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Beachsavers - A Clinton Global Initiative Commitment
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  • 1. Beachsavers A Clinton Global Initiative Commitment
  • 2. Beachsavers Contents 1.The Mission 12.Life Safety and Rescue 2.The Reason 13.Beach Architecture 3.The Problem 14.Beach Signage 4.The Misunderstanding 15.HK Marine Police 5.The Rubbish 16.HK Community 6.The Sources 17.Beach Sculpture 7.Another Problem 18.Clinton Global Initiative 8.The Current Situation 19.The Commitment 9.The Proposal 20.Summary 10.The Government Entity 21.Moving Forward 11.Beach Maintenance 22.Index of Hong Kong’s Beaches
  • 3. The Mission Tung Ping Chau NT “To establish a sustainable method of keeping Hong Kong’s beaches clean and free of ocean and land born trash and pollution for the benefit current and future generations of Hong Kong residents.”
  • 4. The Reason Leung Shuen Wan Hoi Sai Kung Hong Kong is the only major city in Asia that is surrounded by natural beaches, yet many of these assets are being threatened by neglect, refuse and pollution.
  • 5. The Problem Big Wave Bay Beach Hong Kong’s beaches are littered with tons of rubbish each day, and yet there is no sustainable system in place to prevent this from reoccurring unlike in other world class cities.
  • 6. The Misunderstanding Tung O Wan Lamma Design It is believed by some Government officers that 80% of the rubbish found on Hong Kong’s beaches comes from the land (campers, day trippers etc.) but we believe that most of the rubbish comes from the sea.
  • 7. The Rubbish Big Wave Bay Beach Green sign from Chaweng Beach Koh Samui What does it consist of ? Recorded Rubbish •Polystyrene Foam •Cigarette Lighters •Syringes •Light Bulbs •Building Materials •Fishing tackle •Plastic Bottles •Plastic Bottle Tops •Clothing •Timber •Rubber •Rope •Plastic Bags •Aluminium Cans •Packaging •Broken Glass •Ring Pulls •Tar and oil •Batteries •Engine Parts
  • 8. The Sources of the rubbish Mong Tun Wan, Lantau Big Wave Bay Beach Design •Fishing Boats •Storms •No Bins or Stockades •Coastal Shipping •Stray dogs & animals •Hikers and Campers •Pleasure Craft •Unsecured Bins •Swimmers and Surfers
  • 9. Another Problem Leung Shuen Wan Hoi Sai Kung In alphabetical order •AFCD •CMPA •EPD •FEHD Beach management in Hong Kong is currently administered by a •LCSD number of different Government departments depending on the •MD location, access and classification of the individual beach. and District Boards!
  • 10. The Current Situation Country and Marine Parks Authority Tai Long Wan Sai Kung Perhaps the most The Country and Marine Parks Authority, part of the Agricultural effective of all Fisheries and Conservation Department (AFCD) is responsible for the rubbish collection cleanliness of beaches in Hong Kong’s Country and Marine Parks devices, the CMPA provides large refuse bins called “Litter Stockades.” These are built to with stand most wave and tidal action and are sensitively located off the sand areas. They are also designed to blend in with the environment. This should be considered by the LCSD and FEHD.
  • 11. The Current Situation Deep Water Bay HK Island Environmental Protection Department The EPD issues weekly gradings from 1 -4 for the beach water quality based on the level of E coli in the water on gazetted beaches which are open for swimming. This information is The 4 grades given advised to the public on its website, the beach hotline, beach by the EPD are: noticeboards and weekly press releases. The EPD also ranks the 1- Good 2- Fair beaches annually on water quality. 3- Poor 4- Very Poor
  • 12. The Current Situation Beach Management Food and Situation Current Environmental Hygiene Department Leung Shuen Wan Hoi Sai Kung The Food and Environmental Hygiene Department (FEHD) Provision of green is responsible for the cleanliness of many but not all of the FEHD bins are (non - gazetted) beaches. ineffective as they are often poorly secured and susceptible to wave and tide action plus wild dogs and animals, scattering trash around the bins . The Country and Marine Parks Authority, under the Agricultural Fisheries and Conservation Department (AFCD) is responsible for the cleanliness of beaches in Country and Marine Parks
  • 13. The Current Situation Beach Management Leisure and Cultural Services Department Current Situation 1. Deep Water Bay Beach # 2. Repulse Bay Beach # 3. Middle Bay Beach # The Leisure and Cultural Services Department 4. South Bay Beach # 5 .Chung Hom Kok Beach # (LCSD) is responsible for the cleanliness of 41 6. St. Stephen's Beach # 7. Stanley Main Beach # public (gazetted) beaches with 12 on HK Island 8. Hairpin Beach ! 9. Turtle Cove Beach # 10. Shek O Beach # 11. Rocky Bay Beach ! 12. Big Wave Bay Beach # ! Beach is not open for swimming # Beaches provided with shark prevention nets
  • 14. 1. Hung Shing Yeh Beach # 2. Lo So Shing Beach # The Current Situation Beach Management Cheung Chau 3. Kwun Yam Beach # 4. Cheung Chau Tung Wan Beach # Lantau Island 5. Silver Mine Bay Beach # 6. Pui O Bay Beach # Leisure and Cultural Services Current Situation 7. Lower Cheung Sha Beach # 8. Upper Cheung Sha Beach # 9. Tong Fuk Beach # Tuen Mun 10. Butterfly Beach # 11. Castle Peak Beach # 12. Kadoorie Beach # 13. Cafeteria Old Beach # 14. Cafeteria New Beach # 15. Golden Beach # bathing beaches - total 12 on HK Island Tsuen Wan 16. Anglers' Beach ! 17. Gemini Beaches ! 18. Hoi Mei Wan Beach ! ...and 29 in the New Territories 19. Casam Beach ! 20. Lido Beach ! 21. Ting Kau Beach ! 22. Approach Beach ! 23. Ma Wan Tung Wan Beach # Sai Kung 24. Trio Beach # 25. Kiu Tsui Beach # 26. Hap Mun Bay Beach # 27. Silverstrand Beach # 28. Clear Water Bay 1st Beach # 29. Clear Water Bay 2nd Beach # ! Beach is not open for swimming # Beaches provided with shark prevention nets
  • 15. The Current Situation Leisure and Cultural Services Department Big Wave Bay Rows of bins as deployed on the LCSD managed beaches have been found, in other cities, to fail in preventing rubbish from being left in the sand. Central collection areas like the Litter Stockades used by the CPMA are a more effective The LCSD employs a mixture of and less obtrusive. form of trash modern and antiquated equipment. collection.
  • 16. The Current Situation Beach Management Marine Department Current Situation Ha Mei Wan, Lamma The Marine Department is responsible for the removal of floating refuse and employs a fleet of 70 scavenger contractors working 7 days a week. Items shown below that wash ashore are left to accumulate on non gazetted beaches and harbours.
  • 17. The Current Situation Beach Management Marine Department Current Situation Shum Wan Pier, Aberdeen Harbour Enacted in 1995, this regulation may need to be updated due to increased shipping movements. The dumping of floating refuse, plastics, food stuffs, oil, packing materials, clothes etc is prohibited under the Marine Department’s Merchant Shipping regulation Chapter 413J
  • 18. The Proposal Kwun Yam Wan, Cheung Chau Beachsavers propose that either one new or one current Government entity shall be empowered to be responsible for all aspects concerning the beaches of Hong Kong.
  • 19. The Government Entity PROPOSED AREAS OF RESPONSIBILITY Bondi Beach Sydney •Beach Maintenance and cleanliness •Beach Management •Life Safety and Rescue •Beach Amenities •Beach Signage
  • 20. Beach Maintenance and Cleanliness Point Piper Sydney ! Purpose made beach cleaning equipment will need to be purchased and deployed on a daily basis.
  • 21. Life Safety & Rescue Looking Forward Bondi Beach Sydney ! State of the Art Beach Rescue equipment shall be deployed The Food and Environmental Hygiene Department (FEHD) is responsible for the cleanliness of [ ] public (non - gazetted) beaches with [12] on HK Island and [ ] in the New Territories. The Marine Department is responsible for the removal of floating marine refuse but not when it washes ashore. The Country and Marine Parks Authority, under the Agricultural Fisheries and Conservation Department (AFCD) is responsible for the cleanliness of beaches in Country and Marine Parks
  • 22. Life Safety & Rescue Looking Forward Palm Beach Sydney !Modern Beach Rescue equipment Modern beach rescue and patrol equipment plus sponsored sun shade devices for life guards shall be The Marine Department is responsible for the removal deployed. of floating marine refuse but not when it washes ashore. Use of public address systems The Country and Marine Parks Authority, under the Agricultural shall be strictly Fisheries and Conservation Department (AFCD) is responsible for the limited for cleanliness of beaches in Country and Marine Parks emergencies only.
  • 23. Beach Architecture Current Situation Big Wave Bay Beach If the foundation structure in this photo was neatly clad in local stone, it would blend in with the natural environment. Materials selected must be suited for use in the harsh ocean environment thereby avoiding rust stains as evident here.
  • 24. Beach Architecture Current Situation Refuse collection points, toilet & amenity blocks, car Shek O parks, look out Beach towers, BBQ pits, digital clocks, commercial kiosks and shops, sewage Clearwater Bay Second treatment tanks etc. Beach need to be approved from a design aesthetic as well as for function. Deepwater Bay
  • 25. Beach Architecture Looking Forward Miami Beach •State of the art rescue equipment The Food and Environmental Hygiene Department (FEHD) Design is responsible for the cleanliness of [ ] public (non - gazetted) beaches with [12] on HK Island and [ ] in the New Territories. The Marine Department is responsible for the removal of floating marine refuse but not when it washes ashore. The Country and Marine Parks Authority, under the Agricultural Fisheries and Conservation Department (AFCD) is responsible for the cleanliness of beaches in Country and Marine Parks Stylish and modern coastal design to be incorporated on Hong Kong’s beaches in order to upgrade them to world class facilities
  • 26. Beach Signage Current Situation Big Wave Bay Beach Current signage takes many forms, are made of different materials and present a confusing outlook for the public. Some, like the LCSD one on the far left are too negative and ironically do not include a “No Littering” graphic!
  • 27. Beach Signage Current Situation Big Wave Bay Beach This new structure at Big Wave Bay is to be applauded but the design did not carry through to the signage which is excessive and of too many different styles. The result is confusion, ugliness and ineffectiveness.
  • 28. Beach Signage Looking Forward Bondi Beach Sydney Miami Beach •State of the art rescue equipment Design The Marine Department is responsible for the removal of floating marine refuse but not when it washes ashore. The Country and Marine Parks Authority, under the Agricultural Fisheries and Conservation Department (AFCD) is responsible for the Signage needs to of beaches read, durable, dual language and cleanliness be easy to in Country and Marine Parks minimal. Design guidelines and styles need to be developed.
  • 29. HK Marine Police The Marine Police need to be further empowered and work with the Marine Department to closely monitor shipping and enforce a zero tolerance policy towards litter, bilge cleaning and the dumping of any other waste or pollutants within HK waters. Hefty fines shall be implemented and enforced.
  • 30. HK Community Who can help ? Pak Lap Bay Beach Tung O Wan Lamma •Ecovision Asia •GreenLamma Group •WWF •Gammons •CLSA •YPO •CIS •CDNIS •HKCC •Austcham •Corporate Social Responsibility •Schools •Amcham •Community Groups •Clubs •NGOs •Families and freinds
  • 31. HK Community Tung O Wan Lamma GreenLamma Group The teachers and students of Primary 6 hike every year to Tai Long Wan in the New Territories to clean up the beach and then enjoy the fruits of the labour!
  • 32. HK Community Tung O Wan Lamma GreenLamma Group The teachers and students of Primary 6 hike every year to Tai Long Wan in the New Territories to clean up the beach and then enjoy the fruits of the labour!
  • 33. HK Community Tai Long Wan Chinese International School •State of the art rescue equipment The teachers and students of Primary 6 at Chinese International School hike every year to Tai Long Wan in Sai Kung Country Park to clean up the beach and then enjoy the fruits of their labour!
  • 34. HK Community Deep Water Bay HongHong Kong Country Club The Kong Country Club Once a year, the Staff and Members of the Hong Kong Country Club volunteer to clean up the beach directly below the Club’s Premises at Deep Water Bay.
  • 35. HK Community Tai Long Wan Mong Tung Wan Sham Wan Pak Lap Bay Sham Wan Families and friends The teachers and students of Primary 6 hike every year to Tai Long Wan in the New Territories to clean up the beach and then enjoy the fruits of the labour!
  • 36. Beach Sculpture and Culture - Looking Forward Mornington Peninsula Victoria Australia In Australia, beaches are also used as exhibition spaces for sculpture and art events during the winter season. Hong Kong is ideal for such activities.
  • 37. Beach Sculpture and Culture - Looking Forward Cottosloe Beach Perth Western Australia Sculpture by the Sea is an annual event held in March at Cottosloe Beach, Western Australia. Comprising original sculptures both on and in the sand and some even floating on the sea, this is a major cultural event. In 2009, there were 62 sculptures. It may be possible to bring this and similar exhibitions to Hong Kong.
  • 38. Beach Sculpture and Culture - Looking Forward Bondi Beach Sydney Sand sculpture competitions and exhibitions like these on Bondi Beach, Sydney can be introduced onto select HK beaches.
  • 39. Clinton Global Initiative In 2005, President Clinton established CGI to turn ideas into action as he believes that governments alone can not adequately confront the world’s most pressing problems without the help of the private sector. In 2008, Australian born and long term HK resident, Graeme Reading, proposed to President Clinton a Commitment to Action to save Hong Kong’s beaches.
  • 40. The Commitment President Clinton announced Graeme Reading’s Commitment to Action at CGI Asia 2nd December 2008 “ Beachsavers is expected to positively impact 191,000 students and an additional 100,000 residents in the beach communties of Hong Kong. I am very grateful for this Commitment.” President Clinton, 42nd President of the United States
  • 41. Summary Shum Wan Lamma •Beach Management to be co-ordinated and administered by one Government Entity •This entity to establish a sustainable system for the removal of refuse from all beaches •Where possible, the refuse needs to be eliminated at the SOURCE •School initiated beach clean ups need to be introduced into school curricula •Community awareness needs to be enriched through regular beach clean ups •“Adopt a Beach” programs need to be re introduced •Corporate Social Responsibility programs need to be encouraged •Hong Kong’s participation in Clean Up the World day to be publicised •Heavy fines and penalties for littering both on shore and off shore to be introduced •Current regulations regarding littering and dumping to be reviewed and updated
  • 42. Moving Forward Cottosloe Beach Perth Western Australia Tung Ping Chau NT ITS TIME FOR US TO COLLECTIVELY DRAW A LINE IN THE SAND ! This sculpture entitled "Line in the sand”, symbolises that it is time to review how Hong Kong’s beaches are managed and how this may be improved in order to save and preserve “Line in the sand” by Hong Kong’s many beautiful beaches sculptor and artist for current and future generations. John Hutchison was one of 62 sculptures featured on Cottosloe Beach, Western Australia, in March 2009 as part of their annual “Sculpture by the Sea” exhibition.
  • 43. Index of Hong Kong’s Beaches Gazetted Beaches - Managed by LCSD - 1. Butterfly Beach ( ) 22. Shek O Beach ( ) 2. Castle Peak Beach ( ) 23. Turtle Cove Beach ( ) 3. Kadoorie Beach ( ) 24. Hairpin Beach ( ) 4. Cafeteria Old Beach ( ) 25. Stanley Main Beach ( ) 5. Cafeteria New Beach ( ) 26. St. Stephen's Beach ( ) 6. Golden Beach ( ) 27. Chung Hom Kok Beach ( ) 7. Anglers' Beach ( ) 28. South Bay Beach ( ) 8. Gemini Beaches ( ) 29. Middle Bay Beach ( ) 9. Hoi Mei Wan Beach ( ) 30. Repulse Bay ( ) 10. Casam Beach ( ) 31. Deep Water Bay Beach ( ) 11. Lido Beach ( ) 32. Hung Sing Yeh Beach ( ) 12. Ting Kau Beach ( ) 33. Lo So Sing Beach ( ) 13. Approach Beach ( ) 34. Cheung Chau Tung Wan Beach ( ) 14. Ma Wan Tung Wan Beach ( ) 35. Kwun Yam Beach ( ) 15. Kiu Tsui Beach ( ) 36. Silvermine Bay Beach ( ) 16. Hap Mun Bay Beach ( ) 37. Pui O Beach ( ) 17. Trio Beach ( ) 38. Upper Cheung Sha Beach ( ) 18. Silverstrand Beach ( ) 39. Lower Cheung Sha Beach ( ) 19. Clear Water Bay 1st Beach ( ) 40. Tong Fuk Beach ( ) 20. Clear Water Bay 2nd Beach ( ) 41. Rocky Bay Beach - not suitable for swimming 21. Big Wave Bay Beach ( )
  • 44. Index of Hong Kong’s Beaches Non Gazetted Beaches 1. Chung Wan ( ) South Crooked Harbour, North District 22. Whiskey ( ) Kau Sai Chau, Sai Kung 2. Cheung Sha Wan ( ) Northeast Ping Chau 23. Campers' Bay ( ) Ngau Mei Hoi, Clearwater Bay 3. Crescent Bay ( ) Crescent Island, Mirs Bay 24. Pak Shui Wun ( ) Ngau Mei Hoi, Clearwater Bay 4. Lo Kei Wan ( ) Crescent Island, Mirs Bay 25. Bayside ( ) Ngau Mei Hoi, Clearwater Bay 5. Tung Wan ( ) Wong Wan Chau, Mirs Bay 26. Little Palm ( ) Ngau Mei Hoi, Clearwater Bay 6. Wu Kai Sha ( ) Wu Kai Sha, Ma On Shan 27. Lung Ha Wan ( ) Ngau Mei Hoi, Clearwater Bay 7. Lung Mei ( ) Plover Cove, East Tai Po 28. Ung Kong Wan ( ) Bluff Island, Clearwater Bay 8. Hoi Ha Wan ( ) Hoi Ha Wan, North Sai Kung 29. Lung Kwu Upper ( ) Lung Kwu Tan, west Tuen Mun 9. Nam She Wan (! ) East Sai Kung, Mirs Bay 30. Lung Kwu Lower ( ) Lung Kwu Tan, Tuen Mun 10. Tung Wan ( ) East Sai Kung, Tai Long Wan 31. Dragon Bay ( ) Tsing Lung Tau, Tsuen Wan 11. Tai Wan ( ) East Sai Kung, Tai Long Wan 32. To Tei Wan ( ) Shek O, Cape D'Aguilar 12. Ham Tin Wan ( ) East Sai Kung, Tai Long Wan 33. Tai Pak Wan ( ) Discovery Bay, East Lantau Island 13. Tai Long Sai Wan ( ) East Sai Kung, Tai Long Wan 34. Tai Long Wan ( ) Chi Ma Wan, South Lantau Island 14. Long Ke Wan ( ) Long Ke Wan, East Sai Kung 35. Yi Long Wan ( ) Chi Ma Wan, South Lantau Island 15. Long Ke Tsai ( ) Long Ke Wan, East Sai Kung 36. Sha Lo Wan ( ) West Tung Chung, North Lantau Island 16. Pak Sha Chau ( ) Sai Kung Hoi, Sai Kung 37. Tai Long Wan ( ) Shek Pik, South Lantau Island 17. Pak Lap Wan ( ) High Island, South Sai Kung 38. Lo Kei Wan ( ) Shui Hau, South Lantau Island 18. Ma Tau Wan ( ) High Island, South Sai Kung 39. Kau Ling Chung ( ) Fan Lau, Southwest Lantau Island 19. Kam Lo Wan ("# ) High Island, South Sai Kung 40. Fan Lau Tung Wan ( ) Fan Lau, Southwest Lantau Island 20. Nam Fung Wan ( ) High Island, South Sai Kung 41. Fan Lan Sai Wan ( ) Fan Lau,[2] Southwest Lantau Island 21. Kau Sai Wan ($ ) Kau Sai Chau, Sai Kung 42. Luk Keng Wan ( ) Yam O, Northeast Lantau Island
  • 45. Index of Hong Kong’s Beaches Non Gazetted Beaches (continued) 43. Tai Kwai Wan ( ) Northwest Cheung Chau 47. Mo Tat wan ( ) East Lamma Island 44. Po Yue Wan ( ) Southwest Cheung Chau 48. Kwo Chau Wan ( ) Ninepin Group 45. Pak Tso Wan ( % ) Southwest Cheung Chau 49. Siu A Chau Wan ( ) Soko Islands 46. Shek Pai Wan ( ) Southeast Lamma Island Notes •Golden Beach, Tuen Mun is the first artificial beach in Hong Kong and one of the very few that has a Volley Ball Court. •Big Wave Beach includes a prehistoric rock carving site. •Cheung Sha Beach on Lantau Island, is 3 kilometres in length, making it Hong Kong’s longest beach. •Approach Beach, Ting Kau Beach, Angler’s Beach, Gemini Beaches, Hoi Mei Wan Beach, Cassam Beach and Lido Beach in Tsuen Wan have all been closed for swimming due to their worsening water quality. This is a trend that needs to be halted and then reversed!
  • 46. Beachsavers The End Acknowledgements Agricultural and Fisheries Conservation Department Website Chinese International School Clean Up the World and Clean Up Australia Clinton Global Initiative Environment Protection Department Website Ecovision Food and Environment Hygiene Department Green Lamma Group Hong Kong County Club Hong Kong Marine Department Leisure and Cultural Services Website