Verbtenses

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Verbtenses

  1. 1. Verb Tenses How to distinguish different verb tenses when tutoring
  2. 2. WHY THE TOPIC? • During the tutoring session, I believe that many tutees often write their essays with wrong verb tenses. • I want to learn it myself.
  3. 3. IMPORTANCE FOR CORRECT VERB TENSES • Clear and easy to understand • Consistency • To express the event with proper verb tenses
  4. 4. HOW TO FIND THE VERB? • Underline the possible verbs that show or imply some action. • Change the time of the sentence and find the word that changes. • *Some verbs may contain two words “ex: I am going to school.” package) (from Judy’s grammar
  5. 5. EDITING ADVICE • Do all the verbs belong to the time cluster (present, past, or future) in one paragraph? • If yes, ask yourself that does each verb convey precisely the time you had in mind, the relationship to other times or actions, and the idea of an action completed or in progress? • If no, look carefully at the verbs that do not fit. Is there a reason for the switch in time? Then, rewrite the verb that provides the appropriate indication of time. (from Ann Raime’s grammar toublespots)
  6. 6. OVERVIEW 1. Present 2. Past 3. future
  7. 7. OVERVIEW A. Simple tenses B. Progressive tenses C. Perfect tenses D.*Perfect progressive tenses (decided not to cover here)
  8. 8. NOW PAST FUTURE
  9. 9. 1.ASSIGNMENTS THAT MAY USE PRESENT TENSES • The assignment that talks about “who I am.” • The assignment that compares the new grading system with the old one (writing about the new system). • The assignment that introduces ourselves.
  10. 10. (1A)SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE
  11. 11. MEANING • Activities or events that occurring in the present. • Summarizing pieces of writing, films, plays. • Stating ongoing opinions, beliefs, habits, and facts. • Ex: I ride a bike to school everyday. • (from Judy’s grammar package)
  12. 12. Verbs in the simple present tense • • • • Singular: Writes Studies walks • • • • Plural: Write Study Walk
  13. 13. (1B)PRESENT PROGRESSIVE TENSE
  14. 14. MEANING • One thing happened in the past, and is in progress at the present time, and probably will continue. • Ex: I am washing the dishes.
  15. 15. Examples for verbs in the present progressive sentences am is are + walking doing staying (verb + ing)
  16. 16. (1C)PRESENT PERFECT TENSE
  17. 17. MEANING • The action happened before now. • The exact time is not important. • Ex: She has already dropped the class.
  18. 18. PARTICIPLE • • • • • wanted, turned, dropped hurt, come, build felt, gone, hidden blown, grown, known begun, rung, swum
  19. 19. (2)ASSIGNMENTS THAT MAY USE PAST TENSES • The assignment that compares the new grading system with the old one (writing about the old system). • The assignment that talks about childhood.
  20. 20. (2A)SIMPLE PAST TENSE
  21. 21. MEANING • At one particular time in the past, it happened. It began and ended in past. • Ex: I walked to school this morning.
  22. 22. Verbs in the simple past tense • Regular: played, walked, noticed • • • • • Irregular : became, began blew, grew thought, taught cut, hurt, let
  23. 23. (2B) PAST PROGRESSIVE TENSE
  24. 24. MEANING • One thing happened before and was in process at a particular time in the past, and it continued. • Ex: I was doing my homework.
  25. 25. Examples for verbs in the past progressive sentences • was + • were typing leaving working (verb + ing)
  26. 26. (2C) PAST PERFECT TENSE
  27. 27. MEANING • The action was completely done before another time in the past. • Ex: He had already finished his exam before I met him.
  28. 28. Verbs in the past perfect tense had + (participles)
  29. 29. PARTICIPLE • • • • • wanted, turned, dropped hurt, come, build felt, gone, hidden blown, grown, known begun, rung, swum
  30. 30. (3)ASSIGNMENTS THAT MAY USE FUTURE TENESES • The assignment that talks about what do we want to do in the future.
  31. 31. (3A)SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE
  32. 32. MEANING • At one particular time in the future, it will happen. • Ex: Jason will go to bed at 12 o’clock.
  33. 33. Verbs in the simple future tense will be going to
  34. 34. (3B)FUTURE PROGRESSIVE TENSE
  35. 35. MEANING • One thing will happen in the future, and it will be in process at a particular time in the future, and it will probably continue. • Ex: Katie will be sleeping when her father comes home.
  36. 36. Verbs in the future progressive sentences will be + (verb + ing)
  37. 37. (3B)FUTURE PERFECT TENSE
  38. 38. MEANING • The action will be completely done before another time in the future. • Ex: Albert will already have taken shower before he goes to bed.
  39. 39. Verbs in the future perfect tense will + have + (participle)
  40. 40. PARTICIPLE • • • • • wanted, turned, dropped hurt, come, build felt, gone, hidden blown, grown, known begun, rung, swum
  41. 41. MODALS
  42. 42. EXAMPLES FOR MODALS • to write about the wishes. • The assignment that talks about one thing that changes one person’s life.
  43. 43. What are they? • • • should could would
  44. 44. SHOULD • Advisability • Ex: You should do your homework instead of going to the movies.
  45. 45. SHOULD • 90% certainty (expectation) • Ex: He should attend the meeting tomorrow.
  46. 46. COULD • past ability • Ex: I could get up early when I was young.
  47. 47. COULD • polite request • Ex: Could you teach me with this math problem?
  48. 48. COULD • suggestion (affirmative only) • Ex: You could do some research about this topic to see whether you have the right answer.
  49. 49. COULD • less than 50% certainty • Ex: She could be in her office.
  50. 50. COULD • impossibility (negative only) • Ex: That couldn’t be his dog because his dog was dead yesterday.
  51. 51. WOULD • polite request • Ex: Would you please pass me the salt?
  52. 52. WOULD • preference • Ex: I would rather die than get married with him.
  53. 53. WOULD • repeated action in the past • Ex: She would take a walk every morning when she was young.
  54. 54. WOULD • polite for “want” (with like) • Ex: I would like to have some tea, please.
  55. 55. WOULD • unfulfilled wish • Ex: I would have learned more about how to use proper verb tenses before coming to the U.S.
  56. 56. CITATION • The sources are from Betty Schrampfer Azar’s chartbook.
  57. 57. SPECIAL THANKS EVERYONE!!

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