College Enrollment
Step By Step

Anthony M. Tang
EDU 6050
Northeastern University Fall 2013

youthbuild.org/sites/youthbui...
What We Believe
• Provides unlimited opportunity

• Accessible to every student
• College = Success
• Next logical step
• ...
If what we believe is true, then…

http://privatemenorca.com/Images/Full/question_man.jpg
Why is college enrollment down?
• The decline in college enrollments appears to be accelerating, with 2.3
percent fewer st...
Step After Step After Step
• Too many steps in the college process
 Students fail to complete the different steps of what...
• Lack of Leadership through the college application process
 The problem is not simply one of college costs but rather t...
• No specific plans
 Many students with general college plans do not form specific plans, and
specific plans are not suff...
Which Groups of Students are Affected
by the Steps in the College Application Process?
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Artists
Writ...
How We Can Make the Steps Clear
• Continued counselor support
 Results suggest that visiting a counselor for college entr...
• Increase awareness
 Higher education institutions could engage their admissions,
marketing, and public relations office...
There is no quick solution.
However, we need to be sure the steps in the college
application process are clear, simple, an...
References
Belasco, A. S. (2013). Creating College Opportunity: School Counselors and Their
Influence on Postsecondary Enr...
Hoxby, C., & Turner, S. (2013). Expanding College Opportunities. EducationNext,
13(4), 67-73.

Kirst Michael W. and Venezi...
Lederman, D. (2013, May 17). Enrollment Decline Pick Up Speed. Inside Higher
Ed. Retrieved from http://www.insidehighered....
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College Enrollment

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College Enrollment

  1. 1. College Enrollment Step By Step Anthony M. Tang EDU 6050 Northeastern University Fall 2013 youthbuild.org/sites/youthbuild.org/files/extranet_content/2012/07/2776/.jpg
  2. 2. What We Believe • Provides unlimited opportunity • Accessible to every student • College = Success • Next logical step • The journey to college is a simple one http://whatisorange.org/images/uploads/XP3College_About_Image.jpg
  3. 3. If what we believe is true, then… http://privatemenorca.com/Images/Full/question_man.jpg
  4. 4. Why is college enrollment down? • The decline in college enrollments appears to be accelerating, with 2.3 percent fewer students enrolled on campuses this spring than there were in spring 2012 according to data from the National Student Clearinghouse (Lederman, 2013) • According to U.S. Census Bureau statistics released today, college enrollment in Fall 2012 plunged by half a million (467,000) from one year earlier (Bernstein, 2013) http://www.businessextensionservice.com/uploads/images/photos/Question%20Mark%20Clouds.jpg
  5. 5. Step After Step After Step • Too many steps in the college process  Students fail to complete the different steps of what can be a complicated admissions process (Klasik, 2012) • Failure to complete college entrance exams  Failure to take college entrance exams can often mean the end of students’ 4-year college degree hopes, limited options for admission or advanced course placement at community colleges, or reduced eligibility for some forms of college scholarships (Klasik, 2013) http://media.wbur.org/wordpress/11/files/2013/01/0115_college-enrollment.jpg
  6. 6. • Lack of Leadership through the college application process  The problem is not simply one of college costs but rather the extent to which low-income and minority students do not attend high schools that guide them successfully into the application pool (Coca, Nagakoa, & Roderick, 2011) • Unlikely to take steps toward financial aid  Low-income students are less likely to apply for financial aid early to maximize their ability to get institutional and state aid (Kirst & Venezia, 2004) http://static3.businessinsider.com/image/4f3d8a266bb3f7bc4300002d/a n-ohio-high-school-has-found-a-way-to-keep-its-students-in-class.jpg
  7. 7. • No specific plans  Many students with general college plans do not form specific plans, and specific plans are not sufficient for enrollment (Rosenbaum & Stephan, 2013) • High Cost  The basic premise is that individuals weigh the costs and benefits of continuing their education and choose to end their education when the costs exceed the benefits (Fletcher, 2011) http://forward.com/workspace/assets/images/articles/blog-040511admissions.jpg
  8. 8. Which Groups of Students are Affected by the Steps in the College Application Process? • • • • • • • • • • • Artists Writers Black White Hispanic Asian Musicians Rich Poor Filmmakers First Generation • • • • • • • • • • • Southerners Northerners Entrepreneurs Optimists Athletes Geeks Bikers Nerds Givers Gamers Conservative • • • • • • • • • • • Creators Critics Liberal Idealists Journalists Mentors Researchers Bookworms Thinkers Talkers Scholars At the end of the day, all students are affected by the multiple steps in the college application process http://wakeforest.webdamdb.com/albums
  9. 9. How We Can Make the Steps Clear • Continued counselor support  Results suggest that visiting a counselor for college entrance information has a positive and significant influence on students’ likelihood of postsecondary enrollment (Belasco, 2013) • Create new and improved programs  The Expanding College Opportunities-Comprehensive Intervention leads students to apply to and enroll in colleges with higher graduation rates, greater instructional resources, and curricula (Hoxby & Turner, 2013) http://forward.com/workspace/assets/images/articles/blog-040511admissions.jpg
  10. 10. • Increase awareness  Higher education institutions could engage their admissions, marketing, and public relations offices to launch a College Access Marketing campaign (Tremblay, 2011) • Encouragement  As simple as it sounds, students need words of encouragement. Students need to know the steps in the college application process are not as complicated as they seem http://www.nobles.edu/imageassets/CollegeCounseling_NEW_Landing.jpg
  11. 11. There is no quick solution. However, we need to be sure the steps in the college application process are clear, simple, and effective. We need to continue our work toward increasing the number of students seeking a collegiate education and supporting them through the entire process. http://wakeforest.webdamdb.com/albums
  12. 12. References Belasco, A. S. (2013). Creating College Opportunity: School Counselors and Their Influence on Postsecondary Enrollment. Research in Higher Education, 54(7), 781-804. Bernstein, R. (2013, September 3). After a Recent Upswing, College Enrollment Declines, Census Bureau Reports. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved from https://www.census.gov/newsroom/releases/archives/ education/cb13-153 Coca, V., Nagaoka, J. Roderick, M. 2011. Potholes on the Road to College: High School Effects in Shaping Urban Students' Participation in College Application, Four-Year College Enrollment, and College Match. Sociology of Education, v84 n3. 178-211. Fletcher, Jason M. 2011. Social identity as a determinant of college enrollment. Rationality and Society, Vol. 2, Issue. 3, p267-303.
  13. 13. Hoxby, C., & Turner, S. (2013). Expanding College Opportunities. EducationNext, 13(4), 67-73. Kirst Michael W. and Venezia Andrea. 2004. From High School to College: Improving Opportunities for Success in Postsecondary Education. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. Klasik D. 2012. The college application gauntlet: A systematic analysis of the steps to four-year college enrollment. Research in Higher Education, 53, 506–549. Klasik, D. 2013. The Act of Enrollment: The College Enrollment Effects of StateRequired College Entrance Exam Testing. Education Researcher, v42 n 3. 151-160.
  14. 14. Lederman, D. (2013, May 17). Enrollment Decline Pick Up Speed. Inside Higher Ed. Retrieved from http://www.insidehighered.com/news/2013/05/17/ data-show-increasing-pace-college-enrollment-declines Rosenbaum, J. and Stephan, J. 2013. Can High Schools Reduce College Enrollment Gaps With a New Counseling Model?. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis. Vol. 3, Issue 2. 200-219. Tremblay, C.W. (2011). College Access Marketing. College and University. 86(3), 38-46.

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