Finnish climate policy and climate refugees

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Tuuli Kaskinen presented at the seminar of Siemenpuu foundation: http://www.siemenpuu.fi/?news_article=5612

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  • Finnish climate policy and climate refugees

    1. 1. • Finnish climate policy and climate refugees • Displacement induced by Environmental Problems and Development • Siemenpuu Foundation • Tuuli Kaskinen • Demos Helsinki
    2. 2. National level...
    3. 3. Hits of ”climate refugees”...
    4. 4. Hits of ”climate refugees”... Parliament documents 0 Ministry for Foreign Affaires 1 Government Foresight Report on 3 Long-term Climate and Energy Policy
    5. 5. Hits of ”climate refugees”... Parliament documents 0 Ministry for Foreign Affaires 1 Government Foresight Report on 3 Long-term Climate and Energy Policy
    6. 6. Hits of ”climate refugees”... Parliament documents 0 Ministry for Foreign Affaires 1 Government Foresight Report on 3 Long-term Climate and Energy Policy
    7. 7. Government Foresight Report on Long-term Climate and Energy Policy
    8. 8. Government Foresight Report on Long-term Climate and Energy Policy
    9. 9. Bubbling under...
    10. 10. City of Helsinki: Report on future land use
    11. 11. If the service structure in Etelä- Savo stays as it is, Finland should accept some 10 million migrants in 20 years.
    12. 12. European level...
    13. 13. Source: Guardian
    14. 14. "There is a real risk that, in the future, we'll have climatic refugees" Source: Louis Michel, the European Commissioner for Development and Humanitaria
    15. 15. Source: Berlingske Tidende
    16. 16. Denmark (as only EU country) has accepted climate refugees from Afganistan and East- Africa. Source: Berlingske Tidende
    17. 17. The question of climate refugees is mentioned, but hardly any refugee policy exists.
    18. 18. How are European countries affected when talking about climate refugees?
    19. 19. 500 million people – nearly 10 % of the world's population – are at risk from displacement by climate change. Source: Environmental Justice Foundation, 2009
    20. 20. Too much water Too little water Tropical cyclones Melting ice Changing seas
    21. 21. Large-scale shocks and financial contagion originating from poorer countries who are more vulnerable to climate change will also pose growing risks for rich countries, with increasing pressures for large-scale migration and political instability. Source: Stern review 2006
    22. 22. “People would move on a massive scale. Hundreds of millions, probably billions of people would have to move if you talk about 4-, 5-, 6-degree increases”. And that would mean extended global conflict, “because there’s no way the world can handle that kind of population move in the time period in which it would take place.” Source: Guardian
    23. 23. "What would happen if a state was to physically disappear but people want to keep their nationalities? It could continue as a virtual or ghost state even though it is a rock under the ocean and its people no longer live on that piece of land." Source: Environmental Justice Foundation, 2009
    24. 24. Maledivian government
    25. 25. Open questions from Finnish point of view at the moment
    26. 26. Open questions from Finnish point of view at the moment 1. How fast we can reduce emissions in Finland?
    27. 27. Open questions from Finnish point of view at the moment 1. How fast we can reduce emissions in Finland? 2. How climate refugee policy differs from other types of migration?
    28. 28. Open questions from Finnish point of view at the moment 1. How fast we can reduce emissions in Finland? 2. How climate refugee policy differs from other types of migration? 3. Is there a risk of global conflict and then what is the role of Finns in avoiding and solving it?

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