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Media film institues

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  • 1. EARLY HISTORY OF THE BRITISH FILM INDUSTRY The cinema as an entertainment industry began from a series of innovations in the late nineteenth century, mostly in the United Kingdom, the United States and France. Filmmakers in the UK establishes small studios to make short films for use by travelling showmen in music halls. More than 30 film studios were established in London in the first decade of the twentieth century.
  • 2. GOVERNMENT SUPPORT By 1925, British film production had declined where fewer than 40 feature films a year were being made, compared with over 150 in 1920. At this point however a majority of films shown were American. Lord Newton raised an issue in May 1925 hat citing ‘industrial, commercial, educational and imperial interests’ involved and calling for a Committee of inquiry. In 1927, the Government recognized the importance of film production to the British economy and its role in stimulating exports of other goods and services and acted to protect the home market from American domination by means of the Cinematograph Films Act 1927. The Act recognized the interdependency of production, distribution and exhibition, and sought to encourage home production by setting quotas for British-made films[6] to be met by both distributors and exhibitors.
  • 3. CHALLENGE OF AMERICAN FILMS While the Government was quick to recognize the domestic importance of the film industry, and particularly film production, the American authorities were even quicker to recognize its importance as an export industry. In 1926, congress gave 15 thousand dollars to set up the Motion Picture Section within the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce of the Department of commerce. The Hollywood studios generally broke even on the American market and derived their profits from export revenues.
  • 4. EMERGENT BRITISH CINEMA 1880-1900 Modern Cinema is known as descending from the work of the French Lumiere brothers in 2892. Their first show came to London in 2896, but the first moving picture however was in Hyde park in 1889 by William Friese Greene and was developed onto celluloid film. William Friese Greene was a British inventor who patented the process in 1890. The film is the first known instance of a projected moving image. The first people to build and run a working camera in Britain were Robert W. Paul and Birt Acres. They made the first British film in 2895 called ‘Incident at Clovelly Cottage’
  • 5. EARLY BRITISH CINEMA 1900-1920 Another British man called George Albert Smith made the first colour system names Kinemacolor in 1908. There was competiong at this point because Gaumont and Pathe had both opened film companies by 1909 and there were films coming into England, from Europe. <<<George Albert Smith Plaza Piccadilly Circus>>>
  • 6. CLASSIFICATION The British Board of Film Censors had been founded in 1912 primarily to keep the foreign imports ‘acceptable in terms of content and to be able to control their numbers on the pretext of unsuitability. Home grown productions had an easier time passing the censors. It was now that the certificates U, for universal and A, for Adult were introduced.
  • 7. SOURCES http://www.britishcinemagreats.com/cinema_history/pre_british/page_1.ht m http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld200910/ldselect/ldcomuni/37/370 5.htm http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld200910/ldselect/ldcomuni/37/370 5.htm