Acquisitionmidterm

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Acquisitionmidterm

  1. 1. SPRING 2007 - 2008 ELT LANGUAGE ACQUISITION MIDTERM INSTRUCTOR: DERYA AGIS 1) A study conducted over periods of time is a ……………………………………..one, whereas a study conducted with different groups where we can find people with different qualities is a (2)……………….. one. a. cross-sectional – longitudinal b. longitudinal – cross-sectional c. limited – unlimited 2) The technique of ………………….. is used in studies analyzing pronunciation in a second language. a. completion task b. reading aloud c. structured written exercises 3) In the procedure of ……………………………………………, subjects are asked to retell or reconstruct the story after they have watched a movie. a. reconstruction b. guided composition c. completion task 4) Which one of the following is not a procedure used to research affective factors, such as attitudes and motivation? a. questionnaires b. matched guise technique c. card sorting 1
  2. 2. 5) Subjects are confronted with audio and video recordings of themselves and their attitudes towards the interlocutor are analyzed in ………………………………………………………….. a. focused introspection b. sociometry c. matched guise technique 6) Individuals have a tendency to transfer the forms and meanings of their native language to the foreign language they learn. Therefore, linguistic differences between the two languages can be used to predict learning difficulties. This is known as the ………………………………….. a. social qualities b. contrastive analysis hypothesis c. measurement of social values 7) When the learner incorrectly labels an object but successfully communicates a desired concept, s/he makes a ………………………………………………………….. error. a. induced error b. communication – based c. simplification 8) Which one of the following is not principle governing interlanguage development? a. ILs vary systematically b. ILs do not exhibit common accuracy orders and developmental sequences. c. ILs are influenced by the learner’s first language. 9) How can you define performance? a. language use b. language comprehension c. language knowledge 2
  3. 3. 10) What is the Language Acquisition Device? a. The child has an innate ability to learn language. b. The child interacts with others and acquires her / his native language. c. The child stays in her / his room alone, and does not talk to anybody. 11) Which one of the following is a phonological adjustment a person can make, talking to a foreigner? a. more careful articulation b. more questions c. more overt marking of semantic relations 12) ……………………………………………. is the case where the learner makes up a new word in order to communicate a desired concept. a. circumlocution b. word coinage c. code-switching 13) If the learner starts to continue due to lack of meaning structure, and stops mid-utterance, …………………….. occurs. a. topic avoidance. b. mime c. message abandonment 14) When the learner uses the native language term, …………………….. occurs. a. language switch b. mime c. translation 3
  4. 4. 15) What is a mime? a. The case in which the learner uses nonverbal strategies in place of a meaning structure b. The case in which a person repeats the words s/he hears learning a language c. The case in which a person asks for the correct definition of a word 16) Talking to a foreigner, the use of fewer idiomatic expressions is a ……………………………………… a. phonological adjustment b. semantic adjustment c. morphological adjustment 17) Which one is the order of Krashen’s (1977) for ESL? a. –ING AND PLURAL COPULA – AUXILIARY ARTICLE – IRREGULAR PAST – REGULAR PAST AND 3RD PERSON SINGULAR POSSESSIVE b. PLURAL COPULA - REGULAR PAST AND 3RD PERSON SINGULAR POSSESSIVE - –ING c. –ING - IRREGULAR PAST - PLURAL COPULA 18) Who defends innatism? a. Skinner b. Chomsky c. Taylor 19) What does a child do during the telegraphic speech period? a. S/he uses only a unique word in order to communicate her / his ideas. b. S/he uses two words. c. S/he uses long sentences with coordinated clauses. 4
  5. 5. 20) What is the problem with Genie? a. She managed to learn ten languages when she was fifteen. b. She could not master her native language, as she was older than 12 years old, which can be regarded as the critical period of language acquisition. c. She committed a suicide and had a brain disease that could not allow her to master her native language. 21) What is motherese? a. The child’s speech style that s/he employs talking to her / his mother b. The language the mother or the caretaker uses to communicate with her small child c. The language chimpanzees use to communicate within their group 22) When some learners develop a fixed repertoire of second language forms, which include various features that do not exist in the target language, and they do not progress anymore, their interlanguage is ………………………………………………………………….. a. fossilized b. transformed c. motivated 23) A native speaker of Turkish, learning English makes this mistake: *I to the library went. What kind of an error is this? a. Interlanguage error b. Lack of motivation error c. Free error 24) What is a clarification request? Write a sample dialogue between a foreign language teacher and a student. 5
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