PHARMACY EDUCATION IN INDIA Dr.M.Venkata Reddy, M.Pharm., Ph.D   Member, Pharmacy Council of India       Advisor, Natco Ph...
• INDIA is the largest  country in South Asia• Second most populous  country in the world  with a population of 1.2  billi...
Education in India•   Education is on the concurrent list of the    Central and State Governments•   Both Central and Stat...
Pharmacy in India –   --- Academic Perspective
Present levels of Pharmacy Education in India       D.Pharm       2 Years      B.Pharm      4 Years      Pharm.D      6 Ye...
Pharmacy CoursesS.No Course of Study         Degree        Duration1     Diploma in Pharmacy    D.Pharm      2 yrs didacti...
Admission / Eligibility criteria fordifferent coursesCourse    EligibilityD.Pharm   Higher Secondary after 12 yrs Schoolin...
PHARMACY INSTITUTIONS                  (Pre-independence period)• Modern Pharmacy Education started in 1937 at    Banares ...
Growth of Pharmacy Institutions         (Degree in Pharmacy)  1945-1960 :    7 institutions  1960-1970 :    34 institution...
D.Pharm     B.Pharm       M.Pharm Pharm.D        S.No.         State                                                    (P...
STUDENTS OUT PUTNearly 9,000 M. Pharm      65,000 B. Pharm      36,000 D. Pharm      2040 Pharm. D      300 Pharm D. (P.B)
Pharmacy Education –Role of RegulatoryBodiesPharmacy Education is regulated by THREERegulatory Bodies• Pharmacy Council of...
LEGISLATIVE CHANGES (Proposed)  PHARMACY COUNCIL OF INDIA
STATUTORY REGULATION OF           PHARMACY INSTITUTIONS  Pharmacy Council of India              The statutoryregulation of...
Pharmacy Education – Role ofRegulatory Bodies•   All India Council of Technical Education    (AICTE) under AICTE Act 1987 ...
Universities• India has 427 universities, some single campus, most  with many affiliated / autonomous colleges.• The nodal...
D.PHARM CURRICULUM• Topics lost relevance as extemporaneous  dispensing is largely replaced by Ready to  use dosage forms•...
B.PHARM CURRICULUM•   Though industry and product orient most institutions are    far removed from Industry and lack inter...
CURRICULUM   Syllabus is more Industry oriented and mainly designed  to cater the needs of the Pharma Industry and success...
STUDENT PERSPECTIVE  Due to lucrative jobs offered by the industry and   growth of the Pharma Industry as innovative    In...
Post Graduate specilizations (M.Pharm) •   Pharmaceutics •   Pharmaceutical Chemistry •   Pharmacology •   Pharmaceutical ...
Industry Centered Curriculum•   Pharmacy education in India for the past    several decades has been industry centered. It...
INDUSTRIAL SCENARIO          Import dependent industry till 1950Started with 10 crore only and progressed fast. From1991 i...
INDUSTRIAL SCENARIO            Present position in globe is                  - 3rd by volume (9.5%)                  - 13t...
INDUSTRIAL SCENARIOIndia has highest number of USFDA approvedmanufacturing plants outside USA (>135)(setting up of USFDA a...
IDPL-THE PHARMA CONNECT      between RUSSIA and INDIA•   Indian Drugs and Pharmaceuticals Ltd (IDPL) a    public sector un...
Acknowledgement to Russian Pharma                experts•    This State of art plant at Hyderabad had been     the spawnin...
RESEARCH• The 2nd millennium saw a spurt of research  activity in many large Pharmaceutical  Houses and sponsored Research...
Top 10 performers based on publications   S.No   Name of the Institute           Publications   1      H.G University, Sag...
FAVOURABLE FACTORS Vast technical pool & skilled man power Well established state-of-art manufacturing plants Low cost fac...
By 2012 nearly US$ 80 billion worth of patent-protected drugs to go off patent (inc 30 of thebest selling US patent-protec...
Pharma Industry oriented training• In view of rapid growth of export oriented  Pharma Industry, there is a great need for ...
Pharma Industry oriented training• GMP, GLP, Process and Product  development, regulatory affairs etc., by  Industry and R...
Quality in Pharmacy Education• Pharmacy Council of India constituted a  multisectoral co-ordination mechanism  called Nati...
Community Pharmacy in India          Business per anum – 36,000 croresApollo, Hetero, Med Plus,           --- in southMedi...
NIPER CENTRES IN INDIA•   NIPER’s thrust to pharma education•   Hyderabad•   Ahmedabad•   Raebareli•   Hajipur•   Kolkata•...
NIPER - Objectives• Enhancement of creativity, motivation,  drive and inculcate professionalism• To bring synergy between ...
Global HarmonizationHarmonization of Pharmacy Educationto include developments in basic medicaland Pharmaceutical Sciences...
Pharm D Programme in INDIA   ( Doctor in Pharmacy )
PHARM D (Doctor in Pharmacy - 6 yrs)Aim : To equip the future Pharmacist of India       with skills of not only dispensing...
Pharm D Programme•   The course was introduced in 2008•   6 yrs Pharm D course after Higher Secondary    or D Pharm•   3 y...
Pharm D Colleges in India•   67 private Institutes and one Government    University are offering Pharm. D with intake of  ...
Course ContentPharm D- 5 yrs study (Th.+Pr.)                       One yr. Internship/residencyPharm D (B) - 2 yrs study (...
Mode of training Ward                         Patient             Pharmacy       medicationrounds                         ...
Pharm D. students in ward rounds – JSSCP, Ooty
Pharm D. students in patient counseling – SRMC, Chennai
Pharm D. students in interaction with hospital doctors in a patient                 counseling – SRMC, Chennai
MAJOR PROPOSED AMENDMENTS• Regulation of Pharmacy education and profession at all levels (B. Pharm, Pharm D., M. Pharm) by...
EDUCATION INDUSTRY                    PRACTICER&D            VISION-2020        CRO   EXPORTS& REGULATORY                 ...
Welcome to71st International Congress 3-8, Sept 2011, Hyderabad        www.fip.org
Welcome to63rd   IPC – 2011,                 Bangalore 16th ,17th, 18th December 2011, Venue: B I E C
THANK YOU
Contact address:Prof. M.Venkata ReddyDirector ,Shree Dattha College of Pharmacy,Sheriguda, Ibrahimpatnam, RR Dist.,Andhra ...
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Форум IPhEB - Манда Венката Редди, директор, Hitech Inst. Of Adv Pharmaceutical Sciences, Индия

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Презентация доклада в рамках Санкт-Петербургского Международного Форума по фармацевтике и биотехнологиям IPhEB "Фармцевтическое образование Индии"

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Форум IPhEB - Манда Венката Редди, директор, Hitech Inst. Of Adv Pharmaceutical Sciences, Индия

  1. 1. PHARMACY EDUCATION IN INDIA Dr.M.Venkata Reddy, M.Pharm., Ph.D Member, Pharmacy Council of India Advisor, Natco Pharma Ltd HYDERABAD, INDIAIPhEB – St.Petersburg, Russia., 27-04-2011
  2. 2. • INDIA is the largest country in South Asia• Second most populous country in the world with a population of 1.2 billion• 28 States and 7 union territories
  3. 3. Education in India• Education is on the concurrent list of the Central and State Governments• Both Central and State Governments can bring laws & frame policies on education• While every State has its own Secondary Education Board and is responsible for setting up state Universities and Colleges and maintaining them• Central Government acts as coordinator and help to maintain uniform standard of education in the country
  4. 4. Pharmacy in India – --- Academic Perspective
  5. 5. Present levels of Pharmacy Education in India D.Pharm 2 Years B.Pharm 4 Years Pharm.D 6 Years Profession M.Pharm 2 Years Ph.D Present registrable qualifications under the Pharmacy Act 1948 : Pharm D., B. Pharm, D. Pharm (minimum qualification)Source : PCI
  6. 6. Pharmacy CoursesS.No Course of Study Degree Duration1 Diploma in Pharmacy D.Pharm 2 yrs didactic, 500 hrs(3months) Practical Training2 Bachelor of Pharmacy B.Pharm 4 yrs Institutional3 Master of Pharmacy M.Pharm 2yrs Institutional4 Master of Science M.S(Pharm) 2 yrs Institutional5 Master of Technology M.Tech 2yrs Institutional in Pharmacy (Pharm)6 Doctor of Pharmacy Pharm D 5 yrs Institutional & 1 yr hospital training7 Doctor of Philosophy Ph.D 2 yrs Institutional & 1 yr in Pharmacy hospital training
  7. 7. Admission / Eligibility criteria fordifferent coursesCourse EligibilityD.Pharm Higher Secondary after 12 yrs Schooling Separate common Entrance test in some StatesB.Pharm Higher Secondary & Merit list of various Entrance examinations prescribedM.Pharm B.Pharm and Merit list of prescribed Entrance examPharm D Higher Secondary and Merit in prescribed Entrance exam B.Pham graduates can seek admission directy to 4th yr of 6 yr course
  8. 8. PHARMACY INSTITUTIONS (Pre-independence period)• Modern Pharmacy Education started in 1937 at Banares Hindu University• Andhra University 1937• Madras University 1938• Bombay University 1943• Punjab University 1944• LM College of Pharmacy 1947Source : PCI
  9. 9. Growth of Pharmacy Institutions (Degree in Pharmacy) 1945-1960 : 7 institutions 1960-1970 : 34 institutions 1970-1990 : 232 institutions 1990-2000 : 290 institutions 2000-2005 : 312 institutions 2006-2010 : 1083 institutions
  10. 10. D.Pharm B.Pharm M.Pharm Pharm.D S.No. State (Post Bacc) PCI PCI AICTE AICTE PCI PCI 1 ANDHRA PRADESH 58 66 270 54 23 7 2 ASSAM 3 1 2 1 0 0 3 BIHAR 2 1 5 1 0 0 4 CHANDIGARH 2 1 1 1 0 0 5 CHATTISGARH 12 6 12 4 0 0 6 DELHI 8 5 6 2 0 0 7 GOA 1 1 2 1 0 0 8 GUJARAT 13 21 89 22 1 0 9 HARYANA 17 13 37 7 0 0 10 HIMACHAL PRADESH 3 0 12 0 0 0 11 JHARKHAND 3 1 1 1 0 0 12 JAMMU & KASHMIR 1 0 1 0 0 0 13 KARNATAKA 95 68 75 40 19 11 14 KERALA 23 25 31 9 6 2 15 MADHYA PRADESH 31 31 101 35 1 0 16 MAHARASTRA 152 70 141 49 2 1 17 MANIPUR 1 0 0 0 0 0 18 MIZORAM 1 1 1 0 0 0 19 ORISSA 34 14 17 13 0 0 20 PONDICHERRY 0 1 1 1 0 0 21 PUNJAB 33 19 38 10 1 0 22 RAJASTHAN 27 21 50 7 0 0 23 SIKKIM 1 1 1 1 0 0 24 TAMILNADU 42 41 43 25 15 9 25 TRIPURA 1 1 1 0 0 0 26 UTTAR PRADESH 18 36 115 19 0 0 27 UTTARAKHAND 15 6 18 1 0 0 28 WEST BENGAL 10 11 12 3 0 0 Total No. of  607 462 1083 307 68 30Source : Colleges TOTAL  36420 27720 62797 8013 2040 300PCI & AICTE INTAKE
  11. 11. STUDENTS OUT PUTNearly 9,000 M. Pharm 65,000 B. Pharm 36,000 D. Pharm 2040 Pharm. D 300 Pharm D. (P.B)
  12. 12. Pharmacy Education –Role of RegulatoryBodiesPharmacy Education is regulated by THREERegulatory Bodies• Pharmacy Council of India - PCI• All India Council for Technical Education – AICTE• Universities
  13. 13. LEGISLATIVE CHANGES (Proposed) PHARMACY COUNCIL OF INDIA
  14. 14. STATUTORY REGULATION OF PHARMACY INSTITUTIONS Pharmacy Council of India The statutoryregulation of pharmacy institutions in the country wasestablished with the enactment of the Pharmacy Act,1948 on 04.03.1948 The Pharmacy Council of India (PCI) was established on 09.03.1949, under the Pharmacy Act 1948. PCI frames education regulations under section 10 of the Act. Education Regulations E.R-1953, E.R-1973, E.R-1981, E.R-1991
  15. 15. Pharmacy Education – Role ofRegulatory Bodies• All India Council of Technical Education (AICTE) under AICTE Act 1987 regulates D.Pharm, B.Pharm and M.Pharm courses• Accreditation of facilities by Nation Board of Accreditation ( NBA ) for Quality Assurance of Study programme
  16. 16. Universities• India has 427 universities, some single campus, most with many affiliated / autonomous colleges.• The nodal accrediting body is the University Grants Commission(UGC)• All accredited universities are members of the Association of Indian Universities (AIU)• Deemed Universities –Institutions of excellence which have been granted degree granting authority eg: IIT, IIM
  17. 17. D.PHARM CURRICULUM• Topics lost relevance as extemporaneous dispensing is largely replaced by Ready to use dosage forms• Remained only as a formal qualification for registration
  18. 18. B.PHARM CURRICULUM• Though industry and product orient most institutions are far removed from Industry and lack interaction• No uniformity in Syllabus and content across the Universities• Course content is a mix of Basic Sciences-Mathematics, Physical Chemistry, Inorganic & Organic Chemistry, Physiology and MicrobiologyAdvanced Topics: Bio-Chemistry, Medicinal Chemistry and Analytical Chemistry and Basic Pharmaceutical Sciences (Pharmaceutics, Pharmaceutical Engineering, Pharmacology, Pharmacognosy, Pharmacy law, Biotechnology)
  19. 19. CURRICULUM Syllabus is more Industry oriented and mainly designed to cater the needs of the Pharma Industry and successful in developing the Indian Pharma industry.Source : PCI
  20. 20. STUDENT PERSPECTIVE Due to lucrative jobs offered by the industry and growth of the Pharma Industry as innovative Industry, Pharmacy has become course of choice in recent yearsSource : IPA-Ed
  21. 21. Post Graduate specilizations (M.Pharm) • Pharmaceutics • Pharmaceutical Chemistry • Pharmacology • Pharmaceutical Analysis • Pharmacognosy & Phytochemisty • Pharmaceutical Biotechnology • Pharmacy practices • Hospital Pharmacy • Indusrial Pharmacy • PharmacyRegulatory Affairs • Quality Assurance
  22. 22. Industry Centered Curriculum• Pharmacy education in India for the past several decades has been industry centered. It does not meet the requirements of patient care & Pharmacy practice• WHO & the Common Wealth Pharmaceutical Association have highlighted the need for graduate level education followed by one year practical training before one is capable of affectively performing the role of a pharmacist
  23. 23. INDUSTRIAL SCENARIO Import dependent industry till 1950Started with 10 crore only and progressed fast. From1991 important supplier of low-cost high utility genericdrugs in the global market.4.2 mn employment in more than 20,000 unitsLeading 250 companies control 70% of marketExports to more than 200 countriesPatent law ( 2005 ) changed –destination for pharmaresearch and development
  24. 24. INDUSTRIAL SCENARIO Present position in globe is - 3rd by volume (9.5%) - 13th by value (1.8%) Over 23,000 units 260 organized sectors6,000 to 8,000 small scale sectors with 60,000 formulations Turn over in 2009-10 is $ 21.3 bnExports growing at CAGR of 22.9% and Domestic at 9%
  25. 25. INDUSTRIAL SCENARIOIndia has highest number of USFDA approvedmanufacturing plants outside USA (>135)(setting up of USFDA approved plant is 30%cheaper in India)
  26. 26. IDPL-THE PHARMA CONNECT between RUSSIA and INDIA• Indian Drugs and Pharmaceuticals Ltd (IDPL) a public sector undertaking was set up in Hyderabad with generous help and Technical co-operation of RUSSIAN Government, in 1961• Giving shape to the vision of Late Jawaharlal Nehru, the First Prime Minister of India, to make most of the essential drugs available to the public at affordable prices
  27. 27. Acknowledgement to Russian Pharma experts• This State of art plant at Hyderabad had been the spawning ground for bulk drug Industry in and around the city of Hyderabad, making it the Bulk Drug Capital of India• Many of the Industry experts fondly recall their early training at IDPL and always great fully acknowledge the contribution by RUSSIAN experts
  28. 28. RESEARCH• The 2nd millennium saw a spurt of research activity in many large Pharmaceutical Houses and sponsored Research in Universities in the post GATT era• Research publications saw a sharp rise by 80% during 2000-2007
  29. 29. Top 10 performers based on publications S.No Name of the Institute Publications 1 H.G University, Sagar 860 2 Jamia Hamdard, Delhi 791 3 Punjab University, Chandigarh 788 4 MCOPS, Manipal 568 5 M.S.University, Baroda 501 6 Jadavpur University, Kolkata 497 7 LMCP, Ahmedabad 465 8 Kakatiya University, Warangal 379 9 Poona COP, Pune 377 10 Bombay COP, Mumbai 359
  30. 30. FAVOURABLE FACTORS Vast technical pool & skilled man power Well established state-of-art manufacturing plants Low cost factor & ability to retain cost age High-level of competence and expertiseIntroduction of advanced technology by MNCsAssured compliance with global norms
  31. 31. By 2012 nearly US$ 80 billion worth of patent-protected drugs to go off patent (inc 30 of thebest selling US patent-protected drugs) :Indian companies are positioning themselves totap the generic versions of these drugs with itsreverse engineering skills and relatively low coststructure(Generics - $ 11 bn - expected $ 50 bn by 2012)
  32. 32. Pharma Industry oriented training• In view of rapid growth of export oriented Pharma Industry, there is a great need for graduates and post graduates in Pharmacy with good professional orientation• To fill the gap between academic courses and Industries needs, we have started Hitech- Institute to conduct a Bridge Course in association with Natco Pharma involving lectures on various industry oriented topics
  33. 33. Pharma Industry oriented training• GMP, GLP, Process and Product development, regulatory affairs etc., by Industry and Regulatory experts, followed by visit to various manufacturing units• So far we have conducted 40 batches with an average 40 students per batch. More than 90% trainees got immediate employment in the Industry• We wish to extent this facility to overseas students also in the near future
  34. 34. Quality in Pharmacy Education• Pharmacy Council of India constituted a multisectoral co-ordination mechanism called National Task force for quality assurance in Pharmacy Education, primarily an accreditation body, but advises and guides to facilitate achieving high quality
  35. 35. Community Pharmacy in India Business per anum – 36,000 croresApollo, Hetero, Med Plus, --- in southMedicine Shoppe, Reliance --- in west& recently : Zydu’s - Dial for health, Ranbaxy’s - Fortis Lifeken, Trust, Pill & Powder, Med plus, Religere, Life sping, Planet Health, Tulsi etc.,entered as pharma chains & successful by providingthe quality of services to the consumers(customers are more health conscious now and demandingbetter value added services)
  36. 36. NIPER CENTRES IN INDIA• NIPER’s thrust to pharma education• Hyderabad• Ahmedabad• Raebareli• Hajipur• Kolkata• Guwahati
  37. 37. NIPER - Objectives• Enhancement of creativity, motivation, drive and inculcate professionalism• To bring synergy between academic, R&D, technology and industry through training and exposure for such environment.• To Bridge collaborations between Pharmacy, Biotechnology, information technologies and prepare for meeting global challenges.
  38. 38. Global HarmonizationHarmonization of Pharmacy Educationto include developments in basic medicaland Pharmaceutical Sciences at a globallevel will make qualified Pharmacistsmore responsive to the needs andexpectations of the Society
  39. 39. Pharm D Programme in INDIA ( Doctor in Pharmacy )
  40. 40. PHARM D (Doctor in Pharmacy - 6 yrs)Aim : To equip the future Pharmacist of India with skills of not only dispensing medicines but also to serve as counselor of medicines with focus towards the Patients and Prescriber of DrugsObjective : Knowledge and understanding Skills, Attitude
  41. 41. Pharm D Programme• The course was introduced in 2008• 6 yrs Pharm D course after Higher Secondary or D Pharm• 3 yrs Pharm D (post-Baccalaureate) course for B.Pharm graduates• Focuses on Clinical & Community aspects• Practical training only at Practice sites• 5 yrs of study and 1 yr residency at Practice site viz. 6 months in General Medicine Department followed by 2 months each in 3 other specialties
  42. 42. Pharm D Colleges in India• 67 private Institutes and one Government University are offering Pharm. D with intake of 30 students each• Total seats in Pharm D course are 1410• 20 of the above provide limited seats for lateral entry into 4th year as post baccalaureate Pharm. D (Total seats 200)
  43. 43. Course ContentPharm D- 5 yrs study (Th.+Pr.) One yr. Internship/residencyPharm D (B) - 2 yrs study (Th.+Pr.) Clinical Pharmacy Service in Emphasis on wards and ward rounds under preceptor • Community Pharmacy • 6 months–general medicine • Clinical Toxicology • 6 months – 2 months each in • Pharmacotherapeutics any three specialty depts.. • Clinical Research etc. (surgery, orthopedics etc.) Committee to supervise training Representatives of Certificate of passing • college • university • hospital Registration by State Pharmacy Council
  44. 44. Mode of training Ward Patient Pharmacy medicationrounds counseling
  45. 45. Pharm D. students in ward rounds – JSSCP, Ooty
  46. 46. Pharm D. students in patient counseling – SRMC, Chennai
  47. 47. Pharm D. students in interaction with hospital doctors in a patient counseling – SRMC, Chennai
  48. 48. MAJOR PROPOSED AMENDMENTS• Regulation of Pharmacy education and profession at all levels (B. Pharm, Pharm D., M. Pharm) by PCI only• Minimum qualification for registration to be upgraded from Diploma to Degree• Up gradation of qualification of practicing pharmacists by introducing pharmacy practice regulations (Bridge course)
  49. 49. EDUCATION INDUSTRY PRACTICER&D VISION-2020 CRO EXPORTS& REGULATORY IPR & WRITING HERBAL
  50. 50. Welcome to71st International Congress 3-8, Sept 2011, Hyderabad www.fip.org
  51. 51. Welcome to63rd IPC – 2011, Bangalore 16th ,17th, 18th December 2011, Venue: B I E C
  52. 52. THANK YOU
  53. 53. Contact address:Prof. M.Venkata ReddyDirector ,Shree Dattha College of Pharmacy,Sheriguda, Ibrahimpatnam, RR Dist.,Andhra Pradesh, INDIAE-mail: venkat_manda 60@yahoo.com

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