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E4-1DetAminMalouf.pdf E4-1DetAminMalouf.pdf Document Transcript

  • ENGLISH 4 LISTENING COUNTRIES, NATIONALITIES AND LANGUAGES/MOCK EXAM AMIN MAALOUF FROM : EURONEWS, 21.10.2010 (b. Beirut, Lebanon, 25 February 1949) Amin Maalouf, a Catholic Arab, was born in Beirut, Lebanon, into a cultured family, which had a tradition of business, too. His father, Ruchdi Maalouf, was a writer, teacher, and journalist. Odette, Maalouf's mother, was from a Maronite Christian family. In Origins: a Memoir (2004) Maalouf tells of his grandfather Botros, a schoolteacher and failed businessman, and his younger brother Gebrayel, who built up a successful retail enterprise in Havana. Maalouf attended French Jesuit schools in Beirut and after studying sociology and economics, he continued the long family tradition and became a journalist. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 euronews: “Going   back   to   your   identity,   you   are   Leb__________ (1), Christian, Ar__________ (2), Fre__________ (3), Eur__________ (4). Which  of  these  do  you  most  value?” Amin Maalouf: “It’s  been  said  that  when  someone  asked  an  Ara__________ (5) nomad which of his sons he loved the most, he answered: the sick one until he was well again; the absent one, until he came back. I say the same thing about my identities. When there are problems in Leb__________ (6) I suffer and feel, at that moment, Leb__________ (7). And when there are problems in Eur__________ (8), I behave like a Eur__________ (9).” PHOTO AND SCRIPT : http://www.euronews.net/2010/10/21/amin-maalouf-world-economy-is-not-a-casino TEXT IN BOX : http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/maalouf.htm 1
  • ENGLISH 4 LISTENING COUNTRIES, NATIONALITIES AND LANGUAGES/MOCK EXAM AMIN MAALOUF FROM : EURONEWS, 21.10.2010 (b. Beirut, Lebanon, 25 February 1949) Amin Maalouf, a Catholic Arab, was born in Beirut, Lebanon, into a cultured family, which had a tradition of business, too. His father, Ruchdi Maalouf, was a writer, teacher, and journalist. Odette, Maalouf's mother, was from a Maronite Christian family. In Origins: a Memoir (2004) Maalouf tells of his grandfather Botros, a schoolteacher and failed businessman, and his younger brother Gebrayel, who built up a successful retail enterprise in Havana. Maalouf attended French Jesuit schools in Beirut and after studying sociology and economics, he continued the long family tradition and became a journalist. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 euronews: “Going   back   to   your   identity,   you   are   Lebanese (1), Christian, Arab (2), French (3), European(4). Which  of  these  do  you  most  value?” Amin Maalouf: “It’s  been  said  that  when  someone  asked  an  Arab (5) nomad which of his sons he loved the most, he answered: the sick one until he was well again; the absent one, until he came back. I say the same thing about my identities. When there are problems in Lebanon (6) I suffer and feel, at that moment, Lebanese (7). And when there are problems in Europe (8), I behave like a European (9).” PHOTO AND SCRIPT : http://www.euronews.net/2010/10/21/amin-maalouf-world-economy-is-not-a-casino TEXT IN BOX : http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/maalouf.htm 2
  • ENGLISH 4 LISTENING COUNTRIES, NATIONALITIES AND LANGUAGES/MOCK EXAM AMIN MAALOUF FROM : EURONEWS, 21.10.2010 (b. Beirut, Lebanon, 25 February 1949) Amin Maalouf, a Catholic Arab, was born in Beirut, Lebanon, into a cultured family, which had a tradition of business, too. His father, Ruchdi Maalouf, was a writer, teacher, and journalist. Odette, Maalouf's mother, was from a Maronite Christian family. In Origins: a Memoir (2004) Maalouf tells of his grandfather Botros, a schoolteacher and failed businessman, and his younger brother Gebrayel, who built up a successful retail enterprise in Havana. Maalouf attended French Jesuit schools in Beirut and after studying sociology and economics, he continued the long family tradition and became a journalist. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 The French-Lebanese writer Amin Maalouf is celebrating after winning the prestigious Spanish award, the Prince of Asturias Prize for Literature. With his work translated into more than 20 languages, the 61-year-old is one of the most celebrated contemporary writers, viewing Mediterranean culture as a symbol of co-existence and tolerance.And this is not his first award. He has already won the Prix de Goncourt in France. euronews: “You’ve  been  awarded  the  2010  Prince  of  Asturias  Literature  Prize  – the most prestigious Spanish prize – and your  work  has  been  recognised  with  other  awards  in  the  past.  How  do  you  view  this  prize?” Amin Maalouf: “Actually  this  prize  really  is  special  because  of  my  long  and  deep  relationship  with  Spain.  My  first  book  – ‘Leon   the  African’  – started in Spain. Andalusia forms an important stage in the history of mankind: the meeting of civilisations. The Arab-Islamic civilisation, the Christian-Spanish European civilisation, and equally the Jewish civilisation all came together at this significant point and I think  today  we  need  to  recall  that  period.” euronews: “That  means  the  meeting  of  civilisations  and  not  the  conflict  of  civilisations?  Is  that  what  must  be  understood?” Amin Maalouf: “Personally  I  don’t  subscribe  to  the  theory  of  the  conflict  of  civilisations.  And  even  if  what’s  called  conflicts  of   civilisations exist, we must fight them. We must not believe that this is destiny, this is the future of the world, that these are natural relations between peoples. “This  situation  is  an  aberration  and  we  have  to overcome it. Humanity has overcome it in other circumstances, and  now  it’s  our  turn  in  this  current  era. “Because  the  world  can  only  continue  by  moving  this  conflict  on  to  a  sort  of  co-habitation, and not only on the level of civilisations but on a personal  level  too.” euronews: “Do  you  believe  that  Europe,  with  its  collection  of  different  states  and  diversity,  could  make  that  idea  a  reality?” Amin Maalouf: “Europe  has  to  set  an  example  because  Europe  has  the  capacity  to  solve  this  problem,  but  I  believe strongly that we are not yet committed to that route. You have to say to people – and especially young people – that living together  is  something  you  learn  throughout  your  entire  life  and  you  have  to  practice.” euronews: “You  have  published  14  works  since  you  started  writing,  and  reading  your  books  there’s  a  common  thread   running through them – the spirit of conciliation and tolerance – with the idea of a kind of world citizen. Could that  be  a  utopian  vision  of  a  new  world?” Amin Maalouf: “It  can  be  a  utopian vision, but today we need such a view. Our world has changed profoundly on a material level but mentalities have not changed. An  Arab  poet  from  the  7th  century  said:  ‘If  I  create  earth,  all  the  earth  is  mine  and  all  people  are  my  kinfolk.’  I   think in this  day  and  age  we  have  to  adopt  the  same  thinking,  the  idea  that  mankind’s  destiny,  the  destiny  of  the   world  is  one  single  destiny.” euronews: 3 View slide
  • ENGLISH 4 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 LISTENING COUNTRIES, NATIONALITIES AND LANGUAGES/MOCK EXAM “But  you  have  strongly  criticised  the  west,  saying  that  it  has  reached  the  threshold  of  immorality  in  its  relations with  other  worlds.” Amin Maalouf: “In  effect  yes,  but  I  still  believe  that  the  west  is  deeply  attached  to  certain  principles.  But  for  centuries,  they   have not applied those principles to their relations with others. “To  put  it  another  way,  the  Great Britain in the UK was not the Great Britain in India. The France in France was not the France in Algeria or Madagascar. The Belgium in Belgium was not the Belgium in the Congo. “The  United  States,  as  a  super-power and major democracy at home has not carried those principles into its actions  in  South  America  and  other  regions  of  the  world…” euronews: “…like  what’s  happened  in  Iraq?” Amin Maalouf: “…  like  everywhere.  People  with  principles  must  commit  to  respect  them,  not  only  at  home,  but  also  in  their dealings  with  the  rest  of  the  world.” euronews: “Someone  told  me  that  you  cried  the  day  that  Iraq  fell.” Amin Maalouf: “No,  what  made  me  cry  was  the  start  of  a  sectarian  conflict  in  Iraq.  That  made  me  suffer  greatly.  What  I’ve  seen   in Iraq these last few  years  has  certainly  made  me  cry.”   euronews: “After  the  economic  crisis  that  ravaged  the  world,  you  vigorously  attacked  capitalism.  You  even  called  capitalism   savage,  and  blamed  it  for  all  of  today’s  catastrophes.  Is  that  the  young  Amin  Maalouf  who  drew the hammer and  sickle  on  his  diary  who  is  speaking  today,  expressing  something  of  a  socialist  point  of  view.” Amin Maalouf: “No  I  think  the  failure  of  regimes  which  fell  when  the  Berlin  Wall  came  down  is  a  lesson  we  must  not  forget.   That’s  not  the  solution.  The  solution  is  capitalism,  but  not  just  any  kind  of  capitalism.  It’s  not  the  type  of   capitalism that considers the economy a big casino, where some people play with the destiny of millions of others. What we need today is an economic life with at least a minimum of humanity, respect for human beings and  values.” euronews: “Going  back  to  your  identity,  you  are  Lebanese,  Christian,  Arab,  French,  European.  Which  of  these  do  you  most   value?” Amin Maalouf: “It’s  been  said  that  when  someone  asked  an  Arab  nomad which of his sons he loved the most, he answered: the sick one until he was well again; the absent one, until he came back. I say the same thing about my identities. When there are problems in Lebanon I suffer and feel, at that moment, Lebanese. And when there are problems in  Europe,  I  behave  like  a  European.” Copyright © 2010 euronew s PHOTO AND SCRIPT : http://www.euronews.net/2010/10/21/amin-maalouf-world-economy-is-not-a-casino TEXT IN BOX : http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/maalouf.htm 4 View slide