Common property RIGHT by abhinav
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  • 1. Submitted by : ABHINAVKUMAR .TSIF
  • 2. Common Property Resources Broadly speaking, common property resources include all such resources thatare meant for common use of the community . CPRs include all resources like community pastures and grazing grounds, community forest and woodlots, protected and unclassed government forests, waste land, common threshing grounds, watershed drainage, ponds and tanks, rivers, rivulets, water reservoirs, canals and irrigation channels.
  • 3. CPRcommon property resources arethose to which access is both freeand open to a set of users or potentialusers. The set may be made up offishermen from any country.fishermen from any particularcountry within its EEZ (FAO)
  • 4. Common property resourcesResources accessible to andcollectively ownedheldmanaged byan identifiable community and onwhich no individual has exclusiveproperty rights are called commonproperty resources.
  • 5. “accessible”legal statusconvention.
  • 6. Collectively owned/held/managed: ownedheld managed
  • 7. Identifiable community:This means that co-users of theresources are a well-defined group ofpersons. For instance, all inhabitantsof a village form an identifiablecommunity.
  • 8. HouseholdHousehold: A group of personsnormally living together and takingfood from a common kitchenconstitute a household. The word‘normally’ means that temporaryvisitors are excluded but temporarystay-away are included
  • 9. ‘commons’:These categories of CPRs refer tocommon property land resourceswithin the boundary of the villageand were formally (i.e. by legalsanction or official assignment) heldby village panchayat or communityof the village.
  • 10. grazing land/pasture landgrazing and pasture land has been themost important constituents of CPR land.Many villages have land earmarked aspermanent pasture land/grazing land.
  • 11. Village forest & woodlotThis item includes all land undervillage forest and woodlots. This alsoincludes the area notified as forestwithin the village which may belongto the forest department, or anyother government department (likeRevenue dept. or PWD.) but isformally under the management ofvillage panchayat or a community ofthe village.
  • 12. Threshing floorThey include village sites and allarea of land which is earmarked forcommon use of the villagers foreconomic activities, such as (a)processing of agricultural produce ,(b) storing of grains, otheragricultural produce, firewood, etc.,(c) use for other householdenterprise.
  • 13. Government forestBy legal status, forests in India areclassified into following three categories,Reserved forest,Protected forest,Unclassified forests.
  • 14. Reserved forest:Reserved forests are constituted under theIndian Forest Act or other forest laws of theStates. The government holds absoluterights of ownership in reservedforests. The products of a reserved forestare not to be used by the local populationunless specifically permitted by way ofgrant of privilege and not as a matter ofright. Access to these forests is generallyrestricted.
  • 15. Protected forest:Protected forests too are constituted underthe Forest Act. The locals are permitted togather all produce except those itemswhich are specifically prohibited. Otherprivileges to the local population are alsopermitted. The privileges commonlyenjoyed by the local population includecollection of leaves, firewood, fodder andother minor forest produce, grazing ofcattle, etc.
  • 16. Unclassed forestsAccording to the classification bylegal status, this category includes allother forests. Some of these forestsare privately owned.All village forests are included in thiscategory.
  • 17. Common water resources used for domestic purposes, such asdrinking, bathing, washing etc.irrigation, feeding washing of livestock, fishing andneeds of other householdenterprises.
  • 18. Fishery CPR’s There are so many CPR’s in the fisheryField they are EEZ , sea , ground ,Beach , Threshing floor, water resources ,
  • 19. Threshing floorThey include village sites and allarea of land which is earmarked forcommon use of the villagers foreconomic activities, such as (a)processing of agricultural produce ,(b) storing of grains, otheragricultural produce, firewood, etc.,(c) use for other householdenterprise.
  • 20. significant consequencesNo individual fisherman has anincentive to restrain his catch in theinterest of future returns, foranything he leaves in the sea fortomorrow will be taken by otherstoday. Thus, fishery stocks tend tobe used at, and frequently beyond,the point of maximum sustainableyield.
  • 21. economic wasteIn the absence of controls on capital and labour, there will tend to be too much effort spent on too few fish. In over-utilized fisheries, the same, or even larger, amounts of fish can be taken with fewer fishermen and vessels than are actually employed. This means that the same, or greater, total revenues could be produced with lower total costs.