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Democracy international 10th Anniversary Report

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  • 1. a decade advancing democracy anniversary report
  • 2. Alfa XP Web Software Company American University Associates in Rural Development Australian Agency for Inter national Development Car negie Endowment for Inter national Peace Carr, Swanson & Randolph Checchi Consulting Chemonics Inter national Creative Associates Inter national Crown Agents USA Deloitte Development Associates Development Transfor mations Dexis DPK Consulting East-West Management Institute Elections Canada Electoral Institute for Sustainable Democracy in Africa Freedom House Futures Group George Mason University School for Conflict Analysis and Resolution Georgetown University Global Business Solutions GRM Inter national Institute for Sustainable Communities Inter national Foundation for Electoral Systems Inter national Relief and Development Inter national Republican Institute Ipsos Public Affairs Johnson Law Group League of Women Voters Management Systems Inter national National Court Reporters Association National Democratic Institute for Inter national Affairs Netherlands Institute for Multiparty Democracy Netherlands Ministry for Development Corporation Opinion Dynamics Corporation Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe Organization of American States PAE Pal-Tech Project on Middle East Democracy Public Inter national Law and Policy Group QED Group RTI Inter national Sibley Inter national Solidarity Center State University of New York Center for Inter national Development Swedish Inter national Development Corporation Agency Technologists Tetratech The Asia Foundation The Carter Center The Urban Institute U.K. Department for Inter national Development United Nations Development Programme United Nations Electoral Assistance United States Agency for Inter national Development United States Department of State University of Califor nia, San Diego University of Pittsburgh Women’s Campaign Inter national World Lear ning XL Associates Yale University Alfa XP Web Software Company American University Associates in Rural Development Australian Agency for Inter national Development Car negie Endowment for Inter national Peace Carr, Swanson & Randolph Checchi Consulting Chemonics Inter national Creative Associates Inter national Crown Agents USA Deloitte Development Associates Development Transfor mations Dexis DPK Consulting East-West Management Institute Elections Canada Electoral Institute for Sustainable Democracy in Africa Freedom House Futures Group George Mason University School for Conflict Analysis and Resolution Georgetown University Global Business Solutions GRM Inter national Institute for Sustainable Communities Inter national Foundation for Electoral Systems Inter national Relief and Development Inter national Republican Institute Ipsos Public Affairs Johnson Law Group League of Women Voters Management Systems Inter national National Court Reporters Association National Democratic Institute for Inter national Affairs Netherlands Institute for Multiparty Democracy Netherlands Ministry for Development Corporation Opinion Dynamics Corporation Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe Organization of American States PAE Pal-Tech Project on Middle East Democracy Public Inter national Law and Policy Group QED Group RTI Inter national Sibley Inter national Solidarity Center State University of New York Center for Inter national Development Swedish Inter national Development Corporation Agency Technologists Tetratech The Asia Foundation The Carter Center The Urban Institute U.K. Department for Inter national Development United Nations Development Programme United Nations Electoral Assistance United States Agency for Inter national Development United States Department of State University of Califor nia, San Diego University of Pittsburgh Women’s Campaign Inter national World Lear ning XL Associates Yale University Alfa XP Web Software Company American University Associates in Rural Development Australian Agency for Inter national Development Car negie Endowment for Inter national Peace Carr, Swanson & Randolph Checchi Consulting Chemonics Inter national Creative Associates Inter national Crown Agents USA Deloitte Development Associates Development Transfor mations Dexis DPK Consulting East-West Management Institute Elections Canada Electoral Institute for Sustainable Democracy in Africa Freedom House Futures Group George Mason University School for Conflict Analysis and Resolution Georgetown University Global Business Solutions GRM Inter national Institute for Sustainable Communities Inter national Foundation for Electoral Systems Inter national Relief and Development Inter national Republican Institute Ipsos Public Affairs Johnson Law Group League of Women Voters Management Systems Inter national National Court Reporters Association National Democratic Institute for Inter national Affairs Netherlands Institute for Multiparty Democracy Netherlands Ministry for Development Corporation Opinion Dynamics Corporation Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe Organization of American States PAE Pal-Tech Project on Middle East Democracy Public Inter national Law and Policy Group QED Group RTI Inter national Sibley Inter national Solidarity Center State University of New York Center for Inter national Development Swedish Inter national Development Corporation Agency Technologists Tetratech The Asia Foundation The Carter Center The Urban Institute U.K. Department for Inter national Development United Nations Development Programme United Nations Electoral Assistance United States Agency for Inter national Development “We remain committed to working with courageous and dedicated partners so that they – and we – may contribute to a more just, peaceful, and democratic world.” A decade ago we launched Democracy International in a seemingly quix- otic effort to advance the theory and practice of international democracy and governance assistance. What began as a consulting practice of “two guys and a computer” has evolved into an organization that has con- ducted more than 130 projects in 70 countries, has mobilized over 500 experts, and currently employs more than 200 staff members around the globe. Today, Democracy International is a rapidly growing company that re- mains committed to its roots in democracy, human rights, and governance while at the same time pursuing important initiatives in conflict-affected and transitional environments, adapting and piloting new technologies and analytical methods, and promoting clear thinking about how devel- opment assistance can contribute to meaningful political change. We have benefitted tremendously from the support and cooperation of diverse partners within the international development community, from the U.S. and elsewhere: funders, democracy organizations, consulting firms, multilateral organizations, and others. We would like to thank in particular the U.S. Agency for International Development and the U.S. State Department for the confidence they have shown in Democracy In- ternational. We are likewise grateful for the advice, cooperation, and op- portunities we have received from many civil society organizations, firms, academic institutions, and individuals, both in the U.S. and around the world. We are proud to be a part of a vibrant global democracy assistance community. Moreover, in countries across the globe, we have been privileged to work with activists, government officials, politicians, analysts, journalists, and others who have shown their commitment to democracy, development, and peace, often at great personal risk. We are also continually amazed by the extraordinarily talented staff and consultants with whom we have worked over the last decade and who make up Democracy International today. We are proud of the unique, effective, and increasingly influential organization that we have built together over the past decade. As we mark this important milestone for Democracy International, we also make a commitment to the future. We will strive to influence and improve the next decade of democracy and development assistance. And we re- main committed to working with courageous and dedicated partners so that they – and we – may contribute to a more just, peaceful, and demo- cratic world. Eric Bjornlund Glenn Cowan From the Founders
  • 3. 5 ABOUT DI 137projects 10years Democracy International provides technical assistance, analytical services, and project implementation for democracy, human rights, governance, and conflict mitigation programs worldwide. Since its founding in 2003, DI has worked with civil society organizations, political parties, election management bodies, government agencies, legislatures, justice-sector institutions, and others in 70 countries, including some of the world’s most challenging environments. countries 70 regional experience africa asia europe/ eurasia globallatin america middle east 25 36 39 1316 8 other sectoral experience 65 21 13 18 20 elections & political transitions governance & accountability civil society & media rule of law & human rights
  • 4. Maps AnalyticalServices CountryBrief:Afghanistan ConflictAffectedEnvironments CountryBrief:Bangladesh ElectionsandPoliticalProcesses CountryBrief:ElSalvador Contents 5 19 299 15 25 1-34
  • 5. 21 2003 United States DI’S FOUNDING Democracy International is incorporated in 2003 and opens its first office on M Street in Washington, DC. Georgia Mozambique United States active 3 office 1 Mozambique PARALLEL VOTE TABULATION Working with The Carter Center, DI designs and advises on parallel vote tabulation conducted by the Electoral Observatory, a Mozambican election monitoring coalition, for municipal elections.
  • 6. 3 4 2004 Bosnia and Herzegovina Guyana Indonesia Mozambique Philippines Singapore Ukraine United States United States DI MOVES TO K STREET DI moves to 15th and K Streets, NW. DI WINS DG ANALYTICAL SERVICES IQC USAID awards DI indefinite quantity contract for Democracy and Governance Analytical Services, which marks the beginning of DI’s extensive analytical work for USAID. Indonesia ELECTION MONITORING DI works with former U.S. President Jimmy Carter and The Carter Center to design and organize a comprehensive election monitoring program for both rounds of Indonesia’s first direct presidential election. Guyana ELECTION ADVICE Working with RTI International, DI wins its first USAID subcontract, supporting election reform and election administration. total 9 active 8 office 1
  • 7. 5 6 54 rapidly collect data and analyze the program’s influence on the human rights environment. In Nigeria DI combined semi-structured interviews with a series of roundtable discussions throughout the country to evaluate a five-year USAID civil society program. Survey Research DI has become a leading provider of DG survey research, using various tools to assess public preferences and incorporate its findings into pro- grams. In Russia—where a restrictive political environment demanded a sensitive approach—DI surveys in 2011 and 2012 found a deep split in public views about President Vladimir Putin, election fraud, and Russia’s posture toward the United States. In Libya DI used computer-assisted tele- phone interviewing to survey outlying regions and generate an accurate sample of public opinion. Two comprehensive DI surveys in Afghanistan, the largest ever conducted in that country, incorporated cognitive testing and substantial pilot interviews to account for the population’s religious composition and to mitigate survey bias. providing ANALYTICAL SERVICES FOR DEMOCRACY, HUMAN RIGHTS, GOVERNANCE, AND CONFLICT countries where DI has provided analytical services Assessments & Evaluations Democracy International has provided strategic guidance for donors and practitioners through more than 30 country and sector assessments. Our diagnosis of electoral deficiencies in Afghanistan led directly to a new USAID initiative for comprehensive electoral reform. In Zimbabwe a DI assessment of the fragile political landscape informed USAID’s approach to critical elections. Our assessment of the major challenges to democratic consolidation in Indonesia helped shape USAID’s local governance and ju- dicial reform programming. After DI identified poor governance and weak rule of law as principal obstacles to democratic growth in Albania, the USAID country mission contracted DI to help craft a strategy to address those core challenges. DI’s 40 evaluations have incorporated tested methods and emerging tech- nologies to produce perceptive findings and useful lessons. To measure the impact of the observer group Golos in Russia, DI used an experimental design to compare Golos-observed polling sites to those without domes- tic monitors, as well as social media analysis and election forensics. In Kyr- gyzstan DI developed an electronic survey of participants in a Freedom House human rights initiative—including members of parliament, interna- tional organization representatives, and local human rights activists—to Since2003DIhasconductednearly100analyticalproj- ects for USAID and other partners, dealing with elec- tions and political processes, civil society and indepen- dentmedia,conflictmitigation,humanrights,legislative strengthening, local governance, the rule of law, and transparency and accountability. CountryExperience Afghanistan, Albania, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Burundi, Colom- bia, Dominica, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ecuador, El Salvador, Georgia, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Kosovo, Kyrgyzstan, Liberia, Libya, Mexico, Moldova, Montenegro, Mo- rocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, Panama, Philippines, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Singapore, Sri Lanka, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Tanzania, Timor-Leste, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Uganda, Ukraine, West Bank/Gaza, Zimbabwe assessments evaluations studies & designs surveys 34 40 25 30 Photo:SurveyonPoliticalInstitutions,Elections,andDemocracy,Herat,Afghanistan2011
  • 8. 7 8 200517 United States DI WINS EPP IQC DI wins its second major framework contract from USAID, the Elections and Political Processes IQC. DI MOVES TO BETHESDA DI moves to Montgomery Lane in Bethesda, Maryland, where its main office remains for the next seven years. Colombia DG ASSESSMENT Using the USAID DG Assessment Frame- work, DI conducts its first formal democ- racy and governance assessment. Jamaica DG PROGRAM DESIGN DI wins its first Analytical Services task order, to conduct an assessment and design a new program focused on civil society, alternative dispute resolution, justice sector reform, and community policing. Indonesia ACEH ELECTION ASSISTANCE In the wake of a major peace accord, DI works with election management bodies to support post-conflict democratic elections in the Indonesian province of Aceh. Albania DG ASSESSMENT DI conducts democracy and governance assessment, which helps USAID to develop a new DG strategy and leads to later analytical and election work in the country. Albania Bosnia and Herzegovina Colombia Guyana Haiti Indonesia Jamaica Macedonia Malaysia Sri Lanka United States West Bank / Gaza total active 12 offices 2
  • 9. 9 10 142international election observers deployed in 2009 and 2010 29small grants awarded to 21local groups stantial international attention, the IEC changed course and scheduled a runoff election. The 2010 parliamentary elections produced similar public discontent with the management of the electoral process. Both elections revealed impediments to dem- ocratic progress. Electoral and administrative flaws ranged from inadequate voter registration to opaque procedures for appointing IEC com- missioners. The Single Non-Transferable Voting system, which limits voters to a single vote for one candidate in a multi-candidate race, weak- ened political parties and complicated the de- mocratization process. DI has stressed the need for comprehensive electoral reform to address these problems. Electoral Reform & Civic Advocacy Following the 2010 elections, DI initiated a multi- year electoral reform project, the Afghanistan Electoral Reform and Civic Advocacy (AERCA) program, to promote more responsive and inclu- sive governance. The program develops influen- tial local constituencies and facilitates advocacy for election reform. AERCA has included grants to civil society organizations to conduct civic ed- ucation and broaden the public debate, fact-find- Democracy International began working in Af- ghanistan before elections in 2009, a critical pe- riod in the country’s transition. Optimism for a consolidated democracy had given way to fear of growing Taliban influence and frustration with debilitating corruption and poor public service delivery. This environment threatened the le- gitimacy of Afghanistan’s nascent democratic institutions. International actors hoped that the 2009 and 2010 elections, wholly administered by Afghan institutions, would build confidence in the democratic process and produce more legit- imate governance. Observing 2009 and 2010 Elections DI deployed observers to monitor the 2009 and 2010 elections in Afghanistan, providing among the most extensive international observation coverage in Afghanistan. Unfortunately, the elec- tions suffered numerous irregularities, technical errors, and instances of fraud, all of which under- mined public confidence. In 2009, public pres- sure forced Afghanistan’s Independent Election Commission (IEC) to audit the results. DI’s review of the revised ballot count revealed that votes for then President Hamid Karzai fell beneath the 50 percent threshold to avoid a runoff. Following publication of DI’s analysis, which attracted sub- Top: Member of Parliament participates in DI survey, 2012; Bottom (left to right): 2010 parlia- mentary elections; 2009 presidential election. ing missions for Afghan activists and officials to observe electoral systems abroad, and support for the Afghanistan Civil Society Elections Net- work. AERCA also cultivates Afghan-led research on reform through the expansion of the National Centre for Policy Research. 2014 Elections, Political Participation, and Public Polling Recently, the Afghan government has taken steps toward meaningful electoral reform. The 2013 electoral law—the first such framework to emerge from a consultative process rather than a presidential decree—includes a more trans- parent and representative process for the nom- ination and appointment of IEC commissioners. Building upon this momentum, DI has initiated a program to encourage women’s political partici- pation during the 2014 election cycle and is con- ducting nationwide surveys on public attitudes toward the electoral process and the political en- vironment. DI remains committed to helping the Afghan people achieve a representative, trans- parent, and responsive government. COUNTRY BRIEF: AFGHANISTAN building accountable democratic institutions july 2009 - present
  • 10. 11 12 2006 Europe and Eurasia POLITICAL PARTY ASSISTANCE STUDY For USAID and the U.S. State Department, DI conducts comprehensive study of political party assistance, including case study research in Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Romania, and Serbia. Sri Lanka POLITICAL PARTIES AND LOCAL GOVERNANCE DI works with The Asia Foundation to engage political parties on local governance reform. Ukraine LOCAL GOVERNMENT EVALUATION DI evaluates seven USAID-funded local government projects. Indonesia PUBLIC OPINION RESEARCH DI begins four-year project to design, conduct, and analyze nationwide public opinion surveys to gauge support for political reforms and monitor progress toward USAID’s strategic objectives for democratic and decentralized governance. Albania Bosnia and Herzegovina Georgia Guyana Haiti Indonesia Kyrgyzstan Moldova Romania Serbia Sri Lanka Ukraine United States Venezuela West Bank / Gaza total 22 active 15 offices 2 Haiti ELECTION ADVICE DI advises UN, OAS, and Haitian Central Election Commission on voter registration, election operations, and vote counting procedures.
  • 11. 13 14 2007total Pakistan DOMESTIC ELECTION MONITORING DI advises domestic election monitoring coalition on voter registration audit and parallel vote tabulation. Romania CIVIL SOCIETY EVALUATION DI conducts broad study of civil society programs since 1991, with focus on service providers, civic watchdog organizations, and professional associations. Armenia LEGISLATIVE STRENGTHENING EVALUATION AND PROJECT DESIGN DI evaluates USAID- funded legislative strengthening projects and assists in design of new legislative strengthening program. Timor-Leste RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT PROJECT DI opens its first long-term field office and begins highly successful three- year program to help local research organizations to conduct survey research and develop quantitative research skills. 30 Albania Armenia Bangladesh Bosnia and Herzegovina Burundi Democratic Republic of the Congo Ethiopia Georgia Guyana Hong Kong Indonesia Kyrgyzstan Pakistan Romania Serbia Timor-Leste Ukraine United States Venezuela active 19 offices 3
  • 12. 15 16 39 Operating in Fragile Environments Democracy International has regularly dealt with the operational and lo- gistical challenges inherent in fragile, transitioning, and nondemocratic environments. Since 2009 in Afghanistan, DI has supported civic educa- tion and implemented advocacy and election observation programming, including in the southern and eastern regions where violence is endemic. Following a political crisis that included civic unrest and escalating vio- lence in Timor-Leste, DI conducted a national program from 2007 to 2010 to develop local capacity to support and conduct data-driven develop- ment research. In the period of instability following the 2006 elections in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, DI deployed an expert team to design a governance and decentralization program, deploying experts to work in conflict-affected areas across eastern DRC. In Libya’s insecure and transitioning environment, DI deployed a team in 2013 to analyze quanti- tative and qualitative research capacity. Curbing Violence and Conflict DI has worked to address and mitigate conflict in every region of the world. To support conflict mitigation in Indonesia, for example, DI staff members in Jakarta, Aceh, and Central Sulawesi designed and execut- ed a comprehensive small grants monitoring and evaluation program for USAID’s SERASI project beginning in 2008. Likewise, during the past 10 years, DI has worked to combat violence in the Latin America and the Caribbean region. In 2011 DI conducted a Caribbean Basin Security Initia- tive juvenile justice assessment, providing USAID with recommendations to counter youth violence across the region. To mitigate election-related violence in Haiti, DI provided pre-election advice to the UN, the Organiza- tion of American States, and the Central Election Commission in advance of the 2006 presidential and parliamentary elections. Later, in the wake of the devastating 2010 earthquake in Haiti, DI facilitated a post-election review of elections in 2011. DI is currently implementing a five-year, $75 million program in support of elections and political processes in South Sudan; conflict mitigation is a core cross-cutting theme. working in CONFLICT-AFFECTED ENVIRONMENTS conflict and post- conflict countries where DI has worked “In fragile states the international community has a far greater role in determining the legitimacy of elections than it does in more stable transitional or established democracies.” Eric Bjornlund, Glenn Cowan, and William Gallery, in Derick Brinkerhoff (ed.), Rebuilding Governance in Post-Conflict Societies and Fragile States (2007) Overthepast10years,DemocracyInternationalhasimplement- ed programs in conflict and post-conflict environments world- wide. We have rapidly mobilized short-term projects in moments of crisis in all regions of the world, and we have conducted long- term interventions in environments with entrenched, protracted conflict. CountryExperience Afghanistan, Albania, Angola, Armenia, Azerbai- jan, Bangladesh, Bosnia, Burma, Burundi, Colom- bia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, El Salvador, Georgia, Guatemala, Haiti, Indonesia, Jamaica, Kenya, Kosovo, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Liberia, Libya, Macedonia, Mexico, Mozambique, Nigeria, Pakistan, Philippines, Russia, Serbia, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Timor-Leste, Ven- ezuela, West Bank/Gaza, Zimbabwe Photo:Nagad,Djibouti2010
  • 13. 17 18 2008 Colombia HUMAN RIGHTS EVALUATION DI evaluates U.S. efforts to promote human rights and strengthen justice for vulnerable populations. Nigeria CIVIL SOCIETY EVALUATION DI evaluates the Advocacy, Awareness and Civic Empowerment (ADVANCE) program. Kosovo CIVIL SOCIETY AND MEDIA EVALUATIONS DI evaluates USAID civil society and media programs, the first of seven evaluations in Kosovo over the next three years. Pakistan ELECTION OBSERVATION On extremely short notice, and in the face of substantial political, logistical, and security challenges, DI organizes large-scale U.S. mission to observe high- profile national parliamentary elections. Indonesia M&E FOR SERASI PROJECT Working with International Relief and Development, DI designs and executes comprehensive, long-term monitoring and evaluation program for USAID’s SERASI conflict-mitigation project in Aceh, Central Sulawasi, Moluku, and Papua. Angola Colombia Democratic Republic of the Congo Ghana Guyana Indonesia Kosovo Liberia Nigeria Pakistan Romania Timor-Leste Ukraine United States Zimbabwe total 36 active 15 offices 3
  • 14. 19 20 50,000+grassroots party leaders and activists participating in DI activities more than 5,700 participants in When Women Win, We All Win campaign than 50,000 Bangladeshi party activists have participated in DI activities. DI is also helping to bridge the gap between the national and local party structures by working directly with nation- al leaders to develop new tools and approach- es, including web-based systems for managing and increasing local participation, and foster- ing the next generation of leaders through DI’s wide-ranging, multi-party fellowship program. Empowering Women in Politics The Representation of the People Order Act of 2009, requiring that women make up at least 33 percent of party committees by 2020, has opened up space for internal party reform. Build- ing on this opportunity, DI has opened seven Women and Youth Centers throughout the coun- try and has organized women’s dialogues to de- velop new networks and advocacy groups. DI has also launched a nationwide campaign, Narir Joye Shobar Joy (When Women Win, We All Win), to increase support and advocacy for women’s po- litical leadership. The campaign is developing a network of highly qualified women candidates across Bangladesh to serve as potential party nominees for upcoming elections. Many of these In the four decades since its independence, Ban- gladesh has struggled to cultivate political par- ties that respond to citizen demands. The inter- nal functioning of most parties is deeply rooted in a political culture that seems to value dynastic leadership and is highly polarized along the lines of historical loyalties. As a result, parties rarely encourage participation or input from their ranks and fail to interact meaningfully with constituents between elections. Moreover, women and youth remain chronically underrepresented in political parties and government institutions. With few incentives for responsive politics, major parties have neither addressed the country’s many de- velopmental challenges nor fully consolidated fragile democratic gains. To address these issues, Democracy Internation- al is working to promote greater internal party democracy and grassroots involvement. The Democratic Participation and Reform program encourages broader participation among polit- ical party members and potential candidates— especially by women and youth—to improve the environment for more responsive politics. DI has developed a nationwide network for mobi- lizing grassroots political participation, and more Top: Narir Joye Shobar Joy campaign launch; Bottom (left to right): Comilla City Corpo- ration election 2012; Developing Young Leaders Fellows women are pursuing leadership positions within parties as well. The campaign has provided train- ing and networking opportunities for more than 3,400 women and has helped place more than 1,000 new women on party committees. Survey Research To help create incentives for political parties to be more responsive to their constituents, includ- ing women, youth, and local activists, DI works to demonstrate the political benefit of public opin- ion research and sophisticated policy analysis to national party leaders. As part of this effort, in March 2013 DI conducted a national research conference, the first of its kind, with more than 200 local and national political party leaders, think tank and research firm representatives, jour- nalists, and civil society leaders. DI also sponsors statistically based election observation to help inform debate about election processes in Ban- gladesh. COUNTRY BRIEF: BANGLADESH supporting responsive & inclusive politics april 2011 - present
  • 15. 21 22 2009total Central America and Mexico RULE OF LAW STUDY DI conducts comprehensive review of USAID’s rule of law programs in Mexico and Central America, with field work in El Salvador, Guatemala, and Mexico. Ecuador PARALLEL VOTE TABULATION ADVICE DI advises USAID on support for parallel vote tabulation conducted for April 2009 elections. Albania SUPPORT TO ELECTION COMMISSION DI works with Central Election Commission on preparations for national elections. 41 Afghanistan Albania Angola Colombia Ecuador El Salvador Georgia Guatemala Haiti Indonesia Kosovo Mexico Nigeria Timor-Leste United States Zimbabwe active 16 offices 3 Afghanistan PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS DI conducts comprehensive election observation project for presidential election, the largest U.S. mission. On October 19, DI’s analysis of election results points out the need for a runoff and garners substantial international attention. New York Times map of fraudulent votes, citing DI: nyti.ms/i8y0I
  • 16. 23 24 2010 Bosnia and Herzegovina EVALUATION OF GOVERNANCE ACCOUNTABILITY PROJECT DI evaluates local governance program for the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, the Netherlands Ministry for Development Cooperation, and USAID. Afghanistan PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS As part of a comprehensive election monitoring project, DI deploys 80 international observers throughout Afghanistan, the largest and most widely deployed international mission. Sudan ADVICE ON ELECTION MONITORING Working with The Carter Center, DI advises civil society organizations on domestic election monitoring, including vote count verification. Bolivia ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE EVALUATION DI evaluates U.S. assistance to justice sector institutions in Bolivia. Morocco EVALUATION OF POLITICAL PARTY PROJECTS DI conducts evaluation of 17 political party assistance projects funded by USAID, the U.S. State Department, and the National Endowment for Democracy. Afghanistan Angola Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Djibouti Indonesia Kosovo Moldova Morocco Panama Sudan Tanzania Timor-Leste United States total 47 active 14 offices 4
  • 17. 25 26 16 Election Innovation & Smart Reform DI has been a pioneer in using innovative tools and approaches for elec- tion monitoring and assistance. In addition to parallel vote tabulation—a system developed in the 1980s by DI co-founder Glenn Cowan that has become a widespread and powerful check on electoral fraud—DI has ad- opted new technologies to build more comprehensive monitoring net- works and strengthen civic education. In 2012, DI launched a regional initiative in the Middle East to develop open-source data platforms and crowdsourcing tools for local citizens to improve and expand election transparency and oversight. In El Salvador DI built an online voting simu- lator for citizens to learn about the new ballot design and voting process before the 2012 elections. DI has regularly pushed for smart political reforms to increase opportunities for meaningful participation and competition around the world. Together with local civil society or political party partners in Afghanistan, Bangla- desh, El Salvador, Indonesia, and South Sudan, DI has implemented ini- tiatives to re-design political processes in a way that strengthens political parties, encourages broader citizen engagement, and generates higher levels of public accountability for elected officials. Following observation missions for 2009 and 2010 elections in Afghanistan, DI initiated a multi- year project to generate domestic support for electoral reform through civic education, fact-finding missions for local activists and officials, and start-up support for the Afghanistan Civil Society Elections Network, a broad coalition of pro-reform advocates. strengthening ELECTIONS AND POLITICAL PROCESSES parallel vote tabulations supported awarded for election projects Supporting & Observing Elections Democracy International has become a leading implementer of technical projects to improve the efficiency and integrity of electoral procedures in countries around the world. Ahead of the important 2012 elections in El Salvador, DI provided technical assistance to the Supreme Election Tribu- nal on strategic planning, voter education, electoral operations, and the design and management of IT systems for transmitting results. In Albania DI supported the Central Election Commission in advance of 2009 na- tional elections by training election officials, conducting voter education, and designing monitoring and reporting systems. In Indonesia after the 2004 tsunami and the subsequent peace accord in the contested prov- ince of Aceh, a DI team partnered with the national and Aceh election commissions to prepare new regulations, train officials, register internally displaced persons, and organize the province’s critical post-conflict elec- tions in 2006. DI has implemented election observation projects in conflict-affected and transitioning environments including in Afghanistan, Albania, Bangla- desh, Djibouti, Egypt, Indonesia, Pakistan, South Sudan, and Sudan. Following the assassination of opposition leader Benazir Bhutto in Paki- stan, DI deployed a team of international observers around the country to monitor the critical 2008 elections. DI also organized comprehensive observation missions for the 2009 and 2010 elections in Afghanistan, cov- ering all regions of the country, including particularly sensitive and remote provinces. Founded to improve the quality and integrity of elections and democraticinstitutions,DemocracyInternationalhasworkedto improve elections and political processes in more than a dozen countries. Since 2003 our focus has expanded from small-scale technical assistance to large-scale election management, ob- servation, and support programs. CountryExperience Afghanistan, Albania, Bangladesh, Belarus, Djibouti, Ecuador, El Salvador, Georgia, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Hong Kong, Indo- nesia, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Liberia, Mon- tenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Pakistan, the Philippines, Romania, Russia, Serbia, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tunisia, Ukraine, Venezuela, and West Bank/Gaza $130+ million Photo:CityCorporationElectionObservation,Gazipur,Bangladesh,2013
  • 18. 27 28 2011 Afghanistan ELECTORAL REFORM AND CIVIC ADVOCACY PROJECT Building on its work on election observation and electoral reform in 2009- 10, DI initiates the Afghanistan Electoral Reform & Civic Advocacy (AERCA) Project, which seeks to facilitate Afghan- led electoral reform process. Ghana DG ASSESSMENT Using the newly revised DG Strategic Assessment Framework, DI conducts its 12th formal democracy and governance assessment for USAID. EL Salvador ELECTION ASSISTANCE To support critical election reforms, DI launches major assistance program for the Supreme Electoral Tribunal— including technical assistance to election officials on communications and transmission and reporting of results— and works with civil society organizations on voter education programs. Haiti LOCAL GOVERNANCE EVALUATION DI evaluates local governance program, focused on transparent local governance and improved local service delivery. Russia PUBLIC OPINION RESEARCH AND IMPACT EVALUATION IN RUSSIA DI conducts four public opinion surveys relating to parliamentary and presidential elections. Separately, DI carries out impact evaluation of selected U.S. government-funded electoral and political processes programs. Bangladesh POLITICAL PARTIES IN BANGLADESH DI launches five-year Democratic Participation and Reform project, a USAID-funded political party development program focused on inclusion of women and youth, use of survey research, and the environment for responsive politics. Afghanistan Albania Antigua and Barbuda Azerbaijan Bangladesh Cameroon Djibouti Dominica Egypt El Salvador Ghana Grenada Guyana Haiti India Indonesia Jamaica Kosovo Mexico Montenegro New Zealand Russia Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Serbia South Africa South Sudan Sudan Timor-Leste Trinidad and Tobago Uganda total 64 active 32 offices 5
  • 19. 29 30 Following a bitter civil war that began in 1979 and left more than 70,000 dead and missing, a peace accord in 1992 pro- vided for peaceful elections and a multi-party system in El Salvador. The country held four presidential elections be- tween 1992 and 2009, but all were marred by fraud, intimi- dation, and violence. Moreover, by 2009 many of the polit- ical and electoral reforms outlined in the 1992 accord had yet to be implemented, inhibiting genuine political compe- tition. But in 2009 the first post-conflict transfer of power opened the door for meaningful changes to the country’s political institutions and the realization of these long-await- ed reforms. Democracy International began its USAID-funded program in El Salvador in 2011, in preparation for the 2012 legisla- tive elections that would feature two substantial electoral reforms. The first reform followed the Salvadoran Supreme Court’s 2009 decision that allowed voters to choose can- didates directly instead of voting only for a single political party list. The second reform dramatically expanded the number of polling stations to increase accessibility for vot- ers. A DI nationwide poll in advance of the 2012 elections, however, revealed extremely low levels of public knowledge about these changes. To address this need, DI partnered with the Supreme Electoral Tribunal (TSE) and domestic civ- il society organizations to design and deliver a nationwide civic and voter education campaign. Civic and Voter Education Campaign In the months leading up to the elections, DI worked with 14 Salvadoran NGOs to increase public awareness of the electoral reforms. The far-reaching campaign’s slogan was “Elige, Vota, Exige” (“Elect, Vote, Demand”). DI’s program targeted vulnerable groups and included innovative voter education materials, media broadcasts, cultural events, and workshop sessions throughout the country. To raise aware- ness about redesigned ballots and to reduce confusion on election day, DI created electronic and physical simulators that gave voters an opportunity to learn how to cast ballots. All of these efforts contributed to an election where, de- spite dramatic changes to voting procedures, voter turnout increased and ballot errors decreased compared to previ- ous elections. Campaign Finance Reform In response to lack of transparency about campaign fund- raising, DI conducted workshops addressing campaign fi- nance with 126 local NGOs. This effort led to a civil soci- ety-backed draft campaign finance law. DI also worked with the TSE on proposed campaign finance regulations. These efforts generated substantial attention from Salvadoran me- dia, analysts, NGOs, and government representatives. In February 2013, the Legislative Assembly passed a law reg- ulating public and private financing of electoral campaigns. 40% more than 130 civil society partners strengthened COUNTRY BRIEF: EL SALVADOR “elige, vota, exige” september 2011 - october 2012 population reached by DI voter education campaign “[DI played] an extraordinary role in the advancement and development of democracy in our country.” Eugenio Chicas, President, Supreme Electoral Tribunal, at the Fourth Latin America Conference on Electoral Justice, September 3, 2013 Top: Voter education campaign; Bottom (left to right): Voting sim- ulator; Election Day
  • 20. 31 32 2012 Serbia EVALUATION OF MEDIA ASSISTANCE PROJECT DI examines effectiveness of assistance to traditional and new media. United States DI WINS IQC FOR TRANSITIONAL INITIATIVES USAID’s Office of Transitional Initiatives awards DI the Support That Augments Rapid Transition (START) IQC. Ukraine RULE OF LAW EVALUATION DI conducts its sixth analytical project in Ukraine, an evaluation of USAID’s Access to Justice and Legal Empowerment Project. Middle East and North Africa ELECTION MONITORING INNOVATION With funding from the State Department’s Middle East Partnership Initiative (MEPI), DI opens office in Tunisia to partner with organizations in the region on piloting new technologies and approaches to domestic election monitoring. Kyrgyzstan HUMAN RIGHTS EVALUATION DI evaluates Strengthening Human Rights Program to help guide future human rights, civic advocacy, and judicial reform programming. Afghanistan Bangladesh Egypt El Salvador Georgia Ghana Haiti Kyrgyzstan Lebanon Russia Serbia Tunisia Ukraine total 66 active 13 offices 5
  • 21. 33 34 2013 United States DI MOVES HOME OFFICE In January DI moves to new offices at 7600 Wisconsin Avenue in Bethesda. DI WINS RULE OF LAW AND PEACE CONTRACTS USAID awards DI IQCs for Rule of Law and Programming Effectively Against Conflict and Extremism (PEACE). Ghana and Liberia ANALYZING FEEDBACK LOOPS DI initiates year- long effort, with fieldwork in Ghana and Liberia, to analyze “feedback loops” that strengthen democratic accountability in countries receiving government-to- government assistance. Middle East and North Africa #ELECTECH (UN)CONFERENCE DI brings together more than 100 participants from 43 organizations— including election monitoring and other civil society groups and technology development firms from across the Middle East and North Africa—to discuss innovative ways to mobilize citizens and use technology to safeguard elections. SURVEY RESEARCH Building on work beginning in 2011, DI conducts opinion research in Morocco, Libya, and Tunisia on public attitudes about democracy to inform programming in the region. South Sudan USAID AWARDS DI MAJOR PROGRAM USAID awards DI Systems to Uphold the Credibility and Constitutionality of Elections in South Sudan (SUCCESS), a five-year program to support constitutional reform and democratic elections and political processes. total 70 Afghanistan Albania Azerbaijan Bangladesh Burma Egypt Ghana Jordan Kenya Lebanon Liberia Libya Morocco Serbia South Africa South Sudan Tanzania Tunisia Ukraine active 19 offices 5 Latin America and the Caribbean ANALYTICAL SUPPORT FOR YOUTH CRIME AND VIOLENCE PREVENTION DI launches multi-year program to provide analytical support services for efforts to address and prevent youth crime and violence in Central America— including Mexico—and the Caribbean.
  • 22. 43 Abuja Accra Aceh Besar Acul-du-Nord Akhalkalaki Ali Sabiyeh Amman Arandjelovac Auckland Bacioi Baku Balikpapan Banda Aceh Banja Luka Bar Barisal Bas-Limbe Basseterre Batumi Beirut Belgrade Berdyansk Bishkek Bocsa Bogota Bogra Brcko Bucharest Bujumbura Cabaret Cagllavice Cairo Cape Town Cap-Haitien Caracas Carrefour Castries Cauca Cherkasy Cher nivtsi Chisinau Chittagong Cluj Cochabamba Colombo Comrat Dar es Salaam Dej Dhaka Dikhil Dili Djibouti-ville Donetsk Durlesti Easter n Antioquia Faridpur Ferizaj Georgetown Gjakova Gjilan Gorontalo Gracanica Guatemala City Harare Iasi Islamabad Ismayilli Ivano-Frankivsk Jakarta Jalalabad Jerusalem Johannesburg Kabul Kabupaten Sleman Kakata Kamianets-Podilskyi Kampala Karachi Khachmaz Kharkiv Khartoum Khulna Kingston Kingstown Kinshasa Kline Kovel Kragujevac Kutaisi Kyiv La Paz Lahore Leposavic Lilongwe Limbe Lipjan Luanda Lviv Maevka Makassar Manila Maputo Mar neuli Medan Medellin Mexico City Mitrovica Modhupur Mogadishu Monrovia Monteria Moscow Mostar Multan Mwanza Mymensingh Nairobi Narayangonj City New Delhi Niksic Niš Novi Sad Obok Osh Panama City Peja Peshawar Podgorica Pontianak Port of Spain Požarevac Pristina Quba Quetta Quibdo Quito Rabat Ramallah Rangpur Rawalpindi Sabirabad Saint-Marc Samarinda San Salvador Santa Cruz de la Sierra Sarajevo Silovo Simferopol St George’s Strpce Sucre Surabaya Sylhet Tadjoura Takoradi-Secondi Tbilisi Timisoara Tirana Tubmanburg Tunis Vaslui Wellington Yerevan Yogyakarta Zanzibar Zrenjanin Zvecan Abuja Accra Aceh Besar Acul-du-Nord Akhalkalaki Ali Sabiyeh Amman Arandjelovac Auckland Bacioi Baku Balikpapan Banda Aceh Banja Luka Bar Barisal Bas-Limbe Basseterre Batumi Beirut Belgrade Berdyansk Bishkek Bocsa Bogota Bogra Brcko Bucharest Bujumbura Cabaret Cagllavice Cairo Cape Town Cap-Haitien Caracas Carrefour Castries Cauca Cherkasy Cher nivtsi Chisinau Chittagong Cluj Cochabamba Colombo Comrat Dar es Salaam Dej Dhaka Dikhil Dili Djibouti-ville Donetsk Durlesti Easter n Antioquia Faridpur Ferizaj Georgetown Gjakova Gjilan Gorontalo Gracanica Guatemala City Harare Iasi Islamabad Ismayilli Ivano-Frankivsk Jakarta Jalalabad Jerusalem Johannesburg Kabul Kabupaten Sleman Kakata Kamianets- Podilskyi Kampala Karachi Khachmaz Kharkiv Khartoum Khulna Kingston Kingstown Kinshasa Kline Kovel Kragujevac Kutaisi Kyiv La Paz Lahore Leposavic Lilongwe Limbe Lipjan Luanda Lviv Maevka Makassar Manila Maputo Mar neuli Medan Medellin Mexico City Mitrovica Modhupur Mogadishu Monrovia Monteria Moscow Mostar Multan Mwanza Mymensingh Nairobi Narayangonj City New Delhi Niksic Niš Novi Sad Obok Osh Panama City Peja Peshawar Podgorica Pontianak Port of Spain Požarevac Pristina Quba Quetta Quibdo Quito Rabat Ramallah Rangpur Rawalpindi Sabirabad Saint-Marc Samarinda San Salvador Santa Cruz de la Sierra Sarajevo Silovo Simferopol St George’s Strpce Sucre Surabaya Sylhet Tadjoura Takoradi-Secondi Tbilisi Timisoara Tirana Tubmanburg Tunis Vaslui Wellington Yerevan Yogyakarta Zanzibar Zrenjanin Zvecan Abuja Accra Aceh Besar Acul-du-Nord Akhalkalaki Ali Sabiyeh Amman Arandjelovac Auckland Bacioi Baku Balikpapan Banda Aceh Banja Luka Bar Barisal Bas-Limbe Basseterre Batumi Beirut Belgrade Berdyansk Bishkek Bocsa Bogota Bogra Brcko Bucharest Bujumbura Cabaret Cagllavice Cairo Cape Town Cap-Haitien Caracas Carrefour Castries Cauca Cherkasy Cher nivtsi Chisinau Chittagong Cluj Cochabamba Colombo Comrat Dar es Salaam Dej Dhaka Dikhil Dili Djibouti-ville Donetsk Durlesti Easter n Antioquia Faridpur Ferizaj Georgetown Gjakova Gjilan Gorontalo Gracanica Guatemala City Harare Iasi Islamabad Ismayilli Ivano- Frankivsk Jakarta Jalalabad Jerusalem Johannesburg Kabul Kabupaten Sleman Kakata Kamianets-Podilskyi Kampala Karachi Khachmaz Kharkiv Khartoum Khulna Kingston Kingstown Kinshasa Kline Kovel Kragujevac Kutaisi Kyiv La Paz Lahore Leposavic Lilongwe Limbe Lipjan Luanda Lviv Maevka Makassar Manila Maputo Mar neuli Medan Medellin Mexico City Mitrovica Modhupur Mogadishu Monrovia Monteria Moscow Mostar Multan Mwanza Mymensingh Nairobi Narayangonj City New Delhi Niksic Niš Novi Sad Obok Osh Panama City @DemocracyIntl Democracy International DemocracyIntl Democracy International /company/democracy-international +1.301.961.1660 7600 Wisconsin Avenue, Suite 1010 Bethesda, MD 20814 info@democracyinternational.com “We are committed to influencing and improving democracy, human rights, and governance in the next decade. We will continue to pursue important initiatives in conflict-affected and transitional environments, pilot new technologies and analytical methods, and provide clear thinking about how development assistance can contribute to meaningful political change.”
  • 23. 137 projects 10 years countries 70