GRAMMAR - SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS - 005 - QUIZ 2 ANSWERS
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GRAMMAR - SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS - 005 - QUIZ 2 ANSWERS

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Language Tutorials, English for Brasilians, Vocabulary, English Vocabulary, Grammar, English Grammar

Language Tutorials, English for Brasilians, Vocabulary, English Vocabulary, Grammar, English Grammar

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GRAMMAR - SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS - 005 - QUIZ 2 ANSWERS Document Transcript

  • 1. GRAMMAR - SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS 005 1 | P a g e ANTONYMS AND SYNONYMS QUIZ #2 • 3 . 1 Answers and Explanations Antonyms Synonyms 1) A B C 2) A ---- 3) D C B A 4) B A 5) C D B 6) B D A C 7) A C 8) D B C 9) B A D 10) C B 1) Antonym A Because cling means to hold on tightly to someone or something, the opposite of cling would be to separate from or let go. Because detach means to remove or separate from, A is the antonym. Synonyms B/C B is correct because clutch means to hold or grasp eagerly. As this is almost the same as cling, not the opposite of it, it is its synonym. C is correct because hug means to hold tightly. As this is almost the same as cling, not the opposite of it, it is its synonym. (D) is incorrect because slice means to cut into smaller pieces. This is not the opposite of cling, nor is it similar. 2) Antonym A Because contain means to have, hold or include something inside, the opposite of contain would be to keep something outside. Because exclude means to keep something out of a place, A is the antonym. There are no synonyms in this list: B is incorrect because accept means to agree to receive something. Whilst this is almost the opposite of exclude, it is not the same as contain. It is neither the antonym nor the synonym of contain. C is incorrect because unite means to join as one. This is neither the opposite of contain nor is it similar. D is incorrect because remove means to take something away from wherever it was. This is neither the opposite of contain nor is it similar. 3) Antonym D Because prevent means to keep something from happening, the opposite of prevent would be to make something happen. Because cause means to make something happen, D is the antonym. Synonyms C/B/A C is correct because stop means to cause an action or process to come to an end. It can also mean taking an action which prevents another action or process starting. As this is the same as prevent, it is a synonym. B is correct because interrupt means to prevent something being completed or continuing. As this is almost the same as prevent, it is a synonym. A is correct because avoid means to stop oneself doing something. As this is almost the same as prevent, it is a synonym. 4) Antonym B Because common means ordinary or occurring often, the opposite of common would be unusual, rare, or uncommon. Because unusual means not common or ordinary, B is the antonym. Synonym A A is correct because standard means typical or ordinary. As this is almost the same as common, this is its synonym. C is incorrect because scary means frightening. This is not the opposite of common, nor is it similar. D is incorrect because super means very good. This is not the opposite of common, since common does not mean very bad, nor is it similar.
  • 2. GRAMMAR - SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS 005 2 | P a g e 5) Antonyms C/D C Because scheduled means planned or timetabled, the opposite of scheduled would be unscheduled, not planned or not keeping to a schedule or timetable. Because unplanned means not planned or scheduled, C is the antonym. D is correct because late means not done on time or following a schedule or timetable. This is the opposite of scheduled, and is its antonym. Synonym A A is correct because assigned means given a specific timeslot, duty or purpose. As this is similar scheduled, it is its synonym. B is incorrect because prepared means made ready for use. This is not the opposite of scheduled, nor is it similar. 6) Antonyms B/D B Because arctic means relating to the regions surrounding the North or South Poles or the very cold climate found there, the opposite of arctic would be relating to a region containing warm climate or to that climate. Because tropical means relating to a hot and humid climate, B is the antonym. D is correct because equatorial means relating to the region surrounding the equator or to the climate of that region. This is the opposite of arctic, and is its antonym. Synonyms A A is correct because chilly means cold or a cold climate. As this is almost the same as arctic, it is its synonym. C is correct because frozen means turned to ice or a cold climate. As this is almost the same as arctic, it is its synonym. 7) Antonym A Because predator means an animal that hunts or preys on other animals and eats them, for food, the opposite of predator would be an animal that is hunted. Because prey is an animal that is hunted and eaten by another animal, A is the antonym. Synonym C C is correct because a hunter is a person or animal that chases and kills an animal for food. As this is almost the same as predator, it is its synonym. B is incorrect because a buyer is someone who purchases something. This is not the opposite of predator, nor is it similar. D is incorrect because a farmer is a person who grows crops or animals for food or money. Although farming for food is the opposite to hunting for food, a farmer is not the opposite of predator, because a farmer is not prey. 8) Antonym D Because clever means smart or intelligent, the opposite of clever would be unintelligent or dumb. Because stupid means unintelligent or dumb, D is the antonym. Synonyms B/C B is correct because smart means intelligent. As this is the same as clever, it is its synonym. C is correct because intelligent means clever and is its synonym. (A) is incorrect because splendid means magnificent or very impressive. This is neither the opposite of clever, nor similar. 9) Antonym B Because consider means to think about carefully, the opposite of consider would be to fail to consider or fail to think about. Because ignore means to fail to consider or fail to think about, B is the antonym. Synonyms A/D A is correct because think means to actively put one’s mind toward something. As this is the same as consider, it is its synonym. D is correct because study means to devote time and attention to gaining knowledge. As this is almost the same as consider, it is its synonym. C is incorrect because finish means to complete or end something. This is neither the opposite of consider, nor similar to it. 10) Antonym C Because attract means to cause someone to have a liking or interest in something, the opposite of attract would be to cause someone to dislike something. Because disgust means to repulse or cause someone to feel disapproval of something, C is the antonym. Synonym B B is correct because delight means to please very much. As this is almost the same as attract, it is its synonym. A is incorrect because depend means to rely on. This is not the opposite of attract, nor is it similar.
  • 3. GRAMMAR - SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS 005 3 | P a g e D is incorrect because disable means to incapacitate or make less capable or powerful. This is not the opposite of attract, nor is it similar. ANTONYMS AWFUL [Definition: offensive or malicious] Nice, clean, make clean, unobjectionable, uncontaminated, lovable. [Definition: exceptionally bad or displeasing] Good, goodness. [Definition: causing fear or dread or terror] Un-alarming, unthreatening [Definition: extreme in degree or extent or amount or impact] Ordinary BRIEF [Definition: of short duration or distance, very short] Long [Definition: concise and succinct] Prolonged [Definition: (of clothing) very short] Long, tall, demure BROAD [Definition: having great (or a certain) extent from one side to the other] Narrow, shallow [Definition: being at a peak or culminating point] Low [Definition: very large in expanse or scope] Little, small [Definition: broad in scope or content] Not comprehensive [Definition: showing or characterized by broad-mindedness] Narrow, narrow-minded [Definition: (of speech) heavily and noticeably regional] Unnoticeable TRUE [Definition: consistent with fact or reality; not false] Counterfeit, false, figurative, imitation, lie, unreal, untrue [Definition: expressing or given to expressing the truth] Dishonest, dishonourable, untruthful [Definition: devoted (sometimes fanatically) to a cause or concept or truth] Unfaithful [Definition: correctly identified, real] Unreal, untrue, wrong [Definition: accurately fitted; level] Odd, uneven [Definition: having a legally established claim] Illegitimate [Definition: accurately placed or thrown] Inaccurate [Definition: conforming to definitive criteria] Atypical, untypical [Definition: in tune; accurate in pitch] Off-key, inharmonious [Definition: determined with reference to the earth's axis rather than the magnetic poles] Magnetic [Definition: worthy of being depended on] Untrustworthy [Definition: not pretended; sincerely felt or expressed]
  • 4. GRAMMAR - SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS 005 4 | P a g e Insincere PREVIOUS [Definition: (used especially of persons) of the immediate past] Hereafter, time to come, future, present [Definition: just preceding something else in time or order] Succeeding [Definition: too soon or too hasty] Belatedly, late, tardily SYNONYMS AWFUL [Definition: offensive or malicious] Nasty, offensive [Definition: exceptionally bad or displeasing] Abominable, atrocious, unspeakable, painful, terrible, dreadful [Definition: causing fear or dread or terror] Horrendous, horrific, dire, direful, dread, dreaded, dreadful, frightening [Definition: extreme in degree or extent or amount or impact] Frightful, tremendous, terrible BRIEF [Definition: of short duration or distance, very short] Abbreviated, quick, short [Definition: concise and succinct] Concise, focussed, succinct [Definition: (of clothing) very short] Abbreviated, short, revealing BROAD [Definition: having great (or a certain) extent from one side to the other] Wide [Definition: being at a peak or culminating point] Full [Definition: very large in expanse or scope] Spacious, wide [Definition: not detailed or specific] General, unspecific [Definition: broad in scope or content] Blanket, extensive, encompassing, panoptic, wide, all-embracing, all-encompassing, all-inclusive, across-the-board [Definition: lacking subtlety; obvious] Obvious, unsubtle [Definition: showing or characterized by broad-mindedness] Big, liberal, open-minded, tolerant [Definition: (of speech) heavily and noticeably regional] Accented, heavy, noticeable TRUE [Definition: consistent with fact or reality; not false] Certain, correct, factual, literal, real [Definition: expressing or given to expressing the truth] Truthful [Definition: devoted (sometimes fanatically) to a cause or concept or truth] Faithful [Definition: rightly so called] Right [Definition: accurately fitted; level] Aligned, even, level, straight [Definition: having a legally established claim] Lawful, legitimate, rightful
  • 5. GRAMMAR - SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS 005 5 | P a g e [Definition: accurately placed or thrown] Accurate, on target [Definition: conforming to definitive criteria] Typed, matched [Definition: in tune; accurate in pitch] In tune, on-key, in pitch [Definition: determined with reference to the earth's axis rather than the magnetic poles] Uncorrected [Definition: worthy of being depended on] Dependable, honest, reliable [Definition: not pretended; sincerely felt or expressed] Genuine, sincere, unfeigned PREVIOUS [Definition: (used especially of persons) of the immediate past] Former, late [Definition: just preceding something else in time or order] Old [Definition: too soon or too hasty] Early, premature
  • 6. GRAMMAR - SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS 005 6 | P a g e • 3 . 2 Answers and Explanations Antonyms Synonyms 1) A D 2) B ---- 3) C A 4) D C B 5) B C ---- 6) C D ---- 7) B A 8) C D A B 9) A D B C 10) C A B 1) Antonym A Because brief means lasting for a short time, the opposite of brief would be lasting for a great amount of time. Because long can mean lasting for a great amount of time, A is its antonym. Synonym D D is incorrect because short means lasting for a small amount of time. As this is the same as brief, it is its synonym. B is incorrect because stable means not likely to change. This is not the opposite of brief, nor is it similar. C is incorrect because strong means having great power or force. This is not the opposite of brief, nor is it similar. 2) Antonym B Because blindness means the inability to see, the opposite of blindness would be the ability to see. Because vision is the ability to see, B is the antonym. There are no synonyms in this list: A is incorrect because a handicap is a condition that restricts a person’s ability to function. Blindness is a type of handicap, but is neither its antonym nor its synonym. C is incorrect because scent is the ability to smell. This is not the opposite of blindness, nor is it similar. D is incorrect because alertness is the quality of being awake or quick to notice something. This is not the opposite of blindness, nor is it similar. 3) Antonym C Because unalike means different from or not similar to, the opposite of unalike is alike. Because similar means alike or resembling without being identical, C is the antonym. Synonym A (A) is correct because different means not the same as each other. As this is the same as unlike, it is its synonym. B is incorrect because reverse means going in the opposite direction or backwards. This is neither the opposite of unlike nor is it similar. D is incorrect because separate means distinct or apart. This is neither the opposite of unlike, nor is it similar. 4) Antonym D Because fan means a person who admires or likes someone or something, the opposite of a fan would be a person who dislikes or expresses disapproval for something or someone. Because a critic may be a person who expresses an unfavourable opinion of something or someone, D is its antonym. Synonyms C/B C is correct because a follower is a person who is devoted to particular cause, activity, or person. As this is almost the same as fan, it is its synonym. B is correct because a friend is a person who supports another person or cause. As this is almost the same as fan, it is its synonym. A is incorrect because a performer is someone who entertains an audience. This is neither the opposite of fan, nor is it similar.
  • 7. GRAMMAR - SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS 005 7 | P a g e 5) Antonym B/C Because ambitious means having an aim or strong desire to succeed in a purpose or task, the opposite of ambitious would be unwilling to work or lacking a desire to succeed. Because lazy means unwilling to work or lacking in motivation, B is its antonym. C is also correct because aimless means lacking in aim or purpose. This is the opposite of ambitious, and is its antonym. There are no synonyms in this list: A is incorrect because hopeful means feeling optimism about the future. This is neither the opposite of ambitious nor is it similar. D is incorrect because spirited means full of life. This is neither the opposite of ambitious nor is it similar. 6) Antonyms C/D Because origin means the source of something, the opposite of origin would be the end of something’s existence or travels. Because destruction means the total end of something, C is the antonym. D Because a destination means an end goal or final stop, D is also the antonym. There are no synonyms in this list: A is incorrect because a reason is a cause or explanation for an action. This is neither the opposite of origin, nor is it similar. B is incorrect because a detour is a long or roundabout route. This is neither the opposite of origin, nor is it similar. 7) Antonym B Because certain means known for sure, the opposite of certain would be uncertain or full of doubt. Because unsure means not certain or known for sure, B is the antonym. Synonym A A is correct because convinced means made to believe in the truth of something. As this is almost the same as certain, it is its synonym. C is incorrect because calm means not nervous or angry. This is neither the opposite of certain, nor is it similar. D is incorrect because false means not true. This is neither the opposite of certain, nor is it similar, since being untrue is not the same as knowing for sure. 8) Antonyms C/D C Because dark means with little or no light, or devoid of brightness, the opposite of dark would be well lit or full of brightness. Because brilliant means very bright, C is the antonym. D is also correct because colourful means having many and varied, or bright colours. This is the opposite of dark, because, whilst colourful is not the same as well lit, it is the opposite to having no bright colours, and so can be its antonym in this sense. Synonyms A/B A is correct because shady means poorly lit or in the shade. As this is almost the same as dark, it is its synonym. B is correct because dim means not shining brightly or clearly. As this is almost the same as dark, it is its synonym. 9) Antonyms A/D A Because methodical means done by a systematic or established procedure, the opposite of methodical would be done without a method or organization. Because random means done without a method, A is the antonym. D is also correct because, whilst crazy means insane or not mentally sound, it can also mean haphazard. Because this is the opposite of methodical, it can also be its antonym in this sense. Synonyms B/C B is correct because orderly means neatly arranged. As this is almost the same as methodical, it is its synonym. C is correct because organized means structured. As this is almost the same as methodical, it is its synonym. 10) Antonym C Because opponent means someone who competes against someone else in a contest or game, the opposite of an opponent would be someone who competes alongside someone else or someone who helps out someone else. Because an ally is a person or group that helps or cooperates with another in a particular activity, C is correct. Synonyms A/B B is correct because an enemy is a person who is actively hostile or opposed to someone or something. As this is the same as opponent, it is its synonym. D is correct because a rival is a person competing against another for the same goal. As this is almost the same as opponent, it is its synonym.
  • 8. GRAMMAR - SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS 005 8 | P a g e A is incorrect because an observer is someone who watches something. This is neither the opposite of opponent, nor is it similar. ANTONYMS AVERAGE [Definition: lacking exceptional quality or ability] Extraordinary [Definition: approximating the statistical norm or average or expected value] Abnormal, paranormal, unnatural [Definition: relating to or constituting the middle value of an ordered set of values (or the average of the middle two in a set with an even number of values)] Abnormal, paranormal, unnatural [Definition: relating to or constituting the most frequent value in a distribution] Abnormal, paranormal, unnatural [Definition: lacking special distinction, rank, or status; commonly encountered] Individual, single, uncommon JUNIOR [Definition: younger; lower in rank; shorter in length of tenure or service; including or intended for youthful persons] Aged, elderly, major, mature, primary, senior MAIN [Definition: most important element] Unimportant SIMPLE [Definition: easy and not involved or complicated] Difficult, hard, uneasy [Definition: (botany) of leaf shapes; of leaves having no divisions or subdivisions] Acute, Compound, cubic, three-dimensional, nonlinear, planar, two-dimensional [Definition: having few parts; not complex or complicated or involved] Complex [Definition: apart from anything else; without additions or modifications] Colourful, decorative, embossed, fancy, ornamented, patterned [Definition: lacking mental capacity and subtlety] Precocious [Definition: exhibiting childlike simplicity and credulity] Sophisticated SYNONYMS AVERAGE [Definition: lacking exceptional quality or ability] Fair, mediocre, middling [Definition: approximating the statistical norm or average or expected value] Mean [Definition: relating to or constituting the middle value of an ordered set of values (or the average of the middle two in a set with an even number of values)] Median [Definition: relating to or constituting the most frequent value in a distribution ] Modal [Definition: lacking special distinction, rank, or status; commonly encountered] Ordinary JUNIOR [Definition: younger; lower in rank; shorter in length of tenure or service; including or intended for youthful persons] Earlier, earliest, immature, lower, lowest, young, youthful MAIN [Definition: most important element] Chief, master, primary, principal SIMPLE [Definition: easy and not involved or complicated] Easy, elementary, uncomplicated, unproblematic
  • 9. GRAMMAR - SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS 005 9 | P a g e [Definition: (botany) of leaf shapes; of leaves having no divisions or subdivisions] Undivided, un-subdivided [Definition: having few parts; not complex or complicated or involved] Uncomplicated [Definition: apart from anything else; without additions or modifications] Bare, mere, plain, unadorned, uncomplicated, undecorated, pattern less [Definition: lacking mental capacity and subtlety] Dim, dim-witted, simple, simple-minded, slow, stupid, thick [Definition: exhibiting childlike simplicity and credulity] Childlike, dewy-eyed, innocence, round-eyed, simple, unsophisticated, wide-eyed
  • 10. GRAMMAR - SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS 005 10 | P a g e • 3 . 3 Answers and Explanations Antonyms Synonyms 1) C A B 2) B C 3) D B 4) C A 5) B A 6) A D B 7) A B 8) D B A C 9) B A 10) C A D 1) Antonym C Because advantage means a benefit or a favourable or desirable circumstance, the opposite of advantage would be a disadvantage or unfavourable circumstance. Because a problem is an unwelcome or unfavourable circumstance that needs to be overcome, C is the antonym. Synonyms A/B A is correct because a blessing is a beneficial thing. As this is the same as advantage, not it is its synonym. B is correct because fortune is good luck. This is almost the same as advantage, it is its synonym. D is incorrect because illness means a disease or period of sickness. This is neither the opposite of advantage, nor is it similar. 2) Antonym B Because misery means a feeling of great discomfort or distress, the opposite of misery would be a feeling of great comfort or enjoyment. Because pleasure is a feeling of enjoyment or happy satisfaction, B is the antonym. Synonym C C is correct because suffering is a feeling of discomfort or distress. As this is almost the same as misery, it is its synonym. A is incorrect because trouble is a difficulty. This is neither the opposite of misery, nor is it similar. D is incorrect because luck is something brought on by chance. This is neither the opposite of misery, nor is it similar. 3) Antonym D Because solution means the way to solve a problem or deal with a difficult situation, the opposite of solution would be a problem. Because a dilemma is a difficult situation or problem, D is the antonym. Synonym B B is correct because a result is an outcome of something. As this is not the opposite of solution, but is similar, it is its synonym. A is incorrect because doubt is a feeling of uncertainty. This is neither the opposite of solution, nor is it similar. C is incorrect because a theory is an idea used to account for a course of action. This is neither the opposite of solution, nor is it similar. 4) Antonym C Because moist means slightly wet or damp, the opposite of moist would be free from moisture or wetness. Because dry means free from moisture or liquid, C is correct. Synonym A A is correct because humid means containing a high amount of water or water vapour. As this is almost the same as moist, it is its synonym. B is incorrect because cold means having little or no warmth. This is neither the opposite of moist, nor is it similar. D is incorrect because gassy means full of air or gas. This is neither the opposite of moist, nor is it similar.
  • 11. GRAMMAR - SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS 005 11 | P a g e 5) Antonym B Because steer means to guide or control the movement of something, the opposite of steer would be to be led or guided. Because follow means to come after a person or be led by a person, B is the antonym. Synonym A A is correct because drive means to operate and control the direction and speed of a vehicle. As this is almost the same as steer, it is its synonym.. C is incorrect because extend means to make longer or wider. This is neither the opposite of steer, nor is it similar. D is incorrect because cease means to stop. This is neither the opposite of steer, nor is it similar. 6) Antonym A Because resident means a person who lives in a certain place, the opposite of resident would be a guest or person who does not live in a certain place. Because a visitor is someone who is temporarily in a certain place, A is correct. Synonyms D/B D is correct because a citizen is an inhabitant of a certain town or city. As this is almost the same as resident, it is its synonym. B is correct because an owner is someone who owns something, such as a residence. This is not the opposite of resident, but can mean the same thing in this sense. It is therefore a synonym. C is incorrect because company is a number of people gathered together for a particular purpose. This is neither the opposite of resident, nor is it similar. 7) Antonym A Because magnificent means extremely pretty or impressive, the opposite of magnificent would be unattractive or unimpressive. Because ugly means unpleasant or unattractive in appearance, A is the antonym. Synonym B B is correct because gorgeous means very pretty. As this is almost the same as magnificent, it is its synonym. C is incorrect because normal means typical or expected. This is neither the opposite of magnificent, nor is it similar. D is incorrect because thrilling means exciting. This is neither the opposite of magnificent, nor is it similar. 8) Antonyms D/B D Because different means not the same as another or without variation from another, the opposite of different would be similar. Because identical means similar in every detail or exactly alike, D is the antonym. B can also be correct because unchanged means not altered, modified or varied. This is the opposite of different, so in this sense unchanged is its antonym. Synonyms A/C A is correct because other means different from something already mentioned. As this is almost the same as different, it is its synonym. C is correct because opposite means completely unlike another. As this is almost the same as different, it is its synonym. 9) Antonym B Because downstairs means on a lower level, the opposite of downstairs would be upstairs or on a higher level. Because above means at a higher level or layer, B is correct. Synonym A A is correct because below means at a lower level. As this is the same as downstairs, it is its synonym. C is incorrect because beside means next to. This is neither the opposite of downstairs, nor is it similar. D is incorrect because atop means on the top or peak of. This is neither the opposite of downstairs, nor is it similar. 10) Antonym C Because observe means to watch carefully, the opposite of observe would be to watch carelessly or not at all. Because glance means to take a brief, hurried, or careless look, C is the antonym. Synonyms A/D A is correct because inspect means to look at closely. As this is almost the same as observe, it is its synonym. D is correct because witness can mean to observe or to see something take place. As this is similar to observe, it is also its synonym in this sense. B is incorrect because deny means to refuse to admit the truth of. This is neither the opposite of observe, nor is it similar.
  • 12. GRAMMAR - SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS 005 12 | P a g e ANTONYMS EVIL [Definition (noun): the quality of being morally wrong in principle or practice] Good, goodness, moral [Definition (Adjective): morally bad or wrong] Beautiful, good, holy, honourable, light, supernal, white, worthy [Definition: having or exerting a malignant influence] Beneficent [Definition: having the nature of vice] Virtuous HASTY [Definition: excessively quick] Leisurely, relaxed, unhurried [Definition: done with very great haste and without due deliberation] Considered, deliberate, unhurried PROPER [Definition: marked by suitability or rightness or appropriateness] Improper, false, incorrect, indecent, indecorous, indelicate, wrong [Definition: limited to the thing specified] General, non-specific [Definition: having all the qualities typical of the thing specified] Nominal, unreal [Definition: appropriate for a condition or purpose or occasion or a person's character, needs] Inappropriate SPECIAL [Definition: first and most important] Secondary [Definition: having a specific function or scope; unique or specific to a person or thing or category] General, non-specific [Definition: surpassing what is common or usual or expected] Common [Definition: for a special service or occasion] Ordinary [Definition: adapted to or reserved for a particular purpose] Unspecialised [Definition: added to a regular schedule] Scheduled SYNONYMS EVIL [Definition (noun): the quality of being morally wrong in principle or practice] Bad, evilness, immorality [Definition (Adjective): morally bad or wrong] Bad, dark, demonic, dishonourable, immoral, possessed, unholy, unworthy [Definition: having or exerting a malignant influence] Malefic, malevolent, malign [Definition: having the nature of vice] Vicious HASTY [Definition: excessively quick] Headlong [Definition: done with very great haste and without due deliberation] Precipitant, precipitate, precipitous, rushed PROPER [Definition: marked by suitability or rightness or appropriateness] Appropriate, legal, moral, right, suitable, true [Definition: limited to the thing specified] Particular, specific
  • 13. GRAMMAR - SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS 005 13 | P a g e [Definition: having all the qualities typical of the thing specified] Specification [Definition: appropriate for a condition or purpose or occasion or a person's character, needs] Appropriate, right, fit for purpose SPECIAL [Definition: first and most important] Particular, valued [Definition: having a specific function or scope; unique or specific to a person or thing or category ] Defined, limited [Definition: surpassing what is common or usual or expected] Especial, exceptional, particular [Definition: for a special service or occasion] Customised [Definition: adapted to or reserved for a particular purpose] Customised [Definition: added to a regular schedule] Ad-hoc, chartered, extra, unscheduled
  • 14. GRAMMAR - SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS 005 14 | P a g e • 4 . 1 Answers and Explanations Antonyms Synonyms 1) D B C 2) B D A 3) C A 4) A C 5) D A 6) C B 7) B A C 8) A ---- 9) B A C 10) C A 1) Antonym D Because last means coming after all others in time or order, the opposite of last would be first. Because primary means first in order or importance, D is the antonym. Synonyms B/C B is correct because closing means final. As this is the same as last, it is its synonym. C is correct because ending means final. As this is the same as last, it is its synonym. A is incorrect because early means happening before the expected time. This is neither the opposite of last, nor its it similar. 2) Antonym B Because distress means worry, sorrow, or pain, the opposite of distress would be ease, happiness, or satisfaction. Because pleasure is a feeling of happy satisfaction and enjoyment, B is the antonym. Synonyms D/A D is correct because suffering is the state of undergoing pain or hardship. As this is almost the same as distress, it is its synonym. A is correct because a headache is a continuous pain in the head and a form of distress. In this sense it is a synonym. C is incorrect because luck is success or failure brought on by chance. This is neither the opposite of distress, nor is it similar. 3) Antonym C Because captivity means the condition of being imprisoned or confined, the opposite of captivity would be the condition of being free or not being imprisoned. Because freedom is the state of not being imprisoned or enslaved, C is its antonym. Synonym A A is correct because slavery means to be the property of another person. As this is a form of captivity, it is its synonym. B is incorrect because permission is consent or authorization to do something. This is neither the opposite of captivity, nor is it similar.. D is incorrect because a limitation is a restriction of some kind. This is neither the opposite of captivity, nor is it similar. 4) Antonym A Because crafty means clever or skilled at achieving one’s aims by indirect or dishonest methods, the opposite of crafty would be forthright, sincere, or free from deceit. Because honest means forthright or free from deceit, A is the antonym. Synonym C C is correct because deceitful means guilty of misleading others. As this is almost the same as crafty, it is its synonym. B is incorrect because bright means well-lit or intelligent. This is neither the opposite of crafty, nor is it similar. D is incorrect because scientific means the use of science or the study of the natural world. This is neither the opposite of crafty, nor is it similar.
  • 15. GRAMMAR - SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS 005 15 | P a g e 5) Antonym D Because resist means to struggle against someone or something, the opposite of resist would be to give way to pressure or cease struggling against someone or something. Because yield means to give way to pressure, D is the antonym. Synonym C C is correct because decline means to politely refuse. As this is almost the same as resist, it is its synonym. A is incorrect because adjust means to alter or move something slightly. This is neither the opposite of resist, nor is it similar. B is incorrect because remain means to stay in place. This is neither the opposite of resist, nor is it similar. 6) Antonym C Because reveal means to allow or cause something to be seen, the opposite of reveal would be to conceal, cover, hide or mask. Because cover means to put something in front of, over or on top of something in order to hide or conceal it, C is the antonym. Synonym B B is correct because unveil means to display, exhibit or reveal. As this is the same as reveal, it is its synonym. A is incorrect because develop means to grow. This is neither the opposite of reveal, nor is it similar. D is incorrect because thwart means to prevent someone from accomplishing something. This is neither the opposite of reveal nor is it similar. 7) Antonym B Because survive means to continue to exist or live, the opposite of survive would be to cease to exist or die. Because expire means to come to an end or die, B is the antonym. Synonyms A/C A is correct because recover means to regain full health or strength. As this is almost the same as survive, it is its synonym. C is correct because withstand means to remain undefeated by something. As this is almost the same as survive, it is its synonym. D is incorrect because flee means to leave. This is not the opposite of survive, not is it similar enough. 8) Antonym A Because detest means to hate, the opposite of detest would be to love. Because adore means to love and respect, A is the antonym. There are no synonyms in this list: B is incorrect because withhold means to hold back or refuse to give something to someone. This is neither the opposite of detest, nor is it similar. C is incorrect because injure means to harm or cause physical pain. This is neither the opposite of detest, nor is it similar. D is incorrect because assist means to help someone out. This is neither the opposite of detest, nor is it similar. 9) Antonym B Because carefree means easygoing or free from stress, the opposite of carefree would be stressed or anxious. Because worried means anxious, troubled, or stressed, B is the antonym. Synonyms A/C A is correct because easygoing means relaxed or calm. As this is the same as carefree it is its synonym. C is correct because relaxed means free from tension and anxiety. As this is the same as carefree, it is its synonym. D is incorrect because cautious means careful. This is not the opposite of carefree, nor is it similar. 10) Antonym C Because bicker means to argue about unimportant matters, the opposite of bicker would be to share an opinion or avoid arguing. Because concur means to agree or share an opinion, C is the antonym. Synonym A A is correct because debate means to argue about something. As this is almost the same as bicker, it is its synonym. B is incorrect because surrender means to cease fighting and submit to an opponent. This is neither the opposite of bicker, nor is it similar. D is incorrect because hassle means to harass or bother. This is neither the opposite of bicker, nor is it similar.
  • 16. GRAMMAR - SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS 005 16 | P a g e ANTONYMS ALERT [Definition: engaged in or accustomed to close observation] Un-alert, unobservant, unvigilant, unwatchful [Definition: mentally perceptive and responsive] Unaware [Definition: quick and energetic] Unenergetic, lethargic HAPPY [Definition: enjoying or showing or marked by joy or pleasure] Cursed, dull, unhappy [Definition: eagerly disposed to act or to be of service] Unwilling [Definition: marked by good fortune] Infelicitous, unfortunate, unhappy [Definition: well expressed and to the point] Inappropriate VIGILANT [Definition: carefully observant or attentive; on the lookout for possible danger] Un-alert, unvigilant, unwatchful WHOLESOME [Definition: conducive to or characteristic of physical or moral well-being; sound or exhibiting soundness in body or mind] Unwholesome, insubstantial, unhealthy, unsound SYNONYMS ALERT [Definition: engaged in or accustomed to close observation] Watchful [Definition: mentally perceptive and responsive] Alive, awake [Definition: quick and energetic] Aware, brisk, lively, merry HAPPY [Definition: enjoying or showing or marked by joy or pleasure] Joyful, pleased [Definition: eagerly disposed to act or to be of service] Glad [Definition: marked by good fortune] Felicitous [Definition: well expressed and to the point] Well-chosen VIGILANT [Definition: carefully observant or attentive; on the lookout for possible danger] Alert, open-eyed, watchful WHOLESOME [Definition: conducive to or characteristic of physical or moral well-being; sound or exhibiting soundness in body or mind] Fulfilling, healthy, sound, substantial
  • 17. GRAMMAR - SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS 005 17 | P a g e • 4 . 2 Answers and Explanations Antonyms Synonyms 1) C A D 2) B A 3) A B 4) D B C 5) D C 6) A C B 7) B D C 8) B D ---- 9) C A 10) B A 1) Antonym C Because arrest means to capture by legal authority, or to stop an object in motion, the opposite of arrest would be to free. Because release means to set free, C is the antonym. Synonyms A/D A is correct because capture means to take possession of someone or something by control or force. As this is the same as arrest, it is its synonym. D is correct because brake means to curtail the movement of something or make such movement impossible. As this is the same as arrest, it is its synonym. B is incorrect because extend means to prolong or make longer. This is not the opposite of arrest, nor is it similar. 2) Antonym B Because permit means to allow, the opposite of permit would be to ban or not allow. Because outlaw means to ban, prohibit, or make something illegal, B is the antonym. Synonym A A is correct because allow means to grant permission or agree that something is acceptable. As this is the same as permit, it is its synonym. C is incorrect because challenge means to argue against or dispute the truth of something. This is neither the opposite of permit, nor is it similar. D is incorrect because recognize means to identify someone from having seen him or her before. This is neither the opposite of permit, nor is it similar. 3) Antonym A Because fully means totally or completely, the opposite of fully would be incompletely. Because partially means only in part or incompletely, A is correct. Synonyms B/D B is correct because completely means totally. As this is the same as fully, it is its synonym. D is correct because totally means completely or fully. As this is the same as fully, it is its synonym. (C) is incorrect because finally means after a long time or at last. This is not the opposite of fully, nor its it similar. 4) Antonym D Because limp means not stiff or firm, the opposite of limp would be firm or hard. Because stiff means rigid, hard, firm, or not easily bent, D is the antonym. Synonyms B/C B is correct because bending means not firm or fixed in shape. As this is almost the same as limp, it is its synonym. C is correct because plastic means formable or lacking a clear shape. As this is almost the same as limp, it is its synonym A is incorrect because strict means demanding that rules are obeyed and observed. This is neither the opposite of limp, nor is it similar. .
  • 18. GRAMMAR - SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS 005 18 | P a g e 5) Antonym D Because pointless means having little or no purpose, sense, or use, the opposite of pointless would be important, purposeful, or worth the effort. Because worthwhile means worth the effort, money, or time spent, D is correct. Synonym C C is correct because useless means of no useful purpose or outcome. As this is the same as pointless, it is its synonym. A is incorrect because resolved means determined to do something, or an outcome has been achieved. This is neither the opposite of pointless, nor is it similar. B is incorrect because harmful means able or likely to cause harm or injury. This is neither the opposite of pointless, nor is it similar. 6) Antonym A Because routine means commonplace or done in the course of a regular action, the opposite of routine would be atypical or uncommon. Because unusual means not commonplace or not habitually done, A is the antonym. Synonyms C/B C is correct because general means normal or usual. As this is the same as routine, it is its synonym. B is correct because typical means normal or characteristic of a type. As this is almost the same as routine, it is its synonym. D is incorrect because creative means to make use of the imagination or original ideas. This is neither the opposite of routine, nor is it similar. 7) Antonym B Because entrance means an opening that allows access to somewhere, the opposite of an entrance would be an exit or way out. Because an escape is a way out, B is the antonym. Synonyms D/C D is correct because a doorway is an entrance to a room or building through a door. As this is the same as entrance, it is its synonym. C is correct because an opening is a gap that allows access. As this is similar to entrance, it is its synonym. A is incorrect because a passage is the access between buildings or rooms. This is neither the opposite of entrance, nor is it similar. 8) Antonyms B/D B Because host means a person who receives or entertains guests, the opposite of a host would be a guest. Because a guest is a visitor welcomed to a place, B is an antonym. D Because host means a person who receives or entertains guests, the opposite of a host would be a guest. Because a visitor is a guest or person visiting a place, D is an antonym. There are no synonyms in this list: A is incorrect because an entertainer is someone whose job is to entertain or provide amusement for others. This is neither the opposite of a host, nor is it similar. C is incorrect because a tenant is a person who occupies the land or property owned by someone else. This is neither the opposite of a host, because nor is it similar. 9) Antonym C Because mature means fully-grown or ripe, the opposite of mature is growing, immature, or unripe. Because juvenile means childish or immature, C is the antonym. Synonym A A is correct because ripe means fully matured or grown. As this is the same as mature, it is its synonym . B is incorrect because experienced means having knowledge or skill gained over a period of time. This is neither the opposite of mature, nor is it similar. D is incorrect because idiotic means stupid or unintelligent. This is neither the opposite of mature, nor is it similar. 10) Antonym B Because humble means modest or not arrogant, the opposite of humble would be arrogant or self-important. Because proud means having a high opinion of oneself or one’s own importance, B is the antonym. Synonym A A is correct because lowly means modest or low in status. As this is almost the same as humble it is the synonym.
  • 19. GRAMMAR - SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS 005 19 | P a g e C is incorrect because aggressive means ready to attack or fight. This is neither the opposite of humble, nor is it similar. D is incorrect because timid means lacking confidence or courage. This is neither the opposite of humble, nor is it similar enough to be its synonym. ANTONYMS CAPABLE [Definition: (usually followed by `of') having capacity or ability] Incapable, unable, diffident, shy, timid, unsure [Definition: having the requisite qualities for] Differ, inadequate, unequal [Definition: have the skills and qualifications to do things well] Incompetent, unqualified [Definition: possibly accepting or permitting] Unsusceptible CLEAR [Verb][Definition: be debited and credited to the proper bank accounts] Bounce [Definition: become clear] Cloud, overcast [Definition: rid of obstructions] Barred, blocked, guarded, obstructed, sealed, uncluttered [Definition: pronounce not guilty of criminal charges] Convict [Adjective] [Definition: readily apparent to the mind] Indistinct, unclear [Definition: allowing light to pass through] Opaque, gaseous, solid [Definition: free from clouds or mist or haze] Cloudy, foggy, foul, hazy, misty, overcast [Definition: clear of charges or deductions] Gross [Definition: free from contact or proximity or connection] Block, bound, close up, confine, detain, impede, jam, obstruct, occlude [Definition: freed from any question of guilt] Guilty [Definition: free from flaw or blemish or impurity] Imperfect [Definition: (of sound or colour) free from anything that dulls or dims] Dim, dull, impure, muffled, muted [Definition: clear and distinct to the senses; easily perceptible] Indistinct [Definition: free from confusion or doubt] Confused, bewildered, doubtful, doubting, unclear [Definition: free of restrictions or qualifications; meeting the proper standards and requirements and training for an office or position or task] Limited, qualified, restricted [Definition: characterized by ease and quickness in perceiving] Undiscerning [Definition: (especially of a title) free from any encumbrance or limitation that presents a question of fact or law] Encumbered [Definition: easily deciphered] Illegible, indecipherable, unreadable [Definition: affording free passage or view] Blocked, closed, hindered, obstructed
  • 20. GRAMMAR - SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS 005 20 | P a g e [Definition: characterized by freedom from troubling thoughts (especially guilt)] Afflicted, distressed, guilty, needy, troubled HECTIC [Definition: marked by intense agitation or emotion] Calm OFFENSIVE [Definition: unpleasant or disgusting especially to the senses] Inoffensive, attractive, virtuous [Definition: causing anger or annoyance] Inoffensive, acceptable [Definition: for the purpose of attack rather than defence] Defensive , confined, non-invasive [Definition: morally offensive] Savoury, inoffensive [Definition: substitute a harsher or distasteful term for a mild one] Euphemistic, inoffensive [Definition: causing or able to cause nausea] Wholesome SYNONYMS CAPABLE [Definition: (usually followed by `of') having capacity or ability] Able to, certain, confident, sure [Definition: having the requisite qualities for] Adequate to, equal to, up to [Definition: have the skills and qualifications to do things well] Able, competent, qualified [Definition: possibly accepting or permitting] Open, subject CLEAR [Verb] [Definition: be debited and credited to the proper bank accounts] Cash, En-cash, honour, Pass [Definition: become clear] Bright, brighten, clear up, lighten [Definition: rid of obstructions] Unobstructed, uncluttered, open, unguarded, unblocked [Definition: pronounce not guilty of criminal charges] Acquit, assoil, discharge, exculpate, exonerate [Adjective] [Definition: readily apparent to the mind] Distinct, distinctive, obvious [Definition: allowing light to pass through] Colourless, transparent [Definition: free from clouds or mist or haze] Cloudless [Definition: accurately stated or described] Doubtless, well-defined [Definition: free from contact or proximity or connection] Disconnected, free, parted, unblocked, unimpeded, un-jammed, unobstructed, untied [Definition: freed from any question of guilt] Absolved, cleared, exculpated, exonerated, vindicated [Definition: free from flaw or blemish or impurity] Flawless, perfect, pure, unblemished [Definition: (of sound or colour) free from anything that dulls or dims] Bright, brilliant, clean, light [Definition: clear and distinct to the senses; easily perceptible]
  • 21. GRAMMAR - SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS 005 21 | P a g e Clean-cut, clear-cut, distinct, perceptible, understandable [Definition: free from confusion or doubt] Coherent, understandable [Definition: free of restrictions or qualifications] Clean, unqualified, unrestricted [Definition: characterized by ease and quickness in perceiving] Discerning, perceptive, percipient [Definition: (especially of a title) free from any encumbrance or limitation that presents a question of fact or law] Unencumbered, unlimited, un-mortgaged [Definition: affording free passage or view] Open, unobstructed [Definition: characterized by freedom from troubling thoughts (especially guilt)] Guilt-free, guiltless, untroubled HECTIC [Definition: marked by intense agitation or emotion] Agitated, feverish OFFENSIVE [Definition: unpleasant or disgusting especially to the senses] Disgusting, malodorous, unpleasant [Definition: causing anger or annoyance] Unacceptable, disgusting, vile [Definition: for the purpose of attack rather than defence] Attacking, aggressive [Definition: morally offensive] Unsavoury [Definition: substitute a harsher or distasteful term for a mild one] Dysphemistic, homophobic, misogynistic, rude, racist, sexist [Definition: causing or able to cause nausea] Loathsome, nauseating, nauseous, noisome, queasy, sickening, unwholesome, vile
  • 22. GRAMMAR - SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS 005 22 | P a g e • 4 . 3 Answers and Explanations Antonyms Synonyms 1) A D B 2) B C A 3) C A B 4) A D 5) B A 6) D B C 7) D A 8) A B 9) C A D 10) C ---- 1) Antonym A Because entertain means to provide someone with amusement or enjoyment, the opposite of entertain would be to fail to provide someone with amusement or enjoyment. Because bore means to be dull or to make someone feel uninterested, A is the antonym. Synonyms D/B D is correct because excite means to arouse enthusiasm or eagerness in someone. As this is almost the same as entertain, it is its synonym. B is correct because perform means to present a form of entertainment to an audience. As this is a way of entertaining, it is a synonym of entertain. C is incorrect because recline means to lie back in a relaxed position. This is neither the opposite of entertain, nor is it similar. 2) Antonym B Because attractive means appealing to look at, the opposite of attractive would be unattractive, ugly or unappealing to look at. Because hideous means very ugly, B is the antonym. Synonyms C/A C is correct because beautiful means full of beauty or very pretty. As this is the same as attractive, it is its synonym. A Because attractive can mean an idea or something that attracts or is popular and wonderful can mean an extremely good or marvellous idea or thing. in this sense it is its synonym. D is incorrect because average means normal or mediocre. This is neither the opposite of attractive, nor is it similar. 3) Antonym C Because assist means to help out, the opposite of assist would be to block or impede. Because prevent means to make impede, C is the antonym. Synonyms A/B A is correct because support means to give assistance or help. As this is the same as assist, it is its synonym. B is correct because help means to offer one’s own services or support to achieve or complete a task. As this is the same as assist, it is its synonym . D is incorrect because pamper means to spoil or indulge. This is neither the opposite of assist, nor is it similar enough to be a synonym. 4) Antonym A Because threat means something likely to cause damage or danger, the opposite of threat would be something likely to prevent damage or danger. Because protection is something that prevents someone from suffering harm or injury, A is the antonym. Synonym D D is correct because danger is the possibility of suffering harm or injury. As this is almost the same as threat, not the opposite of it. B is incorrect because an emergency is a serious and unexpected situation that requires immediate action. This is neither the opposite of threat, nor is it similar.
  • 23. GRAMMAR - SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS 005 23 | P a g e C is incorrect because courage is the ability to do something dangerous or frightening. This is neither the opposite of threat, nor is it similar. 5) Antonym B Because severe means strict or harsh, the opposite of severe would be easy or less strict. Because relaxed means less strict or harsh, B is the antonym. Synonym A A is correct because strict means rigidly enforced or harsh. As this is almost the same as severe, it is its synonym. C is incorrect because kindly means nice. This is neither the opposite of severe, nor is it similar. D is incorrect because serious means careful or earnest in manner. This is neither the opposite of severe, nor is it similar. 6) Antonym D Because attentive means to be focused or pay close attention to something, the opposite of attentive would be inattentive or unfocused. Because distracted means unfocused or preoccupied, D is the antonym. Synonyms B/C B is correct because watchful means to be alert or watch something closely. As this is the same as attentive, it is its synonym. C is correct because alert means to be quick to notice anything unusual. As this is almost the same as attentive, it is its synonym. A is incorrect because lazy means unwilling to work or use energy. This is neither the opposite of attentive, nor is it similar. 7) Antonym D Because entire means whole or with no part left out, the opposite of entire would be partial. Because incomplete means partial or not having all the necessary parts, D is the antonym. Synonym A A is correct because unified means made whole or united. As this is almost the same as entire, it is its synonym. B is incorrect because flawed means imperfect or damaged. This is neither the opposite of entire, nor is it similar. C is incorrect because perfect means free from flaw or defect. This is neither the opposite of entire, nor is it similar. 8) Antonym A Because concentrate means to focus attention or mental efforts on a certain object or activity, the opposite of concentrate would be to allow one’s mind wander. Because daydream means be distracted, A is the antonym. Synonym B B is correct because focus means to pay attention to something. As this is the same as concentrate, it is its synonym. C is incorrect because ignore means to fail to consider or intentionally disregard. This is not close enough in meaning to be opposite of concentrate, nor is it similar. D is incorrect because examine means to inspect something in close detail. This is neither the opposite of concentrate, nor is it similar . 9) Antonym C Because appropriate means suitable or proper for a given situation, the opposite of appropriate would be inappropriate or unsuitable. Because improper means unsuitable or inappropriate for a certain situation, C is the antonym. Synonyms A/D A is correct because suitable means right or appropriate for a particular circumstance. As this is the same as appropriate, it is its synonym. D is correct because fitting means appropriate or suitable for the circumstances. As this is the same as appropriate, it is its synonym. B is incorrect because false means incorrect or not true. This is neither the opposite of appropriate, nor is it similar. 10) Antonym C Because noble means belonging to a higher social class or having dignity and honour. The opposite of noble would be ignoble or lacking in honour and dignity. Because dishonourable means lacking honour, C is the antonym. There are no synonyms in this list: A is incorrect because gentle means kind or tender. This is neither the opposite of noble, nor is it similar.
  • 24. GRAMMAR - SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS 005 24 | P a g e B is incorrect because cruel means very mean or wilfully causing pain to others. This is neither the opposite of noble, nor is it similar. D is incorrect because meek means submissive or easily imposed on. This is neither the opposite of noble, nor is it similar. ANTONYMS ALWAYS [Definition: at all times; all the time and on every occasion] Never, on no occasion CERTAIN [Definition: established beyond doubt or question; definitely known] Uncertain, doubtful, indefinite, unsure [Definition: having or feeling no doubt or uncertainty; confident and assured] Uncertain, unsure, negative, neutral, unconfirmed, shy, timid, diffident [Definition: certain to occur; destined or inevitable] Uncertain, free, freedom, unbound [Definition: established irrevocably] Uncertain, unsealed [Definition: exercising or taking care great enough to bring assurance] Careless [Definition: definite but not specified or identified] Undefined, indefinite [Definition: reliable in operation or effect] Undependable, unreliable, untrustworthy QUICKLY [Definition: with rapid movements] Slowly, slow, tardily, carefully, easy WORSE [Definition: (comparative of `bad') inferior to another in quality or condition or desirability; changed for the worse in health or fitness] Better, OK, okay SYNONYMS ALWAYS [Definition: at all times; all the time and on every occasion] Ever, forever CERTAIN [Definition: established beyond doubt or question; definitely known] Sure, beyond doubt, definite, doubtless, without doubt [Definition: having or feeling no doubt or uncertainty; confident and assured] Sure, confident, with confidence, proved [Definition: certain to occur; destined or inevitable] Sure, predestined [Definition: established irrevocably] Sealed [Definition: exercising or taking care great enough to bring assurance] Sure, designed, planned [Definition: definite but not specified or identified] Defined, definite [Definition: reliable in operation or effect] Dependable, reliable, trustworthy QUICKLY [Definition: with rapid movements] Apace, chop-chop, pell-mell, rapidly WORSE [Definition: (comparative of `bad') inferior to another in quality or condition or desirability; changed for the worse in health or fitness] Inferior, worsened ©SCG Language Tutorials 2014 www.scglanguagetutorials.com