3...facility layout

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3...facility layout

  1. 1. GREESHMA.E.DSCHOOL OF INDUSTRIAL FISHERIES CUSAT
  2. 2.  Howard J. Weiss and Mark E. Gershon defined facility layout as "the physical arrangement of everything needed for the product or service, including machines, personnel, raw materials, and finished goods. The criteria for a good layout necessarily relate to people (personnel and customers), materials (raw, finished, and in process), machines, and their interactions."
  3. 3.  The arrangement of physical facilities such as machinery, equipment, furniture etc. with in the factory building in such a manner so as to have quickest flow of material at the lowest cost and with the least amount of handling in processing the product from the receipt of material to the shipment of the finished product. According to Riggs, “the overall objective of plant layout is to design a physical arrangement that most economically meets the required output – quantity and quality.”
  4. 4.  Ease of future expansion or change Flow of movement Materials handling Output needs Space utilization Shipping and receiving Ease of communication and support Impact on employee morale and job satisfaction Safety
  5. 5.  From the point of view of plant layout, small business or unit into three categories:1. Manufacturing units2. Traders3. Service Establishments
  6. 6.  In case of manufacturing unit, plant layout may be of four types:(a )Process or functional layout(b) Product or line layout(c) Fixed position or location layout(d) Combined or group layout
  7. 7.  Process layouts are facility configurations in which operations of a similar nature or function are grouped together. As such, they occasionally are referred to as functional layouts. Their purpose is to process goods or provide services that involve a variety of processing requirements
  8. 8.  Flexibility. Cost. System protection. Super vision can be more effective Motivation. -
  9. 9.  Utilization.. Cost. Confusion. Time gap or lag
  10. 10.  Machines and equipments are arranged in one line depending upon the sequence of operations required for the product. The materials move form one workstation to another sequentially without any backtracking or deviation
  11. 11.  · Output: large volume in short time ·Cost: absence of back tracking ·Utilization: labor and equipment
  12. 12.  Motivation. –repeated job · · Flexibility. - · System protection. cost
  13. 13.  The arrangement of a facility so that the product stays in one location; tools, equipment, and workers are brought to it as needed
  14. 14. • Time• Flexible• economical when several orders in different stages of progress are being executed simultaneously
  15. 15. • Space• Conflicts• cost
  16. 16.  Many situations call for a mixture of the three main layout types. These mixtures are commonly called combination or hybrid layouts.
  17. 17.  a) Factory building: b) Nature of product. c) Production process: d) Type of machinery: e) Repairs and maintenance. f) Human needs g) Plant environment:

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