Encouraging “Difability” thinking
in Community Based Rehabilitation
Addressing poverty and social exclusion
Photo: CBRDTC ...
My Terminology: Difability
• Different ability
• Acknowledging the existence of abilities
• People with difabilities (PWDs...
Institutional-based Rehabilitation
• Expensive in sophisticated equipment and
facilities.
• High cost for operational and ...
Community Based Rehabilitation
• Encourages community participation and
utilisation of community resources.
• For more acc...
Three layers of the CBR
model
New CBR Definition
(ILO, UNESCO, & WHO, 2004 Joint Position Paper, p. 2)

• strategy within
community
development for:
• r...
5 Components of CBR
IDDC (2012, p. 9); (WHO et al., 2010)
CBR model continuing to evolve:
Community Based Inclusive Development (CBID)
(IDDC, 2012)

C
B
I
D
Example of change in CBR:
CBRDTC Solo practices
• Policy advocacy in 7 districts of Central Java, Indonesia.
• Encourages ...
CBRDTC Solo: Addressing poverty by
mainstreaming difability rights
• Self Help Groups: knowing problems and needs
at grass...
elfadv
oca
cy
● B (direc
ene tly
fite voic
d fr
i
om ng asp
dev irat
i
e lo
pm on)
e nt

n
visi

●S

d
●A
i on
irat on
asp...
Conclusion
Photo: CBRDTC Solo

●INCLUSIVE
SOCIETY?
●REDUCED
POVERTY?
References
•
•
•
•
•

•
•
•
•

Finkenflügel, H. (1991). Help for the disabled-in hospital and at home. Paper presented at ...
Thank you
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Suharto Suharto - Community - Based Rehabiliation exclusion

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Suharto Suharto - Community - Based Rehabiliation exclusion

  1. 1. Encouraging “Difability” thinking in Community Based Rehabilitation Addressing poverty and social exclusion Photo: CBRDTC Solo Suharto, PhD Student, Dr Patricia Dorsett, Senior Lecturer Dr Pim Kuipers, Principal Research Fellow School of Human Services and Social Work, Griffith University QLD
  2. 2. My Terminology: Difability • Different ability • Acknowledging the existence of abilities • People with difabilities (PWDs)
  3. 3. Institutional-based Rehabilitation • Expensive in sophisticated equipment and facilities. • High cost for operational and professional training. • Usually city based. • Often not acceptable to people with difabilities, families & communities. (Finkenflügel, 1991; Lightfoot, 2004; Lysack & Photo: CBR Guideline 2010 Kaufert, 1994; Malafatopoulos, 1986; Marincek, 1988)
  4. 4. Community Based Rehabilitation • Encourages community participation and utilisation of community resources. • For more accessible basic rehabilitation provision at the lower cost. • Broadening rehabilitation coverage for PWDs. (Lightfoot, 2004)
  5. 5. Three layers of the CBR model
  6. 6. New CBR Definition (ILO, UNESCO, & WHO, 2004 Joint Position Paper, p. 2) • strategy within community development for: • rehabilitation, • equalization of opportunities, • social inclusion • all PWDs Key stakeholders in society
  7. 7. 5 Components of CBR IDDC (2012, p. 9); (WHO et al., 2010)
  8. 8. CBR model continuing to evolve: Community Based Inclusive Development (CBID) (IDDC, 2012) C B I D
  9. 9. Example of change in CBR: CBRDTC Solo practices • Policy advocacy in 7 districts of Central Java, Indonesia. • Encourages local governments to make policy and budgeting allow PWDs to enjoy equality. • Change from an exclusive, single, practical issue to inclusive, crosscutting, strategic issues. • Goal: inclusive development that benefits all, accommodates difability rights, and provides space for PWDs participation. (Sukamto, 2013)
  10. 10. CBRDTC Solo: Addressing poverty by mainstreaming difability rights • Self Help Groups: knowing problems and needs at grassroots level, self-advocacy, income gathering. • Difability Advocacy Teams: advocating government & employers, facilitating vocational & entrepreneurship programs, awareness raising. (Sukamto, 2013)
  11. 11. elfadv oca cy ● B (direc ene tly fite voic d fr i om ng asp dev irat i e lo pm on) e nt n visi ●S d ●A i on irat on asp rmati Ds o PW g inf ting rin d i a at h e G me ng/ ing ● itti sm m ak ran on● T decisi for SHG-DAT Interactions for PWDs Poverty Eradication g ● Partnership/collaboration in advocacy ● Advisory for building capacities
  12. 12. Conclusion Photo: CBRDTC Solo ●INCLUSIVE SOCIETY? ●REDUCED POVERTY?
  13. 13. References • • • • • • • • • Finkenflügel, H. (1991). Help for the disabled-in hospital and at home. Paper presented at the World health forum. IDDC. (2012). CBR Guidelines as a Tool for Community Based Inclusive Development. Brussels, Belgium: International Disability and Development Consortium (IDDC). ILO, UNESCO, & WHO. (2004). CBR: A strategy for rehabilitation, equalization of opportunities, poverty reduction and social inclusion of people with disabilities: Joint position paper. Geneva: World Health Organization. Lightfoot, E. (2004). Community-based rehabilitation: A rapidly growing method for supporting people with disabilities. International Social Work, 47(4), 455-468. doi: 10.1177/0020872804046253 Lysack, C., & Kaufert, J. (1994). Comparing the origins and ideologies of the independent living movement and community based rehabilitation. International journal of rehabilitation research. Internationale Zeitschrift für Rehabilitationsforschung. Revue internationale de recherches de réadaptation, 17(3), 231-240. doi: 10.1097/00004356-199409000-00004 Malafatopoulos, S. (1986). Rehabilitation in the Third World. Paper presented at the UCP International Conference on The Changing Rehabilitation World, New York. Marincek, C. (1988). Community-based rehabilitation-the challenge and opportunity. Disability & Rehabilitation, 10(2), 87-88. Sukamto, S. (2013). Rumusan Hasil FGD tentang Advokasi Mainstreaming Hak-Hak Difabel di 7 Kabupaten/Kota di Solo Raya dan Grobogan. Surakarta: PPRBM Solo. WHO, UNESCO, ILO, & IDDC. (2010). Community Based Rehabilitation: CBR Guidelines. Geneva: world Health Organization (WHO).
  14. 14. Thank you

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