Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Cost and earningsOF FISHING VESSEL
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Cost and earningsOF FISHING VESSEL

1,514
views

Published on

Published in: Technology, Business

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,514
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
37
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. COST AND EARNINGS OFFISHING VESSELS BY JUBIYA SURESH SCHOOL OF INDUSTRIAL FISHERIES CUSAT
  • 2. BACKGROUND DURING 1990’S FAO studied the viability of Worlds fishing fleets Data needed size of the fishing fleet and recorded landings Result costs exceeded incomes by substantial amounts.
  • 3. Marine fishing industryIncludes three principal units -Traditional,motorized,mechanised unitsTraditional fishing unit: small-scale fishing using traditional methods. Crafts includes catamarans, canoes, coracle etc. Gears includes throw nets, dragnets etc. Comprises few labours ,small amount of capital.Motorized fishing unit: traditional crafts are motorized.Mechanized fishing unit: Capital intensive large scale fishing Uses highly mechanized crafts such as line boats, gill- netters, trawlers. High production capacity& catch /unit operation. MECHANIZED BOAT
  • 4. Major findings of the study Inspite of heavily and overexploited fishery resources marine capture fishery is still economically viable Source of income and generate employment foreign exchange earnings
  • 5. World wide trend AFRICA Drift netterssmall s Hook and line fisheries Purse seining, Small scale gill shrimp trawling netters Pole and lining NEGATIVE CASH ECONOMICALLY FLOW VIABLE
  • 6.  ASIA Small scale gillnetters, smaller bottom pair trawlers purseseine.,bottom and NEGATIVE midwater trawlers, pair CASH FLOW trawlers,jiggers,long liners, pole and line vessels ECONOMICALLY VIABLE
  • 7. Developed countries Developing countries  Labour cost only account Labour cost is the most for between 17 and 40% of important component total operating cost Second important is  Running and vessel costs running cost accounts for the major share
  • 8. INDIAN CONTEXT……….. Seiners and hand liners NEGATIVE CASHFLOW POSITIVE NET SURPLUS Tuna long liners,purseseiners, trawlers
  • 9. Fishing fleet Fishing crafts Traditional : plank built canoe, dug out, catamaran, coracles. Motorized : canoe, catamaran with outboard motors. Mechanized : trawlers, gillnetters,purse seiners ,pole & liners. There are about 2,43,939 fishing crafts for marine fishing. It includes 107448 traditional,76748 motorized traditional & 59743 mechanized boats.catamaran Motorized canoe trawler
  • 10. Fishing gears in India Trawl net Gill net Seine netBottom trawling fish trap Scoop net
  • 11. Small crafts below 40 m arevanishing from the sector?? Substantial rise in the fuel cost Increase in the operational cost Poor economic returns
  • 12. ECONOMIC ANALYSISFIXED COST INTEREST ON CAPITAL DEPRECIATION COST OF CRAFT GEAR AND ENGINE FUEL CHARGES,CREW SHARES,AUCTION CHARGES FOOD ALLOWANCES ICE ANDOTHER MISCELLANEOUS VARIABLE COST EXPENDITURES
  • 13.  EARNINGS Profit earned by the operator only if total cost less than total revenue BREAK EVEN POINT Point at which GAIN=LOSS In fishing operation is the level of output at which the revenue by fishing is exactly equal to the cost of working of output
  • 14. Break even point
  • 15.  TOTAL REVENUE Obtained by multiplying the number of fishing days or month with revenue per day. this revenue is multiplied by 12 to obtain revenue of the year NET PROFIT=TOTAL REVENUE-TOTAL COST GROSS PROFIT=TOTAL REVENUE-VARIABLE COST
  • 16. RETURN ON INVESTMENT=(NET REVENUE/INITIAL INVESTMENT)*100 PAY BACK PERIOD=INITIAL INVESTMENT / NET PROFIT
  • 17. A) initial investment Craft+gear+others Depreciation of craftB)Fixed cost ,gear ,and others+interest on capital repair andC)operating cost maintenance of craft ,gear ,and others+wages
  • 18.  TOTAL COST FIXED COST+OPERATING COSTNET OPERATING INCOME FIXED COST – OPERATING COSTPROFIT GROSS REVENUE – TOTAL COSTS
  • 19.  CMFRI Cochin has selected cochin fisheries harbour for surveying of trawl units in 1991
  • 20. OUTCOME OF THE STUDY Most of the trawlers were 32 footers and operate up to 70 m depth Cost of the trawlers Rs 4 lakh Depreciation Rs 83,333
  • 21. Catch composition catch crustacean perches carangids cephalopod
  • 22. RETURNS Gross annual revenue of a trawl unit at cochin fisheries harbour during 1991 was Rs 8,51,085Annual net operating income 2.64 lakhs for 253 daysNet annual profit of a trawl unit Rs 67,491
  • 23. Thankyou for yourattention