History of Horror Genre

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The history of the horror genre

The history of the horror genre

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  • 1. HISTORY OF HORROR DESIREE EHOWO-OTSHUDI
  • 2. The word ‘horror’ comes from the Latin word ‘horrere’ which means to shudder, stand on end.
  • 3. Before the 1890’s, there were no films. Films were amateur and didn’t really make any profit because first film made in 1890’s.
  • 4. Early Horror was inspired by art and literature, for example, ancient myth and folklore. It mainly focused on the supernatural and occult for its horror. An iconic painting called the Nightmare is believed to have influenced the Gothic novel, Frankenstein by Mary Shelley.
  • 5. LE MANOIR DU DIABLE The first horror film was in 1896, created by Georges Melies, a French film maker. Melies was a pioneer of ‘silent horror movies’. The film is titled Le Manoir Du Diable (The Devil’s Castle).
  • 6. Gothic literature was a key influence for the horror genre. The first Gothic novel was in 1764. It refers to the medieval buildings that the stories took place in, for example, old castles, gloomy forests, dungeons and secret passage ways.
  • 7. Nosferatu (Murnau, 1922) is one of the earliest classics of horror. It was an unauthorized adaptation of Dracula (Bram Stoker), influenced by German Expressionism. The Expressionist movement often dealt with madness, sanity and betrayal. NOSFERATU
  • 8. Films created during the 1900s were in the 1930’s by Universal studios after sound was introduced – which gave a new lease of life to the horror movie genre. Camera technology became more advanced which opened up to new sub-genres, e.g. slasher sub- genre. Films set the standards of what the horror conventions are.
  • 9. Frankenstein (James Whale, 1931) and Dracula (Tod Browning, 1931) are two examples of horror films that were recreated. 1930s
  • 10. In Hollywood, they started to produce Psychological Horrors. Psycho, directed by Alfred Hitchcock, was an iconic example of this subgenre.
  • 11. Psycho is considered as one of Hitchcock’s best films and praised as a work of art by international film critics. It set a new level of acceptability for violence in American films. Psycho
  • 12. Children and re-incarnation became more popular subjects in 1977. The success of low budget gore films such as The Exorcist (William Friedkin, 1973) and Carrie (Brian De Palma, 1976).
  • 13. Stanley Kubrick’s 1980 The Shining fused the psychological and the supernatural. This went on to be a classic.
  • 14. Horror films are now a mixture of things from gore, psychological thrillers to the end of the world and monsters. Present Day Horror