Making Sense of Information Through
    Planetary Scale Computing


              Invited Presentation to the
         Dia...
Data Mining a Decade Ago -
            NCSA Industrial Partner Projects

• Caterpillar                   • Sears
   –     ...
JP Morgan Hero Risk Management Calculation
             Using NCSA Supercomputer
• Extended JPM's Risk Management Capabili...
NCSA 1998
                 NCSA / Allstate
             NT Cluster Data Refinery

   1000 Gigabytes of Allstate Claims Dat...
Academic Research ―OptIPlatform‖ Cyberinfrastructure:
      A 10,000 Mbps (10Gbps) Lightpath Cloud



                    ...
Two New Calit2 Buildings Provide
Laboratories for ―Living in the Future‖
             •   ―Convergence‖ Laboratory Facilit...
The Calit2 OptIPortals at UCSD and UCI
             Are Now a 2 Gbit/s HD Collaboratory
                                  ...
Data Transmission:
From Shared Internet to Dedicated Lightpaths
The Shared Internet is Fine for Email and Web -
        But It is Not Adequate for Data-Intensive Research
               ...
Dedicated Optical Fiber Channels Makes
High Performance Cyberinfrastructure Possible
                                     ...
Dedicated 10Gbps Lightpaths Tie Together
        State and Regional Fiber Infrastructure




                             ...
The OptIPuter Creates an OptIPlanet Collaboratory:
       Enabling Data-Intensive e-Research
       www.evl.uic.edu/cavern...
Data Portals:
From User Analysis on PCs to OptIPortals
The Rapid Growth in Scalable Visualization

 1997
1999                      1999                                      2004...
My OptIPortalTM – Affordable
    Termination Device for the OptIPuter Global Backplane
•    20 Dual CPU Nodes, 20 24‖ Moni...
Visual Analytics--Use of Tiled Display Wall OptIPortal
to Interactively View Microbial Genome (5 Million Bases)




      ...
Use of Tiled Display Wall OptIPortal
to Interactively View Microbial Genome




                         Source: Raj Singh...
Use of Tiled Display Wall OptIPortal
to Interactively View Microbial Genome




                          Source: Raj Sing...
OptIPortals Scale to 1/3 Billion Pixels Enabling Viewing
 of Very Large Images or Many Simultaneous Images




           ...
Calit2/EVL Varrier --
                  60 Screen Panorama OptIPortal
Photo:
                      360 Degree Mars Landsca...
Calit2 3D Immersive StarCAVE OptIPortal:
Enables Exploration of High Resolution Simulations
                              ...
Calit2 VirtuLab-
             Our Visual Skunkworks


                    4k VTC               4k on OptIPortal
          ...
Analyzing Very Large Data Sets Remotely
Pattern Recognition Out of Massive Amounts
                     of Cultural Data
                                         ...
Interactive Analysis of Time Evolving Cubes of Data:
       Cosmological Supercomputer Simulations
                       ...
The New Science of Metagenomics



                                           ―The emerging field
NRC Report:
            ...
Calit2 Microbial Metagenomics Cluster-
Next Generation Optically Linked Science Data Server
                              ...
CAMERA’s
Global Microbial Metagenomics CyberCommunity




          Nearly 2500 Registered Users
               From 55 Co...
OptIPuter Persistent Infrastructure Enables
        Calit2 and U Washington CAMERA Collaboratory
Photo Credit: Alan Decker...
Telepresence Meeting
               Using Digital Cinema 4k Streams
                  4k = 4000x2000 Pixels = 4xHD    Stre...
Rendering Supercomputer Data
    at Digital Cinema Resolution




Source: Donna Cox, Robert Patterson, Bob Wilhelmson, NCSA
Cisco CWave for CineGrid: A New Cyberinfrastructure
       for High Resolution Media Streaming*
                          ...
Open Cloud OptIPuter Testbed--Manage and Compute
         Large Datasets Over 10Gbps Lambdas




             CENIC       ...
Terasort on Open Cloud Testbed


Sorting 10 Billion Records (1.2 TB) at 4 Sites (120 Nodes)
     Sustaining >5 Gbps--Only ...
OpenCloud Testbed Wins
  Against All Comers!
 Supercomputing 2008
Cyberinfrastructure Integration:
Integration of Data Generators, Transmission, and Portals
Just in Time OptIPlanet Collaboratory:
Live Session with NASA Ames from Calit2
                            Feb 19, 2009   ...
Remote Control of Scientific Instruments:
Live Session with JPL and Mars Rover from Calit2




                    Septemb...
EVL’s SAGE OptIPortal VisualCasting
              Multi-Site OptIPuter Collaboratory
                                   CE...
U Michigan Virtual Space Interaction Testbed (VISIT)
 Instrumenting OptIPortals for Social Science Research
• Using Camera...
The Green IT Challenge
The Planet is Already Committed
      to a Dangerous Level of Warming
                                                  90...
The IPCC Recommends
     a 25-40% Reduction Below 1990 Levels by 2020
• On September 27, 2006, Governor Schwarzenegger sig...
ICT is a Critical Element in Achieving Countries
  Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Targets


                  Applicati...
The Global ICT Carbon Footprint
Roughly the Same as the Aviation Industry Today




                 www.smart2020.org
ICT Industry is Already Acting
 to Reduce Carbon Footprint
Electricity Usage by U.S. Data Centers:
      Emission Reductions are Underway




        Source: Silicon Valley Leadersh...
The UCSD GreenLight Project:
Instrumenting the Energy Cost of Computational Science
• Focus on 5 Communities with At-Scale...
Application of ICT Can Lead to a 5-Fold Greater
   Decrease in GHGs Than its Own Carbon Footprint
      While the sector p...
Greenhouse Gas Emissions
in California by Source 2006
UCSD is Installing Zero Carbon Emission
        Solar and Fuel Cell DC Electricity Generators
   San Diego’s Point Loma Wa...
Launch of ZEVnet Fleet of Wireless Cars--
First Calit2 Testbed for Intelligent Transportation




 April 18, 2002
  Irvine...
Reducing Traffic Congestion:
 Calit2 California Peer-to -Peer Wireless Traffic Report
• Citizen to Citizen Accident Report...
Using High Definition to Link the Calit2 Buildings:
                    Living Greener

                                  ...
UCSD is Becoming
a ―Living Laboratory of the Green Future




    www.gogreentube.com/watch.php?v=NDc4OTQ1
International Symposia on Green ICT




                          Calit2@UCSD
Electricity Usage Per Capita
     California vs. U.S.




                   50% Increase!
California Energy Savings from
                                            Annual Energy Savings from Efficiency Programs ...
Decoupling Economic Growth From
Greenhouse Gas Emissions—the California Story
Toward a Zero Carbon Economy
   Carbon Emissions/$GDP
―It Will Be the Biggest Single Peacetime Project
     Humankind Will Have Ever Undertaken‖
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Larry Smarr - Making Sense of Information Through Planetary Scale Computing

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"Brave New World" DiamondExchange
February 28 - March 3, 2009

Date: Sunday, March 1, 2009
Presenter: Larry Smarr
Presentation: Making Sense of Information Through Planetary Scale Computing

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Larry Smarr - Making Sense of Information Through Planetary Scale Computing

  1. 1. Making Sense of Information Through Planetary Scale Computing Invited Presentation to the DiamondExchange—Brave New World Pebble Beach, CA March 1, 2009 Dr. Larry Smarr Director, California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology Harry E. Gruber Professor, Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering Jacobs School of Engineering, UCSD
  2. 2. Data Mining a Decade Ago - NCSA Industrial Partner Projects • Caterpillar • Sears – – Transaction Management Effluent Quality Control – • Boeing Smart Selling – – Post-Flight Diagnostics Warranty Claims Analysis – Customer Value Analysis • Allstate • Ford – Medical Claims – Product Compatibility – Harshness, Noise, Vibration – Marketing • Financial Impact May Be Greater Than $30 Million Slide from NCSA 1998
  3. 3. JP Morgan Hero Risk Management Calculation Using NCSA Supercomputer • Extended JPM's Risk Management Capabilities After Southeast Asia Meltdown – Two Week Period in January 1998 – NCSA and SGI Doubled Memory in a Week – Hundreds of Market Scenarios Simulated • HPC Strategic Business Analysis – Calculations Used 128-Processor SGI Origin • NCSA, Strategic Vendor (SGI), Industrial Partner (JPM) – Existing Relationships Facilitated Quick Startup – Win-Win-Win Result Slide from NCSA 1998 Andrew Abrahams, Jeff Saltz, JP Morgan
  4. 4. NCSA 1998 NCSA / Allstate NT Cluster Data Refinery 1000 Gigabytes of Allstate Claims Data Parallel Visualization Compute Stations Cluster Terabyte ―Smart Bucket‖ Compaq Compaq NT NT Server Server External Networks Data Mine on Cleaned Gigabyte Samples Source: Allstate & Tilt Thompkins, NCSA
  5. 5. Academic Research ―OptIPlatform‖ Cyberinfrastructure: A 10,000 Mbps (10Gbps) Lightpath Cloud HD/4k Video Cams HD/4k Telepresence Instruments HPC End User OptIPortal 10G Lightpath National LambdaRail Campus Optical Switch Data Repositories & Clusters HD/4k Video Images
  6. 6. Two New Calit2 Buildings Provide Laboratories for ―Living in the Future‖ • ―Convergence‖ Laboratory Facilities – Nanotech, BioMEMS, Chips, Radio, Photonics – Virtual Reality, Digital Cinema, HDTV, Gaming • Over 1000 Researchers in Two Buildings – Linked via Dedicated Optical Networks UC San Diego www.calit2.net Over 400 Federal Grants, 200 Companies
  7. 7. The Calit2 OptIPortals at UCSD and UCI Are Now a 2 Gbit/s HD Collaboratory NASA Ames Visit Feb. 29, 2008 Calit2@ UCI wall Calit2@ UCSD wall UCSD cluster: 15 x Quad core Dell XPS with Dual nVIDIA 5600s UCI cluster: 25 x Dual Core Apple G5
  8. 8. Data Transmission: From Shared Internet to Dedicated Lightpaths
  9. 9. The Shared Internet is Fine for Email and Web - But It is Not Adequate for Data-Intensive Research 12 Minutes 10000 100-1000x Stanford Server Limit Normal Computers In: 1000 UCSD Internet! Time to Move Australia a Terabyte 100 Canada Outbound (Mbps) Czech Rep. Data Intensive India 10 Days Sciences 10 Japan Require Korea ―Broadband Fast Mexico 1 Internet‖ Predictable Moorea Netherlands Bandwidth Poland 0.1 Taiwan United States 0.01 0.01 0.1 1 10 100 1000 10000 Source: Larry Smarr and Friends Inbound (Mbps) Measured Bandwidth from User Computer to Stanford Gigabit Server in Megabits/sec http://netspeed.stanford.edu/
  10. 10. Dedicated Optical Fiber Channels Makes High Performance Cyberinfrastructure Possible (WDM) c* f WDM Enables 10Gbps Shared Internet on One Lambda and a Personal 10Gbps Lambda on the Same Fiber!
  11. 11. Dedicated 10Gbps Lightpaths Tie Together State and Regional Fiber Infrastructure Interconnects Two Dozen State and Regional Internet2 Dynamic Optical Networks Circuit Network Is Now Available NLR 40 x 10Gb Wavelengths Expanding with Darkstrand to 80
  12. 12. The OptIPuter Creates an OptIPlanet Collaboratory: Enabling Data-Intensive e-Research www.evl.uic.edu/cavern/sage “OptIPlanet: The OptIPuter Global Collaboratory” – Special Section of Future Generations Computer Systems, Volume 25, Issue 2, February 2009 Calit2 (UCSD, UCI), SDSC, and UIC Leads—Larry Smarr PI Univ. Partners: NCSA, USC, SDSU, NW, TA&M, UvA, SARA, KISTI, AIST Industry: IBM, Sun, Telcordia, Chiaro, Calient, Glimmerglass, Lucent
  13. 13. Data Portals: From User Analysis on PCs to OptIPortals
  14. 14. The Rapid Growth in Scalable Visualization 1997 1999 1999 2004 NCSA 4 MPixel ORNL 35Mpixel EVEREST LLNL 20 Mpixel Wall NSF Alliance PowerWall 2008 2005 2004 EVL 100 Mpixel LambdaVision Calit2@UCI 200 Mpixel HiPerWall TACC 307 Mpixel Stallion NSF MRI NSF MRI NSF TeraGrid A Decade of NSF Investment Two Orders of Magnitude Growth!
  15. 15. My OptIPortalTM – Affordable Termination Device for the OptIPuter Global Backplane • 20 Dual CPU Nodes, 20 24‖ Monitors, ~$50,000 • 1/4 Teraflop, 5 Terabyte Storage, 45 Mega Pixels--Nice PC! • Scalable Adaptive Graphics Environment ( SAGE) Jason Leigh, EVL-UIC Source: Phil Papadopoulos SDSC, Calit2
  16. 16. Visual Analytics--Use of Tiled Display Wall OptIPortal to Interactively View Microbial Genome (5 Million Bases) Acidobacteria bacterium Ellin345 Soil Bacterium 5.6 Mb; ~5000 Genes Source: Raj Singh, UCSD
  17. 17. Use of Tiled Display Wall OptIPortal to Interactively View Microbial Genome Source: Raj Singh, UCSD
  18. 18. Use of Tiled Display Wall OptIPortal to Interactively View Microbial Genome Source: Raj Singh, UCSD
  19. 19. OptIPortals Scale to 1/3 Billion Pixels Enabling Viewing of Very Large Images or Many Simultaneous Images Spitzer Space Telescope (Infrared) NASA Earth Satellite Images Bushfires October 2007 San Diego Source: Falko Kuester, Calit2@UCSD
  20. 20. Calit2/EVL Varrier -- 60 Screen Panorama OptIPortal Photo: 360 Degree Mars Landscape x 23,000 pixels Mars Rendered at 46,000 Amy Bennion Rover Spirit at McMurdo 2006 Dan Sandin, Greg Dawe, Tom Peterka, Tom DeFanti, Jason Leigh, Jinghua Ge, Javier Girado, Bob Kooima, Todd Margolis, Lance Long, Alan Verlo, Maxine Brown, Jurgen Schulze, Qianby 4096 pixels 16384 Liu, Ian Kaufman, Bryan Glogowski
  21. 21. Calit2 3D Immersive StarCAVE OptIPortal: Enables Exploration of High Resolution Simulations 15 Meyer Sound Connected at 50 Gb/s to Quartzite Speakers + Subwoofer 30 HD Projectors! Passive Polarization-- Optimized the Polarization Separation and Minimized Attenuation Source: Tom DeFanti, Greg Dawe, Calit2 Cluster with 30 Nvidia 5600 cards-60 GB Texture Memory
  22. 22. Calit2 VirtuLab- Our Visual Skunkworks 4k VTC 4k on OptIPortal 3D TV Autostereo Source: Tom DeFanti, Calit2
  23. 23. Analyzing Very Large Data Sets Remotely
  24. 24. Pattern Recognition Out of Massive Amounts of Cultural Data Software Studies Initiative, Calti2@UCSD Interface Designs for Cultural Analytics Research Environment Jeremy Douglass (top) & Lev Manovich (bottom) Calit2@UCI 200 Mpixel Second Annual HIPerWall Meeting of the Humanities, Arts, Science, and Technology Advanced Collaboratory (HASTAC II) UC Irvine May 23, 2008
  25. 25. Interactive Analysis of Time Evolving Cubes of Data: Cosmological Supercomputer Simulations Mike Norman, SDSC October 10, 2008 Two 64K Images log of gas temperature log of gas density From a Cosmological Simulation of Galaxy Cluster Formation
  26. 26. The New Science of Metagenomics ―The emerging field NRC Report: of metagenomics, where the DNA of entire Metagenomi communities of microbes c data is studied simultaneously, should be presents the greatest made opportunity -- perhaps since publicly the invention of the available in microscope – international to revolutionize archives as understanding of the rapidly as microbial world.‖ – possible. National Research Council March 27, 2007
  27. 27. Calit2 Microbial Metagenomics Cluster- Next Generation Optically Linked Science Data Server Source: Phil Papadopoulos, SDSC, Calit2 512 Processors ~200TB ~5 Teraflops Sun X4500 1GbE ~ 200 Terabytes Storage Storage and 10GbE Switched 10GbE / Routed Core
  28. 28. CAMERA’s Global Microbial Metagenomics CyberCommunity Nearly 2500 Registered Users From 55 Countries
  29. 29. OptIPuter Persistent Infrastructure Enables Calit2 and U Washington CAMERA Collaboratory Photo Credit: Alan Decker Feb. 29, 2008 Ginger Armbrust’s Diatoms: Micrographs, Chromosomes, Genetic Assembly iHDTV: 1500 Mbits/sec Calit2 to UW Research Channel Over NLR
  30. 30. Telepresence Meeting Using Digital Cinema 4k Streams 4k = 4000x2000 Pixels = 4xHD Streaming 4k with JPEG 100 Times 2000 the Resolution Compression of YouTube! ½ Gbit/sec Lays Technical Basis for Global Digital Keio University President Anzai Cinema Sony UCSD NTT Chancellor Fox SGI Calit2@UCSD Auditorium
  31. 31. Rendering Supercomputer Data at Digital Cinema Resolution Source: Donna Cox, Robert Patterson, Bob Wilhelmson, NCSA
  32. 32. Cisco CWave for CineGrid: A New Cyberinfrastructure for High Resolution Media Streaming* Source: John (JJ) Jamison, Cisco PacificWave 1000 Denny Way (Westin Bldg.) Seattle StarLight Northwestern Univ Level3 Chicago McLean 1360 Kifer Rd. 2007 Sunnyvale Equinix 818 W. 7th St. Cisco Has Built 10 GigE Waves on CENIC, PW, CENIC Wave Los Angeles & NLR and Installed Large 6506 Switches for Access Points in San Diego, Los Angeles, Calit2 San Diego Sunnyvale, Seattle, Chicago and McLean for CineGrid Members CWave core PoP Some of These Points are also GLIF GOLEs 10GE waves on NLR and CENIC (LA to SD) * May 2007
  33. 33. Open Cloud OptIPuter Testbed--Manage and Compute Large Datasets Over 10Gbps Lambdas CENIC Dragon NLR C-Wave Open Source SW HW Phase 1 (2008)  Hadoop • 4 racks  Sector/Sphere MREN – 120 Nodes  Thrift, GPB – 480 Cores  Eucalyptus • 10+ Gb/s WAN  Benchmarks Phase 2 (2009) will add additional racks to current sites and increase number of sites 33 Source: Robert Grossman, UIC
  34. 34. Terasort on Open Cloud Testbed Sorting 10 Billion Records (1.2 TB) at 4 Sites (120 Nodes) Sustaining >5 Gbps--Only 5% Distance Penalty
  35. 35. OpenCloud Testbed Wins Against All Comers! Supercomputing 2008
  36. 36. Cyberinfrastructure Integration: Integration of Data Generators, Transmission, and Portals
  37. 37. Just in Time OptIPlanet Collaboratory: Live Session with NASA Ames from Calit2 Feb 19, 2009 From Start to This Image in Less Than 2 Weeks! View from NASA Ames Lunar Science Institute Mountain View, CA Virtual Handshake HD compressed 6:1 Visit Yesterday by JPL’s Firouz Naderi Source: Falko Kuester, Calit2; Michael Sims, NASA
  38. 38. Remote Control of Scientific Instruments: Live Session with JPL and Mars Rover from Calit2 September 17, 2008 Source: Falko Kuester, Calit2; Michael Sims, NASA
  39. 39. EVL’s SAGE OptIPortal VisualCasting Multi-Site OptIPuter Collaboratory CENIC CalREN-XD Workshop Sept. 15, 2008 Total Aggregate VisualCasting Bandwidth for Nov. 18, 2008 EVL-UI Chicago Sustained 10,000-20,000 Mbps! At Supercomputing 2008 Austin, Texas November, 2008 Streaming 4k SC08 Bandwidth Challenge Entry Remote: On site: U of Michigan SARA (Amsterdam) UIC/EVL U Michigan GIST / KISTI (Korea) U of Queensland Osaka Univ. (Japan) Russian Academy of Science Masaryk Univ. (CZ) Requires 10 Gbps Lightpath to Each Site Source: Jason Leigh, Luc Renambot, EVL, UI Chicago
  40. 40. U Michigan Virtual Space Interaction Testbed (VISIT) Instrumenting OptIPortals for Social Science Research • Using Cameras Embedded in the Seams of Tiled Displays and Computer Vision Techniques, we can Understand how People Interact with OptIPortals – Classify Attention, Expression, Gaze – Initial Implementation Based on Attention Interaction Design Toolkit (J. Lee, MIT) • Close to Producing Usable Eye/Nose Tracking Data using OpenCV Leading U.S. Researchers on the Social Aspects of Collaboration Source: Erik Hofer, UMich, School of Information
  41. 41. The Green IT Challenge
  42. 42. The Planet is Already Committed to a Dangerous Level of Warming 90% of the Additional Temperature Threshold Range 1.6 Degree Warming that Initiates the Climate-Tipping Will Occur in the 21st Century Additional Warming over 1750 Level V. Ramanathan and Y. Feng, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, UCSD September 23, 2008 www.pnas.orgcgidoi10.1073pnas.0803838105
  43. 43. The IPCC Recommends a 25-40% Reduction Below 1990 Levels by 2020 • On September 27, 2006, Governor Schwarzenegger signed California the Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006 – Assembly Bill 32 (AB32) – Requires Reduction of GHG by 2020 to 1990 Levels – 15% Reduction from 2008 Levels – 4 Tons of CO2-equiv. for Every Person in California • The European Union Requires Reduction of GHG by 2020 to 20% Below 1990 Levels (12/12/2008) • Australia has Pledged to Cut by 2020 its GHG Emissions 5% from 2000 Levels via the World's Broadest Cap &Trade Scheme (12/15/08) [~5% Below 1990 Levels] • Neither the U.S. or Canada has an Official Target Yet – President Elect Obama Has Endorsed the AB32 2020 Goal
  44. 44. ICT is a Critical Element in Achieving Countries Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Targets Applications of ICT could enable emissions reductions of 7.8 Gt CO2e in 2020, or 15% of business as usual emissions. But it must keep its own growing footprint in check and overcome a number of hurdles if it expects to deliver on this potential. www.smart2020.org
  45. 45. The Global ICT Carbon Footprint Roughly the Same as the Aviation Industry Today www.smart2020.org
  46. 46. ICT Industry is Already Acting to Reduce Carbon Footprint
  47. 47. Electricity Usage by U.S. Data Centers: Emission Reductions are Underway Source: Silicon Valley Leadership Group Report July 29, 2008 https://microsite.accenture.com/svlgreport/Documents/pdf/SVLG_Report.pdf
  48. 48. The UCSD GreenLight Project: Instrumenting the Energy Cost of Computational Science • Focus on 5 Communities with At-Scale Computing Needs: – Metagenomics – Ocean Observing – Microscopy – Bioinformatics – Digital Media • Measure, Monitor, & Web Publish Real-Time Sensor Outputs – Instrument Eight Racks of Compute, Storage, Routers – Outputs Available Via Service-oriented Architectures – Allow Researchers Anywhere To Study Computing Energy Cost • Develop Middleware that Automates Optimal Choice of Compute/RAM Power Strategies for Desired Greenness • Partnering With Minority-Serving Institutions Cyberinfrastructure Empowerment Coalition Source: Tom DeFanti, Calit2; GreenLight PI
  49. 49. Application of ICT Can Lead to a 5-Fold Greater Decrease in GHGs Than its Own Carbon Footprint While the sector plans to significantly step up the energy efficiency of its products and services, ICT’s largest influence will be by enabling energy efficiencies in other sectors, an opportunity that could deliver carbon savings five times larger than the total emissions from the entire ICT sector in 2020. --Smart 2020 Report Major Opportunities for the United States* – Smart Electrical Grids – Smart Transportation Systems – Smart Buildings – Virtual Meetings * Smart 2020 United States Report Addendum www.smart2020.org
  50. 50. Greenhouse Gas Emissions in California by Source 2006
  51. 51. UCSD is Installing Zero Carbon Emission Solar and Fuel Cell DC Electricity Generators San Diego’s Point Loma Wastewater UCSD 2.8 Megawatt Available Late 2009 Treatment Plant Produces Waste Methane Fuel Cell Power Plant Uses Methane 2 Megawatts of Solar Power Cells Being Installed
  52. 52. Launch of ZEVnet Fleet of Wireless Cars-- First Calit2 Testbed for Intelligent Transportation April 18, 2002 Irvine, CA www.zevnet.org
  53. 53. Reducing Traffic Congestion: Calit2 California Peer-to -Peer Wireless Traffic Report • Citizen to Citizen Accident Reports 20,000+ Users • Real-Time Freeway Speeds > 1000 Calls Per Day • ―Leave Now‖ Paging Services San Diego LA & OC Bay Area (866) 500 0977 (888) 9 CALIT2 (888) 4 CALIT2 http://traffic.calit2.net Source: Ganz Chockalingam, Calit2
  54. 54. Using High Definition to Link the Calit2 Buildings: Living Greener LifeSize System June 2, 2008
  55. 55. UCSD is Becoming a ―Living Laboratory of the Green Future www.gogreentube.com/watch.php?v=NDc4OTQ1
  56. 56. International Symposia on Green ICT Calit2@UCSD
  57. 57. Electricity Usage Per Capita California vs. U.S. 50% Increase!
  58. 58. California Energy Savings from Annual Energy Savings from Efficiency Programs and Standards Efficiency Programs and Standards 45,000 ~15% of Annual Electricity Use in California in 2003 40,000 35,000 30,000 25,000 Utility Efficiency GWh/year Programs at a cost of ~1% of electric bill 20,000 15,000 Building Standards 10,000 5,000 Appliance Standards 0 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
  59. 59. Decoupling Economic Growth From Greenhouse Gas Emissions—the California Story
  60. 60. Toward a Zero Carbon Economy Carbon Emissions/$GDP
  61. 61. ―It Will Be the Biggest Single Peacetime Project Humankind Will Have Ever Undertaken‖

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