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Bio Inspired Design - Lecture 1. Introduction

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  • 1. Bio-Inspired DesignWb2436-05 (3 EC) Paul Breedveld Just Herder Tetsuo Tomiyama Martijn Wisse Dimitra Dodou Faculty Mechanical, Maritime, and Materials Engineering Department BioMechanical EngineeringVermelding onderdeel organisatie
  • 2. Some organisms are very handy… http://monsterfinance.wordpress.com/2008/08/18/16/ • Biology knows very flexible solutions where engineers tend to come up with “grossly overweight and highly inept animals” 1 1) EI Rivin, Mechanical Design of Robots, McGraw-Hill, 1988 January 31, 2011 2© 2006 Just L. Herder©2011 Paul Breedveld
  • 3. General Objective Goal • Overview of non-conventional mechanical approaches in biology. • More creativity in mechanical design. • Better (simpler, smaller, more robust, etc) technical solutions. Focus • Concentrate on physical part (structure, mechanisms) of organisms, in contrast with course Wb5435-05 “Machine Intelligence” that focuses on psychological part (brains, behaviour) of organisms. January 31, 2011 3© 2006 Just L. Herder©2011 Paul Breedveld
  • 4. Learing Objectives After completion of this course students will be able to: 1 Describe methods for creative design. 2 Identify mechanical working principles and phenomena of biological creatures: • Explain their construction, motion, and/or processing. • Formalize the essence of these mechanisms in models. • Derive non-conventional principles from these models. 3 Implement these principles in innovative mechanical devices: • Summarize transition from the biological to mechanical. • Present their design in drawings or in working models. January 31, 2011 4© 2006 Just L. Herder©2011 Paul Breedveld
  • 5. Bio-Inspired Design vs Biomimetics Biomimetics = Imitating Nature ReplieeQ2, Osaka University January 31, 2011 5© 2006 Just L. Herder©2011 Paul Breedveld
  • 6. Bio-Inspired Design vs Biomimetics Biomimetics = Imitating Nature January 31, 2011 6© 2006 Just L. Herder©2011 Paul Breedveld
  • 7. Bio-Inspired Design vs Biomimetics Biomimetics = Imitating Nature Bio-Inspired Design = • Not imitating nature, but using nature as source of inspiration (as well as man-made technical devices). • Nature is not perfect, mankind either. • But nature uses different, sometimes very ingenious approaches that can make us more creative in finding better solutions. January 31, 2011 7© 2006 Just L. Herder©2011 Paul Breedveld
  • 8. Main Topics I Bioconstruction (how are creatures constructed, how do they deal with energy) • Biostructure • Bioenergy (muscle configurations & biological springs) • Bioreproduction & regeneration • Biomaintenance & repair II Biomotion (how do creatures move) • Bioclamping (hands & other clamping methods) • Biopropulsion (macroscale & microscale) III Bioprocessing (how do creatures behave & coordinate) • Biobehaviours & group intelligence January 31, 2011 8© 2006 Just L. Herder©2011 Paul Breedveld
  • 9. Lecture 1: Introduction: Lift off!! • Jan 31, 8:45-10:30, room TN-F, Paul & Tetsuo • Contents 1st hour (Paul): Background, goal, focus, themes and overview of lectures. • Contents 2nd hour (Just): Creating student groups & handing out assignments. http://www.alanbauer.com January 31, 2011 12© 2006 Just L. Herder©2011 Paul Breedveld
  • 10. Lecture 2: The Bio-Inspired Design Approach • Feb 2, 8:45-10:30, room B, Paul & Tetsuo • Contents: essence of creative design & what you didn’t know about friction.http://www.photosof.org/view/fly_robot_insect-other.html http://www.worth1000.com/entries/67700/battle-snail January 31, 2011 13© 2006 Just L. Herder©2011 Paul Breedveld
  • 11. Lecture 3: Bioconstruction Biostructure & bioenergy (muscle configurations) • Feb 7, 8:45-10:30, room TN-F, Paul & Just • Contents 1st hour (Just): mechanical stiffness & motion: strength at low weight, redundant structures, etc. http://www.kennethsnelson.net • Contents 2nd hour (Paul): hydrostatic stiffness & motion: energetically efficient muscle configurations, stiffness with soft structures. January 31, 2011 14© 2006 Just L. Herder©2011 Paul Breedveld
  • 12. Lecture 4: Student presentations Presentation 1: Problem analysis • Feb 9, 8:45-10:30, room B, Just, Paul & Tetsuo Problem? Challenge! January 31, 2011 15© 2006 Just L. Herder©2011 Paul Breedveld
  • 13. Lecture 5: Bioconstruction Bioenergy (biological springs) • Feb 14, 8:45-10:30, room TN-F, Just • Contents: bioenergy: storing energy in springs (neck of giraffe, chameleon, grasshopper, tendons in human ankles), vibration (birds, flying insects), etc. January 31, 2011 16© 2006 Just L. Herder©2011 Paul Breedveld
  • 14. Lecture 6: Biomotion Biopropulsion (macroscale) • Feb 16, 8:45-10:30, room B, Martijn & Paul • Contents 1st hour (Martijn): bi-articular muscles, walking, walking robots. • Contents 2nd hour (Paul): floating & crawling. January 31, 2011 17© 2006 Just L. Herder©2011 Paul Breedveld
  • 15. Lecture 7: Biomotion Bioclamping (hands) • Feb 28, 8:45-10:30, room TN-F, Just • Contents: biomechanisms of hands. January 31, 2011 18© 2006 Just L. Herder©2011 Paul Breedveld
  • 16. Lecture 8: Bioprocessing Biobehaviours & group intelligence • March 2, 8:45-10:30, room B, Tetsuo • Contents: simple laws for complex behaviour (cells, ants, spider), etc. January 31, 2011 19© 2006 Just L. Herder©2011 Paul Breedveld
  • 17. Lecture 9: Student presentations Presentation 2: Biological examples • March 7, 8:45-10:30, room TN-F, Just, Paul & Tetsuo January 31, 2011 20© 2006 Just L. Herder©2011 Paul Breedveld
  • 18. Lecture 10: Biomotion Bioclamping (others) • March 9, 8:45-10:30, room B, Paul & Dimitra • Contents 1st hour (Paul): bioclamping. • Contents 2nd hour (Dimitra): biosticking part 1. January 31, 2011 21© 2006 Just L. Herder©2011 Paul Breedveld
  • 19. Lecture 11: Biomotion Bioclamping (others) & biopropulsion (microscale) • March 14, 8:45-10:30, room TN-F, Dimitra & Paul • Contents 1st hour (Dimitra): biosticking part 2 • Contents 1st hour (Paul): propulsion of micro organisms & single-celled organisms. http://thomasshahan.com/photos January 31, 2011 22© 2006 Just L. Herder©2011 Paul Breedveld
  • 20. Lecture 12: Bioconstruction Bioreproduction & regeneration • March 16, 8:45-10:30, room B, Tetsuo • Contents: (re-)production & (re-)generation in biology. January 31, 2011 23© 2006 Just L. Herder©2011 Paul Breedveld
  • 21. Lecture 13: Bioconstruction Biomaintenance & repair • March 21, 8:45-10:30, room TN-F, Tetsuo • Contents: maintenance & repair in biology. January 31, 2011 24© 2006 Just L. Herder©2011 Paul Breedveld
  • 22. Lecture 14: Student presentations Presentation 3: Concept solution • March 23, 8:45-10:30, room B, Just, Paul & Tetsuo January 31, 2011 25© 2006 Just L. Herder©2011 Paul Breedveld