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Youth realities Poland

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Youth unemployment in Poland

Youth unemployment in Poland

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  • 1. POLAND Impact of the economic slowdown on the labour market was the most profound in the case of indicators related to creation and retention of new jobs; TC EEC Development academy 01-08 April 2014 Kobuleti, Georgia
  • 2. Youth Unemployment in the EU • Around 5 million unemployed young people in the EU • 1 in 5 young people in the labour market is unemployed • More than 30 % in Lithuania • More than 40 % in Estonia, Latvia and Spain • More than 20 % in Poland
  • 3. LABOUR MARKET Polish youth, still in the vanguard of the Europeans in terms of education, with participation rate of 70.8% of the population at the age bracket 15-24; In the years 2007-2010 Poland observed the highest growth in the employment rate in the EU-27, the employment rate increased by 4.8 PP and in 2011 reached. Declining unemployment, with the unemployment rate falling by 4.3 PP (to the annual average of 9,6% in 2010 r.), with the long-term unemployment declining by 25 PP (the larges decline in the EU-27).
  • 4. So: MAIN REASON of YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT – The inequalities in the labour market can be balanced by advanced education, entrepreneurial programmes and financial support for young entrepreneurs.
  • 5. Don’t forget: Poland is still in Red Euro Area for European Structural Funds
  • 6. 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 % years Youth unemploymentby education higher education vocational secondary generalseconadary basic vocational primaryand incomplete primary
  • 7. 1. Support to youth entrepreneurship and self-employment In Poland: • FM Bank - who serves newly established companies with less than 12 months business history (which represent a relatively high risk for a micro-lenders and are therefore currently excluded from external financing in Poland); • Erasmus for young Entrepreneurs – business exchange programme: 2600 candidates accepted; Eur11 million spent so far. http://www.erasmus-entrepreneurs.eu/
  • 8. 2. What could be the most important in boosting youth entrepreneurship in Poland? • Money? Culture? Incubation of resources? Human capital? 1st factor: Advanced education supports entrepreneurial entry through: • The acquisition of skills – students have more chances to develop necessary skills important for an entrepreneur, especially critical thinking, communication and teamwork, • Providing an access to certain social networks, • Sorting people by ambition and assertiveness.
  • 9. • 2nd factor: It was confirmed while testing the effect of entrepreneurship programmes on entrepreneurial attitudes and intention of students that: – Inspiration (and not learning or resource- utilisation) was the entrepreneurial programme's benefit related to the increase of subjective norm and intention towards self- employment.
  • 10. • 3rd factor - Work experience - gives and access to: social networks, market information, capital, potential customers. Compulsory internship at 1st, 2nd and 3rd level of HE
  • 11. Fighting youth unemployment • Policy framework to improve youth employment • focus on fighting segmentation; provide adequate safety nets; encourage entrepreneurship;