IVTH YEAR TOWN PLANNING - DESIGN PROJECTUNDERSTANDING OF TERMS- RURAL- DEVELOPMENT- SUSTAINABILITY & SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT- COASTAL ZONE
IVTH YEAR TOWN PLANNING - DESIGN PROJECTRURAL- pertaining to, or characteristic of the country, country life, or country people;- living in the country: the rural population.- of or pertaining to agriculture: rural economy.
IVTH YEAR TOWN PLANNING - DESIGN PROJECTThe settlement hierarchy proposed by the Town & CountryPlanning Organisation - Basic Village * 1000 – 1200 population * Primary school - Service Village * 4000 – 5000 population * Middle school * Command area of 8,000 to 10,000 population
IVTH YEAR TOWN PLANNING - DESIGN PROJECT- Service Town* Population – 8,000 to 10,000* Command Area – 32,000 to 40,000 persons* Command area extends to 12 basic & 3 service villages- Market Town* Apex area of rural development* Population 20,000 to 50,000* Command area – 1 lakh to 1.5 lakh
IVTH YEAR TOWN PLANNING - DESIGN PROJECTDEVELOPMENTmay be defined as improvement in the- socio-cultural,- economical,- political and- administration of societyat thepre-set direction,rate andpattern.
IVTH YEAR TOWN PLANNING - DESIGN PROJECTDevelopment goals- Increase productivity & growth output.- Equitable distribution of development benefits.- Provision of gainful employment.- Self – reliance so that development could be self – sustaining.- Maintenance of ecological balance.
IVTH YEAR TOWN PLANNING - DESIGN PROJECTSUSTAINABILITY AND SUSTAINABLEDEVELOPMENTare the commonly employed goalsfor those seeking a practical balancebetween developmentand conservation.
IVTH YEAR TOWN PLANNING - DESIGN PROJECTThe 1987 report of the Brundtland commission did much to popularise the concept of sustainable development defining it as“development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.”
IVTH YEAR TOWN PLANNING - DESIGN PROJECTCOASTAL ZONEis the interface wherethe land meets the oceanencompassing shoreline environments as well as adjacent coastal waters.
IVTH YEAR TOWN PLANNING - DESIGN PROJECTCOASTAL ZONEIts components can includeriver deltas,coastal plains,wetlands,beaches and dunes,reefs,mangrove forests,lagoons and other coastal features.
I FIGURE ::: COASTAL ZONE
IVTH YEAR TOWN PLANNING - DESIGN PROJECTGROUP 1RURAL STUDY- Agriculture- Horticulture- Animal husbandry
IVTH YEAR TOWN PLANNING - DESIGN PROJECTGROUP 1S. Settlement name - Rural S. No. Settlement name -No. Urban1 Arnala + Aghasi 1 Virar2 Vatar3 Rajodi 2 Vasai4 Kalamb (N)5 Kaular (Kh)6 Rangaon (NV)7 Kaular (Bk)8 Bhuigaon (Bk)9 Bhuigaon (Kh)10 Chikhaldongre
IVTH YEAR TOWN PLANNING - DESIGN PROJECTGROUP 2COASTAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT- Tourism- Fisheries- Water Transportation
IVTH YEAR TOWN PLANNING - DESIGN PROJECTGROUP 2COASTAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENTTourism; Fisheries; Water TransportationAlongVasai to Virar Coast
IVTH YEAR TOWN PLANNING - DESIGN PROJECTGROUP 3COASTAL ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES- Wetland- Coastal Water Quality- Solid Waste Dumping- Ground Water degradation- Land Reclamation- Loss of agricultural lands- Diminishing Fishery resources
IVTH YEAR TOWN PLANNING - DESIGN PROJECTGROUP 3COASTAL ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES- Sustainable Coastal Communities- Integrated Coastal Zone Management
IVTH YEAR TOWN PLANNING - DESIGN PROJECTGROUP 4Legal Aspects / Policies & Programmes wrt Coastal ZoneCoastal Regulation ZoneFisheriesWetlands