Ovid's Life and Works - Francesca FarrisPresentation Transcript
Francesca Farris Ovid
Ovid’s Life PubliusOvidiusNaso, also known as Ovid, lived from 43 B.C. to A.D. 17. He was born to a family of the equestrian class. To put into perspective the time that Ovid lived, he was born a year after Julius Caesar was killed. Ovid wrote during the time of the emperor Augustus, the first Roman emperor. Augustus died three years before Ovid; after Augustus’s death Tiberius became emperor.
Ovid’s Life Continued A client of the Roman general and patron for the arts, Marcus Valerius Messalla Corvinus, Ovid was discovered as a poet by this man. The “Messalla circle” was a group of poets who were part of Messalla’s social circle as well as that of Julia, the granddaughter of the emperor Augustus. Ovid was a part of these social groups.
Ovid’s Life Continued Ovid was friends with the poet clients of patron Gaius Maecenas, an advisor of Augustus’s. Also friends with Ovid and clients of Augustus and Messalla were such poets as Horace, Vergil, Propertius, and Varius. It is believed that Ovid and Maecenas may have been rivals for the love of Julia.
Ovid’s Life Continued In A.D. 8, Ovid was exiled to Romania, a Roman province at the time, by Augustus because of some pieces of poetry that he wrote (specifically his Ars amatoria, about the “art of seduction”) and the fact that he knew too much about Augustus’s granddaughter Julia’s promiscuity, or was perhaps even involved romantically with her, as aforementioned. Augustus was attempting to morally rectify Rome and discourage adultery through legal force, so he banished both Ovid and Julia from Rome. Augustus was also angry because Ovid wasn’t exactly praising him in some of his poetry. Statue of Ovid in Romania
Ovid’s Works Heroides (“The Heroines”) – poetry written in letter form as poems from mythological women to their lovers Amores (“The Loves”) – three books of poetry about the erotic life of Ovid Medicamina Faciei Femineae(“Cosmetics for the Female Face”) – a parody of the use of cosmetic drugs by females Ars Amatoria (“The Art of Love”) – three books of poetry about the “art of seduction” Remedia Amoris (“The Cure for Love”) – poetry written as advice to lovers about how to “remove themselves from consuming passion” Metamorphoses (“Transformations”) – fifteen books of poetry about the “profound transformations” of mythological characters from the beginning of time to Ovid’s time
Ovid’s Works Continued Fasti (“The Festivals”) – poems about the creation of the Roman calendar and pagan Roman customs, such as celebrations, sacrifices, and seasons Ibis (“The Ibis”) – a poem addressed to an unknown enemy of Ovid’s Tristia (“Sorrows”) – “poems of lamentations”; written during Ovid’s exile in Romania Epistulae ex Ponto (“Letters from the Black Sea”) – “poems of suffering”; also written during Ovid’s exile (see a trend?) Medea – a now lost tragedy of which only a few lines remain
Works Cited "Fasti (poem)." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, 21 Apr. 2011. Web. 15 May 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fasti_ (poem)>. Gill, N.S. "Maecenas." Ancient/Classical History. About.com. Web. 15 May 2011. <http:// ancienthistory.about.com/od/ authorspoetry/g/062609Maecenas.htm>. Gill, N.S. "Ovid - Overview of the Latin Poet Ovid." Ancient/Classical History. About.com. Web. 15 May 2011. <http:// ancienthistory.about.com/cs/people/a/ovid.htm>. "Ovid." UNRV History - Roman Empire. UNRV.com. Web. 15 May 2011. <http://www.unrv.com/culture/ovid.php>. "Ovid." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, 5 May 2011. Web. 15 May 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Ovid>.