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7wonders alissa
 

7wonders alissa

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    7wonders alissa 7wonders alissa Presentation Transcript

    • Seven Wonders of the Ancient World Abenova Alissa
    • Seven Wonders
      • Although most people know that a list exists of the Seven Wonders, only a few can name them. The list of them was originally compiled around the second century BC.The first reference to the idea is found in HISTORY of Herodotus as long as the 5th century BC. Decades later, Greek historians wrote about the greatest monuments at the time. The final list of the Seven Wonders was compiled during the Middle Ages.
      • Today, archaeological evidence reveals some of the mysteries that surrounded the history of theWonders for centuries.
    • The Pyramid of Giza
    • The Pyramid of Giza
      • It is the oldest, yet it is the only surviving of the Seven Ancient Wonders
      • The monument was built by the Egyption pharaoh KHUFU around the year 2560 BC to serve as a tomb when he dies
      • The structure consists of approximately 2 million blocks of stone, each weighing more than two tons
      • The great pyramid is believed to have been built over a 20 year period
    • The Hanging Gardens of Babylon
    • The Hanging Gardens of Babylon
      • They located on the east bank of the River Euphrates in Iraq
      • The gardens are called “hanging” because they grew high in the air on built up terraces
      • King Nebuchadnezzar II (6604-562 BC) built them to please his queen
      • They consisted of arched vaults which are located on checkered cube-like foundations
    • The Statue of Zeus at Olympia
    • The Statue of Zeus at Olympia
      • This is the statue of the god inwhose honour the Ancient Olympic games were held
      • It was built around 450 BC
      • It was struck by earthquake, landslides and floods, it was damaged by fire in the fifth century AD
      • It was destroyed by a severe fire in 462 AD
    • The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus
    • The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus
      • It was the most beautiful structure on earth
      • It was built in honour of the Greek goddess of hunting, wild nature and fertility
      • Its foundation dates back to the seventh century BC
      • It housed many works of art, including 4 ancient bronze statues
      • In 401 AD the temple was torn down
    • The Mausoleum of Halicarnassus
    • The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus
      • Mausolus, the King of a part of Minor Asia (reigned fron 377-353 BC)
      • The tomb was built for him and completed around 350 BC
      • There were tens of life-size and even over life-size statues of people, lions, horses and other animals
      • It remained standing there for over 1,500 y.
    • The Colossus of Rhodes
    • The Colossus of Rhodes
      • It was rather a symbol of unity of the people wgo inhabited on the island of Rhodes in Greece
      • Yhis enormous statue of their sun god Helios was finished in 282 BC
      • It stood at the harbour entrance
      • It was broken by a strong earthquake at about 226 BC
    • The Lighthouse of Alexandria
    • The Lighthouse of Alexandria
      • It is the only one which had a practical use
      • For sailors it ensured a safe return to the Great harbour
      • It was built about 280 BC
      • It was a stone tower about 400 feet high (117 m)
      • It was the last of the seven Wonders to
      • disappear (1323 or even later)