Thomas Davis - Research Use in Australian Aid Program

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Thomas Davis - Research Use in Australian Aid Program

  1. 1. Research Use in the Australian Aid Program Dr Tom Davis Office of Development Effectiveness Thomas.Davis@dfat.gov.au
  2. 2. ODE evaluation of research uptake To what extent is the Australian aid program managing research investments appropriately and effectively? • Nature and value of research investments? • Enablers of, and barriers to, the uptake of research in the Australian aid program? • How can the Australian aid program optimise its broad range of investments in research toward more effective aid?
  3. 3. Evaluation approach 1. Framing: initial interviews & literature review – NB ‘research’ excludes mandatory evaluations 2. Mapping: research database analysis + web-based survey of research commissioners + group interviews of non-commissioners 3. Assessing: elite interviews (including with ‘providers’) + 10 case studies + donor comparison 4. Evaluating: analysis against appropriateness and effectiveness criteria + verification workshop(s) & telephone interviews
  4. 4. Research spend compared with total program spend $4500 m Country Programs $4000 m $3500 m Global Programs $3000 m $2500 m $2000 m Aid program total (excl. departmental) Research total $1500 m $1000 m $500 m $m 2007/8 2008/9 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12
  5. 5. % change in research v program funding from 2007/8 140% 120% 100% Australian aid program 80% 60% Research 40% 20% 0% 2007/8 2008/9 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12
  6. 6. Research spend 2007/8-2011/12 $140 m $120 m $100 m Research total $80 m $60 m Country Program research $40 m Global Program research $20 m $m 2007/8 2008/9 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12
  7. 7. Top 5 country programs’ research spend $25 m $20 m IET $15 m PNG & Sol MPMB $10 m SAB AFR $5 m $m 2007/8 2008/9 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12
  8. 8. Thematic/global branches’ research spend $25 m $20 m $15 m 2007-2008 $10 m 2008-2009 2009-2010 $5 m $m 2010-2011 2011-2012
  9. 9. Research spend by theme 2007/8-2011/12 160,000,000 140,000,000 120,000,000 100,000,000 80,000,000 60,000,000 40,000,000 20,000,000 0
  10. 10. Research spend by recipient type 80,000,000 70,000,000 60,000,000 50,000,000 Australian 40,000,000 Developing Country International 30,000,000 Multi/bilateral 20,000,000 10,000,000 0 2007-2008 2008-2009 2009-2010 2010-2011 2011-2012
  11. 11. Recipient types per branch 2007/82011/12 AFG AFR EDGEB 5,3% 3,7% ,23% 11% 46% 44% 48% 80% 6,6% GSDB 29% 22% 3,9% 23% 22% MPMB 20% 27% 12% 11% 31% RESCH 15% 35% 45% 4,9% HIWRB 11% 1,2% 2,8% 85% PAC 1,4% 1,5% 40% 43% 3,1% 3,8% 29% 1% 27% 93% HPRB IET 65% 3,5% 20% 6,4% 14% 56% PAC Bil PNG&SOL 6,2% 29% ,82% 1,5% 48% 45% 52% 53% 2,7% 12% SAB 2,9% 19% ,96% 48% 28% Austr.govern Developing Country Multi/bilateral Graphs by Branch Fragility & Conflict Branch SEDB Total 9,8e-02% 4,9% 16% 2% 5,7% ,73% 4,9% 17% 10% 13% 54% 71% Australian International Various
  12. 12. Agreement types 80,000,000 70,000,000 60,000,000 Commiss. 50,000,000 40,000,000 Compet. scheme 30,000,000 20,000,000 Grant 10,000,000 0 Partnership
  13. 13. Agreements by partner type Australian Developing Country 7% 17% 21% 14% 23% 59% 17% 42% International Multi/bilateral 3% 1% 15% 29% 16% 49% 40% Commiss. Grant Graphs by Partner type (Aust, Int'l, multi, Dev Cntry) Compet. scheme Partnership 47%
  14. 14. The story from the data • 2007/8-2011/12 is an unusual period of aid expansion • Research as % of total program spend over period was 3.1% (DFID is 2.9%) and increased faster than total spend • Country program research spend is larger and more volatile than global/thematic + individual projects 80% larger in country programs
  15. 15. The story from the data • Food security/rural development & health the largest research spend; low investment in education research • Australian recipients receive 3 times the funding developing country recipients receive • Mix of recipients differs across branches – availability, disciplines, modes • Australian recipients increasingly link thru’ partnerships • Competitive funding schemes decreasing + lack of ARC/NHMRC engagement
  16. 16. The story so far from key interviews Perceptions • Divergent views about what research is & its purpose • General agreement greater use could be made of research evidence in forming program strategies, designs & initiatives • Some wary of academic research – uncertain results, limited immediate use, time – others see value for strategy & design • Uncertain of capacity of development ‘discipline’ in Australia (whereas CGD, Brookings etc have ‘credentials’) • ‘We don’t have time’ • ‘Some people don’t have the capacity to use research’
  17. 17. The story so far from key interviews Experience • Formal research governance structure relatively weak, but there are a number of good examples of effective research usage • Formal & ‘social’ knowledge networks – latter are ‘champion’ based & suffer when champions move • Aid program knowledge management systems patchy • Programs  specialists relationship • Limited time  institutional incentives
  18. 18. The story from the survey • Initial results may be available by 21 November

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