8 pivotal foreign aid moments in post-Gadhafi Libya

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Since the downfall of Moammar Gadhafi‘s 42-year rule in October 2011, engagement by the global development community has increased, though it has been bumpy. …

Since the downfall of Moammar Gadhafi‘s 42-year rule in October 2011, engagement by the global development community has increased, though it has been bumpy.

Here are 8 pivotal foreign aid moments in post-Gadhafi Libya.

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  • 1. 8 pivotal foreign aid moments in post-Gadhafi Libya
  • 2. This week, Libyans head to the polls to elect members of the constituent assembly, the body that will write the country’s constitution. The exercise is supported by the United Nations. Since the downfall of Moammar Gadhafi‘s 42-year rule in October 2011, engagement by the global development community has increased, though it has been bumpy. Here are 8 pivotal foreign aid moments in post-Gadhafi Libya.
  • 3. December 2011 The United Nations Security Council agrees to unfreeze assets of fallen Libyan strongman Moammar Gadhafi in two banks to fund post-conflict reconstruction in Libya. The move follows an appeal by the transition government to release more of the frozen assets — worth $150 billion in total — “to manage the country,” assuring U.N. members there’s no disunity within the new Libyan leadership.
  • 4. January 2012 Finland pledges funds (€1.6M) to help those affected by the conflict in Libya. Other donors do the same: The United Kingdom commits a month later £1M aid toward demining efforts and a program to promote participation of women and youth in the political process, a move to ensure a strong civil society in Libya, according to U.K. Foreign Secretary William Hague. Others contribute funds to a regional effort supporting democratic transition in Arab Spring countries.
  • 5. May 2012 In a report, the European Union sets as a goal the full participation of the Libya in the European Neighborhood Policy —a financing instrument dedicated to countries south and east of the EU — by the end of 2013. During the 2011 Libyan political crisis, the EU provided €156M in humanitarian support.
  • 6. July 2012 Libya holds elections for General National Congress, a body that appoints the country’s prime minister and Cabinet. The government is currently led by Abdurrahim El-Keib. In the wake of the polls, development partners, according to those on the ground, are focusing on building local capacity, a departure from the postwar approach in Afghanistan and Iraq.
  • 7. August 2012 The International Committee of the Red Cross suspends work in Misrata and Benghazi following an attack on its residence in the former. The security incident is the fifth suffered by ICRC offices in both cities since May. “[T]here has apparently been a flare-up of misunderstandings and mistrust. ‘Foreign organizations’ are being eyed with a certain degree of suspicion. We know that some in the country don't see the difference between the ICRC and what they perceive to be ‘Western agencies’; they may be suspicious about us,” says Ishfaq Muhamad Khan, ICRC's incoming head of delegation in Libya, when asked why the aid group has become a target of attacks.
  • 8. September 2012 U.S. mourns the loss of civilian officials — including U.S. Ambassador to Libya John Christopher Stevens and Foreign Service Information Management Officer Sean Smith — at its consulate in Benghazi. A report by a special team created in the wake of the incident recommends better protection of foreign personnel, relying beyond security provided by host governments especially in high-risk, high-threat countries. It also urges Congress to “do its part” by providing the State Department with the resources it requires to address security threats in all its diplomatic outposts.
  • 9. October 2012 Seven Iranian aid workers regain freedom and are back home in Tehran. The Iranian Red Crescent Society employees were abducted the day after they arrived in Benghazi three months earlier. Iranian Red Crescent Society Secretary-General Zaher Rostami vows that the group will continue its humanitarian work despite security threats.
  • 10. April 2013 The World Bank says it “is closely engaged with the new authorities in Libya to support the country's transition to a stable and prosperous future using the energy of its young people and its natural endowments to the benefit of its citizens.” The statement follows a visit by World Bank Middle East and North Africa Vice President Inger Andersen (pictured) to Libya, her first to the Middle East and North African country. She suggests areas where the World Bank could help rebuild the country. Before the revolution, the World Bank had limited engagement with Libya.
  • 11. Want to stay up-to-date on Libya’s development? Join Devex and follow us on Facebook.