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Backcasting 01
 

Backcasting 01

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    Backcasting 01 Backcasting 01 Presentation Transcript

    • Backcasting Technology in Sustainable Development http://images.ksc.nasa.gov/photos/196 9/medium/AS11-40-5873.jpgKarel MulderJanuary 4, 2010 1
    • BackcastingLooking back from the future to design actions now Involve various stakeholders Start with needs, not with technology Analyze the need, what do stakeholders really want? Build consensusJanuary 4, 2010 2
    • Backcasting Intermediate steps FUTURE ORIENTATION ting ca s B ack g tin as ckc BaJanuary 4, 2010 2000 TIME 2050 3
    • BackcastingClear future visions have a strong guiding power e.g Man on the MoonDefine and clarify an attractive sustainable futureIt forces to specify standards and principlesAlternative for traditional forecastingFit for ‘wicked problems’Experiences: The Natural Step, Netherlands: Sustainable http://images.ksc.nasa. gov/photos/1969/ Technology Development programJanuary 4, 2010 4
    • BackcastingCharacteristicsFrom future vision to action by design and analysisOrganize the process carefully, the process is important,Facilitate learning of participantsFacilitate the social embedding of the resultsJanuary 4, 2010 5
    • Backcasting INDUSTRY SCIENCE GOVERNMENT AND TECHNOLOGY OPTIONS SOCIETAL ORGANISATIONS EDUCATIONJanuary 4, 2010 6
    • BackcastingToolkit: 4 methodsParticipation and interaction workshops, visioning, creativity stimulation, brain stormsDesign and scenario-methods modeling, forecastingAnalysis- and modeling-methods LCA, effect analysis, stakeholder analysisManagement-methods for Process-, Project-, and Network managementJanuary 4, 2010 7
    • BackcastingIn 5 stepsStep 1 Strategic Problem orientation AnalysisStep 2 Prepare a vision of a desirable future VisionStep 3 Back-casting What do we need to make this come true?Step 4 Further elaboration DetailingStep 5 Implementation Policy implications, organizing embedding & follow-upJanuary 4, 2010 8
    • Backcasting Step 1 - Strategic Problem orientationStrategic Problem orientation Which needs to fulfill? Trends and possible changes that are relevant for this need? What is the problem, how is this problem perceived by various groups? What are the unsustainabilities and what are the causes? Who are the stakeholders? What are potentially directions to seek solutions?Methods Actor/Stakeholder analysis, socio-technical map Interactive methods (interviews, workshops, etc)January 4, 2010 9
    • BackcastingExample: Soy Fodder Pigs Meat ProductsThe Netherlands is importing large amounts of Soy fodder from Brazil, where it is often grown in areas that were cleared from tropical rainforest.The soy fodder is used to feed pigs in a specific region. Pigs manure creates local ammonia contamination. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki /Image:Soybean.USDA.jpgJanuary 4, 2010 10
    • BackcastingExample: Soy Fodder Pigs Meat ProductsThe pigs (or the pigs meat) is often transported to Italy. Some of the meat is afterwards returned as real ‘Parma Ham’.The proteins that are actually consumed only account for a few percent of the plant proteins in soy fodder. Wikimedia.orgJanuary 4, 2010 11
    • BackcastingStrategic Problem OrientationWhat is the need?What are the current unsustainabilities?Who are probable stakeholders?January 4, 2010 12
    • BackcastingStep 2 - Prepare a vision of a desirable futurePrepare a desirable future Terms of Reference? What socio/technical options are available? Are the unsustainabilities solved? Which technology is needed? How does it affect culture and structure of society? What are important trends, and events? Could we make the future vision even more sustainable?Methods Workshops Creativity stimulation, designing Consensus formation IllustrationsJanuary 4, 2010 13
    • BackcastingStep 3 - Back-castingBack-casting What do we need? Which changes are needed to make the future vision come true (technologic, cultural, organization/structure)? Who can implement the changes. How could the changes be made attractive for these actors? Can stepping stones be defined?Methods Analysis and modelingJanuary 4, 2010 14
    • BackcastingStep 4 - Further elaboration, detailingElaboration, analysis A possible design of a socio-technical system Effects of these systems for various stakeholders? What are drivers, barriers? What follow-up is needed (policy, research, development, publicity)?Methods Methods for Environmental Impact Analysis, consumer studies, economic analysis of elements of system Technology Assessment methods (checklist, cost/benefit, etc)January 4, 2010 15
    • BackcastingStep 5 - ImplementationAgenda, embedding & follow-up What should be done to guarantee successful further activity after a backcasting project has been carried out? How to embed specific projects and proposals? Agreements on further process and conflict resolution.Methods Communication ManagementGeneral Project management, team building, communication (process) evaluationJanuary 4, 2010 16