Ways to Study Proposal


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Ways to Study Proposal

  1. 1. Ways to Study lecture 05Ways to a Study Proposal
  2. 2. assignment 16 Publish on your website: 16. a scientific study proposal for your graduate study
  3. 3. Design related Study Preface by Rector Fokkema Within the range of a technical university the object of design – in terms of (urban) architecture and technique – is the design subject that is amongst all others most sensitive to context. The program of requirements is not only derived from an economical and technical context, but also from contexts hailing from political, cultural, ecological en spatial considerations; on many levels of scale.
  4. 4. The concept of context
  5. 5. CONTENTS Introduction A.Naming and describingIntroduction B.Design research and typology C.Evaluating D.Modeling E.Programming and optimizing F.Technical Study G.Design Study H.Study by designPreface (Fokkema) Epilogue1. Introduction (Jong; Voordt)2. Languages (Dijkhuis)3. Criteria for scientific research, study and design (Jong, Voordt)‘Science equals any collection of statementsthat features a reliable relationship to reality,a valid mutual relationship and a criticalpotential with regard to other statements inthe same domain.’
  6. 6. Domains according to Van der Voordt
  7. 7. Domains according to De Jong
  8. 8. Extending science Imaginable possible probable art design study empirical research
  9. 9. probable futures There are more and less probable futures probability
  10. 10. probability ± σ = 68%, ± 2σ = 95%, ± 3σ = 99.7% chance probability
  11. 11. Classical empirical research proposals to find truth or probability - problem statement (problem isolation) - clear aim - reference - starting points - hypothesis - variables - data - method - content - publish
  12. 12. Design related study orempirical research• Research produces probabilities by causes• Design produces possibilities by conditions possible design condition futures probable prognosis cause futures probability
  13. 13. Possible futurepossible - Anything probable is per definition possible but not everything possible is also probable. - The probable future could be predicted. - The improbable possibilities cannot be predicted. You only can explore them by design. probability
  14. 14. Desirable futurespossible Ir. Drs. probability Mr. desirable
  15. 15. Obvious and impossible futurespossible probability obvious desirable impossible
  16. 16. Problems and aimspossible problems probability aims desirable
  17. 17. Undesired, improbable possibilitiespossible Are they relevant as long as nobody wants them? probability desirable
  18. 18. Undesired, improbable possibilities unexpectedpossible inventions yes! probability desirable
  19. 19. Undesired, improbable possibilities unexpected desired changing bypossible inventions new possibilities probability desirable desirable
  20. 20. Design related study - can not isolate problems from a coherent field of problems - brings aims together in a field of aims, a concept - has many references, not only written text but especially images: forms, types, models, concepts, programs - has many starting points - has designs as hypothesis stating: “This will work” - has many context variables (“parameters”) - while the object still varies in your head - has many ways to study (in a book with 10 000 key words) - content grows drawing, calculating and writing - publishes with the medium as a message
  21. 21. How to limit, concentrate - give way to fascinations (motivated concentrations) - choose a scale (frame and grain) before an object - publish your portfolio evaluating it as field of abilities - decide to improve or to extend them in your proposal - publish images that fascinate you as a field of means - look at them as a professional: which concepts, types, models programs could you harvest? - make your assumptions about the future explicit - imagine the impacts your study could have - cash your dreams
  22. 22. Field of problems and aims - Problems: probable, but not desirable futures - Aims: desirable, but not probable futures probable field of problems design field of aims desirable
  23. 23. Explicit future context - protects your study against judgements with other suppositions about the future context - raises the debate about the robustness of your study in different future contexts - makes your study comparable to other studies in comparable contexts - raises a ‘field of problems’ instead of an isolated ‘problem statement’ by subtracting desirable futures from the probable ones
  24. 24. Explicit impacts within that context - indicate actors and specialists to join the team or take into account - imply a societal and personal relevance or fascination - imply a field of aims - imply actors willing to finance your study - could produce a program of requirements - before you have a precise study proposal !