www.devex.com

with Charles North, Steve Feldstein and Dan Hoornweg
Steve Feldstein
Director, Office of
Policy USAID

www.devex.com

Charles North
Senior Deputy Assistant Administrator
USAID...
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3
We’re live-tweeting this webinar from
@devexcareers.

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Follow #devwebinar

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Tech Support1, or
Tech Support2

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You may ask them at any time.

›
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Host, or
Use the Q&A tool

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webinars.devex.com
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•
•
•
•
•
•
•

www.devex.com

9
www.devex.com

10
www.devex.com

11
1.

Support good governance and effective management systems

2.

Encourage innovative and cost-effective service delivery...
A cross-cutting vision of urban services to
achieve larger USAID goals
Stresses country-led, financially sustainable
servi...
www.devex.com

14
www.devex.com

15
www.devex.com

16
www.devex.com

17
Next Steps
Toward Implementation
•
•
•
•
•
•
Indian residents of collects drinking water from a tanker supplied by the municipal water works in Bolkapur Colony of Hyde...
A technician adjusts an Internet router placed on a mast close to a set of papyrus-shaped columns, part of the Ancient Egy...
People walk up and down the Via Apia, the main street of the Rocinha shantytown, Brazil's largest favela ANTONIO SCORZA /
...
An Indian farmer works on a sunflower field at the University of Agricultural Sciences (UAS) campus, in Bangalore on Novem...
Sustainable Cities
December 2013

Dan Hoornweg
Professor and Jeffrey Boyce Research Chair, UOIT
Chief Safety and Risk Offi...
Cities Count – Now More Than Ever
Urban settlements are home to more than
50% of the world’s population
2 billion new urban residents by 2030, 3 billion by ...
Slum populations are increasing

THE WORLD BANK
Cities are adding 3,000,000 residents each week
Shenzen 30 years ago

Shenzen today
Cities are drivers of economic growth

WDR2009
Source: SEED Magazine
Enormous Impact of Cities – Good and Bad
Population
(Millions)

GHG Emissions
(M tCO2e)

GDP

(billion $ PPP)

1. China: 1...
Cities now in a league of their own

THE WORLD BANK
Urbanization and Megacities
1970

1
19
30

2
6
1,331,783,000

3,494,607,000

# Number of megacities in each region
Total g...
Emerging Global Challenges for Cities
Growing urban challenges








Global financial crisis; slower growth, unemployment
Climate change; uncertainty, ...
GHG emissions per capita (tCO2e/yr)

16

$12,275
High Income

The Climate Change Challenge

Tehran

BEIJING
Hanoi
Chengdu
...
GHG Emissions are Unequally Distributed Within and Across Countries

WDR2010
Urban Form Determines a City’s Energy Efficiency

Urban form and density
significantly impact energy
consumption.

Source:...
the built-up area of Atlanta and Barcelona
Barcelona
Atlanta

2.5 mil people (1990)
4,280 km2 (built-up area)

2.8 mil peo...
Urban design will impact the low-carbon futures of sustainable cities
City lay-out
matters:

Superblocks
increase
congestion
and
increase
walking
distances

New York

Beijing
Environmental Policies Also Matter
25

 Carbon dioxide emissions per capita 1967 to 2010
US

Carbon dioxide emissions (me...
Marginal Abatement Cost Curves

Source: McKinsey 2009.
A New Urban Agenda

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Delhi streetscape
De
Need for New Urban Metrics
• Infrastructure Rating
Tool
• Gross metropolitan
product
• Urban GHG
emissions
• Material flow...
Amman, Jordan
Urban Metabolism
Total Radiation

1,012 ktCO2e

Landfill Waste

Greenhouse Gas
Emissions

20.4 MJ/m2

669 kt...
The Global Response to Climate Change Will Succeed—Or Fail—In Cities
Rapid Growth is Difficult to Manage—But it Must be Planned For (at home and abroad)
A New Urban Agenda
 Build ‘Sustainable Cities’ – Emergence of Cities
 More attention on Urban Form (and Management)
 Ci...
www.devex.com

WITH Charles North, Steve Feldstein and Dan Hoornweg
The Future of Urbanization and Development
The Future of Urbanization and Development
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The Future of Urbanization and Development

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The pace of urbanization throughout the world – and especially in the developing world – is challenging development donors and thinkers to find new solutions to tackling urban poverty, and urban slum issues.

Devex recently hosted an online discussion with some of the top thinkers and policymakers standing at the crossroads where urbanization and development meet.

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The Future of Urbanization and Development

  1. 1. www.devex.com with Charles North, Steve Feldstein and Dan Hoornweg
  2. 2. Steve Feldstein Director, Office of Policy USAID www.devex.com Charles North Senior Deputy Assistant Administrator USAID Daniel Hoornweg Professor, UOIT Chief Safety and Risk Officer, Province of Ontario Michael Igoe Global Development Reporter Devex 2
  3. 3. www.devex.com 3
  4. 4. We’re live-tweeting this webinar from @devexcareers. www.devex.com Follow #devwebinar 4
  5. 5. › › Tech Support1, or Tech Support2 www.devex.com 5
  6. 6. You may ask them at any time. › › Host, or Use the Q&A tool www.devex.com 6
  7. 7. webinars.devex.com www.devex.com 7
  8. 8. www.devex.com 8
  9. 9. • • • • • • • www.devex.com 9
  10. 10. www.devex.com 10
  11. 11. www.devex.com 11
  12. 12. 1. Support good governance and effective management systems 2. Encourage innovative and cost-effective service delivery 3. Support increases in investments in service delivery 4. Help countries and communities apply pro-poor service delivery models www.devex.com 12
  13. 13. A cross-cutting vision of urban services to achieve larger USAID goals Stresses country-led, financially sustainable service delivery Leverages USAID’s expertise in G.I.S. and partnerships with local and state governments Responds to rapid urban growth and extreme poverty in cities www.devex.com 13
  14. 14. www.devex.com 14
  15. 15. www.devex.com 15
  16. 16. www.devex.com 16
  17. 17. www.devex.com 17
  18. 18. Next Steps Toward Implementation • • • • • •
  19. 19. Indian residents of collects drinking water from a tanker supplied by the municipal water works in Bolkapur Colony of Hyderabad. AFP PHOTO/Noah SEELAM water 000_Del284891 www.devex.com 19
  20. 20. A technician adjusts an Internet router placed on a mast close to a set of papyrus-shaped columns, part of the Ancient Egyptian Luxor Temple complex erected by Ramses II, 1280 BC, on the east bank of the Nile River in the city. CRIS BOURONCLE / AFP 000_Nic194348 www.devex.com 20
  21. 21. People walk up and down the Via Apia, the main street of the Rocinha shantytown, Brazil's largest favela ANTONIO SCORZA / AFP 000_Mvd6120235 www.devex.com 21
  22. 22. An Indian farmer works on a sunflower field at the University of Agricultural Sciences (UAS) campus, in Bangalore on November 9, 2010.. AFP PHOTO/Dibyangshu SARKAR 000_Del424570 www.devex.com 22
  23. 23. Sustainable Cities December 2013 Dan Hoornweg Professor and Jeffrey Boyce Research Chair, UOIT Chief Safety and Risk Officer, Province of Ontario
  24. 24. Cities Count – Now More Than Ever
  25. 25. Urban settlements are home to more than 50% of the world’s population 2 billion new urban residents by 2030, 3 billion by 2050 UN World Population Prospects: The 2006 Revision and World Urbanization Prospects: The 2007 Revision
  26. 26. Slum populations are increasing THE WORLD BANK
  27. 27. Cities are adding 3,000,000 residents each week Shenzen 30 years ago Shenzen today
  28. 28. Cities are drivers of economic growth WDR2009
  29. 29. Source: SEED Magazine
  30. 30. Enormous Impact of Cities – Good and Bad Population (Millions) GHG Emissions (M tCO2e) GDP (billion $ PPP) 1. China: 1,192 1. USA: 7,107 1. 100 Largest Cities: 14,928 2. India: 916 2. 100 Largest Cities: 4,263 2. USA: 14,202 3. 100 Largest Cities: 691.48 3. China: 4,058 3. C40 Cities: 8,781 4. C40 Cities: 393 4. C40 Cities: 2,364 4. China: 7,903 5. USA: 301 5. Russian Federation: 2,193 5. Japan: 4,354 6. Indonesia: 190 6. Japan: 1,374 6. Top 10 GHG Cities: 4,313 7. Brazil: 159 7. Top 10 GHG Cities: 1,367 7. India: 3,388 8. Russian Federation: 142 8. India: 1,214 8. Germany: 2,925 9. Top 10 GHG Cities: 136 9. Germany: 956 9. Russian Federation: 2,288 10. Japan: 128 10. Canada: 747 10. United Kingdom: 2,176
  31. 31. Cities now in a league of their own THE WORLD BANK
  32. 32. Urbanization and Megacities 1970 1 19 30 2 6 1,331,783,000 3,494,607,000 # Number of megacities in each region Total global urban population 6 6,398,291,000
  33. 33. Emerging Global Challenges for Cities
  34. 34. Growing urban challenges        Global financial crisis; slower growth, unemployment Climate change; uncertainty, urban vulnerability Energy security and price; volatility, efficiency Food and water security Decreasing densities – unsustainable growth Rate of growth; global geopolitical uncertainty Risk identification and communication Mumbai, India
  35. 35. GHG emissions per capita (tCO2e/yr) 16 $12,275 High Income The Climate Change Challenge Tehran BEIJING Hanoi Chengdu Xian Shenyang Bandung Alexandria 8 WASHINGTON, DC Guangzhou DALLAS HOUSTON Phoenix 13.7 Johannesburg LOS ANGELES CHICAGOBOSTON MIAMI TORONTO Milan PHILADELPHIA BANGKOK Montreal NEW YORK Ankara ATHENS SAN FRANCISCO LONDON Berlin Algiers Moscow SHANGHAI TIANJIN Atlanta SYDNEY Detroit Melbourne St. Petersburg Kong Hong SINGAPORE Pusan CAPE TOWN MADRID Osaka Istanbul Jeddah Riyadh Monterrey Caracas Medellin Pune 4 Cairo CHONGQING B.Horizonte Fortaleza Bogota Jakarta Hydearabad Bangalore Ho Chi Minh Khartoum Recife Lahore Lima Chennai Mumbai Lagos Kinshasa 1 1500 Santiago Salvador 2 Guadalajara SEOUL BUENOS AIRES Brasilia P.Alegre TOKYO PARIS BARCELONA MEXICO CITY 450 ppm by 2050 RIO DE JANEIRO Karachi DELHI SAO PAULO AHMADABAD CALCUTTA 3000 6000 550 ppm by 2050 12000 GDP per capita ($) 24000 48000
  36. 36. GHG Emissions are Unequally Distributed Within and Across Countries WDR2010
  37. 37. Urban Form Determines a City’s Energy Efficiency Urban form and density significantly impact energy consumption. Source: Adopted from Kick the Habit: A UN Guide to Climate Neutrality
  38. 38. the built-up area of Atlanta and Barcelona Barcelona Atlanta 2.5 mil people (1990) 4,280 km2 (built-up area) 2.8 mil people (1990) 162 km2 (built-up area)
  39. 39. Urban design will impact the low-carbon futures of sustainable cities
  40. 40. City lay-out matters: Superblocks increase congestion and increase walking distances New York Beijing
  41. 41. Environmental Policies Also Matter 25  Carbon dioxide emissions per capita 1967 to 2010 US Carbon dioxide emissions (metric tons/capita) 20 15 Canada United Kingdom South Africa 10 Japan France Sweden 5 China Mexico Korea, Rep. Brazil India 0 15 25 Nigeria Bubble size corresponds to total carbon dioxide emissions (kilotons) 35 45 55 Urban population (% of total) 65 75 Source: World Development Indicators 85 95
  42. 42. Marginal Abatement Cost Curves Source: McKinsey 2009.
  43. 43. A New Urban Agenda Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  44. 44. Delhi streetscape De
  45. 45. Need for New Urban Metrics • Infrastructure Rating Tool • Gross metropolitan product • Urban GHG emissions • Material flows (metabolism of cities) • Urban Risk Assessment • Global City Indicator Facility • Energy mix 46
  46. 46. Amman, Jordan Urban Metabolism Total Radiation 1,012 ktCO2e Landfill Waste Greenhouse Gas Emissions 20.4 MJ/m2 669 kt Organic Waste Paper, Cardboard, Textiles 197 kt Plastics, Glass, Metal 10,256 ktCO2e 294 kt 136 kt Carbon Dioxide 2,906 ktCO2e Commercial, Institutional & Residential Manufacturing & Industry Cropland Wastewater Road Transport 983 ktCO2e Aviation & Marine T&D Losses Consumption 3,766 ktCO2e 770 GWh 92 ktCO2e 520 ktCO2e 1,008 ktCO2e 61 ktCO2e 1,029 ktCO2e Nitrous Oxide 42 kt Other Materials 9,136 ktCO2e Methane 180 MCM/a Water Supply 5,500 GWh 73 MCM/a Electricity Generation 6,270 GWh 34 GWh Renewables 2,744 GWh Fuel Oil 19 GWh Diesel Oil 3,472 GWh Natural Gas Natural Gas 2,143 TJ Fuel Oil LPG 12,998 TJ 1,910 TJ Kerosene 1,640 TJ Diesel Oil Gasoline 26,236 TJ 20,187 TJ Jet Kerosene 12,709 TJ Marine Fuel Oil 668 TJ Fossil Fuels Source: L. Sugar 2011.
  47. 47. The Global Response to Climate Change Will Succeed—Or Fail—In Cities
  48. 48. Rapid Growth is Difficult to Manage—But it Must be Planned For (at home and abroad)
  49. 49. A New Urban Agenda  Build ‘Sustainable Cities’ – Emergence of Cities  More attention on Urban Form (and Management)  City metrics matter – need a systems approach  Energy and Cities  Better buildings  Transportation  Electricity generation  Smarter Financing and Policies  Leaders needed  New Partnerships (Outcome-Based Collaboration)  New and improved Engineering  Work with other professions  Linking Sectors (Technology) and Regions
  50. 50. www.devex.com WITH Charles North, Steve Feldstein and Dan Hoornweg

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