DEFINITION “JOB DESIGN” involves systematic attempts to organize tasks, duties, and responsibilities in to a unit of work to achieve certain “OBJECTIVES” It is the process by which Managers decide individual job tasks and authority.
OBJECTIVE OF THE ORGANISATIONTo Maximize profitCreate Job satisfactionReduced the absenteeism and turnoverIncrease the performance
Job Designers focused on What will be done in a job. Who will do the Job. How the Job will be done. Where the Job will be done.
TRENDS IN JOB DESIGN Quality control as part of the worker’s job. Cross-training workers to perform multi -skilled jobs. Employee involvement and team approaches to designing and organizing work. Extensive use of temporary workers. Organizational commitment to providing meaningful and rewarding jobs for all employees
JOB ROTATION Shifting of cross trained workers to other tasks Aimed to meet the overall Equal at work Programme objective of attempting to develop new and more inclusive models of recruitment and in work progression
JOB ENLARGEMENT Increasing the scope of job through extending the range of its job duties and responsibilities. Associated with the design of jobs to reduce employee dissatisfaction.
JOB ENRICHMENT Increasing the degree of responsibility a worker has over a job Motivate the employee by giving them the opportunity to use the range of their abilities.
GROUP JOB DESIGN TECHNIQUES Work teams Autonomous work groups
WORK TEAMS Effective work teams magnify the accomplishment of individual employees. Cross-functional, Multi skilled, and self directed employees.
AUTONOMOUS WORK GROUP Autonomous work group encouraged to manage its own work and working practices.