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“Ignorance of the Scriptures is ignorance of Christ.” St. Jerome
"The Church has alwaysvenerated the divineScriptures just as shevenerates the body of the Lord,since from the table of both theword of God and of the bodyof Christ she unceasinglyreceives and offers to thefaithful the bread of life..." (Constitution on Divine Revelation, #21).
ACTUAL This refers to the actual experiences of God’s people which they interpretedEVENTS as God’s intervention in their history. So that the people will foreverORAL remember these important events, they are handed on to succeeding generationsTRADITION through storytelling.WRITTEN These stories were sorted, edited, andSCRIPTURES eventually put into to serve as norms against which other stories and traditions will be verified; and to more effectively preserve tradition.
The Bible is a Book of RemembranceThe Bible is a Faith-RecordThe Bible contains a Religious Interpretation of History
When we read the Bible we alsorealize that there are different formsof expressing truth. The Biblicalauthors were not so concerned abouthistory itself, but "salvationhistory," how the events of the pastcould be understood in relation totheir faith. Salvation history dealswith Gods love for us, first shownto the Chosen People, and thenfulfilled in the death andresurrection of Jesus Christ.
Gk. “ta biblia” – “the books” -refers the whole sacred volumeLt. “biblia” – “The Book” -designates the eminence of the BibleThe Bible is a collection of sacred writings whichthe Church solemnly recognized as the:
“God is the author of Sacred Scripture becausehe inspired its human authors; he acts in themand by means of them. He thus gives assurancethat their writings teach without error hissaving truth” Dei Verbum 11 To say that the Bible is the Word of God is to acknowledge its Divine Authorship.
THE BIBLE IS THE WORD OF GOD.The word “OF” tells us three things about the BIBLE: It is WORD ABOUT GOD – We learn about God through the Bible It is the SPOKEN WORD OF GOD – Sacred Scripture contains God’s revelation of Himself It is WORD THAT BELONGS TO GOD – God is the Bible’s author, custodian, interpreter, and teacher.
The Bible did not fall from heaven. When God gave us his word, he inspired some men to put in into writing. The Bible was written by persons who lived in a particular context, using the means available to them as they went through the natural process of data gathering, selection, and finally writing down scriptures.Because the Bible was written by men, then through the Bible God is able to speak tous in human language- something we can understand and relate to. "All scripture, inspired of God, is profitable to teach, to reprove, to correct to instruct in justice" 2 Timothy 3:16
Lt. “in spirare” – to breathe into “By supernatural power God so moved and impelled the human authors to write - he so assisted them when writing - that the things he ordered and those only they first rightly understood, then willed faithfully to write down, and finally expressed in apt words and with infallible truth.” Providentissimus Deus, Pope Leo XIII INSPIRATION IS THE SPECIAL INFLUENCE OF THE HOLY SPIRIT ON THE HUMAN AUTHORS, SUCH THAT THEY WERE ABLE TO WRITE DOWN WHAT GOD WANTED THEM TO WRITE.INSPIRATION IS NOT:•DICTATION – God did not dictate the words to the human authors. As stated earlier, the humanauthors had to go through all the processes involved in coming up with a written work.•POSSESSION – The human authors were not coerced by God to write. They did not lose their free willwhen they put God’s Word into writing. On their end, they had to cooperate with inspiration.
CHRISTIANS AND JEWS AGREE THAT INSPIRATION MEANS THAT:2. The impulse to write came from God;3. The Bible contains things God wills man to know about him;4. The mind and the will of the human author were somehow influenced by God to write what was written without taking away the author’s own will or ability to write or power to express things in his own way for the people for whom he was writing;5. God guided his people in their choice of what writing was to be included in the final version of the Bible.
Inerrancy means freedom from error. The inerrancy of Scripture is aconsequence of its inspiration. Because God is the principal author ofthe Bible, then it cannot but contain the truth.BUT THE BIBLE CONTAINS ERROR…Errors in Science : This is because the Bible was not written to be a sciencetextbook. The authors had primitive knowledge of science. (e.g. the sun movesaround the earth: Joshua 10:14)Errors in History : The Bible was a product of oral tradition. This traditionpreserves the essential content, not the trivial details, so it is possible to findchronological errors, contradictory details, and inaccurate quotations once in awhile. (e.g. The animals Noah’s Ark: Genesis 6:19 and Genesis 7:2)Errors in Moral Understanding : The people of the Old Testament did not learn ofGod’s will instantly. It took time before they understood God’s precepts, hencethere were instances when they label something good as bad and vice versa. (e.g.total extermination of enemies is God’s will: Joshua 11:13-14) These errors do not in anyway affect the essential message of Sacred Scriptures. THE BIBLE CONTAINS ERROR BUT TEACHES NO ERROR.
"The books of scripture mustbe acknowledged as teachingfirmly, faithfully and withouterror that truth which Godwanted to put into the sacredwritings for the sake of oursalvation" (Constitution on DivineRevelation, #11).
Gk. “kanon” – a stick; measuring rod -the word implies “norms” or “standards”CANONICITY IS THE CHURCH’S OFFICIALDECLARATION THAT A BOOK IS INSPIRED, AND ISTHEREFORE A WORTHY BASIS OF FAITH AND MORALS.FOR A BOOK TO BE DECLARED CANONICAL, IT HAS TOPASS CERTAIN STANDARDS. AS IT PASSES THESTANDARDS, IT BECOMES A STANDARD ITSELF.N.B. Canonicity does not make a book inspired, neither does itadd to inspiration. It is simply a formal recognition of theinspiration which the book has always possessed.
FOR THE OLD TESTAMENT: FOR THE NEW TESTAMENT:•The scripture must not contradict the •Apostolic Origin - either the booksTORAH (five books of Moses). For the were written by the apostles themselves,Jews, Moses was undoubtedly a man of or they were used as sources.God and his “books” measure everything. •Coherence with the essential Gospel•The scripture must be constantly used in Message- the content of the book mustliturgy. be consistent with the message of Christ.•In some cases, language became a factor. •Constant use in the liturgy- the booksSome Jews rejected non-Hebrew writings. were used by the Early Christian•Recognized Sacred Scriptures are stored Communities in their celebration of thein the temple chests, available for public “breaking of the bread” and otherreading. Putting a book in the temple chest liturgical functions.is tantamount to canonization.
DID NOT PASS THE CRITERIA FOR CANONICITY MAY HAVE BEEN USED SPORADICALLY BY SCATTERED GROUPS DID NOT HAVE APOSTOLIC GUARANTEE CONTENTS ARE EITHER HERETICAL OR IRRELEVANT
THOSE THAT THOSE THATRESEMBLE THE CONTAINCANONICAL THOSE THAT NARRATE HERETICALSCRIPTURES PIOUS STORIES ABOUT DOCTRINES JESUS AND THE VIRGINGospel of Peter MARY Gospel of Philip Infancy Gospel of James Gospel of Mary Pseudo Matthew Gospel of Judas Generally in agreement Infancy Gospel with Church teaching The Nativity of Mary Written to meet Pseudo Gospel of Thomas the demands of popular piety
APOCRYPHAL = SECRET WRITTEN FOR SPECIAL GROUPS WRITTEN BY RECIPIENTS OF SECRET REVELATIONS NOT KNOWN TO ALL SINCE THESE BOOKS ARE OF DOUBTFUL AUTHORITY, THEY ARE NOT CONSIDERED BY THE CHURCH AS RELIABLE BASES OF FAITH AND MORALS
When a book fails to meet the standards, it is labeled asAPOCRYPHAL i.e. of doubtful authorityWhen a book has passed the standards, it becomes part of the CANON OF SCRIPTURES.The CANON OF SCRIPTURES refers to the official list of inspired books. ROMAN CATHOLIC BIBLE PROTESTANT BIBLE 73 (72) BOOKS 66 BOOKS 46 Books in the Old Testament 39 Books in the Old (45 if Jeremiah and Testament Lamentations are 27 Books in the New counted as one) Testament 27 Books in the New Testament
The word “Deuterocanonical” literally means: “secondcanon”. These refers to the second set of canonical books.During the Council of Trent, before the Catholic Churchfinally closed the Canon (which means from then on, noother books will be added to the bible), the Church alsodeclared as canonical some Old Testament books whichwere recognized ever since as inspired but were not formallydeclared as part of the canon of scriptures.Unfortunately, the Protestants have already deviated fromthe Catholic Church when this happened so they do not havethe Deuterocanonicals in their Bible. If ever they include it,they simply label the books as Apocryphals. One thing is forsure, the Protestant Canon was still a product of the prudentjudgment of the Catholic Church before the split took place.
COVENANT BETWEEN COVENANT BETWEEN GOD AND ISRAEL The Old Testament GOD AND HUMANITYMEDIATED BY MOSES finds light in the MEDIATED BY JESUS Central Event: New Testament. The Central Event: New Testament finds foundation in the Old Testament. The Church teaches that both divisions are equally THE EXODUS inspired. THE RESURRECTION Language: Language: Predominantly Hebrew Predominantly Greek
The Bible did not always have its chapter and verses. Hence, when one wouldlook for particular passages, one has scan through the entire book. The division of the bible into chapters was done in 1226 by His Grace, Most Rev. Stephen Langton, Archbishop of Canterbury Some time later, in the year 1551, the bible was divided into verses by Robert Estienne, a French printer.
Above all, God has spoken to us inJesus. The Bible is His Word in asecondary sense. Jesus Himself isGod’s message to mankind, butthe Bible brings that message tous.
RELIGION WORD BY WHICH GOD MESSENGER HAS SPOKEN JUDAISM THE TORAH MOSES ISLAM THE QUR’AN MUHAMMADCHRISTIANITY JESUS CHRIST THE BIBLE
CATECHISM OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH nos.101-141 Francis E. Gigot SACRED SCRIPTURES, THE BIBLE www.pax-et-veritas.org Ian Knox C.S.Sp. THEOLOGY FOR TEACHERS Ottawa: Novalis Press, 1994 Margaret BaxterJESUS CHRIST: HIS LIFE AND HIS CHURCH Quezon City: New Day Publishers 1989 INSPIRATION AND INERRANCY www.cathtruth.com