Thermae Of Caracalla Powerpoint
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Thermae Of Caracalla Powerpoint Thermae Of Caracalla Powerpoint Presentation Transcript

  • Thermae of Caracalla
    The Bathhouse of Caracalla
    Beckah Maxwell- LeRoy
    A3 3/15/10
    Thermae of Caracalla
    Beckah Maxwell –LeRoy
    A3 3/15/10
  • Origins of the Baths
    When?: Around 212-216 C.E.; went out of use in the 6th Century (It still stands today)
    Where?: Rome, Italy
    Who?: Historians don’t know the architect’s name because it’s so old
    What?: A bathhouse constructed of bricks bearing masonry
    Why?: Built for emperor Caracalla, possibly used as a tourist attraction
  • About Caracalla
    He was the older of the sons of Septimius Severus, Emperor of Rome. He killed his brother, Geta, in order to gain power
    He struggled through rebellion in his kingdom, until he was murdered in 217 B.C.E.
    The baths were built either by his supervision, or in honor of him, historians are not sure
    The baths are thought to have been built to please the people of the empire as a “bread and circuses” attempt
  • The Rooms
    Frigidarium – The cold room
    Tepidarium – The luke-warm room
    Caldarium – The hot room
    Palaestras – Gyms; the baths had two of these where boxing and wrestling would take place
    Library – Believe it or not, the baths actually had a library within it; Thermae Caracalla was the second recorded bathhouse to have an accessible library
  • What it looked like
    412x393 meters in dimension all around
    Internal Chamber was 323x323 meters
  • The Masonry
    The baths were made of brick bounded together with concrete mortar. The style of the building is Ancient Roman. Arches were frequently used throughout construction.
  • Its Construction
    341,000 Cu. M of Pozzolana (a slag from volcanic refuse), 35,000 Cu. M of Quick Lime, 341,000 Cu. M of Tufa (rock from the bottom of a lake/pond), 150,000 Cu. M of Basalt for foundations, 17.5 millionbricks for facing, 520,000 large bricks, 252 marble columns, 6,300 Cu. Mof marble for ornamentation
    Nearly 1000 men estimated to be on site, building at one time
  • Hypocaust
    The Hypocaust was a heating system used in Caracalla. Gases and heat from a coal furnace on the ground floor fire room would heat water and circulate it into the higher levels of the baths, warming them to accessible temperatures. The farther away from the fire room a tub was, the colder it was. This system wasn’t used only in Caracalla, but in private villas and houses as well.
  • Aqua Marcia
    Aqua Marcia
    The longest Aqueduct in the city of Rome
    Had many branches (Marcia Iovia, Marcia Tepula Iulia, etc.)
    Supplied the Bathhouse with water
    •The longest Aqueduct in the city of Rome
    •Had many branches (Marcia Iovia, Marcia Tepula Iulia, etc.)
    •Supplied the Bathhouse with water
  • The Baths Today
    The baths remained in use until the 6th Century when a band of Ostrogoths sacked Rome and demolished the plumbing installations. The chassis of the baths has since become a popular tourist attraction.
    The Baths Today
    The baths remained in use until the 6th Century when a band of Ostrogothssacked Rome and demolished the plumbing installations. The chassis of the baths has since become a popular tourist attraction.