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Open ReSource Development Solutions: Agriculture Framework
Open ReSource Development Solutions: Agriculture Framework
Open ReSource Development Solutions: Agriculture Framework
Open ReSource Development Solutions: Agriculture Framework
Open ReSource Development Solutions: Agriculture Framework
Open ReSource Development Solutions: Agriculture Framework
Open ReSource Development Solutions: Agriculture Framework
Open ReSource Development Solutions: Agriculture Framework
Open ReSource Development Solutions: Agriculture Framework
Open ReSource Development Solutions: Agriculture Framework
Open ReSource Development Solutions: Agriculture Framework
Open ReSource Development Solutions: Agriculture Framework
Open ReSource Development Solutions: Agriculture Framework
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Open ReSource Development Solutions: Agriculture Framework

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As part of an Open ReSource initiative to make available tools and frameworks necessary for development practitioners, the following document contains strategic framework of agriculture sector.

As part of an Open ReSource initiative to make available tools and frameworks necessary for development practitioners, the following document contains strategic framework of agriculture sector.

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  • 1. AGRICULTURE
    Open ReSource Development Solutions
    ORDS.PBWORKS.COM
  • 2. Overview
  • 3. SYSTEM VIEW
  • 4. Food Security Framework
    The following framework is useful for a comprehensive assessment or understanding of food security issues and determinants in a region:
  • 5. Soil and Land Resources
    Soil Assessment Framework
  • 6. Soil and Land Resources
    Low Soil Fertility Cause Identification
    • Low Cation Exchange Capacity
    • 7. Low Organic Matter
    • 8. Low Water Holding Capacity
    • 9. Unfavorable pH
    • 10. Nutrient Toxicities
    • 11. Leaching
    • 12. Nutrients Mining
    • 13. Nutrients Fixation
    LOW INHERENT FERTILITY
    NUTRIENT DEPLETION
    Low Soil Fertility
    • Traditional Strategies
    • 14. Increased Pressure on Land
    • 15. Lack of Labor
    • 16. Inadequate Finances
    • 17. Low Prices
    • 18. Poor Infrastructures
    • 19. Lack of Information
    • 20. Weak Market
    • 21. Unfavorable Policy Environment
    WEAKENED ABILITY TO MAINTAIN FERTILITY
    LOW RETURNS ON INVESTMENT
    Adapted from Murwira, 2003
  • 22. Soil and Land Resources
    Soil and Land Management Options
  • 23. Water Resources
    Agricultural Water Management
    Irrigated
    Rainfed
    Ground Water Irrigation
    Field Conservation Practices
    Supplemental Irrigation
    • Conservation agricultural (reduced tillage)
    • 24. Better adapted crop varieties (drought resistant)
    • 25. Strategic fertilizer application
    • 26. Treadle pump use
    Water Harvesting
    Surface Water Irrigation
    • Land management :
    • 27. Reduced Tillage
    • 28. Improved Leveling
    • 29. Drip irrigation
    • 30. Better adapted crop varieties
    • 31. Canals and irrigation channels
    • 32. Scheduled Irrigation
    • 33. Rainwater Harvesting
    • 34. On-farm water storage
    Drainage
  • 35. Genetic Resources
    Genetic Strategies
    Increase in harvest index (% biomass in the grain)
    • Short stiff straw
    • 36. Responsive to fertilizer
    • 37. Earlier maturity to allow multiple cropping
    • 38. Yield Stability
    • 39. Resistance to pests and Diseases
    • 40. Tolerance to abiotic stresses
    • 41. Better eating quality
    Plant Breeding
    Bio-fortification (% increase in nutrients availability)
    • Direct addition: The HarvestPlus Strategyenriches stable crops in Fe, Zn and Beta-carotene density
    • 42. Indirect promotion: An alternative strategy is to breed for plant-synthesized substances that promote absorption and decrease inhibitors of absorption of Fe, Zn and beta-carotene. Some promoters include Vitamin A & C, sulfur amino acids, insulin, resistant starch. Some inhibitors include tannins and polyphenols
  • RICE FARMING
    RICE VALUE CHAIN
    Managing Water
    Managing Soil Fertility
    Preparing the Land
    Planting the Seed
    Controlling weeds
    Threshing and Winnowing
    Controlling pests/diseases
    Harvesting
    • Integrated Pest Management (IPM)
    Marketing
    Storing
    Milling
    Consuming
    Determinants of Rice Farming Systems
  • NUTRITION INSECURITY
    The Main Drivers of Nutrition Insecurity
    INTERVENTIONS
    • Iron and Folic acid supplementation for pregnant women
    • 59. Universal salt iodization
    • 60. Vitamin A supplementation and fortification for children
    • 61. Zinc supplementation in the treatment of diarrhea
    • 62. Micronutrient powders
    • 63. Exclusive breastfeeding < 6mnths
    • 64. Improved complement food 6 – 24 months
    • 65. Treatment of acute malnutrition
    • 66. Hand washing and hygiene
    • 67. Deworming
    • 68. Iron fortified staple foods
  • NUTRITION INSECURITY
    Food & Nutrition Systems
    Resources
    Intervention Options
    Health care
    Nutritional Outcomes
    Markets and Business Enterprises
    Education and Information Flow
    Sanitation and Hygiene
    Cultural Beliefs and Practices
  • 90. Climate Change & Agric.
    Climate Risk Management Approach
    • Index-based insurance
    • 91. Credit
    • 92. Early Warning Systems (EWS)
    • 93. Water holding capacity
    • 94. Diversification
    • 95. Drought resistance
    Adapted from International Research Institute for Climate and Society “Four Pillars of CRM Approach”

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