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UK Renewable Energy Presentation 2006

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Presentation I delivered in the UK in 2006 on the UK\'s Climate Change & Renewable Energy policy.

Presentation I delivered in the UK in 2006 on the UK\'s Climate Change & Renewable Energy policy.

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UK Renewable Energy Presentation 2006 UK Renewable Energy Presentation 2006 Presentation Transcript

  • Renewable Energy Name: Dermot Duncan Position: Australian Qualified Lawyer Date: 3 May 2006
  • Climate Change
    • The Earth is Warming
    • Greenhouse Gases
      • Carbon Dioxide
      • Methane
      • Nitrous Oxide
      • Ozone
      • Water Vapour
      • Halocarbons
  • Climate Change cont.
    • Global Warming
      • Estimated that temperature rise by 5.8C higher by the end of the Century;
      • Sea levels rise by 4 feet by end of the Century.
      • 10 warmest years globally since instrument records began in 1861 have been since 1994. 1998 and 2005 were the warmest years.
    • Reduce Greenhouse Gases
    • Too late to prevent Global Warming
  • What is Renewable Energy?
    • Energy Flows that occur naturally and continuously in the Environment, such as energy from Wind, Sun, Waves and Tides.
    • Renewable Energy is Inexhaustible.
    • It is estimated that we will run out of Fossil Fuels within 200 years.
  • What are the different Renewable Technologies?
    • Wind
      • On/Off Shore
    • Solar
      • Passive Solar Design
      • Active Solar Water Heating
      • Solar Photovoltaic
    • Biomass
      • Dependent Resources
      • Dedicated Energy Crops
      • Multi-Function Crops
  • What are the different Renewable Technologies?
      • Woody Biomass
        • Forest Products, Waste Wood and Straw
      • Biogas
      • Landfill Gas
        • Landfilled Waste
      • Coal Mine Methane
      • Anaerobic Digestion (without air)
  • Renewable Technologies cont.
    • Wave
      • Oscillating Water Column
      • Buoyant Moored Device
      • Hinged Contour Device
    • Tidal
    • Hydrogen
      • Fuel Cells
    • Hydroelectric
  • Renewable Energy Policy
    • The 1997 Kyoto Protocol
      • To reduce emissions of greenhouse gases by 12.5% below 1990 levels by 2008-12.
    • Non-Fossil Fuel Obligation (NFFO).
    • Energy White Paper, ‘Our Energy Future – creating a low carbon economy’ (Feb 2003) (more challenging domestic targets)
      • 60% reduction in CO2 Emissions by 2050
      • 20% reduction in CO2 Emissions of 1990 levels in 2010 (now re-assessed as 15-18%)
      • 10% of Electricity Generation from Renewables by 2010
      • 20% of Electricity Generation from Renewables by 2020
  • Renewable Energy Policy cont.
      • Eliminate Fuel Poverty by 2016-18
      • Decline in Indigenous UK Energy Supplies
      • Low Carbon Economy
      • Less Pollution
    • Climate Change - The UK Programme 2006
    • Higher Living Standards
    • Technical Expertise
    • New Businesses/Jobs
  • Renewable Energy Policy Cont.
    • Energy Act 2004
    • NETA
    • Utilities Act
  • Renewable Energy Policy Cont.
    • Renewable Obligation
      • Each Megawatt Hour of Renewable Electricity generated = Renewable Obligation Certificate (ROC) by Ofgem who administers the scheme
      • Suppliers can meet their obligation by either acquiring ROCs or by paying a buy-out price set at £32.33 megawatt hour in 2004/05
    • Climate Change Levy.
    • EU Emissions Trading Scheme.
    • Building Regulations and the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD)
  • Renewable Energy Policy Cont.
    • Compulsory Metering
    • Carbon Trust
    • International Energy Strategy
    • Climate Change Projects Office
  • Financing Renewable Energy Projects
    • Technology Risk
      • Off Shore (wind, tidal, wave)
      • Pyrolysis/Gasification
      • Photovotaics (Solar Chimney)
      • Wave
      • Tidal
    • Renewable Obligations Certificates (ROCs)
    • Planning Risk
    • Climate Change Levy (CCL)
  • Financing Renewable Energy Projects
    • Off-Shore Renewables (wind, tidal, wave) – Connection to the Grid
    • Catastrophic Bonds (Cat Bonds)
    • LATS
  •