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Planning NCR

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2012

2012
By Rajeev malhotra

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Planning NCR Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Delhi 2050:Sustainable Development through Regional Planning Approach Presented by Rajeev Malhotra, Chief Regional Planner National Capital Region Planning Board ncrpb.nic.in 8th November, 2011Delhi 2050: Sustainable Development through Regional Planning Approach
  • 2. Regional Plan 2021 for NCR of DelhiDelhi 2050: Sustainable Development through Regional Planning Approach 2
  • 3. NCR: Constituent Areas RP-2021 (Area in Sq Kms) NCT-Delhi 1,483 Haryana 13,413 U.P. 10,853 Rajasthan 7,829 Total area 33,578 ▪ NCR area is − 1.06% of the India’s area; − 86% of the Kerala − 75.9% of Haryana − 66.67% of Punjab  NCR area is almost 23 times that of NCT-Delhi (1,483 sq kms)  NCR area is more than the combined area of 3 States of Tripura, Nagaland and Sikkim (27,885 sq kms)Delhi 2050: Sustainable Development through Regional Planning Approach 3
  • 4. Enactment of NCR Planning Board Act, 1985 National Capital Region was delineated by constituting the following four Sub-Regions: – National Capital Territory of Delhi – Haryana – Uttar Pradesh – Rajasthan National Capital Region Planning Board Act, 1985 was enacted by the Parliament with the concurrence of Legislatures of Haryana, U.P. and Rajasthan states. NCR Planning Board was set up to promote growth and balanced development of the Region Delhi 2050: Sustainable Development through Regional Planning Approach 4
  • 5. Growth of Pop. & Decadal Growth rate - Delhi (1901-2001)● NCT Delhi is one of the fifteen 18 16 major urban agglomerations in the 14 World. 12 Population (millions) 10● Decadal growth of population of 8 Delhi which was hovering above 6 4 52% for the last four decades has 2 come down to 47% during the 0 2001 2011 1901 1911 1921 1931 1941 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 1991-2001 decade and further Census decreased to 20.96% during 2001- 11. Decadal Rates of Population Growth of NCT-Delhi, 1901-2001 100.00 90.00● Base of population of Delhi is so Growth Rate (%) 80.00 large that even after reduction in 60.00 47.02 growth rate, the increase in 40.00 44.27 52.44 52.93 53.00 51.45 absolute numbers is very high. 20.00 18.03 30.26 20.96 0.00 1.98● But the down trend has started 1911 1951 1961 2001 2011 1921 1931 1941 1971 1981 1991 Years Delhi 2050: Sustainable Development through Regional Planning Approach 5
  • 6. NCR Population Distribution Population Projection as per Regional Plan-2021 for NCR Population (in Lakhs) Year NCR Delhi Haryana Rajasthan U.P. 2001 371.00 138.50 86.87 29.92 115.70 2011 486.19 179.90 117.55 37.91 150.83 2021 641.38 234.87 160.16 48.06 198.29 Urban-Rural Components of Population in NCR (1981-2001) Percent share (%) 1981 1991 2001 2011 RuralUrban NCR 45.87 50.23 56.39 62.52 37.48Rural NCR 54.13 49.77 43.61 27.48Urban 24.53 29.39 34.47 42.52NCR* Urban 62.52*Urban NCR excluding NCT-Delhi Delhi 2050: Sustainable Development through Regional Planning Approach 6
  • 7. Sub-region wise Population of NCR 500.00 450.00Sub-region Population (lakhs) 400.00 350.00Year 2011 2011 300.00 Propose Actual 1981 d 250.00 1991 2001NCT-Delhi 179.90 167.53 200.00 2011Haryana 117.55 110.38 150.00Rajasthan 37.91 36.72 100.00UP 150.83 145.84 50.00NCR 486.19 460.47 0.00 NCR NCT-Delhi Uttar Pradesh Haryana Rajasthan Sub- Population (lakhs) Decadal Growth Rate (%) Share of Population (%) region Year 1981 1991 2001 2011 1981-91 1991-01 2001-11 1981 1991 2001 2011 NCT-Delhi 62.20 94.21 138.5 167.53 51.45 47.02 20.96 31.2 34.4 37.3 36.38 1 8 3 3 Haryana 49.39 66.44 86.87 110.38 34.53 30.76 27.06 24.8 24.2 23.4 23.97 4 8 2 Rajasthan 17.56 22.97 29.93 36.72 30.82 30.31 22.75 8.83 8.39 8.06 7.97 UP 69.69 90.02 115.7 145.84 29.17 28.53 26.05 35.0 32.9 31.1 31.67 0 5 9 NCR Delhi 2050: Sustainable Development through 35.59 198.8 3 273.6 3 371.0 0 460.47 37.62 Regional Planning 100 100 24.12 100 Approach 100 7
  • 8. Regional Plan-2021 for NCR: Aim and Objectives To promote growth and balanced development of the National Capital Region through – Providing suitable economic base for future growth in identified regional settlements to absorb economic impulse of NCT-Delhi – Promoting sustainable development – Providing rational land use pattern – Developing urban infrastructural facilities – Providing efficient and cost effective rail and road based transport network – Minimizing adverse environmental impact – Innovative methods of resource mobilization and attracting private investments Delhi 2050: Sustainable Development through Regional Planning Approach 88
  • 9. Regional Plan-2021 for NCR: Thrust Areas Lays down Land Uses at the Regional level in terms of a harmonious pattern emerging from a careful examination of natural features including susceptibility to natural disasters and socio-economic activities Proposes Development of Metro and Regional Centres as powerful growth nodes to attract major activities Provide regional transport linkages and Mass Commuter System Construction of peripheral expressways and orbital rail corridor around Delhi Development of core urban infrastructure (transport, power, water supply, sewerage, drainage etc.) in NCR towns Facilitate development of the region’s economy through Model Industrial Estates, Special Economic Zones etc. outside NCT-Delhi Develop critical Project Plans which are integral elements of the development vision Delhi 2050: Sustainable Development through Regional Planning Approach 99
  • 10. Regional Plan-2021 for NCR: Policy Zones NH1 SH 11 • NCT-Delhi Seeing limited natural resources – SH57 47 NH58 environmentally sustainable development/ SH SH YAMUNA 10 re-development with permission to H INDA NH RIV 71 activities necessary to sustain N NH ER A 10 71 RIVER SONEPAT NH KUNDLI • Central NCR A 16 MURADNAGAR SH SH16 LONI NH 24 Seeing the proximity to the core – BAHADURGARH GHAZIABAD development if not better at least at par GA N SH20 with NCT-Delhi with tapping of all new KA NCT-DELHI UTTAR PRADESH LI RIVER GA NOIDA HARYANA major activities coming towards the core R IV ER SH22 GURGAON in these area in a planned manner 39 FARIDABAD SH SH 24 KA • Highway Corridor Zone 18 LI SH RI VE NH91 R Seeing the haphazard development along R the corridor – planned and regulatedSH VE 25 RI IB I O RS AH SH I BI development with proper delineation RAJASTHAN looking at the potential of the area NH 8 NH 2 • Rest of NCR NCT-Delhi Continuation of basic policy of Regional SH14 CNCR/DMA Plan 2001 – accelerated development Highway corridor both in urban and rural areas with Rest of NCR substantial upgradation of local and regional level infrastructure SH25 Delhi 2050: Sustainable Development through Regional Planning Approach 10
  • 11. Regional Plan-2021 for NCR: Settlement Pattern PATIALA 7 Metro Centre/Complex NH1 TO PANIPAT (Punjab) • Faridabad-Ballabhgarh SH11 • TO JIND PANIPAT Ghaziabad-Loni TO MUZAFFARNAGAR TO SHAMLI NH58 • Meerut SH57 47 SH TOSH JIN10 D GANGA RIV • Gurgaon-Manesar YAMU ER NA RIV NH • Noida TO 71 ER JIN HINDAN RIVER NH D A 10 71 • TO SONEPAT- MEERUT Sonepat- Kundli TO HAN SI NH HA NS BARAUT I KUNDLI BAREILLY • Greater Noida IW A (U.P.) I ROHTAK BAGPAT AN BH H16 S TO SH16 IWANI TO BH NH 24TO MU ZA HAPUR FFA RN AG 11 Regional Centre AR BAHADURGARH GHAZIABAD TO CH AR KH SH DELHI GA I DAD 20HISSAR • NG RI Bahadurgarh A RIVE KA LI RIVER NOIDA UTTAR R(Haryana) HARYANA • GURGAON G.NOIDA PRADESH Panipat SH22 BULANDSHAHR • Rohtak 39 TO SH M AH E ND FARIDABAD RA SH • Palwal GA 24 RH AD AB D A DHARUHERA KHURJA UR M TO • Rewari-Dharuhera-Bawal D A SH28 AB AD REWARI KALI RI VE R TO UR M 18 SH TO NA RNAU L BAWAL BHIWADI • Hapur H AR TO ALIGARH PALWA IG NH91 AL • Bulandshahr-Khurja H TO AR TO IG N SH NA L A AL R 25 UL TO • ER Baghpat-Baraut SAHIBI RIV OR I IB SH 8R BEHROR • Alwar NH NHIPU TO M • 2 AT JA Greater Bhiwadi TO HU RA • Shahjahanpur-Neemrana-Behror ALWAR KOTA 5 Counter-magnet area SH14 GWALIOR (Rajasthan) SH13 (M.P.) TO JAIPUR RAJASTHAN • Bareilly (UP) TO MURADABAD • Gwalior (MP) • Hissar (Haryana) TO JAI SH25 PUR TO JA IP UR • Kota (Rajasthan) • Patiala Delhi 2050: Sustainable Development through Regional Planning Approach 11 11
  • 12. Regional Plan-2021 for NCR Projections and demand-supply gap up to 2021 for following sectors has been made in the Regional Plan to develop quality infrastructure in the Region:  Transport  Water  Power  Sewerage  Solid Waste  Drainage  Shelter /Housing  Social Infrastructure In addition to this, policies & strategies for following sectors were also laid down:  Economy  Environment, Tourism & Heritage  Disaster Management Delhi 2050: Sustainable Development through Regional Planning Approach 12
  • 13. Regional Plan-2021 for NCR: Regional Land-useDelhi 2050: Sustainable Development through Regional Planning Approach 1313 13
  • 14. Regional Plan-2021 for NCR: Fund Requirements• For development of quality infrastructure the projected requirement of funds for different sectors as follows: Sectors Tentative Costs (Rs. Cr.) Transport 1,76,355 Power 1,51,742 Water including Ground water 15,000 recharge Sewerage 84,000 Drainage 2,000 Solid Waste Management 1,400 New Townships (4 nos.) 80,000 Total 5,10,497 (Rs.5104.97 billions) Delhi 2050: Sustainable Development through Regional Planning Approach 14 14 14
  • 15. Regional Plan-2021 for NCR: Functional Plans & Studies Functional Plans for following sectors have been prepared for guiding the concerned agencies to take up Regional Infrastructure which is important to develop the Region: – Transport: Integrated Muli-Modal Transportation Plan for NCR (Prepared) – Ground Water Recharge in NCR (Prepared) – Water: Integrated Water Management Plan for NCR (Draft Prepared) – Power (Draft Prepared) – Drainage (Draft Prepared) – Tourism & Heritage (Draft Prepared) Research Studies have also been taken up for following sectors to guide the development – Economic Profile of NCR – Micro Enterprises & House-hold Industries in NCR – Educational Infrastructure in NCR – Health Infrastructure in NCR Delhi 2050: Sustainable Development through Regional Planning Approach 15
  • 16. Functional Plan on TransportDelhi 2050: Sustainable Development through Regional Planning Approach 16 16
  • 17. NH ARNAL Transport Plan-2032: Road Network in NCR and Airports 1 K TO Already 4-lane Highways 58 RNAGAR NARAH AMLI PANIPAT Expressways Already Proposed TO SH FFA UZ A TO NHJIND NH A TO M NH 71 1 KMP (Western Peripheral) Expressway L GOHANA7 T CANA NHO HA NA YAMU 10 NSI EAST YAMUNA RIVER KGP (Eastern Peripheral) Expressway SONEPAT HINDAN RIVER BAGHPAT Ghaziabad-Meerut (GM) Expressway GANGA RIVER ROHTAK KUNDLI TO BHIWANI MEERUT Yamuna Expressway NH 71 BAHADURGARH Ganga Expressway NH24 JHAJJAR DELHI GHAZIABAD HAPUR TO MURADABAD Transport plan proposals South-W est TO HARYANA NOIDA GULAOTHI New Expressways MA HE ND RA GA RH GURGAON UTTAR PRADESH Up-gradation of Major Highways FARIDABAD BULANDSHAHR Up-gradation of Other Highways AGRA CANAL L REWARI NH 71B BALLABGARH GAUTAMBUDH NAGAR RNAU T O NA BHIWADI KHURJA Airports PALWAL International Airport-Existing RIVER SAH IBI International Airport-Proposed TO ALIGARH NH 91 8 R HODAL NH AIPU JTO TO NH MA T HU 2 RA ALWAR RAJASTHAN TO JAIPUR Delhi 2050: Sustainable Development through Regional Planning Approach 17 17
  • 18. NA KAR Transport Plan-2032: Rail Network in NCR TO TO JIN D PANIPAT AMLI TO SH TO Legend JIN D TO HA NS A I M UN BARAUT Existing Rail Network R. Y A SONEPAT RRTS Corridors- Proposed Under the Study R. HINDAN RRTS Corridors – Phase I TO BHIWANI ROHTAK R. GANGA MEERUT KUNDLI DMRC Corridors- Operational Ph. I Holambi Kalan Badli DMRC Corridors- Operational Ph. II BAHADURGARH Barwala DMRC Corridors -Under State Consideration TO Rithala Jahangirpuri BH IW AN Trinagar Work in Progress- IR Projects Mundka JHAJJAR I Shahdara Dilshad Gn. Kirti nagar TO MURADABAD Shivaji GHAZIABAD HAPUR HARYANA Bridge Dabur Dwarka R. Chowk. Survey in Progress- IR Projects ChowkTO Sec. 21 DELHI Airport NOIDA Survey Sanctioned – IR Projects U .P. MA Okhla HE ND RA GA Baderpur RH S. Lok Inner Corridor- Proposed Under the Study GURGAON FARIDABAD New Rail Link BALLABAGARH BULANDSHAHR BHIWADI GAUTAMBUDH L REWARI RNAU NAGAR T O NA KHURJA PALWAL RIVER SAH IBI RAJASTHAN H AR IG AL TO 18 Delhi 2050: Sustainable Development through Regional Planning Approach 18 18 TO ALWAR MA
  • 19. Inland Container Depots and DFC• Logistic Hubs/ Inland Container Depots – Existing = 6 – Additional = 8 – Total = 14• Integrated Freight Complex – In every Regional and Sub- regional Centres as part of city Master Plans Delhi 2050: Sustainable Development through Regional Planning Approach 19 19
  • 20. Proposed RRTS CorridorsDelhi 2050: Sustainable Development through Regional Planning Approach 21 21
  • 21. Functional Plan on Water: Integrated Water Management & Ground Water RechargeDelhi 2050: Sustainable Development through Regional Planning Approach 22 22
  • 22. Integrated Water Resource Management Requirement Requirement for 2021 Recommendation for 2031 Best Option Integrated Water Resource Management is a process which promotes the coordinated development and management of water, land and related resources in order to maximize the resultant economic and social welfare in an equitable manner without compromising the sustainability of vital ecosystems . Monitoring of Further Policy Conservation R&D distribution Studies & Act Methods systemDelhi 2050: Sustainable Development through Regional Planning Approach 23 Sustainable Development through Regional Planning Approach 23
  • 23. Process for Integrated Water Resource Management Projected population 2011, Census 2021 & 2031 Regulation Projected Water Demand Norms for 2011, 2021 & 2031UFW Losses, Evaluation of water Irrigation DATA REVIEW, supply losses, INTERPRETATION & Identification ofCanal losses ANALYSIS additional sources: Formulation of Surface Water technically viable Ground Water proposal Effluent Reuse Artificial Recharge Study of institutional model Construction of dam & Financial analysis Inter basin transfer Delhi 2050: Sustainable Development through Regional Planning Approach 24 24
  • 24. Water Demand in NCR Uses Total Water Demand in MCM 2011 2021 2031 Domestic 3107 4137 5557 Industrial 1681 1996 2440 Agricultural 18221 18294 18699 Total Demand 23009 24427 26696 Domestic water demand by NCRPB Norms Source: Water Supply and its Management in NCRDelhi 2050: Sustainable Development through Regional Planning Approach 25 25
  • 25. Sub-region wise Total Water Demand 28000 26000 24000 22000 20000 Delhi In MCM 18000 16000 Rajasthan 14000 12000 U.P. 10000 Haryana 8000 NCR 6000 4000 2000 0 2011 2021 2031TOTAL = DOMESTIC + INDUSTRIAL + AGRICULTURAL WATERDEMANDDOMESTIC WATER DEMAND BY NCRPB NORMSDelhi 2050: Sustainable Development through Regional Planning Approach 26 26
  • 26. Demands/ Availability of Water Uses Total Water Demand in MCM 2011 2021 2031Domestic 3107 4137 5557Industrial 1681 1996 2440Agricultural 18221 18294 18699Total Demand 23009 24427 26696 Total Availability 2005 13779 13779 13779 Domestic water demand by NCRPB Norms Source: Water Supply and its Management in NCRDelhi 2050: Sustainable Development through Regional Planning Approach 27
  • 27. Proposed Methods to Reduce Consumption Demand and Supply Management Measures including conservation of water •Reduce UFW Losses •Drip & Sprinkler Irrigation •Re-cycling of Waster Water for non-potable uses •Ground Water Recharge through Water Harvesting in Urban & Rural Areas •Revival of old ponds by using water from seasonal fluctuations •Mass Awareness for Conservation of Water •Use of SCADA Additional water from Sharda Yamuna link canalDelhi 2050: Sustainable Development through Regional Planning Approach 28 28
  • 28. Best Suited Option Sarda Yamuna Water available Link (3208/10689) in year 2005 (13779)Water from Dams Kishau, LakhwarVyasi, Renuka, Tehri Total 23060 Available MCM Demand 21845 MCM Recycled treated sewage Recharging (3557) structures 1066 + tube wells 1449 Delhi 2050: Sustainable Development through Regional Planning Approach 29 29
  • 29. Proposed Action Plan for Integrated Water Management Revival of water bodies Construction of Tube Wells in flood plains Legal Provisions for Rain Water Harvesting Installation of Water Meters Adopt Advanced Techniques like SCADA to reduce UFW Unauthorized connections must be detected and penalised Recycle & Reuse of waste water Blanket ban on drawl of ground water or Cess on such power consumption Use of Drip & Sprinkler Techniques for irrigation Allocation of water from Sharda-Yamuna link canal Review of Norms for Domestic and Industrial supply Mass Awareness Delhi 2050: Sustainable Development through Regional Planning Approach 30 30
  • 30. Recommended Approach for Sustainable Regions/Cities Identify/delineate the Region. It could be a District or an urban area/city with its rural areas based on the parameters decided for delineation Prepare existing land use Map through GIS Assess the land availability for perspective year for various uses It is recommended to earmark the land for following uses before making allocations for other uses:  Conservations areas (Natural & Manmade including heritage sites)  Prime Agricultural Areas for food security & agrarian economy  Environmentally Sensitive Areas  Sensitive Costal Eco-systems and High lands or any other special areas  Ground Water Rechargeable Areas  Waste land After all such identifications, development may be proposed in the Region depending upon the requirement & potential for development Include planning for all the sectors as suggested in earlier slides Further detailed studies to be carried out for Regional Infrastructure Delhi 2050: Sustainable Development through Regional Planning Approach 31 31
  • 31. Delhi 2050: Sustainable Development through Regional Planning Approach 32 32