Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Winter Nature Nights: Wolf Recovery in Oregon
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Winter Nature Nights: Wolf Recovery in Oregon


Published on

Wolves have returned to Central Oregon for the first time in more than half a century. Learn more about these charismatic mammals from John Stephenson, the US Fish & Wildlife biologist in charge of …

Wolves have returned to Central Oregon for the first time in more than half a century. Learn more about these charismatic mammals from John Stephenson, the US Fish & Wildlife biologist in charge of wolf recovery in Oregon.

Published in: Education, Travel, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

No notes for slide


  • 1. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Jan 2012 Wolf Recovery in Oregon
  • 2. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
  • 3. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
  • 4. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service The Northern Rocky Mts. Recovery Program 1980: Recovery Plan is published – 3 Recovery Areas – Recovery Criteria: 10+ breeding pairs in each area for 3 consecutive years 1994: Release of EIS for Reintroduction – Revised Recovery Criteria: 30+ breeding pairs & 300+ wolves across the 3 areas, with genetic interchange between areas.
  • 5. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Reintroduction to Central Idaho & Yellowstone NP Jan 1995: Wolves released – 15 in Central Idaho – 14 in Yellowstone NP Jan 1996: 2nd release – 20 more in Central Idaho – 17 more in Yellowstone NP
  • 6. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
  • 7. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service The Northern Rockies Population Grows… 1999
  • 8. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service • 2-yr old female found near Baker City, OR in Feb 1999 • Kept heading west into the Middle Fk, John Day R. Basin • Caught Oregon by surprise! In 1999, A Wolf Comes to Oregon! She was captured & returned to Idaho on March 26, 1999, where she raised pups & survived for many years in the McCall area. Her skeleton was found in a meadow in Oct. 2006. B45
  • 9. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Other Early OR Explorers In 2000, a year after B45, two other Idaho wolves were found in Oregon. Unfortunately, both were found dead, one shot and one hit by a car on I-84. B45
  • 10. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service A Period of Few Wolves, & Productive Planning 2001-2005: 0 confirmed wolves 2004/2005: ODFW develops & approves a Wolf Management Plan for Oregon
  • 11. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service The Northern Rockies Population Takes Off… 2005
  • 12. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service 1,513 wolves at end of 2007
  • 13. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Feb. 2007: 1st Proposed Rule Mar. 2008: Goes into effect DELISTED July 2008: Injunction on rule LISTED AGAIN To be continued… NRM DPS Distinct Population Segment
  • 14. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service 2006 - Black Wolf Caught on Video, Becomes TV Celebrity • July 2006 on Zumwalt Prairie, Wallowa County • This wolf was seen several times that summer & then disappeared. • Same area later occupied by the Imnaha Pack
  • 15. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service 2007/08 – Discovering Oregon’s 1st Pack! May 2007: Mushroom pickers found a dead wolf. A female wolf, originally from Idaho, had been illegally shot. Winter 2007/08: Wolf tracks found during snow surveys. July 2008: Adults & pups heard howling! Remained unseen until Aug. 2010 when one was finally captured & radio-collared! Wenaha Pack
  • 16. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service B300 • In Jan. 2008, this 2-yr old collared wolf from Idaho shows up in the Wallowa Mts. • Her radio-collar died in the Fall of 2008.
  • 17. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service The Honeymoon Ends in Keating Valley
  • 18. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service 2009 Keating Valley Incident Apr. 13: Photos confirm 2 wolves killed 23 lambs. Apr. 16: Fladry fencing is put up around several pastures to protect livestock from further attacks. May 3: A young male wolf, OR1, is captured & radio-collared. May 4: Wolves are federally delisted in this part of Oregon. May-Aug: ODFW repeatedly hazes the wolves away from the valley. Aug 26-27: Wolves return to same ranch; kill a goat & 3 lambs. Sep 3: Kill order is issued by ODFW and the 2 wolves are removed. OR1
  • 19. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service B300 becomes OR2 & founder of the Imnaha Pack July 2009: B300 is recaptured by ODFW and fitted with a new radio- collar. She weighed 77 lbs and it was evident that she’d had pups earlier in the year. OR2
  • 20. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Nov. 2009: Video footage shows 10 wolves trailing through the snow. Feb. 2010: Three more Imnaha wolves are radio-collared, including the alpha male (OR4). Rise of the Imnaha Pack OR3 OR4 OR5
  • 21. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Imnaha Pack – 2010 May 2010: Five confirmed livestock depredations occur in short succession between May 5th & the 31st. All are on private ranchlands and all are cow calves. June 2010: After a 6th confirmed depredation, and extensive efforts to control the problem with non-lethal techniques, a kill order is issued to remove two wolves. Wildlife Services is unsuccessful in its wolf removal efforts as the pack moves back up into the forest. July 2010: Four new pups observed. Dec 2010: 15 wolves counted in aerial survey!
  • 22. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Efforts to Protect Livestock • Regular updates to ranchers on locations of collared wolves. • Clean up of old bone piles & carcasses that attract wolves. • Hazing with aircraft and cracker shells • Electrified Fladry Fencing • Radio-activated noise boxes • Range Rider Program
  • 23. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Chronic Depredation • Sometimes non-lethal control techniques don’t solve the problem. • Selective lethal control has been proven to reduce depredations & resolve problems while not significantly slowing wolf recovery. • Lethal control is controversial and often triggers legal challenges.
  • 24. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Wenaha Pack Aug 2010: 2-yr old male (OR6) is radio collared Sep 2010: OR6 found dead; illegally shot • Pack has remained small (4 to 6 individuals) • No livestock depredation problems!! • Two pups in 2010; At least 1 in 2011 The Low Profile Pack OR62010 pup 2011 pup
  • 25. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Wenaha Imnaha
  • 26. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Wallowa Valley “Wolf Highway”
  • 27. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Imnaha Pack – 2011 Feb.: Three more wolves radio-collared (OR7, OR8, OR9). OR8 died several days after capture. Mar./Apr.: Extensive efforts undertaken during calving season to prevent livestock loss. Late-Apr/May: Depredations resume after turnout to larger pastures. May: ODFW removes two subadult wolves after repeated livestock losses. Sep.: Pack shrinks to 4 or 5 members as OR3, OR5, OR7, OR9 disperse. Only one pup seen with pack. Sep/Oct.: Several more depredations. ODFW announces plan to remove 2 more wolves, but is challenged in court & an injunction is granted. Dec.: 5 more depredations have occurred since the injunction was granted on Oct. 5th.
  • 28. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service An Example of the Fallout
  • 29. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service OR7’s Famous Journey
  • 30. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service From the British Tabloid, The Daily Mail
  • 31. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
  • 32. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
  • 33. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
  • 34. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
  • 35. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
  • 36. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
  • 37. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
  • 38. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Other Westward Wanderers Santiam Pass, Jan. 2009
  • 39. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service OR3
  • 40. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Jul-Aug May Sep. 30
  • 41. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Pack #3: Walla Walla • Tracks 1st observed in Jan. 2011 • Trail cam photos in Aug/Sep 2011 • Two pups collared in Oct. 2011 OR10 OR11
  • 42. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Pack #4: Snake River
  • 43. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Feb. 2007: 1st Proposed Rule Mar. 2008: Goes into effect DELISTED July 2008: Injunction on rule LISTED AGAIN May 2009: Rule reissued DELISTED Aug. 2010: Court invalidates rule LISTED AGAIN May 2011: Rule reinstated by Congress DELISTED NRM DPS Continued…
  • 44. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service NRM DPS Wolf Population spills into OR & WA 2010
  • 45. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
  • 46. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Hwy 395 - The DPS Boundary
  • 47. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Known Wolf Packs in Washington Northern Rocky Mountain DPS
  • 48. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service New Teanaway Pack in Central Washington Cascades
  • 49. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service STATUS REVIEW Wolves in the Pacific Northwest • Initiated in May 2011 • Assess biological status of wolves in region • Assess conservation potential in region • Due for release by end of February 2012
  • 50. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Pacific Northwest Wolf Habitat Models
  • 51. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Key Needs for the Future • Ability to Manage Problem Situations • Realistic Recovery Criteria o PNW can’t support an NRM-size Population • Compensation Program for Livestock Depredations • More Cooperation & Tolerance, Less Vitriol & Litigation
  • 52. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Depredation Compensation • Defenders of Wildlife no longer has comp. program • Oregon recently approved a program under the Dept. of Agriculture. It is just getting started & requires county participation. • Washington’s Wolf Plan also includes a compensation program.
  • 53. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Thank You John Stephenson U.S Fish and Wildlife Service 541 312-6429
  • 54. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service