THE BIRTH OF A HEROJosé Protacio Rizal Mercado y Alonzo Realonda Known as Dr. Jose P. Rizal He was born on June 19, 1861, on the night of a Wednesday at the town of Calamba, Laguna Baptized in the Catholic church of his town on June 22, 1861 by Fr. Rufino Collantes ; his godfather was Fr. Pedro Casanas.
RIZAL’S PARENTSFrancisco Mercado Rizal Born on May 11, 1818 in Biñan, Laguna He studied Latin and Philosophy at the College of San Jose in Manila. He died in Manila on January 5, 1898, at the age of 80
RIZAL’S PARENTSTeodora Alonso Realonda Born on November 8, 1826 in Manila Educated at the College of Santa Rosa, a well-known college for girls in the city. Died in Manila on August 16, 1911
THE RIZAL CHILDREN1. Saturina – oldest of the Rizal children, nicknamed Neneng2. Paciano – older brother and confidant of Jose Rizal, he was immortalized by Jose Rizal in his first novel Noli Me Tangere as Pilosopo Tasio3. Narcisa – her pet name was Sisa4. Olimpia – Ypia was her pet name5. Lucia – she married Mariano Herbosa, the nephew of Fr. Casanas; he was denied a Christian burial because he was the brother-in-law of Jose Rizal
THE RIZAL CHILDREN6. Maria – her nickname was Biang7. Jose – the greatest Filipino hero, his nickname was Pepe8. Concepcion – her pet name was Concha, she died f sickness at 3; her death was Jose Rizal’s first sorrow9. Josefa – her pet name was Panggoy, she died an old maid at the age of 8010. Trinidad – Trining was her pet name, also died an old maid at the age of 8311. Soledad – youngest of the Rizal children, her pet name was Choleng
RIZAL’S ANCESTRY Domingo Laméo – a Chinese immigrant from the Fukien city of Changchow. He is Rizal’s great-great-grandfather. He arrived in Manila about 1690. He married a well-to-do Chinese Christian girl of Manila named Ines de la Rosa, then assumed Mercado as his surname in 1731. Francisco Mercado – son of Domingo and Ines, great-grandfather of Rizal. He married a Chinese-Filipino mestiza, Cirila Bernacha, and was elected governadorcillo of Biñan.
RIZAL’S ANCESTRY Juan Mercado – one of Francisco’s and Cirila’s sons, grandfather of Rizal.Married Cirila Alejandro, a Chinese-Filipino mestiza. Like his father, he waselected governadorcillo of Biñan. Francisco Mercado – Rizal’s father. The youngest of thirteen children ofJuan and Cirila. At the age of eight he lost his father. He met and fell in lovewith Teodora Alonso Realonda in Manila while studying. They got married onJune 28, 1848
RIZAL’S ANCESTRY Lakandula – the last native king of Tondo. He is a believed ancestor of DoñaTeodora’s family. Eugenio Ursua – Rizal’s great-great-grandfather from his mother’s side.He was of Japanese ancestry. He married a Filipina named Benigna. Regina – the daughter of Eugenio and Benigna married Manuel de Quintos,a Filipino-Chinese lawyer from Pangasinan. One of their daughters marriedLorenzo Alberto Alonso, a prominent Spanish-Filipino mestizo of Biñan; theirchildren were: Narcisa, Teodora(Rizal’s mother), Gregorio, Manual and Jose.
THE SURNAME ―RIZAL‖Mercado – the real surname of the Rizal family which was adoptedin 1731 by Domingo LaméoRizal – the second surname which was given by a Spanish alcaldemayor of Laguna, who was a family friend. In Spanish it means, ―Afield where wheat, cut while still green, sprouts again.‖
THE RIZAL HOME The Rizal Residence was a two-storey building, rectangular inshape, built of adobe stone and hard-woods, and roofed with red tiles.
A GOOD AND MIDDLE - CLASS FAMILY The Rizal family belonged to the principalia, a town aristrocracy in SpanishPhilippines. They owned a carriage which was a status symbol of the illustrados(composed of native-born intellectuals and cut across ethnolinguistic and raciallines—Indios, Insulares, and mestizos, among others). They also owned a library, the largest in Calamba, consisting of more than1000 volumes.
HOME LIFE OF THE RIZALSThe Rizal Children were taught and trained: To love God To behave well To be obedient To respect people, especially the old folksThey believed in the maxim: “Spare the rod and spoil the child”