planning commission and it objectives the expenditure of five-year plan and contribution to fisheriessector five year plan , its objectives achievement and disadvantages the development of fisheries during each five-year plan
The economy of India is based in part on planningthrough its five-year plans, which are developed, executed andmonitored by the Planning Commission. The first Indian Prime Minister, JawaharlalNehru presented the first five-year plan to India and neededurgent attention. 2069 crores was allocated to seven broadareas: irrigation and energy (27.2 percent), agriculture andcommunity development (17.4percent), transport and communications (24percent), industry (8.4 percent), social services (16.64percent), land rehabilitation (4.1 percent), and for othersectors and services (2.5 percent). Such a role was justified at that time becauseimmediately after independence, India was facing basicproblems—deficiency of capital and low capacity to save.
The Planning Commission will—make an assessment of the material, capital and human resources of thecountry, including technical personnel, and investigate the possibilities ofaugmenting such of these resources as are found to be deficient inrelation to the nations requirements ;formulate a Plan for the most effective and balanced utilisation of thecountrys resources ;on a determination of priorities, define the stages in which the Plan shouldbe carried out and propose the allocation of resources for the due completionof each stage ;indicate the factors which are tending to retard economic development, anddetermine the conditions which, in view of the current social and politicalsituation, should be established for the successful execution of the Plan ;determine the nature of the machinery which will be necessary for securingthe successful implementation of each stage of the Plan in all its aspects ;appraise from time to time the progress achieved in the execution of eachstage of the Plan and recommend the adjustments of policy and measures thatsuch appraisal may show to be necessary ; andmake such interim or ancillary recommendations as appear to it to beappropriate either for facilitating the discharge of the duties assigned to it ;or, on a consideration of the prevailing economic conditions, currentpolicies, measures and development programmes ; or on an examination ofsuch specific problems as may be referred to it for advice by Central or StateGovernments."
STATE PLAN EXPENDITURE UNDER FISHERIES SECTOR (Rs. lakhs) Total State Plan % of Fisheries Five Year Plans Fisheries Expenditure to Total I Five Year Plan 2589.28 2.74 0.11 II Five Year Plan 8021.78 64.62 0.81 III Five Year Plan 18231.01 335.05 1.84 Annual Plan 1966-67 4493.46 238.41 5.31 Annual Plan 1967-68 4857.06 252.94 5.21 Annual Plan 1968-69 5086.75 212.15 4.17 IV Five Year Plan 33335.00 539.91 1.62 V Five Year Plan 45561.70 782.96 1.61 Annual Plan 1978-79 19343.75 279.69 1.45 Annual Plan 1979-80 23526.06 344.61 1.46 VI Five Year Plan (1980-85) 180460.44 2070.04 1.15 VII Five Year Plan (1985-90) 254689.44 2927.71 1.15 Annul Plan 1990-91 85645.49 982.42 1.15 Annual Plan 1991-92 91592.56 959.25 1.05 VIII Five Year Plan (1992-97) 737392.70 11414.53 1.55IX Five Year Plan(1997-2002) 1467389.60 15360.25* 1.05 2312198# X Five Year Plan (2002-07) 19055.74 0.82 3268.11@*include Xth Finance Commission Award of Rs.764.98 lakhs@ Special Central Assistance also includes in the total expenditure#Including Plan Expenditure of LSG of RS.55215.72 lakhs
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First five year plan
First five year plan(Fisheries) R.s. 36.22 lakhes was made for the development of fisheries. R.s. 31.26 lakhes for Inland fisheries R.s.2. 43 lakhes for marine fisheries. During the plan period the state had no harbor for the introduction of mechanized fishing boats,
Continue…Planning made to improve the socio-economic conditions of the fisherman.CENTRALLY SPONSORED SCHEMES 0.18 lacks was spent for the improvement of craft for inland and estuarine fishing
Second five year plan
Second five year plan(Fisheries) R.S. 77.25 lakhes was made for the entire fishery sector. In order to intensify the fishing effort in the inshore areas. Government of India requisitioned the services of FAO experts to operate mechanized craft. Result were not satisfactory.
Third five year plan
Third five year plan(Fisheries) R.S. 186 lahkes was made for the entire fishery sector. Most of the fund gone for Orissa Fisheries Development cooperation(OFDC).
pilot scheme for power fishing in sea was implemented with25 mechanized boat. Attempt to utilize the uneconomical varieties of fish by establishing by-product plant. Establishment of fish canning industry. Promote intensive fish farming and to organize the marketing and processing. Raise fish seed nurseries.
Manufacturing shark liver oil, fish meal, agar-agar. Establishing boat building yard. The production of inland fisheries increased from 1000mt during second five year plan period to 2400mt during third five year plan. The dramatic increase in fisheries production was due to the introduction of mechanized fishing.
ANNUAL PLAN (1966-1969) 123.96 lakhes for development of fisheries. Export of marine product from the state was taken up for the first time during this plan. Frozen shrimp of about R.s 1 lakh were exported to Japan and USA.
Fourth five year plan
Fourth five year plan(Fisheries) 225 lakhs for development of fisheries. On the marine side ,the main obstacle was the lack of infrastructure facilities for the operation of mechanized, fishing craft . So during this plan emphasis was the development of landing and berthing facilities. In order to intensify fishing in coastal areas use of small trawlers and mechanized craft were purchased.
Continue… Achievement in inland sector was 70% Achievement in marine sector was 63%
Fifth five year plan(Fisheries) It treated as annual plan due to change in government. 270 lakhs for development of fisheries.AIMS1. Raise fish production2. Establish fishing industries3. Improve the socio-economic condition of fisherman.
Continue…4. Attract institutional finance5. Acquiring steel trawlers6. Establish boat building yards , ice plant,cold storage, freezing plant. During this period fisheries cooperative were transferred from the control of cooperative department to the fisheries department.
Continue…. As a result 48 fisherman’s cooperative societies were organized. Marine fish production again increased , but inland sector have failed in realizing the actual target.
Sixth five year plan
sixth five year plan(Fisheries) Development of inland pisciculture under fish farmers development agency. Purchase mini kit for fish culture. Welfare programme for pisciculturist and fisherman. Brackish water programme for pisciculturist and fisherman. Beach landing craft. Socio –economic survey of fishermen. The failure in inland fisheries due to low production of fish seed.
seventh five year plan(Fisheries)AIMS Development of inland pisci culture under FFDA. Welfare programme for pisci culturist and fisherman. assistance to cooperatives. Brackish water fisheries development agency. Small landing and berthing facilities . Assistance for mechanization programme. Construction of fishing harbors.
First , second, fourth , fifth, seventh, ninth and eleventh scheme were operated 50:50 basis.Here 50%expenditure were borne each by the government of Orissa and government of India.Sixth , eighth and tenth scheme operated with 100%assistance by the government of India.Third scheme 55% of the expenditure was supported by loan, 20% by subsidy, 5% by share capital.
REFERENCE fishery 5 year plan.pdf fishery.pdf Strategic Management.doc Marine fisheries economics and development in India