David Burney - How New York is getting active

1,173 views
1,031 views

Published on

David Burney, Commissioner for Design and Construction, New York City
International perspective - How New York is getting active

0 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,173
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
29
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Recent history of obesity in this country… In the 1980s the Centers for Disease control began collecting and tracking information about height and weight, and used this ratio to measure obesity in the population. Let’s see how obesity has changed since then. Keep your eye on how the colors change.
  • We have never had an epidemic like this that we have been able to track so thoroughly and see. As I told you, this is conservative. About 60 million adults, or 30 percent of the adult population, are now obese, which represents a doubling of the rate since 1980.
  • We have never had an epidemic like this that we have been able to track so thoroughly and see. As I told you, this is conservative. About 60 million adults, or 30 percent of the adult population, are now obese, which represents a doubling of the rate since 1980.
  • We have never had an epidemic like this that we have been able to track so thoroughly and see. As I told you, this is conservative. About 60 million adults, or 30 percent of the adult population, are now obese, which represents a doubling of the rate since 1980.
  • We have never had an epidemic like this that we have been able to track so thoroughly and see. As I told you, this is conservative. About 60 million adults, or 30 percent of the adult population, are now obese, which represents a doubling of the rate since 1980.
  • Only Colorado has a rate below 20% This map is actually an under-representation of the problem! The CDC data is based on self-reporting. Studies show that men tend to over-report their height, women tend to under-report their weight Also it only shows obesity , does not include the % of people who are overweight.
  • Obesity trends in children are even more alarming. Over 40% of NYC children are overweight and obese. The most troubling aspect – they will face critical health problems related to chronic disease at a much earlier age.
  • People who live in walkable, transit rich neighborhoods spend less than half of what people in auto dependent neighborhoods spend on transportation. NOTE: I will clean up the text to make it more clear– need to do this on my Mac
  • Access is the first order of business. Provide one set of stairs for every day use – not just fire egress. Once access is achieved, visibility is necessary to promote stair use. Examples show grand architectural gesture, or fire-rated glass to increase visibility. Consider stairs as an integral part of the vertical circulation system in a building. See elevator plan for new Cooper Union building. 2 of 3 elevators are skip-stop with interconnected stair system. 3 rd elevator stops on every floor for those who need it.
  • Aesthetic treatments to make stairs more inviting and enjoyable to use.
  • Studies show that prompts can increase stair use by a median of 50%. Place them at points of decision – elevator banks, stairwells. Source: 1) Soler et al. “Point of decision prompts to increase stair use: a systematic review update.” Am J Prev Med 2010; 38(2S):S292–S300. “ To examine effects relative to baseline stair use, eleven qualifying studies that included 21 study arms for stair use were evaluated in terms of relative (i.e., percentage) change.13–20,25–27 The majority of studies reported a low level of baseline stair use (20%). Overall, in the 11 qualifying studies, the median relative improvement in observed stair use was 50 percentage points (IQI5.4%, 90.6%) from baseline.”
  • Consider indoor and outdoor recreational opportunities. Ground markings have been found to stimulate children’s active play. A relatively low-cost intervention that can make a big difference. Example on left is a NYCHA development. Tricycle track, climbing mound. On right are ground markings at a school in Queens. Also indoor opportunities – example of 10 West end allows for parallel exercise for children and adults.
  • A very important part of keeping NYC young and dynamic is architecture. Promoting design excellence and creating high quality spaces is extremely important in terms of making NYC relevant on the international scene but also to support a high quality of life .
  • Staying on the topic of bikes, secure indoor storage can go a long way to encourage cycling.
  • How do we make streetscape as engaging as possible? Promote pedestrian safety and visual interest through lighting, public art, and street programming like outdoor cafes.
  • Transit use promotes physical activity, since all trips begin and end with a walk. Provide conveniences at transit stops – benches, shelters, wide sidewalks that leave plenty of room for pedestrians, signage / maps about route. Providing separated bus lanes makes transit more reliable and convenient. Positions it as a more attractive option.
  • The liasion to the Design Commission and Landmarks. Work closely with smaller bids in particular on streetscape projects.
  • Data above reflects no exclusions
  • Development of ADGs was evidence-based. Drawing from the strong tradition of health research, the Guidelines tap into new concept of evidence based design - that you can measure the impacts of changes to the physical environment. Guidelines are also practice-based – we held an interdisciplinary charrette to test the Guidelines in progress.
  • David Burney - How New York is getting active

    1. 1. Active Design –Creating Opportunitiesfor Active Living withinCommunitiesDavid Burney, Commissioner,New York City Department ofDesign and Construction
    2. 2. THE 19th CENTURY: THE 21st CENTURY: Infectious Diseases Chronic Diseases, many of which are “Diseases of Energy” The emerging design solutions for health19th Century codes, planning and infrastructure parallel sustainable design solutions as weapons in the battle against contagious
    3. 3. 100+ years ago, urban conditions were a breeding ground for infectious disease epidemics Over-crowding in Lower Manhattan Major epidemics: 1910 density: 114,000 people/ sq. mi. Air/droplet-borne diseases: TB + 2011 density: 67,000 people/ sq. mi. Water-borne diseases: Inadequate systems for Cholera garbage, water, and sewer, leading to pervasive filth Vector-borne diseases: and polluted water supplies Yellow-fever
    4. 4. The response was through built environment interventions 1842 New York’s water system established – an aqueduct brings fresh water from Westchester. 1857 NYC creates Central Park, hailed as “ventilation for the working man’s lungs”, continuing construction through the height of the Civil War 1881 Dept. of Street-sweeping created, which eventually becomes the Department of Sanitation 1901 New York State Tenement House Act banned the
    5. 5. The Results: Infectious disease rates BEFORE the wide use of antibiotics!57.1% 45.8% AFTER the wide use of antibiotics! 11.3% 2.3% 9% 1880 1940 2011
    6. 6. The epidemics of today are: CHRONIC DISEASES (obesity, diabetes, heart disease & strokes, cancers) Top 5 Causes of Death in U.S.: 1.Tobacco, 2. Obesity, 3. High Blood Pressure, 4. High Blood Sugar, 5. Physical InactivityEnergy in: Energy out:Food Exercise
    7. 7. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. AdultsBRFSS, 1985 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” woman) No Data <10% 10%–14% Source: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
    8. 8. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1986 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” woman) No Data <10% 10%–14%Source: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
    9. 9. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1987 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” woman) No Data <10% 10%–14%Source: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
    10. 10. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1988 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” woman) No Data <10% 10%–14%Source: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
    11. 11. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1989 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” woman) No Data <10% 10%–14%Source: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
    12. 12. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1990 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” woman) No Data <10% 10%–14%Source: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
    13. 13. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1991 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” woman) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%-19%Source: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
    14. 14. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1992 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” woman) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%-19%Source: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
    15. 15. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1993 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” woman) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%-19%Source: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
    16. 16. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1994 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” woman) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%-19%Source: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
    17. 17. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1995 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” woman) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%-19%Source: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
    18. 18. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1996 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” woman) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%-19%Source: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
    19. 19. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1997 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” woman) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%-19% 20%Source: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
    20. 20. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1998 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” woman) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%-19% 20%Source: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
    21. 21. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1999 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” woman) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%-19% 20%Source: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
    22. 22. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 2000 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” woman) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%-19% 20%Source: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
    23. 23. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 2001 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” woman) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%-19% 20%-24% 25%Source: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
    24. 24. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 2002 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” woman) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%-19% 20%-24% 25%Source: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
    25. 25. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 2003 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” woman) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%-19% 20%-24% 25%Source: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
    26. 26. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 2004 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” woman) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%-19% 20%-24% 25%Source: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
    27. 27. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 2005 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” woman) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%-19% 20%-24% 25%-29% 30%Source: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
    28. 28. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 2006 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” woman) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%-19% 20%-24% 25%-29% 30%Source: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
    29. 29. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 2007 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” woman) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%-19% 20%-24% 25%-29% 30%Source: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
    30. 30. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 2008 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” woman) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%-19% 20%-24% 25%-29% 30%Source: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
    31. 31. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 2009 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” woman) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%-19% 20%-24% 25%-29% 30%Source: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
    32. 32. Diabetes trends among U.S. adults 1994 2000 2009No Data <4.5% 4.5-5.9% 6.0-7.4% 7.5-8.9% >9.0% Source: CDC’s Division of Diabetes Translation. National Diabetes Surveillance System available at http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/statistics
    33. 33. Only half of NYC elementary school children are at a healthy weight Underweight 4% Obese 24% Normal Weight 53% Overweight 19% Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, NYC Vital Signs, 2003.
    34. 34. World Obesity rates among adults - 2011
    35. 35. Obesity and Diabetes have increased rapidly.Our genetics have not changed in one generation, but our built environment has!
    36. 36. Growing EvidenceResearch Improving Health through Building, Street Evidence-based Base for shows that we can Increase Physicaland Neighborhood Design Street and Neighborhood Design Activity through Building, OOD SCALES Designing to Point-of-Decision stair prompts increase stair Signs placed at elevators & escalators encouraging stair use, w/ info on use benefits of stair use Median 50% increase in stair use Design and aesthetic interventions Music & art in stairwells Design stairs to be more convenient and visible Skip-stop elevators 3300% increase in stair use Designing to increase active Enhancing access to places for physical activity, such as creating recreation walking trails or having onsite or nearby parks, playgrounds and exercise facilities (homes & worksites) increases leisure-time activity and weight loss Walking, Bicycling and Transit-oriented development Designing to Designs to improve street safety and aesthetics (less crime and traffic / increase active more greening), having sidewalks and bike paths connected to transportation destinations, mixed land use, high population density Median increase in physical activity 35% to 161%
    37. 37. WE CAN ADDRESS THESE ISSUES AT THE BUILDING,Growing Evidence Base for Improving Health through Building, StreetSTREET AND NEIGHBORHOOD SCALESand Neighborhood Design Increased access to healthy foods and beverages within food Increasing environmentsaccess to healthy foods and beverages within food Increased Access to environments Healthy Food Increased access to premises that provide healthy foods and and Beverages Increased access to premises that provide healthy foods and beverages – e.g. supermarkets, farmers markets, drinking water beverages – e.g. supermarkets, farmers markets, drinking water facilities facilities Decreasing Decreased exposure to unhealthy foods such as trans fats and Exposure to sugary drinks Unhealthy Food and Decreased exposure to unhealthy food premises Beverages Point-of- Information at points of selection and purchase of food Decision Information
    38. 38. Translating Health Evidence into Non-Health Policies Affecting HealthKEY LESSONS LEARNED:• The Need for Partnerships – Core and Extensive• Finding Synergies and Co-Benefits• Complementary Roles of Core Partners – Health: Presenting the available research-based evidence and the epidemiology of disease; organized early meetings/conferences to do so – Design and Construction, Transportation and City Planning: Ideas of what’s feasible in the current local context; identifying opportunities and mechanisms, including and especially synergistic efforts – Health: Playing a supporting role for implementing ideas – presenting the health evidence; assisting with strategy and planning, undertaking studies to inform implementation planning and evaluation; providing resources for coordination of intersectoral meetings, initiatives and follow-up – Design and Construction, Transportation and City Planning: Leadership and participation in the efforts – Researchers: evidence reviews and synthesis, evaluation research• Garnering Review, Feedback and Inputs from an Extensive Group of Partners• Using Evidence-Based and Best-Practice Strategies• Using Annual Conferences as Strategic Milestones to Highlight Successes and Craft Strategic Next Steps with Extensive Group of Partners• Key Roles for Peer-to-Peer Partnerships and Mentoring among Cities
    39. 39. Fit City Conferences Fit-City: Promoting Physical Activity Through Design Fit-City 3: Promoting Physical Activity Through Design
    40. 40. The Active Design GuidelinesPublished in 2010, the Guidelines broughttogether a number of best practices fordesign professionals.Chapters1) Environmental Design and Health: Past and Present2) Urban Design: Creating an Active City1) Building Design: Creating Opportunities for Daily Physical Activity1) Synergies with Sustainable and Universal DesignThe Guidelines can be downloaded at: www.centerforactivedesign.org
    41. 41. Creation of the GuidelinesActive Design Guidelines Team New York City Staff* Department of City Planning Editor Alexandros Washburn, AIA Irene Chang, March, MPhil Department of Design and Chief Urban Designer Cheng+Snyder Construction David Burney, FAIA Skye Duncan, MSAUD, BArch Community, Academic and Commissioner Associate Urban Designer Private SectorMichael Bloomberg Mayor’s Office of Management and Ernest Hutton, Hutton Associates, Margo Woolley, AIAMAYOR Budget INC. Assistant Commissioner, Joyce Lee, AIA, LEED AP Ellen Martin, 1100 Architects Architecture and EngineeringDavid Burney Chief Architect Linda Polack Marpillero Pollak, DivisionCOMMISSIONER ArchitectsDepartment of Design and Vitoria Milne, MID Academic Partners John Pucher, Bloustein School ofConstruction Director, Office of Creative Services Planning and Public Policy, Craig Zimring PhD. Rutgers University Department of Health and Mental Professor, Georgia Institute of Jessica Spiegel, 1100 ArchitectsThomas Farley Technology Hygiene William Stein, Dattner ArchitectsCOMMISSIONER College of Architecture Shin-Pei Tsay, TransportationDepartment of Health and Mental Karen Lee, MD, MHSc, FRCPC AlternativesHygiene Director, Built Environment Gayle Nicoll, M.Arch, PhD, OAA Associate Professor and Chair, Thanks to all the designJanette Sadik-Khan Sarah Wolf, MPH, RD University of Texas at San Antonio Built Environment Coordinator practitioners and organizationsCOMMISSIONER Department of Architecture who participated in the 2009Department of Transportation Department of Transportation Design Charrette to help test the Julie Brand Zook, M.Arch Wendy Feuer, MA Researcher, Georgia Institute of Guidelines prior to its publication.Amanda Burden Assistant Commissioner of Urban TechnologyCOMMISSIONER Design and Art, Division of Planning College of ArchitectureDepartment of City Planning and Sustainability *We also thank the many city Reid Ewing, PhD agencies that gave input including Hanna Gustafsson Professor, University of Utah, the Depts of Parks and Former Urban Fellow, Division of Department of Recreation, Buildings, Housing Planning and Sustainability City and Metropolitan Planning Preservation and Development, School Construction Authority, American Institute of Architects Aging, and Mayor’s Offices of New York Chapter Long-Term Planning and Fredric Bell, FAIA Sustainability, and of People with Executive Director Disabilities. Sherida Paulsen, FAIA 2009 President
    42. 42. IMPLEMENTATION: Inter-Sectoral City Policy Initiatives onBuilt Environment Synergies: • Health • Safety • Environmental Sustainability • Universal Accessibility • Economic Benefitswww.nyc.gov/adg
    43. 43. Co-benefits of Active Design: Improve the Environment Fuel / Electricity Use Air Quality Obesity/Diabetes/ Heart DiseaseBiking or walking rather √ √ √than automotivetransportStairs rather than √ √ √elevators and escalatorsActive recreation rather √ √ √than televisionSafe tap water rather √ √ √than bottled and cannedbeveragesFresh local produce √ √ √rather than unhealthyprocessed foods
    44. 44. Co-benefits: Create more accessible places • Creating safer places to walk, take transit, & for the elderly and people with disabilities. • Making elevators more available for those who need them.
    45. 45. Co-benefits: Save money, particularly for low-income people People in walkable, transit-rich neighborhoods spend only 9 percent of their monthly income on transportation costs; those in auto-dependent neighborhoods spend 25 percent. Source: Center for Transit-Oriented Development
    46. 46. Building Design Strategies Site + Building DesignStairs: promoting easy accessStairs: accessibility, visibility, convenience Stair of Prominence Skip Stop Elevators to Enclosed stairs that use and Visual Interest increase stair use Fire Rated Glass to Increase Visibility
    47. 47. Building Design StrategiesStairs: aestheticsStairs to receive plenty Art in stairs to increase Stairs designed toof natural daylight visual interest invite users
    48. 48. Building StrategiesStairs: signage and promptsMotivational Signage placed at points of decisionPromoting stair use at work – Stair Week
    49. 49. City Policy + ImplementationUse of LEED Green Building Credits that Promote PA Development density Public transportation and community access Bicycle storage and connectivity changing rooms LEED Physical Activity
    50. 50. Building Design StrategiesRecreational programmingProvide fun and affordablerecreational opportunities
    51. 51. City Policy + ImplementationNYC Green Codes Increasing drinking water access through better tap water facilities – passed in Plumbing Code
    52. 52. City Policy + ImplementationNYC Green Codes How do we incentivize good stair design and remove barriers to stair use through Zoning and Building Codes?
    53. 53. NYC// Complete NeighborhoodsWalkable
    54. 54. NYC: Complete Neighborhoods JOBS LOCAL RETAIL OPEN SPACE
    55. 55. City Policy + Implementation City Policy + ImplementationZoning for Bicycle Parking Zoning for Bicycle Parking: Increasing active transport by providing safe and secure parking for bike commuters
    56. 56. Site + Building DesignBicycle parking + storage Secure Bike Storage with Easy Access
    57. 57. City Policy + ImplementationNYC World Class Streets Remaking NYC’s public realm: • Street Design Manual • Plaza Program • World Class Boulevards • Complete Streets Projects and Design Standards, incl. bike lanes • Public Art Program • New Streetscape Materials • Coordinated Street Furniture Program • Weekend Pedestrian and Cycling Streets
    58. 58. Urban DesignPedestrian Environment / Streetscape Provide places of rest Enliven the sidewalk Attractive plazas have to complement with street cafes mix of trees, lighting, & active walking movable/ fixed seating and jogging Integrate public art into the streetscape
    59. 59. Playstreets On request of DOT, Playstreets Coordinator hired by Health Evaluation by Health: Ages of children attending Playstreets (from surveys): Ages 1-13 Visited Playstreets at least once before: >80% Average length of time children stayed at the Playstreet (from surveys): ~1.5hours Most likely activity if children had not come to the Playstreet: TV or other inside activity: 52% Outdoor activity: 38% Indoor or outdoor activity equally likely: 10%
    60. 60. owww.nyc.gov/doto www.facebook.com/NYCDOT o #NYC_DOT
    61. 61. Transit: InfrastructureProvide attractive and sheltered seating areas to encourage use of transit routes Bus Rapid Transit systems for more convenient and faster travel
    62. 62. ty Policy + Implementation Streetscape Components Steinway Street Master Plan
    63. 63. City Policy + Implementation City Policy + ImplementationCreation of Additional Active Spaces: Summer Streets• DOT closes Park Avenue to traffic from Brooklyn Bridge to Central Park and the Upper East Side on Saturdays in August• Evaluation: – Average amount of physical activity from distances walked, ran, biked on route: >40 minutes of vigorous physical activity, or >70 minutes of moderate physical activity – 24% of people were those who didn’t meet PA Recs – 87% of participants got to event by active modes – High Needs Neighborhoods and Neighborhoods Outside Manhattan underrepresented
    64. 64. City Policy + ImplementationNYC FRESH Program FRESH Food Store Areas FRESH Food Store Program Areas where zoning and financial incentives AdditionalFoodeas owherPreoFRESH efinasancial incentives may be available FRESH ar St re gram Ar apply Additional areas where Additional areas where FRESH financial incentives may be available FRESH financial incentives may be availableZoning and tax incentives for providing fresh food optionsin the city’s underserved areas with high health needs
    65. 65. Impacts• Won 5 National Awards (Health Policy, Environmental Protection, Sustainable Buildings, Architecture)• Distributed >15,000 copies of ADGs nationally & internationally• Trained >3,000 built environment professionals in NYC and U.S.• Mentored 14 other U.S. cities and communities (others now adopting initiatives such as integrating use of ADGs, “Burn Calories, Not Electricity” Stair Prompts, Playstreets, Fit City)
    66. 66. ImpactsTo date, NYC has…•Increased: - Commuter cycling 262% - Bus and subway ridership 10% - Stair use - >40% increase at 9 mos in 10-story low-income housing - Places for children’s play - ~40 new Playstreets permitted• Decreased: - Traffic fatalities 30% - Traffic volumes 25% - Car registrations 5%• Started Reversing Childhood Obesity (also in San Diego!)
    67. 67. Established in New York City in 2012, the Center for Active Design works to support prevention and control of obesity and chronic diseases by increasing opportunities for physical activity through the design of buildings, streets, and neighborhoods.The Center for Active Design is a non-profitorganization that has grown out of an inter-disciplinary partnership among New YorkCity agencies, the American Institute ofArchitects New York City Chapter (AIANY),private sector architects and developers,and academic partners. After collaborativelydeveloping the Active Design Guidelinespublished in 2010, the Center for ActiveDesign was established to fosterwidespread implementation of ActiveDesign strategies among public and privatesector design, planning, policy and realestate professionals. www.centerforactivedesign.org
    68. 68. Anticipated Programs at the Center for Active Design Award and Certification Program: recognizing and providing incentives for individual and project achievements in Active Design, Training: for all design and real estate professions, Technical Assistance: ranging from providing resources for implementing strategies for building managers to research and rollout consulting to other municipalities nationally and internationally, Policy Development:: implementing zoning, code, and other incentives, Evaluation and Research: linking to researchers, ongoing data collection and support, Communications: using printed material, website and other material for education and training Knowledge Translation and Resource Development: using available research for updating practice and policy materials, www.centerforactivedesign.org
    69. 69. Fit-City: Promoting Physical Activity Through Design Fit-City 3: Promoting Physical Activity Thro Fit City conferences havehelped promote Active Design
    70. 70. Implementing the GuidelinesTechnical assistance and trainingTesting the guidelinesthrough an interactive andinterdisciplinaryDesign CharretteParticipants:Government Agencies/Developers/Architects/LandscapeArchitects/Engineers
    71. 71. Mentoring communities in public healthPartnership environment Built Environment & Health and the builtSupported by CDC Communities Putting Prevention to Work Mentoring grant  Partnership between NYCDOHMH, AIANY, and 14 communities All communities are recipients of CPPW grants Boston MA ~ Cherokee Nation OK ~ Chicago IL ~ Cook County IL ~ Douglas County NE ~ Jefferson County AL ~ King County WA ~ Louisville KY ~Miami-Dade County FL ~ Multnomah County OR ~ Nashville TN ~ Philadelphia PA ~ Pima County AZ ~ San Diego CA
    72. 72. Creation of Additional Resources: Active Design SupplementsThe Center is now creating 5 nationally applicable Active Design Appendix Documents 1. Active Design: Shaping the Sidewalk Experience 2. Active Design: Opportunities in Zoning 3. Active Design: Guidelines for a Suburban Context 4. Active Design: Injury Prevention 5. Active Design: Affordable Design in Affordable Housing

    ×