Walking in Tsim Sha Tsui

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Walking in TST

On 18 July 2012, Paul Zimmerman of Designing Hong Kong and Simon Ng of Civic Exchange presented findings of their joint research under the title “Walking in TST” to the Harbourfront Commission. The ground level is segregated by major roads where all the pedestrian crossings have been removed. The subway system, a network of tunnels and basements owned by different parties, lacks connectivity and is difficult to navigate. A long list of fixes has been proposed:

• Plan for district networks, not just station networks
• Prioritize pedestrian connectivity at street level
• Crossing of Salisbury Road in front of the Peninsula
• Crossing of Kowloon Park Drive at Peking Road
• Widen effective footway (remove obstacles, widen pavement)
• Integrate parks and properties into pedestrian network planning
• Provide comprehensive climate controlled grade separated network
• Consolidate all below ground links as one network
• Expand the underground network
• Direct link from the MTR station to the waterfront

• Branding of the grade separated network
• Naming and icon
• Name each tunnel (same name as road above)
• Extent visual identity of properties underground (land marks)
• Standardize direction signage to entrances
• Standardize maps and direction signage inside
• Replicate a busy street: shops, seating, busking, …

• Enhance way finding
• Develop a mapping system for a layered city
• Create navigation applications for handheld and other devices
• North is north
• Create one consolidate pedestrian information system irrespective of ownership
• Single naming system for entrances & exits

• Enhance finding of barrier free access
• Identify barrier free routes
• Directional signage to barrier free access facilities
• Notices (such as lift repair) should be bilingual

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Walking in Tsim Sha Tsui

  1. 1. Walking in TSTPresentation to HFC 18 July 2012 Simon K W Ng Paul Zimmerman
  2. 2. WalkabilityA key component of a city’s LIVEABILITYGlobal trend • Walking is good to health and the environment • Pedestrian-First Approach to city planning. • “People will walk when they can sit…” • Pedestrian network is the city’s most important public space, not only for transport, but also for social life
  3. 3. WalkabilityA key component of a city’s LIVEABILITY Hong Kong • 80% of Hong Kong people walk everyday • Hong Kong is a walkable city: you don’t need a car to get around • However, pedestrians face obstacles: poor connectivity, level changes, over- crowding, conflict with vehicles, inclement weather, air and noise pollution • The challenge is how to make it enjoyable for people to walk longer and further
  4. 4. Field Study March - April 2012 @ Central | Tsim Sha Tsui | Mong Kok | Ma On Shan Shortest Walk Route 1 Next Best Walk Fr LKF  TamarCentral Visitor Walk Route 2 Pram WalkTsim Sha Tsui Fr LKF  Central Pier Route 3Mong Kok Fr LKF  Shun TakMa On Shan
  5. 5. Study AreaTsim Sha Tsui
  6. 6. TST is a popular tourist destination Visitor Profile Report (HKTB, 2009)
  7. 7. Nathan Road and waterfront are popular for pictures Dots show the location of photos uploaded via Flickr. The Nathan Road and Salisbury Road crossing is critical. BLUE – Locals RED – Tourists Source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/walkingsf/4671557223/in/set-72157624209158632/
  8. 8. Tourists tracked with GPS confirm importance of junction of Nathan Road and Salisbury Road (McKercher et al., 2011) McKercher, B., Shoval, N., Ng, E. and Birenboim, A., 2011. First and repeat visitor behaviour: GPS Tracking and GIS analysis in Hong Kong, Tourism Geographies, iFirst 2011, 1-15
  9. 9. Study Area Walking ResearchTsim Sha Tsui
  10. 10. OD1 K11(Awfully Chocolate) Avenue of Star (Bruce Lee Statues)OD1 Direct Distance Walking Distance Energy Distance Time (min:sec) (level changes)Shortest walk 472.64m 720.74m 767.07m 15m50sVisitor walk 1120 m 1131.24m 19m20sNext best walk 894.43 m 1126.45m 16m21sOD2 K11(Awfully Chocolate) Museum of Art (Escalator)OD2 Direct Distance Walking Distance Energy Distance Time (min:sec)Shortest walk 455.43m 705.38m 733.67m 9m56sVisitor walk 787.27 m 821.65m 12m23sNext best walk 660.01 m 974.75m 10m45sOD3 K11(Awfully Chocolate) Marco Polo Hong Kong Hotel (Entrance at Canton Road)OD3 Direct Distance Walking Distance Energy Distance Time (min:sec)Shortest walk 468.97m 692.93m 760.14m 12m14sVisitor walk 947.72 m 1085m 14m10sNext best walk 674.31 m 878.82m 12m56sPram walk 947.82m -- 18m15sOD4 K11(Awfully Chocolate) West Kowloon Culture District (Fire Station at Canton Road)OD4 Direct Distance Walking Distance Energy Distance Time (min:sec)Shortest walk 690.93 m 901.72 m * 912.47m 15m54s*Visitor walk 1110 m 1114.79m 18m22sNext best walk 961.87 m 2103.27m 18m12s
  11. 11. Common Issues in Hong Kong• Long detours and level changes• Street obstacles• Universal access• Lack of seating• Street aesthetics• Way-finding obstacles
  12. 12. Crossroads for Cars At-grade crossing Subway FootbridgeMissing street level crossingsUNIQUE ISSUES - TSIM SHA TSUI
  13. 13. Tsimshatsuistreet map
  14. 14. Black is whereyou can walk atground level, redshows roads youcan’t cross
  15. 15. Ground levelpedestriannetwork inTsimshatsui.Red is roadsyou can’tcross
  16. 16. Alternative iswalkingundergroundthrough anincompletenetwork oftunnels andbasements(black)
  17. 17. People depend on the underground network of stations, retail basementsand tunnels to cross Kowloon Park Drive and Salisbury Road
  18. 18. Unlike central HongKong, the elevatedpedestrian network inTsimshatsui (black) islimited.
  19. 19. Unlike central Hong Kong, the elevated pedestrian network in Tsimshatsui (purple)is limited, and an inconvenient alternative for crossing Salisbury Road
  20. 20. 3 overlappingpedestriannetworks inTsimshatsuiareincomplete
  21. 21. 3 overlappingpedestriannetworks inTsimshatsuiareincomplete
  22. 22. Crossroads for Cars At-grade crossing Subway FootbridgeMissing street level crossingsUNIQUE ISSUES - TSIM SHA TSUI
  23. 23. Difficult to find your way: Maps of subway network are incomplete
  24. 24. Cut and paste to create a complete map of the subway network
  25. 25. After removal of the pedestrian crossing at Nathan Road andSalisbury Road in 2004, you need to make long detours andlevel changes to get from the station to the waterfront.
  26. 26. Nathan Road MTR platform to Art Museum • Stairs • Shopping mall Escalator• • Steps • Signaled crossing • Escalator • Cautionary crossing • Cautionary crossing • Stairs • Stairs • Escalator • Escalator • EscalatorToday, direct route with lots Previous street crossing Today, long route withof level changes minimum level change
  27. 27. Add a street crossing to the waterfront?
  28. 28. Add subways straight across Salisbury Road?
  29. 29. Create connections through parks and open spaces?
  30. 30. Remove obstacles from the street?
  31. 31. Make sure all the maps are pointing north?
  32. 32. Rethink the signage in Tsimshatsui?Way finding for pedestrians in TSTUNIQUE ISSUES - TSIM SHA TSUI
  33. 33. Standard and complete maps in Tsimshatsui?Way finding for pedestrians in TSTUNIQUE ISSUES - TSIM SHA TSUI
  34. 34. Recommendations to improve walking in TST • Plan for district networks, not just station networks • Prioritize pedestrian connectivity at street level • Crossing of Salisbury Road in front of the Peninsula • Crossing of Kowloon Park Drive at Peking Road • Widen effective footway (remove obstacles, widen pavement) • Integrate parks and properties into pedestrian network planning
  35. 35. Recommendations to improve walking in TST • Provide comprehensive climate controlled grade separated network • Consolidate all below ground links as one network • Expand the underground network • Direct link from the MTR station to the waterfront • Branding of the grade separated network • Naming and icon • Name each tunnel (same name as road above) • Extent visual identity of properties underground (land marks) • Standardize direction signage to entrances • Standardize maps and direction signage inside • Replicate a busy street: shops, seating, busking, …
  36. 36. Recommendations to improve walking in TST • Enhance way finding • Develop a mapping system for a layered city • Create navigation applications for handheld and other devices • North is north • Create one consolidate pedestrian information system irrespective of ownership • Single naming system for entrances & exits • Enhance finding of barrier free access • Identify barrier free routes • Directional signage to barrier free access facilities • Notices (such as lift repair) should be bilingual
  37. 37. Develop new mapping system for navigation in a layered city• Hong Kong as a layered city• The loss of intuitive way-finding• Not helped by design inconsistency, incomplete maps, inconsistent signage because of different ownerships• New mapping systems and navigational tools required
  38. 38. “Pedestrian-oriented” Map - TSIM SHA TSUI Elevated Level Elevated Level (Interior) Basement Level Building0 100m Area of Study
  39. 39. Area of StudyTSIM SHA TSUI EAST0 100m
  40. 40. Area of StudyTSIM SHA TSUI Ground Floor Plan +1 GF -1 Oren Tatcher, OTC Limited, http://www.otcpd.com/
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