TressFX The Fast and The Furry by Nicolas Thibieroz

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TressFX The Fast and The Furry by Nicolas Thibieroz

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  • Simplified Deep Shadow Map technique: take the difference in depth from shadow map depth and fragment depth. The larger this difference the deeper (darker) the shadow. Also uses additional variables.


  • TressFX The Fast and The Furry by Nicolas Thibieroz

    1. 1. TRESSFX THE FAST AND THE FURRY AMD AND MICROSOFT DEVELOPER DAY, JUNE 2014, STOCKHOLM NICOLAS THIBIEROZ WORLDWIDE GAMING ENGINEERING MANAGER, AMD
    2. 2. | TRESSFX THE FAST AND THE FURRY | AMD AND MICROSOFT GAME DEVELOPER DAY - JUNE 2 2014, STOCKHOLM2 TRESSFX: NEXT-GENERATION HAIR AND FUR RENDERING  The time for next-gen quality is now  Tomb Raider pioneered next-gen hair ‒ Includes PS4/XB1  Users expect this level of quality for next-gen titles  You need to start thinking about this!
    3. 3. | TRESSFX THE FAST AND THE FURRY | AMD AND MICROSOFT GAME DEVELOPER DAY - JUNE 2 2014, STOCKHOLM3 WHAT MAKES GOOD HAIR/FUR? Basic Rendering Antialiasing Antialiasing + Self Shadowing Antialiasing + Self Shadowing + Transparency Demo  All three components are a must to ensure high quality  Transparency in particular is essential to next-gen visuals ‒ Requires an Order-Independent Transparency (OIT) solution
    4. 4. | TRESSFX THE FAST AND THE FURRY | AMD AND MICROSOFT GAME DEVELOPER DAY - JUNE 2 2014, STOCKHOLM4 ISOLINE TESSELLATION FOR HAIR/FUR? 1/2  Isoline tessellation has two tessellation factors ‒ First is line density (lines per invocation) ‒ Second is line detail (segments per line)  In theory provides easy LOD system ‒ Variable line density and detail by increasing both tessellation factors based on distance Tess = (1,1) Tess = (2,1) Tess = (2,2) Tess = (2,3) Tess = (3,3)
    5. 5. | TRESSFX THE FAST AND THE FURRY | AMD AND MICROSOFT GAME DEVELOPER DAY - JUNE 2 2014, STOCKHOLM5 ISOLINE TESSELLATION FOR HAIR/FUR? 2/2  In practice isoline tessellation is not cost effective for this scenario  Lines are always 1-pixel thick ‒ Need Geometry Shader to extrude them into triangles for smooth edges ‒ Major impact on performance! ‒ Alternative is to enable MSAA ‒ Most engines are deferred so this causes a large performance impact ‒ No extrusion for smoothing edges and no MSAA = poor quality!  Bottom line: a pure Vertex Shader solution is faster ‒ Curvature is rarely a problem (dependant on vertices/strands at authoring time) ‒ If needed LOD benefit can be done in Vertex Shader
    6. 6. | TRESSFX THE FAST AND THE FURRY | AMD AND MICROSOFT GAME DEVELOPER DAY - JUNE 2 2014, STOCKHOLM6 TRESSFX RENDERING PIPELINE  TressFX 2 uses a deferred approach for best performance Three main steps  STEP 1: Hair simulation  STEP 2: Store fragment properties into buffers  STEP 3: Fetch fragment properties, sort, selective shading and render ‒ Full shading on K-frontmost fragments ‒ “Tail” fragments are shaded with a simpler light equation and shadowing algorithm
    7. 7. | TRESSFX THE FAST AND THE FURRY | AMD AND MICROSOFT GAME DEVELOPER DAY - JUNE 2 2014, STOCKHOLM7 TRESSFX RENDERING PIPELINE STEP 1: HAIR SIMULATION CSCSCS Input Geometry (SRV) Post-simulation geometry (UAV) Simulation parameters Pre-simulation line segments (model space) Post-simulation line segments (world space) Simulation compute shaders Edge length constraint Local shape constraint Global shape constraint Not always needed for fur Model Transform Collision Shape Not always needed for fur External Forces (wind, gravity, etc.)  Input model is a collection of line segments (each segment composed of up to 64 vertices)  Optionally divided into “master strands” and “slave strands” to optimize simulation performance ‒ Only master strands are simulated (e.g. 1:4 ratio) ‒ Slave strands use master strand simulation results with added noise ‒ Virtually no difference from full-scale simulation but much better simulation performance! ‒ Master:slave simulation ratio can also vary with distance for even better performance Demo
    8. 8. | TRESSFX THE FAST AND THE FURRY | AMD AND MICROSOFT GAME DEVELOPER DAY - JUNE 2 2014, STOCKHOLM8 TRESSFX RENDERING PIPELINE STEP 2: STORE FRAGMENT PROPERTIES INTO BUFFERS VS World space Index Buffer Indexed triangle list 10 1 2 3 2 4 0 5 Extrusion into triangles
    9. 9. | TRESSFX THE FAST AND THE FURRY | AMD AND MICROSOFT GAME DEVELOPER DAY - JUNE 2 2014, STOCKHOLM9 LINE SEGMENT EXTRUSION INTO TRIANGLES  A lot of vertices go through rendering high-quality hair or fur! ‒ Geometry processing can therefore be a significant bottleneck  In previous versions of TressFX extrusion was done in Geometry Shader (don’t do it!) and then VS with Draw()  Much faster performance was obtained with pure VS solution and precomputed index buffers ‒ Maximizes post vertex cache use! DrawIndexed() method Indexed triangle list = { ( 0, 1, 2 ), (2, 1, 3 ), ( 2, 3, 4 ), (4, 3, 5 ), ( … ) }; Line segments Expanded quads 10 1 2 3 2 4 0 5 1,4 Draw() method Line segments Expanded quads 0 1 2 3,5 6 2,3 7,10 8,9 0 11 Triangle list = { ( 0, 1, 2 ), ( 3, 4, 5 ), ( 6, 7, 8 ), (9, 10, 11 ), ( … ) };
    10. 10. | TRESSFX THE FAST AND THE FURRY | AMD AND MICROSOFT GAME DEVELOPER DAY - JUNE 2 2014, STOCKHOLM10 TRESSFX RENDERING PIPELINE STEP 2: STORE FRAGMENT PROPERTIES INTO BUFFERS Antialiasing VS PS Homogeneous clip space World space Index Buffer Indexed triangle list 10 1 2 3 2 4 0 5 Extrusion into triangles
    11. 11. | TRESSFX THE FAST AND THE FURRY | AMD AND MICROSOFT GAME DEVELOPER DAY - JUNE 2 2014, STOCKHOLM11 ANTIALIASING  Antialiasing (aka “coverage”) using analytical method ‒ This is NOT Multisampling Anti-Aliasing!  Compute pixel coverage on edges of hair strand triangles and convert it to an alpha value  Alpha value fades out based on distance from pixel centre to strand axis  Similar principle to Emil Persson’s phone wire Anti-Aliasing http://www.humus.name/Articles/Persson_GraphicsGemsForGames.pdf
    12. 12. | TRESSFX THE FAST AND THE FURRY | AMD AND MICROSOFT GAME DEVELOPER DAY - JUNE 2 2014, STOCKHOLM12 TRESSFX RENDERING PIPELINE STEP 2: STORE FRAGMENT PROPERTIES INTO BUFFERS Antialiasing depth tangent coverage next VS PS Homogeneous clip space World space Null RT Stencil PPLL UAV Head UAV Index Buffer Indexed triangle list 10 1 2 3 2 4 0 5 Extrusion into triangles
    13. 13. | TRESSFX THE FAST AND THE FURRY | AMD AND MICROSOFT GAME DEVELOPER DAY - JUNE 2 2014, STOCKHOLM13 PER-PIXEL LINKED LISTS  Head UAV ‒ Each pixel location has a “head pointer” to a linked list in the PPLL UAV  PPLL UAV ‒ As new fragments are rendered, they are added to the next open location in the PPLL (using UAV counter) ‒ A link is created to the fragment pointed to by the head pointer ‒ Head pointer then points to the new fragment // Retrieve current pixel count and increase counter uint uPixelCount = LinkedListUAV.IncrementCounter(); uint uOldStartOffset; // Exchange indices in LinkedListHead texture corresponding to pixel location InterlockedExchange(LinkedListHeadUAV[address], uPixelCount, uOldStartOffset); // Append new element at the end of the Fragment and Link Buffer Element.uNext = uOldStartOffset; LinkedListUAV[uPixelCount] = Element; depth tangent coverage next PPLL UAV Head UAV  Memory requirements can be large! ‒ Width * Height * Average overdraw * sizeof (PPLL structure) ‒ Can use tiling approach in memory-constrained situations
    14. 14. | TRESSFX THE FAST AND THE FURRY | AMD AND MICROSOFT GAME DEVELOPER DAY - JUNE 2 2014, STOCKHOLM14 TRESSFX RENDERING PIPELINE STEP 3: FETCH FRAGMENTS, SORT, SELECTIVE SHADING AND RENDER VS PS Stencil Head UAV PPLL UAV Lighting Full Screen Quad/Triangle
    15. 15. | TRESSFX THE FAST AND THE FURRY | AMD AND MICROSOFT GAME DEVELOPER DAY - JUNE 2 2014, STOCKHOLM15 LIGHTING  Different options available ‒ Kajiya-Kay hair lighting model ‒ Marshner model ‒ Anything else that looks good!  Fragment properties storage requirements may limit your options!  TressFX 2 sample uses an approximation of the Marchner technique when rendering two highlights ‒ Unique fragment properties: depth, tangent vector Primary Highlights Secondary Highlights
    16. 16. | TRESSFX THE FAST AND THE FURRY | AMD AND MICROSOFT GAME DEVELOPER DAY - JUNE 2 2014, STOCKHOLM16 TRESSFX RENDERING PIPELINE STEP 3: FETCH FRAGMENTS, SORT, SELECTIVE SHADING AND RENDER VS PS Stencil Head UAV PPLL UAV Lighting Shadows Full Screen Quad/Triangle
    17. 17. | TRESSFX THE FAST AND THE FURRY | AMD AND MICROSOFT GAME DEVELOPER DAY - JUNE 2 2014, STOCKHOLM17 SHADOWS  Three different cases  Hair self-shadowing ‒ Essential component to give next-gen volumetric quality look ‒ Simplified Deep Shadow Map technique  Hair casting shadows on body & environment ‒ Body: Need a very soft look at close range (blur shadow map) ‒ Environment: render (possibly simplified) hair geometry into cascaded shadow map  Environment casting shadows on hair ‒ Sample environment shadow map at hair fragment rendering time
    18. 18. | TRESSFX THE FAST AND THE FURRY | AMD AND MICROSOFT GAME DEVELOPER DAY - JUNE 2 2014, STOCKHOLM18 TRESSFX RENDERING PIPELINE STEP 3: FETCH FRAGMENTS, SORT, SELECTIVE SHADING AND RENDER VS PS Stencil Head UAV PPLL UAV K frontmost fragment: full shading, sorting and manual blending Lighting Shadows Full Screen Quad/Triangle Tail fragments: cheap shading, no sorting and manual blending
    19. 19. | TRESSFX THE FAST AND THE FURRY | AMD AND MICROSOFT GAME DEVELOPER DAY - JUNE 2 2014, STOCKHOLM19 SELECTIVE FRAGMENT SHADING THIS IS WHERE THE MEAT OF THE CODE OCCURS! // Go through the rest of the linked list, and keep closest k fragments but // not in sorted order [allow_uav_condition] for(int l=0; l < g_iMaxFragments; l++) { if(pointer == NULLPOINTER) break; int id = 0; float max_depth = 0; // Find the furthest node in array [unroll]for(int i=0; i<KBUFFER_SIZE; i++) { float fDepth = kBuffer[i].depth; if(max_depth < fDepth) { max_depth = fDepth; id = i; } } // get the start of the linked list from the head pointer uint pointer = LinkedListHeadSRV[In.vPosition.xy]; // Copy first K fragments from PPLL into KBuffer[] NODE Kbuffer[KBUFFER_SIZE]; for(int p=0; p<KBUFFER_SIZE; p++) { if (pointer != NULLPOINTER) { kBuffer[p] = LinkedListSRV[pointer]; pointer = LinkedListSRV[pointer].uNext; } } // If linked list node is nearer than the furthest one in the local array // exchange the node in the local array for the one in the linked list NODE Node = LinkedListSRV[pointer]; if (max_depth > Node.depth) { SWAP(Node, Kbuffer[i]); } // Do simple shading and shadowing for nodes not part of the K closest fragments fragmentcolor = ComputeSimpleShading(Node); // Out of order blending fcolor.xyz = mad(-fcolor.xyz, fragmentColor.w, fcolor.xyz) + fragmentColor.xyz * fragmentColor.w; fcolor.w = mad(-fcolor.w, fragmentColor.w, fcolor.w); // Retrieve next node pointer pointer = LinkedListSRV[pointer].uNext; } // Blend the k nearest layers of fragments from back to front, where k = KBUFFER_SIZE for(int j=0; j<KBUFFER_SIZE; j++) { int id = 0; float max_depth = 0; // Find the furthest node in the array for(int i=0; i<KBUFFER_SIZE; i++) { float fDepth = kBuffer[i].depth; if(max_depth < fDepth) { max_depth = fDepth; id = i; } } // Take this node out of the next search Node = KBuffer[id]; KBuffer[id] = (NODE)0; // Do high quality shading and shadowing fragmentcolor = ComputeHighQualityshading(Node); // Blend fragment color fcolor.xyz = mad(-fcolor.xyz, fragmentColor.w, fcolor.xyz) + fragmentColor.xyz * fragmentColor.w; fcolor.w = mad(-fcolor.w, fragmentColor.w, fcolor.w); } return fcolor;
    20. 20. | TRESSFX THE FAST AND THE FURRY | AMD AND MICROSOFT GAME DEVELOPER DAY - JUNE 2 2014, STOCKHOLM20 TRESSFX RENDERING PIPELINE STEP 3: FETCH FRAGMENTS, SORT, SELECTIVE SHADING AND RENDER VS PS Stencil Head UAV PPLL UAV Render target K frontmost fragment: full shading, sorting and manual blending Lighting Shadows Full Screen Quad/Triangle Tail fragments: cheap shading, no sorting and manual blending
    21. 21. | TRESSFX THE FAST AND THE FURRY | AMD AND MICROSOFT GAME DEVELOPER DAY - JUNE 2 2014, STOCKHOLM21 TRESSFX PERFORMANCE FAST AND FURRY  High number of fragments required for quality look  Main bottleneck is shading all those fragments ‒ Not per-pixel linked list traversal!  Selective shading approach allows significant performance savings with minor or negligible quality tradeoffs Technique Cost Out of order, no shading 1.31 ms Out of order, shading 2.80 ms Deferred PPLL, selective shading 2.13 ms Shading cost is ~ 1.5 ms 24% faster Fur model with ~130,000 fur strands Running on AMD Radeon 7970 @ 1080p Distance Sim LOD Disabled Sim LOD Enabled Close range 1.01 ms 1.01 ms Medium range 1.01 ms 0.70 ms Long range 1.01 ms 0.37 ms Simulation LOD  Distance-adaptive Shading and Simulation LOD further improves performance  “K frontmost fragments” value can inversely scale with distance Distance Shading LOD Disabled Shading LOD Enabled Close range 3.26 ms 3.26 ms Medium range 3.23 ms 1.77 ms Long range 2.52 ms 0.64 ms Shading LOD
    22. 22. | TRESSFX THE FAST AND THE FURRY | AMD AND MICROSOFT GAME DEVELOPER DAY - JUNE 2 2014, STOCKHOLM22 CONCLUSION AND QUESTIONS?  Next-gen hair/fur look at real-time performance is possible now!  Fast: ‒ Variable ratio master/slave compute simulations ‒ Vertex Shader extrusion of segments into triangles (do not use tessellation + GS) ‒ Deferred rendering with selective shading ‒ Distance-based shading and simulation LOD ‒ Optimized shaders!  Furry:  Full and free access to TressFX 2 SDK sample, code and documentation at: http://developer.amd.com/tools-and-sdks/graphics-development/amd-radeon-sdk/ @NThibieroznicolas.thibieroz@amd.com
    23. 23. | TRESSFX THE FAST AND THE FURRY | AMD AND MICROSOFT GAME DEVELOPER DAY - JUNE 2 2014, STOCKHOLM23 DISCLAIMER & ATTRIBUTION The information presented in this document is for informational purposes only and may contain technical inaccuracies, omissions and typographical errors. The information contained herein is subject to change and may be rendered inaccurate for many reasons, including but not limited to product and roadmap changes, component and motherboard version changes, new model and/or product releases, product differences between differing manufacturers, software changes, BIOS flashes, firmware upgrades, or the like. AMD assumes no obligation to update or otherwise correct or revise this information. However, AMD reserves the right to revise this information and to make changes from time to time to the content hereof without obligation of AMD to notify any person of such revisions or changes. AMD MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES WITH RESPECT TO THE CONTENTS HEREOF AND ASSUMES NO RESPONSIBILITY FOR ANY INACCURACIES, ERRORS OR OMISSIONS THAT MAY APPEAR IN THIS INFORMATION. AMD SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIMS ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR ANY PARTICULAR PURPOSE. IN NO EVENT WILL AMD BE LIABLE TO ANY PERSON FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, SPECIAL OR OTHER CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING FROM THE USE OF ANY INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN, EVEN IF AMD IS EXPRESSLY ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. ATTRIBUTION © 2013 Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. All rights reserved. AMD, the AMD Arrow logo and combinations thereof are trademarks of Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. in the United States and/or other jurisdictions. Other names are for informational purposes only and may be trademarks of their respective owners.

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