change, adapt or add so that it better develops your component of language. You don not need to explain your creation.As a suggestionAccording to the last activities we can recognize that the phonetics cannot be just referring asa reading part, it needs a listening part that shows the sound of each symbol.So we can recommend a program called Sephonics in which you can practice and improveyour listening and pronunciation skills.Here you can download Sephonics, it is a free download software:http://www.wartoft.nu/software/sephonics/
So you have many options to practice Phonetics. Activity design. We want to emphasize in the sounds / θ / and / ð /, for that, we make a web site, where you can find, first the whole project, second, aninteractive way to play and learn with the IPA, third, in this pagehttp://cambridgeenglishonline.com/Phonetics_Focus/ you have many activities to improveyour phonetic skills, fourth, you have two wordsearches to recognize the sounds / θ / and /ð /, and finally, you have some flash cards that just have as a guide, a picture and thephonetic script.According to the activity 1, we create the next activities: 1. Go to this web site: http://hyphenquote.jimdo.com/get-used-with-the-pronunciation/? logout=1 2. Practice with the activities that you found in the page. 3. Now, According to the previous activities guess what is the word in the flash cards, according to the sounds / θ / and / ð /.
Step 4: Based on steps 1, 2 and 3, and based on the readings for module 5. Write a 200-250 word text explaining the relationship between linguistics and language teaching and learning. “What is the relationship between linguistics and language teaching?”The relationship between phonetics as a linguistic component and language teaching is that,phonetics refers to the general pronunciation in a language and language teaching is how theknowledge is teaching to someone.According to this, when you teach a language you need to have the knowledge and thepractice, that means, for example if you try to teach any language you minimum has to knowthe basic structures and the basic components of the language because "the view of the roleof explicit grammar instruction in the process of effortful learning has changed" 1.In other hand language teaching uses the linguistic as a guide to teach a language, but thelinguistics are just for the ones who want to study to become a bachelor in English.In other words linguistics are in a general context for everybody, in fact, " linguistics beginsas a descriptive science: it aims, at the very least, at an accurate description of what peopleactually say when they speak" 2, but if you are studying to be a teacher, you need to learn thecomponents of linguistics, each one separately because just the Bachelor is the one whospecifically knows the component and it uses but the common people just need to know itapplication.Although that, many people who knows a language teach it, but they really knows thecomponents of linguistics? Or they just know how use to it? That is the reason to know aperson who knows the application of the components of linguistic because just the bachelorknows how use it for a great knowledge performance.We can conclude that this project gave us a new perspective about the English teaching, andmore specifically, the teaching of the phonetics, because this component its very importantto develope the speaking and the pronunciation, that is essential in learning and teachingprocess of any language, even, in the creation of this work, we identify how is necessarylearn about phonetics, and work on this, because we want to improve more, not only onphonetics, but also in the other components that are the base of our learning process.References • Linguistics in Language Teaching in Brinton, L., and Brinton D. (2010). The Liguistic Structure of Modern English. John Benjamins Publishing Company. Pages: 368 and 373.